Random.pm   [plain text]

package Crypt::OpenSSL::Random;

use strict;
use Carp;


require Exporter;
require DynaLoader;
use AutoLoader;

@ISA = qw(Exporter DynaLoader);

# Items to export into callers namespace by default. Note: do not export
# names by default without a very good reason. Use EXPORT_OK instead.
# Do not simply export all your public functions/methods/constants.

@EXPORT_OK = qw( random_bytes random_pseudo_bytes random_seed
                 random_egd random_status );

$VERSION = '0.03';

bootstrap Crypt::OpenSSL::Random $VERSION;

# Preloaded methods go here.

# Autoload methods go after =cut, and are processed by the autosplit program.


=head1 NAME

Crypt::OpenSSL::RSA - RSA encoding and decoding, using the openSSL libraries

Crypt::OpenSSL::Random - Routines for accessing the OpenSSL
pseudo-random number generator


  use Crypt::OpenSSL::Random;

  Crypt::OpenSSL::Random::random_status() or
    die "Unable to sufficiently seed the random number generator".

  my $ten_good_random_bytes = Crypt::OpenSSL::Random::random_bytes(10);
  my $ten_ok_random_bytes = Crypt::OpenSSL::Random::random_pseudo_bytes(10);


Crypt::OpenSSL::Random provides the ability to seed and query the
OpenSSL library's pseudo-random number generator

=head2 EXPORT

None by default.

=head1 Static Methods

=item random_bytes

This function, returns a specified number of cryptographically strong
pseudo-random bytes from the PRNG.  If the PRNG has not been seeded
with enough randomness to ensure an unpredictable byte sequence, then
a false value is returned.

=item random_pseudo_bytes

This function, is similar to c<random_bytes>, but the resulting
sequence of bytes are not necessarily unpredictable.  They can be used
for non-cryptographic purposes and for certain purposes in
cryptographic protocols, but usually not for key generation etc.

=item random_seed

This function seeds the PRNG with a supplied string of bytes.  It
returns true if the PRNG has sufficient seeding.  Note: calling this
function with non-random bytes is of limited value at best!

=item random_egd

This function seeds the PRNG with data from the specified entropy
gathering daemon.  Returns the number of bytes read from the daemon on
succes, or -1 if not enough bytes were read, or if the connection to
the daemon failed.

=item random_status

This function returns true if the PRNG has sufficient seeding.

=head1 BUGS

Because of the internal workings of OpenSSL's random library, the
pseudo-random number generator (PRNG) accessed by
Crypt::OpenSSL::Random will be different than the one accessed by any
other perl module.  Hence, to use a module such as
Crypt::OpenSSL::Random, you will need to seed the PRNG used there from
one used here.  This class is still advantageous, however, as it
centralizes other methods, such as random_egd, in one place.

=head1 AUTHOR

Ian Robertson, iroberts@cpan.com

=head1 SEE ALSO

perl(1), rand(3), RAND_add(3), RAND_egd(3), RAND_bytes(3).