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""" Please make sure you read the README COMPLETELY BEFORE reading anything below.
    It is very critical that you read coding guidelines in Section E in README file.

from cvalue import *
from lazytarget import *
from configuration import *
import caching
import lldb

def IterateTAILQ_HEAD(headval, element_name):
    """ iterate over a TAILQ_HEAD in kernel. refer to bsd/sys/queue.h
            headval     - value : value object representing the head of the list
            element_name- str          :  string name of the field which holds the list links.
            A generator does not return. It is used for iterating.
            value : an object that is of type as headval->tqh_first. Always a pointer object
        example usage:
          list_head = kern.GetGlobalVariable('mountlist')
          for entryobj in IterateTAILQ_HEAD(list_head, 'mnt_list'):
            print GetEntrySummary(entryobj)
    iter_val = headval.tqh_first
    while unsigned(iter_val) != 0 :
        yield iter_val
        iter_val = iter_val.__getattr__(element_name).tqe_next
    #end of yield loop

def IterateLinkedList(element, field_name):
    """ iterate over a linked list.
        This is equivalent to elt = element; while(elt) { do_work(elt); elt = elt-><field_name>; }
            element - value : value object representing element in the list.
            field_name - str       : name of field that holds pointer to next element
        returns: Nothing. This is used as iterable
        example usage:
            first_zone = kern.GetGlobalVariable('first_zone')
            for zone in IterateLinkedList(first_zone, 'next_zone'):
                print GetZoneSummary(zone)
    elt = element
    while unsigned(elt) != 0:
        yield elt
        elt = elt.__getattr__(field_name)
    #end of while loop

def IterateListEntry(element, element_type, field_name):
    """ iterate over a list as defined with LIST_HEAD in bsd/sys/queue.h
            element      - value : Value object for lh_first
            element_type - str   : Type of the next element
            field_name   - str   : Name of the field in next element's structure
            A generator does not return. It is used for iterating
            value  : an object thats of type (element_type) head->le_next. Always a pointer object
        example usage:
            headp = kern.globals.initproc.p_children
            for pp in IterateListEntry(headp, 'struct proc *', 'p_sibling'):
                print GetProcInfo(pp)
    elt = element.lh_first
    if type(element_type) == str:
        element_type = gettype(element_type)
    while unsigned(elt) != 0:
        yield elt
        next_el = elt.__getattr__(field_name).le_next
        elt = cast(next_el, element_type)

def IterateQueue(queue_head, element_ptr_type, element_field_name):
    """ iterate over a queue in kernel of type queue_head_t. refer to osfmk/kern/queue.h
            queue_head         - value : Value object for queue_head.
            element_ptr_type       - lldb.SBType : a pointer type of the element 'next' points to. Typically its structs like thread, task etc..
                               - str         : OR a string describing the type. ex. 'task *'
            element_field_name - str : name of the field in target struct.
            A generator does not return. It is used for iterating.
            value  : an object thats of type (element_type) queue_head->next. Always a pointer object
    if type(element_ptr_type) == str :
        element_ptr_type = gettype(element_ptr_type)

    queue_head = queue_head.GetSBValue()
    queue_head_addr = 0x0
    if queue_head.TypeIsPointerType():
        queue_head_addr = queue_head.GetValueAsUnsigned()
        queue_head_addr = queue_head.GetAddress().GetLoadAddress(LazyTarget.GetTarget())
    cur_elt = queue_head.GetChildMemberWithName('next')
    while True:

        if not cur_elt.IsValid() or cur_elt.GetValueAsUnsigned() == 0 or cur_elt.GetValueAsUnsigned() == queue_head_addr:
        elt = cur_elt.Cast(element_ptr_type)
        yield value(elt)
        cur_elt = elt.GetChildMemberWithName(element_field_name).GetChildMemberWithName('next')

class KernelTarget(object):
    """ A common kernel object that provides access to kernel objects and information.
        The class holds global lists for  task, terminated_tasks, procs, zones, zombroc etc.
        It also provides a way to symbolicate an address or create a value from an address.
    def __init__(self, debugger):
        """ Initialize the kernel debugging environment.
            Target properties like architecture and connectedness are lazy-evaluted.
        self._debugger = debugger # This holds an lldb.SBDebugger object for debugger state
        self._threads_list = []
        self._tasks_list = []
        self._allproc = []
        self._terminated_tasks_list = []
        self._zones_list = []
        self._zombproc_list = []
        self._kernel_types_cache = {} #this will cache the Type objects as and when requested.
        self._version = None
        self._arch = None
        self._ptrsize = None # pointer size of kernel, not userspace
        self.symbolicator = None
        class _GlobalVariableFind(object):
            def __init__(self, kern):
                self._xnu_kernobj_12obscure12 = kern
            def __getattr__(self, name):
                v = self._xnu_kernobj_12obscure12.GetGlobalVariable(name)
                if not v.GetSBValue().IsValid():
                    raise ValueError('no such global variable by name: %s '%str(name))
                return v
        self.globals = _GlobalVariableFind(self)

    def _GetSymbolicator(self):
        """ Internal function: To initialize the symbolication from lldb.utils
        if not self.symbolicator is None:
            return self.symbolicator

        from lldb.utils import symbolication
        symbolicator = symbolication.Symbolicator() = LazyTarget.GetTarget()
        self.symbolicator = symbolicator
        return self.symbolicator

    def Symbolicate(self, addr):
        """ simple method to get name of function/variable from an address. this is equivalent of gdb 'output /a 0xaddress'
                addr - int : typically hex value like 0xffffff80002c0df0
                str - '' if no symbol found else the symbol name.
            Note: this function only finds the first symbol. If you expect multiple symbol conflict please use SymbolicateFromAddress()
        ret_str = ''
        syms = self.SymbolicateFromAddress(addr)
        if len(syms) > 0:
            ret_str +=syms[0].GetName()
        return ret_str

    def SymbolicateFromAddress(self, addr):
        """ symbolicates any given address based on modules loaded in the target.
                addr - int : typically hex value like 0xffffff80002c0df0
                [] of SBSymbol: In case we don't find anything than empty array is returned.
                      Note: a type of symbol can be figured out by gettype() function of SBSymbol.
            example usage:
                syms = kern.Symbolicate(0xffffff80002c0df0)
                for s in syms:
                  if s.GetType() == lldb.eSymbolTypeCode:
                    print "Function", s.GetName()
                  if s.GetType() == lldb.eSymbolTypeData:
                    print "Variable", s.GetName()
        if type(int(1)) != type(addr):
            if str(addr).strip().find("0x") == 0 :
                addr = int(addr, 16)
                addr = int(addr)
        ret_array = []
        symbolicator = self._GetSymbolicator()
        syms = symbolicator.symbolicate(addr)
        if not syms:
            return ret_array
        for s in syms:
        return ret_array

    def IsDebuggerConnected(self):
        proc_state = LazyTarget.GetProcess().state
        if proc_state == lldb.eStateInvalid : return False
        if proc_state in [lldb.eStateStopped, lldb.eStateSuspended] : return True

    def GetGlobalVariable(self, name):
        """ Get the value object representation for a kernel global variable
              name : str - name of the variable. ex. version
            returns: value - python object representing global variable.
            raises : Exception in case the variable is not found.
        return value(LazyTarget.GetTarget().FindGlobalVariables(name, 0).GetValueAtIndex(0))

    def GetLoadAddressForSymbol(self, name):
        """ Get the load address of a symbol in the kernel.
              name : str - name of the symbol to lookup
            returns: int - the load address as an integer. Use GetValueFromAddress to cast to a value.
            raises : LookupError - if the symbol is not found.
        name = str(name)
        target = LazyTarget.GetTarget()
        syms_arr = target.FindSymbols(name)
        if syms_arr.IsValid() and len(syms_arr) > 0:
            symbol = syms_arr[0].GetSymbol()
            if symbol.IsValid():
                return int(symbol.GetStartAddress().GetLoadAddress(target))

        raise LookupError("Symbol not found: " + name)

    def GetValueFromAddress(self, addr, type_str = 'void *'):
        """ convert a address to value
                addr - int : typically hex value like 0xffffff80008dc390
                type_str - str: type to cast to. Default type will be void *
                value : a value object which has address as addr and type is type_str
        obj = value(self.globals.version.GetSBValue().CreateValueFromExpression(None,'(void *)'+str(addr)))
        obj = cast(obj, type_str)
        return obj

    def GetValueAsType(self, v, t):
        """ Retrieves a global variable 'v' of type 't' wrapped in a vue object.
            If 'v' is an address, creates a vue object of the appropriate type.
            If 'v' is a name, looks for the global variable and asserts its type.
                NameError - If 'v' cannot be found
                TypeError - If 'v' is of the wrong type
        if islong(v):
            return self.GetValueFromAddress(v, t)
            var = LazyTarget.GetTarget().FindGlobalVariables(v, 1)[0]
            if not var:
                raise NameError("Failed to find global variable '{0}'".format(v))
            if var.GetTypeName() != t:
                raise TypeError("{0} must be of type '{1}', not '{2}'".format(v, t, var.GetTypeName()))
            return value(var)

    def _GetIterator(self, iter_head_name, next_element_name='next', iter_head_type=None):
        """ returns an iterator for a collection in kernel memory.
                iter_head_name - str : name of queue_head or list head variable.
                next_element_name - str : name of the element that leads to next element.
                                          for ex. in struct zone list 'next_zone' is the linking element.
                iterable : typically used in conjunction with "for varname in iterable:"
        head_element = self.GetGlobalVariable(iter_head_name)
        return head_element.GetSBValue().linked_list_iter(next_element_name)

    def TruncPage(self, addr):
        return (addr & ~(unsigned(self.GetGlobalVariable("page_size")) - 1))

    def RoundPage(self, addr):
        return trunc_page(addr + unsigned(self.GetGlobalVariable("page_size")) - 1)

    def StraddlesPage(self, addr, size):
        if size > unsigned(self.GetGlobalVariable("page_size")):
            return True
        return (((addr + size) & (unsigned(self.GetGlobalVariable("page_size"))-1)) < size)

    def PhysToKernelVirt(self, addr):
        if self.arch == 'x86_64':
            return (addr + unsigned(self.GetGlobalVariable('physmap_base')))
        elif self.arch == 'arm':
            return (addr - unsigned(self.GetGlobalVariable("gPhysBase")) + unsigned(self.GetGlobalVariable("gVirtBase")))
            raise ValueError("PhysToVirt does not support {0}".format(arch))

    def __getattribute__(self, name):
        if name == 'zones' :
            self._zones_list = caching.GetDynamicCacheData("kern._zones_list", [])
            if len(self._zones_list) > 0: return self._zones_list
            first_zone = self.GetGlobalVariable('first_zone')
            for z in IterateLinkedList(first_zone, 'next_zone'):
            caching.SaveDynamicCacheData("kern._zones_list", self._zones_list)
            return self._zones_list

        if name == 'threads' :
            self._threads_list = caching.GetDynamicCacheData("kern._threads_list", [])
            if len(self._threads_list) > 0 : return self._threads_list
            thread_queue_head = self.GetGlobalVariable('threads')
            thread_type = LazyTarget.GetTarget().FindFirstType('thread')
            thread_ptr_type = thread_type.GetPointerType()
            for th in IterateQueue(thread_queue_head, thread_ptr_type, 'threads'):
            caching.SaveDynamicCacheData("kern._threads_list", self._threads_list)
            return self._threads_list

        if name == 'tasks' :
            self._tasks_list = caching.GetDynamicCacheData("kern._tasks_list", [])
            if len(self._tasks_list) > 0 : return self._tasks_list
            task_queue_head = self.GetGlobalVariable('tasks')
            task_type = LazyTarget.GetTarget().FindFirstType('task')
            task_ptr_type = task_type.GetPointerType()
            for tsk in IterateQueue(task_queue_head, task_ptr_type, 'tasks'):
            caching.SaveDynamicCacheData("kern._tasks_list", self._tasks_list)
            return self._tasks_list

        if name == 'terminated_tasks' :
            self._terminated_tasks_list = caching.GetDynamicCacheData("kern._terminated_tasks_list", [])
            if len(self._terminated_tasks_list) > 0 : return self._terminated_tasks_list
            task_queue_head = self.GetGlobalVariable('terminated_tasks')
            task_type = LazyTarget.GetTarget().FindFirstType('task')
            task_ptr_type = task_type.GetPointerType()
            for tsk in IterateQueue(task_queue_head, task_ptr_type, 'tasks'):
            caching.SaveDynamicCacheData("kern._terminated_tasks_list", self._terminated_tasks_list)
            return self._terminated_tasks_list

        if name == 'procs' :
            self._allproc = caching.GetDynamicCacheData("kern._allproc", [])
            if len(self._allproc) > 0 : return self._allproc
            all_proc_head = self.GetGlobalVariable('allproc')
            proc_val = cast(all_proc_head.lh_first, 'proc *')
            while proc_val != 0:
                proc_val = cast(proc_val.p_list.le_next, 'proc *')
            caching.SaveDynamicCacheData("kern._allproc", self._allproc)
            return self._allproc

        if name == 'zombprocs' :
            self._zombproc_list = caching.GetDynamicCacheData("kern._zombproc_list", [])
            if len(self._zombproc_list) > 0 : return self._zombproc_list
            zproc_head = self.GetGlobalVariable('zombproc')
            proc_val = cast(zproc_head.lh_first, 'proc *')
            while proc_val != 0:
                proc_val = cast(proc_val.p_list.le_next, 'proc *')
            caching.SaveDynamicCacheData("kern._zombproc_list", self._zombproc_list)
            return self._zombproc_list

        if name == 'version' :
            self._version = caching.GetStaticCacheData("kern.version", None)
            if self._version != None : return self._version
            self._version = str(self.GetGlobalVariable('version'))
            caching.SaveStaticCacheData("kern.version", self._version)
            return self._version

        if name == 'arch' :
            self._arch = caching.GetStaticCacheData("kern.arch", None)
            if self._arch != None : return self._arch
            arch = LazyTarget.GetTarget().triple.split('-')[0]
            if arch in ('armv7', 'armv7s'):
                self._arch = 'arm'
                self._arch = arch
            caching.SaveStaticCacheData("kern.arch", self._arch)
            return self._arch

        if name == 'ptrsize' :
            self._ptrsize = caching.GetStaticCacheData("kern.ptrsize", None)
            if self._ptrsize != None : return self._ptrsize
            arch = LazyTarget.GetTarget().triple.split('-')[0]
            if arch in ('x86_64'):
                self._ptrsize = 8
                self._ptrsize = 4
            caching.SaveStaticCacheData("kern.ptrsize", self._ptrsize)
            return self._ptrsize

        return object.__getattribute__(self, name)