argmatch.c   [plain text]

/* argmatch.c -- find a match for a string in an array
   Copyright (C) 1990, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2002 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
   any later version.

   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   GNU General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
   Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.  */

/* Written by David MacKenzie <>
   Modified by Akim Demaille <> */

#include "argmatch.h"

#include <stdio.h>
# include <stdlib.h>
# include <string.h>

# include <locale.h>

# include <libintl.h>
# define _(Text) gettext (Text)
# define _(Text) Text

#include "error.h"
#include "quotearg.h"
#include "quote.h"
#include "unlocked-io.h"

/* When reporting an invalid argument, show nonprinting characters
   by using the quoting style ARGMATCH_QUOTING_STYLE.  Do not use
   literal_quoting_style.  */
# define ARGMATCH_QUOTING_STYLE locale_quoting_style

/* The following test is to work around the gross typo in
   systems like Sony NEWS-OS Release 4.0C, whereby EXIT_FAILURE
   is defined to 0, not 1.  */
# define EXIT_FAILURE 1

/* Non failing version of argmatch call this function after failing. */


static void
__argmatch_die (void)

/* Used by XARGMATCH and XARGCASEMATCH.  See description in argmatch.h.
   Default to __argmatch_die, but allow caller to change this at run-time. */
argmatch_exit_fn argmatch_die = __argmatch_die;

/* If ARG is an unambiguous match for an element of the
   null-terminated array ARGLIST, return the index in ARGLIST
   of the matched element, else -1 if it does not match any element
   or -2 if it is ambiguous (is a prefix of more than one element).
   If SENSITIVE, comparison is case sensitive.

   If VALLIST is none null, use it to resolve ambiguities limited to
   synonyms, i.e., for
     "yes", "yop" -> 0
     "no", "nope" -> 1
   "y" is a valid argument, for `0', and "n" for `1'.  */

static int
__argmatch_internal (const char *arg, const char *const *arglist,
		     const char *vallist, size_t valsize,
		     int case_sensitive)
  int i;			/* Temporary index in ARGLIST.  */
  size_t arglen;		/* Length of ARG.  */
  int matchind = -1;		/* Index of first nonexact match.  */
  int ambiguous = 0;		/* If nonzero, multiple nonexact match(es).  */

  arglen = strlen (arg);

  /* Test all elements for either exact match or abbreviated matches.  */
  for (i = 0; arglist[i]; i++)
      if (case_sensitive
	  ? !strncmp (arglist[i], arg, arglen)
	  : !strncasecmp (arglist[i], arg, arglen))
	  if (strlen (arglist[i]) == arglen)
	    /* Exact match found.  */
	    return i;
	  else if (matchind == -1)
	    /* First nonexact match found.  */
	    matchind = i;
	      /* Second nonexact match found.  */
	      if (vallist == NULL
		  || memcmp (vallist + valsize * matchind,
			     vallist + valsize * i, valsize))
		  /* There is a real ambiguity, or we could not
		     disambiguate. */
		  ambiguous = 1;
  if (ambiguous)
    return -2;
    return matchind;

/* argmatch - case sensitive version */
argmatch (const char *arg, const char *const *arglist,
	  const char *vallist, size_t valsize)
  return __argmatch_internal (arg, arglist, vallist, valsize, 1);

/* argcasematch - case insensitive version */
argcasematch (const char *arg, const char *const *arglist,
	      const char *vallist, size_t valsize)
  return __argmatch_internal (arg, arglist, vallist, valsize, 0);

/* Error reporting for argmatch.
   CONTEXT is a description of the type of entity that was being matched.
   VALUE is the invalid value that was given.
   PROBLEM is the return value from argmatch.  */

argmatch_invalid (const char *context, const char *value, int problem)
  char const *format = (problem == -1
			? _("invalid argument %s for %s")
			: _("ambiguous argument %s for %s"));

  error (0, 0, format, quotearg_n_style (0, ARGMATCH_QUOTING_STYLE, value),
	 quote_n (1, context));

/* List the valid arguments for argmatch.
   ARGLIST is the same as in argmatch.
   VALLIST is a pointer to an array of values.
   VALSIZE is the size of the elements of VALLIST */
argmatch_valid (const char *const *arglist,
		const char *vallist, size_t valsize)
  int i;
  const char *last_val = NULL;

  /* We try to put synonyms on the same line.  The assumption is that
     synonyms follow each other */
  fprintf (stderr, _("Valid arguments are:"));
  for (i = 0; arglist[i]; i++)
    if ((i == 0)
	|| memcmp (last_val, vallist + valsize * i, valsize))
	fprintf (stderr, "\n  - `%s'", arglist[i]);
	last_val = vallist + valsize * i;
	fprintf (stderr, ", `%s'", arglist[i]);
  putc ('\n', stderr);

/* Never failing versions of the previous functions.

   CONTEXT is the context for which argmatch is called (e.g.,
   "--version-control", or "$VERSION_CONTROL" etc.).  Upon failure,
   calls the (supposed never to return) function EXIT_FN. */

__xargmatch_internal (const char *context,
		      const char *arg, const char *const *arglist,
		      const char *vallist, size_t valsize,
		      int case_sensitive,
		      argmatch_exit_fn exit_fn)
  int res = __argmatch_internal (arg, arglist,
				 vallist, valsize,
  if (res >= 0)
    /* Success. */
    return res;

  /* We failed.  Explain why. */
  argmatch_invalid (context, arg, res);
  argmatch_valid (arglist, vallist, valsize);
  (*exit_fn) ();

  return -1; /* To please the compilers. */

/* Look for VALUE in VALLIST, an array of objects of size VALSIZE and
   return the first corresponding argument in ARGLIST */
const char *
argmatch_to_argument (const char *value,
		      const char *const *arglist,
		      const char *vallist, size_t valsize)
  int i;

  for (i = 0; arglist[i]; i++)
    if (!memcmp (value, vallist + valsize * i, valsize))
      return arglist[i];
  return NULL;

#ifdef TEST
 * Based on "getversion.c" by David MacKenzie <>
char *program_name;
extern const char *getenv ();

/* When to make backup files.  */
enum backup_type
  /* Never make backups.  */

  /* Make simple backups of every file.  */

  /* Make numbered backups of files that already have numbered backups,
     and simple backups of the others.  */

  /* Make numbered backups of every file.  */

/* Two tables describing arguments (keys) and their corresponding
   values */
static const char *const backup_args[] =
  "no", "none", "off",
  "simple", "never",
  "existing", "nil",
  "numbered", "t",

static const enum backup_type backup_vals[] =
  none, none, none,
  simple, simple,
  numbered_existing, numbered_existing,
  numbered, numbered

main (int argc, const char *const *argv)
  const char *cp;
  enum backup_type backup_type = none;

  program_name = (char *) argv[0];

  if (argc > 2)
      fprintf (stderr, "Usage: %s [VERSION_CONTROL]\n", program_name);
      exit (1);

  if ((cp = getenv ("VERSION_CONTROL")))
    backup_type = XARGCASEMATCH ("$VERSION_CONTROL", cp,
				 backup_args, backup_vals);

  if (argc == 2)
    backup_type = XARGCASEMATCH (program_name, argv[1],
				 backup_args, backup_vals);

  printf ("The version control is `%s'\n",
	  ARGMATCH_TO_ARGUMENT (backup_type, backup_args, backup_vals));

  return 0;