git-merge-file.txt   [plain text]


git-merge-file - Run a three-way file merge

'git merge-file' [-L <current-name> [-L <base-name> [-L <other-name>]]]
	[--ours|--theirs|--union] [-p|--stdout] [-q|--quiet] [--marker-size=<n>]
	[--[no-]diff3] <current-file> <base-file> <other-file>

'git merge-file' incorporates all changes that lead from the `<base-file>`
to `<other-file>` into `<current-file>`. The result ordinarily goes into
`<current-file>`. 'git merge-file' is useful for combining separate changes
to an original. Suppose `<base-file>` is the original, and both
`<current-file>` and `<other-file>` are modifications of `<base-file>`,
then 'git merge-file' combines both changes.

A conflict occurs if both `<current-file>` and `<other-file>` have changes
in a common segment of lines. If a conflict is found, 'git merge-file'
normally outputs a warning and brackets the conflict with lines containing
<<<<<<< and >>>>>>> markers. A typical conflict will look like this:

	<<<<<<< A
	lines in file A
	lines in file B
	>>>>>>> B

If there are conflicts, the user should edit the result and delete one of
the alternatives.  When `--ours`, `--theirs`, or `--union` option is in effect,
however, these conflicts are resolved favouring lines from `<current-file>`,
lines from `<other-file>`, or lines from both respectively.  The length of the
conflict markers can be given with the `--marker-size` option.

The exit value of this program is negative on error, and the number of
conflicts otherwise. If the merge was clean, the exit value is 0.

'git merge-file' is designed to be a minimal clone of RCS 'merge'; that is, it
implements all of RCS 'merge''s functionality which is needed by


-L <label>::
	This option may be given up to three times, and
	specifies labels to be used in place of the
	corresponding file names in conflict reports. That is,
	`git merge-file -L x -L y -L z a b c` generates output that
	looks like it came from files x, y and z instead of
	from files a, b and c.

	Send results to standard output instead of overwriting

	Quiet; do not warn about conflicts.

	Show conflicts in "diff3" style.

	Instead of leaving conflicts in the file, resolve conflicts
	favouring our (or their or both) side of the lines.


`git merge-file README README.upstream`::

	combines the changes of and README.upstream since README,
	tries to merge them and writes the result into

`git merge-file -L a -L b -L c tmp/a123 tmp/b234 tmp/c345`::

	merges tmp/a123 and tmp/c345 with the base tmp/b234, but uses labels
	`a` and `c` instead of `tmp/a123` and `tmp/c345`.

Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite