nroff-mode.el   [plain text]

;;; nroff-mode.el --- GNU Emacs major mode for editing nroff source

;; Copyright (C) 1985, 1986, 1994, 1995, 1997, 2001, 2002, 2003,
;;   2004, 2005, 2006, 2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

;; Maintainer: FSF
;; Keywords: wp

;; This file is part of GNU Emacs.

;; GNU Emacs is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
;; any later version.

;; GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; GNU General Public License for more details.

;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;; along with GNU Emacs; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the
;; Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,
;; Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.

;;; Commentary:

;; This package is a major mode for editing nroff source code.  It knows
;; about various nroff constructs, ms, mm, and me macros, and will fill
;; and indent paragraphs properly in their presence.  It also includes
;; a command to count text lines (excluding nroff constructs), a command
;; to center a line, and movement commands that know how to skip macros.

;; Paragraph filling and line-counting currently don't respect comments,
;; as they should.

;;; Code:

(defgroup nroff nil
  "Nroff mode."
  :link '(custom-group-link :tag "Font Lock Faces group" font-lock-faces)
  :group 'wp
  :prefix "nroff-")

(defcustom nroff-electric-mode nil
  "Non-nil means automatically closing requests when you insert an open."
  :group 'nroff
  :type 'boolean)

(defvar nroff-mode-map
  (let ((map (make-sparse-keymap)))
    (define-key map "\t"  'tab-to-tab-stop)
    (define-key map "\es" 'center-line)
    (define-key map "\e?" 'nroff-count-text-lines)
    (define-key map "\n"  'nroff-electric-newline)
    (define-key map "\en" 'nroff-forward-text-line)
    (define-key map "\ep" 'nroff-backward-text-line)
  "Major mode keymap for `nroff-mode'.")

(defvar nroff-mode-syntax-table
  (let ((st (copy-syntax-table text-mode-syntax-table)))
    ;; " isn't given string quote syntax in text-mode but it
    ;; (arguably) should be for use round nroff arguments (with ` and
    ;; ' used otherwise).
    (modify-syntax-entry ?\" "\"  2" st)
    ;; Comments are delimited by \" and newline.
    (modify-syntax-entry ?\\ "\\  1" st)
    (modify-syntax-entry ?\n ">" st)
  "Syntax table used while in `nroff-mode'.")

(defvar nroff-imenu-expression
  ;; man headers:
  '((nil "^\\.SH \"?\\([^\"\n]*\\)\"?$" 1)))

(defcustom nroff-font-lock-keywords
   ;; Directives are . or ' at start of line, followed by
   ;; optional whitespace, then command (which my be longer than
   ;; 2 characters in groff).  Perhaps the arguments should be
   ;; fontified as well.
   ;; There are numerous groff escapes; the following get things
   ;; like \-, \(em (standard troff) and \f[bar] (groff
   ;; variants).  This won't currently do groff's \A'foo' and
   ;; the like properly.  One might expect it to highlight an escape's
   ;; arguments in common cases, like \f.
   (concat "\\\\"		      ; backslash
	 "\\("			      ; followed by various possibilities
	 (mapconcat 'identity
		    '("[f*n]*\\[.+?]" ; some groff extensions
		      "(.."	      ; two chars after (
		      "[^(\"]"	      ; single char escape
		      ) "\\|")
  "Font-lock highlighting control in `nroff-mode'."
  :group 'nroff
  :type '(repeat regexp))

(defcustom nroff-mode-hook nil
  "Hook run by function `nroff-mode'."
  :type 'hook
  :group 'nroff)

(define-derived-mode nroff-mode text-mode "Nroff"
  "Major mode for editing text intended for nroff to format.
Turning on Nroff mode runs `text-mode-hook', then `nroff-mode-hook'.
Also, try `nroff-electric-mode', for automatically inserting
closing requests for requests that are used in matched pairs."
  (set (make-local-variable 'font-lock-defaults)
       ;; SYNTAX-BEGIN is set to backward-paragraph to avoid slow-down
       ;; near the end of large buffers due to searching to buffer's
       ;; beginning.
       '(nroff-font-lock-keywords nil t nil backward-paragraph))
  (set (make-local-variable 'outline-regexp) "\\.H[ ]+[1-7]+ ")
  (set (make-local-variable 'outline-level) 'nroff-outline-level)
  ;; now define a bunch of variables for use by commands in this mode
  (set (make-local-variable 'page-delimiter) "^\\.\\(bp\\|SK\\|OP\\)")
  (set (make-local-variable 'paragraph-start)
       (concat "[.']\\|" paragraph-start))
  (set (make-local-variable 'paragraph-separate)
       (concat "[.']\\|" paragraph-separate))
  ;; comment syntax added by mit-erl!gildea 18 Apr 86
  (set (make-local-variable 'comment-start) "\\\" ")
  (set (make-local-variable 'comment-start-skip) "\\\\\"[ \t]*")
  (set (make-local-variable 'comment-column) 24)
  (set (make-local-variable 'comment-indent-function) 'nroff-comment-indent)
  (set (make-local-variable 'imenu-generic-expression) nroff-imenu-expression))

(defun nroff-outline-level ()
    (looking-at outline-regexp)
    (skip-chars-forward ".H ")
    (string-to-number (buffer-substring (point) (+ 1 (point))))))

;; Compute how much to indent a comment in nroff/troff source.
;; By mit-erl!gildea April 86
(defun nroff-comment-indent ()
  "Compute indent for an nroff/troff comment.
Puts a full-stop before comments on a line by themselves."
  (let ((pt (point)))
	  (skip-chars-backward " \t")
	  (if (bolp)
		(setq pt (1+ pt))
		(insert ?.)
	    (if (save-excursion
		  (backward-char 1)
		  (looking-at "^[.']"))
	      (max comment-column
		   (* 8 (/ (+ (current-column)
			      9) 8)))))) ; add 9 to ensure at least two blanks
      (goto-char pt))))

(defun nroff-count-text-lines (start end &optional print)
  "Count lines in region, except for nroff request lines.
All lines not starting with a period are counted up.
Interactively, print result in echo area.
Noninteractively, return number of non-request lines from START to END."
  (interactive "r\np")
  (if print
      (message "Region has %d text lines" (nroff-count-text-lines start end))
	(narrow-to-region start end)
	(goto-char (point-min))
	(- (buffer-size) (forward-text-line (buffer-size)))))))

(defun nroff-forward-text-line (&optional cnt)
  "Go forward one nroff text line, skipping lines of nroff requests.
An argument is a repeat count; if negative, move backward."
  (interactive "p")
  (if (not cnt) (setq cnt 1))
  (while (and (> cnt 0) (not (eobp)))
    (forward-line 1)
    (while (and (not (eobp)) (looking-at "[.']."))
      (forward-line 1))
    (setq cnt (- cnt 1)))
  (while (and (< cnt 0) (not (bobp)))
    (forward-line -1)
    (while (and (not (bobp))
		(looking-at "[.']."))
      (forward-line -1))
    (setq cnt (+ cnt 1)))

(defun nroff-backward-text-line (&optional cnt)
  "Go backward one nroff text line, skipping lines of nroff requests.
An argument is a repeat count; negative means move forward."
  (interactive "p")
  (nroff-forward-text-line (- cnt)))

(defconst nroff-brace-table
  '((".(b" . ".)b")
    (".(l" . ".)l")
    (".(q" . ".)q")
    (".(c" . ".)c")
    (".(x" . ".)x")
    (".(z" . ".)z")
    (".(d" . ".)d")
    (".(f" . ".)f")
    (".LG" . ".NL")
    (".SM" . ".NL")
    (".LD" . ".DE")
    (".CD" . ".DE")
    (".BD" . ".DE")
    (".DS" . ".DE")
    (".DF" . ".DE")
    (".FS" . ".FE")
    (".KS" . ".KE")
    (".KF" . ".KE")
    (".LB" . ".LE")
    (".AL" . ".LE")
    (".BL" . ".LE")
    (".DL" . ".LE")
    (".ML" . ".LE")
    (".RL" . ".LE")
    (".VL" . ".LE")
    (".RS" . ".RE")
    (".TS" . ".TE")
    (".EQ" . ".EN")
    (".PS" . ".PE")
    (".BS" . ".BE")
    (".G1" . ".G2")			; grap
    (".na" . ".ad b")
    (".nf" . ".fi")
    (".de" . "..")))

(defun nroff-electric-newline (arg)
  "Insert newline for nroff mode; special if electric-nroff mode.
In `electric-nroff-mode', if ending a line containing an nroff opening request,
automatically inserts the matching closing request after point."
  (interactive "P")
  (let ((completion (save-excursion
		      (and (null arg)
			   (<= (point) (- (point-max) 3))
			   (cdr (assoc (buffer-substring (point)
							 (+ 3 (point)))
	(needs-nl (not (looking-at "[ \t]*$"))))
    (if (null completion)
	(newline (prefix-numeric-value arg))
	(insert "\n\n" completion)
	(if needs-nl (insert "\n")))
      (forward-char 1))))

(define-minor-mode nroff-electric-mode
  "Toggle `nroff-electric-newline' minor mode.
`nroff-electric-newline' forces Emacs to check for an nroff request at the
beginning of the line, and insert the matching closing request if necessary.
This command toggles that mode (off->on, on->off), with an argument,
turns it on iff arg is positive, otherwise off."
  :lighter " Electric"
  (or (derived-mode-p 'nroff-mode) (error "Must be in nroff mode")))

;; Old names that were not namespace clean.
(define-obsolete-function-alias 'count-text-lines 'nroff-count-text-lines "22.1")
(define-obsolete-function-alias 'forward-text-line 'nroff-forward-text-line "22.1")
(define-obsolete-function-alias 'backward-text-line 'nroff-backward-text-line "22.1")
(define-obsolete-function-alias 'electric-nroff-newline 'nroff-electric-newline "22.1")
(define-obsolete-function-alias 'electric-nroff-mode 'nroff-electric-mode "22.1")

(provide 'nroff-mode)

;; arch-tag: 6e276340-6c65-4f65-b4e3-0ca431ddfb6c
;;; nroff-mode.el ends here