closeout.c   [plain text]

/* closeout.c - close standard output

   Copyright (C) 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2004 Free Software
   Foundation, Inc.

   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
   any later version.

   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   GNU General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
   Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.  */

# include <config.h>

#include "closeout.h"

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdbool.h>
#include <errno.h>

#include "gettext.h"
#define _(msgid) gettext (msgid)

#include "error.h"
#include "exitfail.h"
#include "quotearg.h"
#include "__fpending.h"

# include "unlocked-io.h"

static const char *file_name;

/* Set the file name to be reported in the event an error is detected
   by close_stdout.  */
close_stdout_set_file_name (const char *file)
  file_name = file;

/* Close standard output, exiting with status 'exit_failure' on failure.
   If a program writes *anything* to stdout, that program should close
   stdout and make sure that it succeeds before exiting.  Otherwise,
   suppose that you go to the extreme of checking the return status
   of every function that does an explicit write to stdout.  The last
   printf can succeed in writing to the internal stream buffer, and yet
   the fclose(stdout) could still fail (due e.g., to a disk full error)
   when it tries to write out that buffered data.  Thus, you would be
   left with an incomplete output file and the offending program would
   exit successfully.  Even calling fflush is not always sufficient,
   since some file systems (NFS and CODA) buffer written/flushed data
   until an actual close call.

   Besides, it's wasteful to check the return value from every call
   that writes to stdout -- just let the internal stream state record
   the failure.  That's what the ferror test is checking below.

   It's important to detect such failures and exit nonzero because many
   tools (most notably `make' and other build-management systems) depend
   on being able to detect failure in other tools via their exit status.  */

close_stdout (void)
  bool prev_fail = ferror (stdout);
  bool none_pending = (0 == __fpending (stdout));
  bool fclose_fail = fclose (stdout);

  if (prev_fail || fclose_fail)
      int e = fclose_fail ? errno : 0;
      char const *write_error;

      /* If ferror returned zero, no data remains to be flushed, and we'd
	 otherwise fail with EBADF due to a failed fclose, then assume that
	 it's ok to ignore the fclose failure.  That can happen when a
	 program like cp is invoked like this `cp a b >&-' (i.e., with
	 stdout closed) and doesn't generate any output (hence no previous
	 error and nothing to be flushed).  */
      if (e == EBADF && !prev_fail && none_pending)

      write_error = _("write error");
      if (file_name)
	error (exit_failure, e, "%s: %s", quotearg_colon (file_name),
	error (exit_failure, e, "%s", write_error);