parse.y   [plain text]


/* parse.y - parser for flex input */

%token CHAR NUMBER SECTEND SCDECL XSCDECL NAME PREVCCL EOF_OP
%token OPTION_OP OPT_OUTFILE OPT_PREFIX OPT_YYCLASS

%token CCE_ALNUM CCE_ALPHA CCE_BLANK CCE_CNTRL CCE_DIGIT CCE_GRAPH
%token CCE_LOWER CCE_PRINT CCE_PUNCT CCE_SPACE CCE_UPPER CCE_XDIGIT

/*
 *POSIX and AT&T lex place the
 * precedence of the repeat operator, {}, below that of concatenation.
 * Thus, ab{3} is ababab.  Most other POSIX utilities use an Extended
 * Regular Expression (ERE) precedence that has the repeat operator
 * higher than concatenation.  This causes ab{3} to yield abbb.
 *
 * In order to support the POSIX and AT&T precedence and the flex
 * precedence we define two token sets for the begin and end tokens of
 * the repeat operator, '{' and '}'.  The lexical scanner chooses
 * which tokens to return based on whether posix_compat or lex_compat
 * are specified. Specifying either posix_compat or lex_compat will
 * cause flex to parse scanner files as per the AT&T and
 * POSIX-mandated behavior.
 */

%token BEGIN_REPEAT_POSIX END_REPEAT_POSIX BEGIN_REPEAT_FLEX END_REPEAT_FLEX

%{
/*-
 * Copyright (c) 1990 The Regents of the University of California.
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * This code is derived from software contributed to Berkeley by
 * Vern Paxson.
 * 
 * The United States Government has rights in this work pursuant
 * to contract no. DE-AC03-76SF00098 between the United States
 * Department of Energy and the University of California.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms with or without
 * modification are permitted provided that: (1) source distributions retain
 * this entire copyright notice and comment, and (2) distributions including
 * binaries display the following acknowledgement:  ``This product includes
 * software developed by the University of California, Berkeley and its
 * contributors'' in the documentation or other materials provided with the
 * distribution and in all advertising materials mentioning features or use
 * of this software.  Neither the name of the University nor the names of
 * its contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
 * this software without specific prior written permission.
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ``AS IS'' AND WITHOUT ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
 * WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
 * MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
 */

/* $Header: /Users/Shared/flex/flex/flex/parse.y,v 1.2 2005/04/02 17:28:54 llattanz Exp $ */


/* Some versions of bison are broken in that they use alloca() but don't
 * declare it properly.  The following is the patented (just kidding!)
 * #ifdef chud to fix the problem, courtesy of Francois Pinard.
 */
#ifdef YYBISON
/* AIX requires this to be the first thing in the file.  What a piece.  */
# ifdef _AIX
 #pragma alloca
# endif
#endif

#include "flexdef.h"

/* The remainder of the alloca() cruft has to come after including flexdef.h,
 * so HAVE_ALLOCA_H is (possibly) defined.
 */
#ifdef YYBISON
# ifdef __GNUC__
#  ifndef alloca
#   define alloca __builtin_alloca
#  endif
# else
#  if HAVE_ALLOCA_H
#   include <alloca.h>
#  else
#   ifdef __hpux
void *alloca ();
#   else
#    ifdef __TURBOC__
#     include <malloc.h>
#    else
char *alloca ();
#    endif
#   endif
#  endif
# endif
#endif

/* Bletch, ^^^^ that was ugly! */


int pat, scnum, eps, headcnt, trailcnt, anyccl, lastchar, i, rulelen;
int trlcontxt, xcluflg, currccl, cclsorted, varlength, variable_trail_rule;

int *scon_stk;
int scon_stk_ptr;

static int madeany = false;  /* whether we've made the '.' character class */
int previous_continued_action;	/* whether the previous rule's action was '|' */

/* Expand a POSIX character class expression. */
#define CCL_EXPR(func) \
	{ \
	int c; \
	for ( c = 0; c < csize; ++c ) \
		if ( isascii(c) && func(c) ) \
			ccladd( currccl, c ); \
	}

/* While POSIX defines isblank(), it's not ANSI C. */
#define IS_BLANK(c) ((c) == ' ' || (c) == '\t')

/* On some over-ambitious machines, such as DEC Alpha's, the default
 * token type is "long" instead of "int"; this leads to problems with
 * declaring yylval in flexdef.h.  But so far, all the yacc's I've seen
 * wrap their definitions of YYSTYPE with "#ifndef YYSTYPE"'s, so the
 * following should ensure that the default token type is "int".
 */
#define YYSTYPE int

%}

%%
goal		:  initlex sect1 sect1end sect2 initforrule
			{ /* add default rule */
			int def_rule;

			pat = cclinit();
			cclnegate( pat );

			def_rule = mkstate( -pat );

			/* Remember the number of the default rule so we
			 * don't generate "can't match" warnings for it.
			 */
			default_rule = num_rules;

			finish_rule( def_rule, false, 0, 0 );

			for ( i = 1; i <= lastsc; ++i )
				scset[i] = mkbranch( scset[i], def_rule );

			if ( spprdflt )
				add_action(
				"YY_FATAL_ERROR( \"flex scanner jammed\" )" );
			else
				add_action( "ECHO" );

			add_action( ";\n\tYY_BREAK\n" );
			}
		;

initlex		:
			{ /* initialize for processing rules */

			/* Create default DFA start condition. */
			scinstal( "INITIAL", false );
			}
		;

sect1		:  sect1 startconddecl namelist1
		|  sect1 options
		|
		|  error
			{ synerr( "unknown error processing section 1" ); }
		;

sect1end	:  SECTEND
			{
			check_options();
			scon_stk = allocate_integer_array( lastsc + 1 );
			scon_stk_ptr = 0;
			}
		;

startconddecl	:  SCDECL
			{ xcluflg = false; }

		|  XSCDECL
			{ xcluflg = true; }
		;

namelist1	:  namelist1 NAME
			{ scinstal( nmstr, xcluflg ); }

		|  NAME
			{ scinstal( nmstr, xcluflg ); }

		|  error
			{ synerr( "bad start condition list" ); }
		;

options		:  OPTION_OP optionlist
		;

optionlist	:  optionlist option
		|
		;

option		:  OPT_OUTFILE '=' NAME
			{
			outfilename = copy_string( nmstr );
			did_outfilename = 1;
			}
		|  OPT_PREFIX '=' NAME
			{ prefix = copy_string( nmstr ); }
		|  OPT_YYCLASS '=' NAME
			{ yyclass = copy_string( nmstr ); }
		;

sect2		:  sect2 scon initforrule flexrule '\n'
			{ scon_stk_ptr = $2; }
		|  sect2 scon '{' sect2 '}'
			{ scon_stk_ptr = $2; }
		|
		;

initforrule	:
			{
			/* Initialize for a parse of one rule. */
			trlcontxt = variable_trail_rule = varlength = false;
			trailcnt = headcnt = rulelen = 0;
			current_state_type = STATE_NORMAL;
			previous_continued_action = continued_action;
			in_rule = true;

			new_rule();
			}
		;

flexrule	:  '^' rule
			{
			pat = $2;
			finish_rule( pat, variable_trail_rule,
				headcnt, trailcnt );

			if ( scon_stk_ptr > 0 )
				{
				for ( i = 1; i <= scon_stk_ptr; ++i )
					scbol[scon_stk[i]] =
						mkbranch( scbol[scon_stk[i]],
								pat );
				}

			else
				{
				/* Add to all non-exclusive start conditions,
				 * including the default (0) start condition.
				 */

				for ( i = 1; i <= lastsc; ++i )
					if ( ! scxclu[i] )
						scbol[i] = mkbranch( scbol[i],
									pat );
				}

			if ( ! bol_needed )
				{
				bol_needed = true;

				if ( performance_report > 1 )
					pinpoint_message(
			"'^' operator results in sub-optimal performance" );
				}
			}

		|  rule
			{
			pat = $1;
			finish_rule( pat, variable_trail_rule,
				headcnt, trailcnt );

			if ( scon_stk_ptr > 0 )
				{
				for ( i = 1; i <= scon_stk_ptr; ++i )
					scset[scon_stk[i]] =
						mkbranch( scset[scon_stk[i]],
								pat );
				}

			else
				{
				for ( i = 1; i <= lastsc; ++i )
					if ( ! scxclu[i] )
						scset[i] =
							mkbranch( scset[i],
								pat );
				}
			}

		|  EOF_OP
			{
			if ( scon_stk_ptr > 0 )
				build_eof_action();
	
			else
				{
				/* This EOF applies to all start conditions
				 * which don't already have EOF actions.
				 */
				for ( i = 1; i <= lastsc; ++i )
					if ( ! sceof[i] )
						scon_stk[++scon_stk_ptr] = i;

				if ( scon_stk_ptr == 0 )
					warn(
			"all start conditions already have <<EOF>> rules" );

				else
					build_eof_action();
				}
			}

		|  error
			{ synerr( "unrecognized rule" ); }
		;

scon_stk_ptr	:
			{ $$ = scon_stk_ptr; }
		;

scon		:  '<' scon_stk_ptr namelist2 '>'
			{ $$ = $2; }

		|  '<' '*' '>'
			{
			$$ = scon_stk_ptr;

			for ( i = 1; i <= lastsc; ++i )
				{
				int j;

				for ( j = 1; j <= scon_stk_ptr; ++j )
					if ( scon_stk[j] == i )
						break;

				if ( j > scon_stk_ptr )
					scon_stk[++scon_stk_ptr] = i;
				}
			}

		|
			{ $$ = scon_stk_ptr; }
		;

namelist2	:  namelist2 ',' sconname

		|  sconname

		|  error
			{ synerr( "bad start condition list" ); }
		;

sconname	:  NAME
			{
			if ( (scnum = sclookup( nmstr )) == 0 )
				format_pinpoint_message(
					"undeclared start condition %s",
					nmstr );
			else
				{
				for ( i = 1; i <= scon_stk_ptr; ++i )
					if ( scon_stk[i] == scnum )
						{
						format_warn(
							"<%s> specified twice",
							scname[scnum] );
						break;
						}

				if ( i > scon_stk_ptr )
					scon_stk[++scon_stk_ptr] = scnum;
				}
			}
		;

rule		:  re2 re
			{
			if ( transchar[lastst[$2]] != SYM_EPSILON )
				/* Provide final transition \now/ so it
				 * will be marked as a trailing context
				 * state.
				 */
				$2 = link_machines( $2,
						mkstate( SYM_EPSILON ) );

			mark_beginning_as_normal( $2 );
			current_state_type = STATE_NORMAL;

			if ( previous_continued_action )
				{
				/* We need to treat this as variable trailing
				 * context so that the backup does not happen
				 * in the action but before the action switch
				 * statement.  If the backup happens in the
				 * action, then the rules "falling into" this
				 * one's action will *also* do the backup,
				 * erroneously.
				 */
				if ( ! varlength || headcnt != 0 )
					warn(
		"trailing context made variable due to preceding '|' action" );

				/* Mark as variable. */
				varlength = true;
				headcnt = 0;
				}

			if ( lex_compat || (varlength && headcnt == 0) )
				{ /* variable trailing context rule */
				/* Mark the first part of the rule as the
				 * accepting "head" part of a trailing
				 * context rule.
				 *
				 * By the way, we didn't do this at the
				 * beginning of this production because back
				 * then current_state_type was set up for a
				 * trail rule, and add_accept() can create
				 * a new state ...
				 */
				add_accept( $1,
					num_rules | YY_TRAILING_HEAD_MASK );
				variable_trail_rule = true;
				}
			
			else
				trailcnt = rulelen;

			$$ = link_machines( $1, $2 );
			}

		|  re2 re '$'
			{ synerr( "trailing context used twice" ); }

		|  re '$'
			{
			headcnt = 0;
			trailcnt = 1;
			rulelen = 1;
			varlength = false;

			current_state_type = STATE_TRAILING_CONTEXT;

			if ( trlcontxt )
				{
				synerr( "trailing context used twice" );
				$$ = mkstate( SYM_EPSILON );
				}

			else if ( previous_continued_action )
				{
				/* See the comment in the rule for "re2 re"
				 * above.
				 */
				warn(
		"trailing context made variable due to preceding '|' action" );

				varlength = true;
				}

			if ( lex_compat || varlength )
				{
				/* Again, see the comment in the rule for
				 * "re2 re" above.
				 */
				add_accept( $1,
					num_rules | YY_TRAILING_HEAD_MASK );
				variable_trail_rule = true;
				}

			trlcontxt = true;

			eps = mkstate( SYM_EPSILON );
			$$ = link_machines( $1,
				link_machines( eps, mkstate( '\n' ) ) );
			}

		|  re
			{
			$$ = $1;

			if ( trlcontxt )
				{
				if ( lex_compat || (varlength && headcnt == 0) )
					/* Both head and trail are
					 * variable-length.
					 */
					variable_trail_rule = true;
				else
					trailcnt = rulelen;
				}
			}
		;


re		:  re '|' series
			{
			varlength = true;
			$$ = mkor( $1, $3 );
			}

		|  series
			{ $$ = $1; }
		;


re2		:  re '/'
			{
			/* This rule is written separately so the
			 * reduction will occur before the trailing
			 * series is parsed.
			 */

			if ( trlcontxt )
				synerr( "trailing context used twice" );
			else
				trlcontxt = true;

			if ( varlength )
				/* We hope the trailing context is
				 * fixed-length.
				 */
				varlength = false;
			else
				headcnt = rulelen;

			rulelen = 0;

			current_state_type = STATE_TRAILING_CONTEXT;
			$$ = $1;
			}
		;

series		:  series singleton
			{
			/* This is where concatenation of adjacent patterns
			 * gets done.
			 */
			$$ = link_machines( $1, $2 );
			}

		|  singleton
			{ $$ = $1; }
		|  series BEGIN_REPEAT_POSIX NUMBER ',' NUMBER END_REPEAT_POSIX
			{
			varlength = true;

			if ( $3 > $5 || $3 < 0 )
				{
				synerr( _("bad iteration values") );
				$$ = $1;
				}
			else
				{
				if ( $3 == 0 )
					{
					if ( $5 <= 0 )
						{
						synerr(
						_("bad iteration values") );
						$$ = $1;
						}
					else
						$$ = mkopt(
							mkrep( $1, 1, $5 ) );
					}
				else
					$$ = mkrep( $1, $3, $5 );
				}
			}

		|  series BEGIN_REPEAT_POSIX NUMBER ',' END_REPEAT_POSIX
			{
			varlength = true;

			if ( $3 <= 0 )
				{
				synerr( _("iteration value must be positive") );
				$$ = $1;
				}

			else
				$$ = mkrep( $1, $3, INFINITY );
			}

		|  series BEGIN_REPEAT_POSIX NUMBER END_REPEAT_POSIX
			{
			/* The series could be something like "(foo)",
			 * in which case we have no idea what its length
			 * is, so we punt here.
			 */
			varlength = true;

			if ( $3 <= 0 )
				{
				  synerr( _("iteration value must be positive")
					  );
				$$ = $1;
				}

			else
				$$ = link_machines( $1,
						copysingl( $1, $3 - 1 ) );
			}

		;

singleton	:  singleton '*'
			{
			varlength = true;

			$$ = mkclos( $1 );
			}

		|  singleton '+'
			{
			varlength = true;
			$$ = mkposcl( $1 );
			}

		|  singleton '?'
			{
			varlength = true;
			$$ = mkopt( $1 );
			}

		|  singleton BEGIN_REPEAT_FLEX NUMBER ',' NUMBER END_REPEAT_FLEX
			{
			varlength = true;

			if ( $3 > $5 || $3 < 0 )
				{
				synerr( "bad iteration values" );
				$$ = $1;
				}
			else
				{
				if ( $3 == 0 )
					{
					if ( $5 <= 0 )
						{
						synerr(
						"bad iteration values" );
						$$ = $1;
						}
					else
						$$ = mkopt(
							mkrep( $1, 1, $5 ) );
					}
				else
					$$ = mkrep( $1, $3, $5 );
				}
			}

		|  singleton BEGIN_REPEAT_FLEX NUMBER ',' END_REPEAT_FLEX
			{
			varlength = true;

			if ( $3 <= 0 )
				{
				synerr( "iteration value must be positive" );
				$$ = $1;
				}

			else
				$$ = mkrep( $1, $3, INFINITY );
			}

		|  singleton BEGIN_REPEAT_FLEX NUMBER END_REPEAT_FLEX
			{
			/* The singleton could be something like "(foo)",
			 * in which case we have no idea what its length
			 * is, so we punt here.
			 */
			varlength = true;

			if ( $3 <= 0 )
				{
				synerr( "iteration value must be positive" );
				$$ = $1;
				}

			else
				$$ = link_machines( $1,
						copysingl( $1, $3 - 1 ) );
			}

		|  '.'
			{
			if ( ! madeany )
				{
				/* Create the '.' character class. */
				anyccl = cclinit();
				ccladd( anyccl, '\n' );
				cclnegate( anyccl );

				if ( useecs )
					mkeccl( ccltbl + cclmap[anyccl],
						ccllen[anyccl], nextecm,
						ecgroup, csize, csize );

				madeany = true;
				}

			++rulelen;

			$$ = mkstate( -anyccl );
			}

		|  fullccl
			{
			if ( ! cclsorted )
				/* Sort characters for fast searching.  We
				 * use a shell sort since this list could
				 * be large.
				 */
				cshell( ccltbl + cclmap[$1], ccllen[$1], true );

			if ( useecs )
				mkeccl( ccltbl + cclmap[$1], ccllen[$1],
					nextecm, ecgroup, csize, csize );

			++rulelen;

			$$ = mkstate( -$1 );
			}

		|  PREVCCL
			{
			++rulelen;

			$$ = mkstate( -$1 );
			}

		|  '"' string '"'
			{ $$ = $2; }

		|  '(' re ')'
			{ $$ = $2; }

		|  CHAR
			{
			++rulelen;

			if ( caseins && $1 >= 'A' && $1 <= 'Z' )
				$1 = clower( $1 );

			$$ = mkstate( $1 );
			}
		;

fullccl		:  '[' ccl ']'
			{ $$ = $2; }

		|  '[' '^' ccl ']'
			{
			cclnegate( $3 );
			$$ = $3;
			}
		;

ccl		:  ccl CHAR '-' CHAR
			{
			if ( caseins )
				{
				if ( $2 >= 'A' && $2 <= 'Z' )
					$2 = clower( $2 );
				if ( $4 >= 'A' && $4 <= 'Z' )
					$4 = clower( $4 );
				}

			if ( $2 > $4 )
				synerr( "negative range in character class" );

			else
				{
				for ( i = $2; i <= $4; ++i )
					ccladd( $1, i );

				/* Keep track if this ccl is staying in
				 * alphabetical order.
				 */
				cclsorted = cclsorted && ($2 > lastchar);
				lastchar = $4;
				}

			$$ = $1;
			}

		|  ccl CHAR
			{
			if ( caseins && $2 >= 'A' && $2 <= 'Z' )
				$2 = clower( $2 );

			ccladd( $1, $2 );
			cclsorted = cclsorted && ($2 > lastchar);
			lastchar = $2;
			$$ = $1;
			}

		|  ccl ccl_expr
			{
			/* Too hard to properly maintain cclsorted. */
			cclsorted = false;
			$$ = $1;
			}

		|
			{
			cclsorted = true;
			lastchar = 0;
			currccl = $$ = cclinit();
			}
		;

ccl_expr:	   CCE_ALNUM	{ CCL_EXPR(isalnum) }
		|  CCE_ALPHA	{ CCL_EXPR(isalpha) }
		|  CCE_BLANK	{ CCL_EXPR(IS_BLANK) }
		|  CCE_CNTRL	{ CCL_EXPR(iscntrl) }
		|  CCE_DIGIT	{ CCL_EXPR(isdigit) }
		|  CCE_GRAPH	{ CCL_EXPR(isgraph) }
		|  CCE_LOWER	{ CCL_EXPR(islower) }
		|  CCE_PRINT	{ CCL_EXPR(isprint) }
		|  CCE_PUNCT	{ CCL_EXPR(ispunct) }
		|  CCE_SPACE	{ CCL_EXPR(isspace) }
		|  CCE_UPPER	{
				if ( caseins )
					CCL_EXPR(islower)
				else
					CCL_EXPR(isupper)
				}
		|  CCE_XDIGIT	{ CCL_EXPR(isxdigit) }
		;
		
string		:  string CHAR
			{
			if ( caseins && $2 >= 'A' && $2 <= 'Z' )
				$2 = clower( $2 );

			++rulelen;

			$$ = link_machines( $1, mkstate( $2 ) );
			}

		|
			{ $$ = mkstate( SYM_EPSILON ); }
		;

%%


/* build_eof_action - build the "<<EOF>>" action for the active start
 *                    conditions
 */

void build_eof_action()
	{
	register int i;
	char action_text[MAXLINE];

	for ( i = 1; i <= scon_stk_ptr; ++i )
		{
		if ( sceof[scon_stk[i]] )
			format_pinpoint_message(
				"multiple <<EOF>> rules for start condition %s",
				scname[scon_stk[i]] );

		else
			{
			sceof[scon_stk[i]] = true;
			sprintf( action_text, "case YY_STATE_EOF(%s):\n",
				scname[scon_stk[i]] );
			add_action( action_text );
			}
		}

	line_directive_out( (FILE *) 0, 1 );

	/* This isn't a normal rule after all - don't count it as
	 * such, so we don't have any holes in the rule numbering
	 * (which make generating "rule can never match" warnings
	 * more difficult.
	 */
	--num_rules;
	++num_eof_rules;
	}


/* format_synerr - write out formatted syntax error */

void format_synerr( msg, arg )
char msg[], arg[];
	{
	char errmsg[MAXLINE];

	(void) sprintf( errmsg, msg, arg );
	synerr( errmsg );
	}


/* synerr - report a syntax error */

void synerr( str )
char str[];
	{
	syntaxerror = true;
	pinpoint_message( str );
	}


/* format_warn - write out formatted warning */

void format_warn( msg, arg )
char msg[], arg[];
	{
	char warn_msg[MAXLINE];

	(void) sprintf( warn_msg, msg, arg );
	warn( warn_msg );
	}


/* warn - report a warning, unless -w was given */

#ifdef __APPLE__
__private_extern__
#endif
void warn( str )
char str[];
	{
	line_warning( str, linenum );
	}

/* format_pinpoint_message - write out a message formatted with one string,
 *			     pinpointing its location
 */

void format_pinpoint_message( msg, arg )
char msg[], arg[];
	{
	char errmsg[MAXLINE];

	(void) sprintf( errmsg, msg, arg );
	pinpoint_message( errmsg );
	}


/* pinpoint_message - write out a message, pinpointing its location */

void pinpoint_message( str )
char str[];
	{
	line_pinpoint( str, linenum );
	}


/* line_warning - report a warning at a given line, unless -w was given */

void line_warning( str, line )
char str[];
int line;
	{
	char warning[MAXLINE];

	if ( ! nowarn )
		{
		sprintf( warning, "warning, %s", str );
		line_pinpoint( warning, line );
		}
	}


/* line_pinpoint - write out a message, pinpointing it at the given line */

void line_pinpoint( str, line )
char str[];
int line;
	{
	fprintf( stderr, "\"%s\", line %d: %s\n", infilename, line, str );
	}


/* yyerror - eat up an error message from the parser;
 *	     currently, messages are ignore
 */

void yyerror( msg )
char msg[];
	{
	}