ops.c   [plain text]


/* vi:set ts=8 sts=4 sw=4:
 *
 * VIM - Vi IMproved	by Bram Moolenaar
 *
 * Do ":help uganda"  in Vim to read copying and usage conditions.
 * Do ":help credits" in Vim to see a list of people who contributed.
 * See README.txt for an overview of the Vim source code.
 */

/*
 * ops.c: implementation of various operators: op_shift, op_delete, op_tilde,
 *	  op_change, op_yank, do_put, do_join
 */

#include "vim.h"

/*
 * Number of registers.
 *	0 = unnamed register, for normal yanks and puts
 *   1..9 = registers '1' to '9', for deletes
 * 10..35 = registers 'a' to 'z'
 *     36 = delete register '-'
 *     37 = Selection register '*'. Only if FEAT_CLIPBOARD defined
 *     38 = Clipboard register '+'. Only if FEAT_CLIPBOARD and FEAT_X11 defined
 */
/*
 * Symbolic names for some registers.
 */
#define DELETION_REGISTER	36
#ifdef FEAT_CLIPBOARD
# define STAR_REGISTER		37
#  ifdef FEAT_X11
#   define PLUS_REGISTER	38
#  else
#   define PLUS_REGISTER	STAR_REGISTER	    /* there is only one */
#  endif
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_DND
# define TILDE_REGISTER		(PLUS_REGISTER + 1)
#endif

#ifdef FEAT_CLIPBOARD
# ifdef FEAT_DND
#  define NUM_REGISTERS		(TILDE_REGISTER + 1)
# else
#  define NUM_REGISTERS		(PLUS_REGISTER + 1)
# endif
#else
# define NUM_REGISTERS		37
#endif

/*
 * Each yank register is an array of pointers to lines.
 */
static struct yankreg
{
    char_u	**y_array;	/* pointer to array of line pointers */
    linenr_T	y_size;		/* number of lines in y_array */
    char_u	y_type;		/* MLINE, MCHAR or MBLOCK */
    char_u	y_op_change;
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
    colnr_T	y_width;	/* only set if y_type == MBLOCK */
#endif
} y_regs[NUM_REGISTERS];

static struct yankreg	*y_current;	    /* ptr to current yankreg */
static int		y_append;	    /* TRUE when appending */
static struct yankreg	*y_previous = NULL; /* ptr to last written yankreg */

/*
 * structure used by block_prep, op_delete and op_yank for blockwise operators
 * also op_change, op_shift, op_insert, op_replace - AKelly
 */
struct block_def
{
    int		startspaces;	/* 'extra' cols of first char */
    int		endspaces;	/* 'extra' cols of first char */
    int		textlen;	/* chars in block */
    char_u	*textstart;	/* pointer to 1st char in block */
    colnr_T	textcol;	/* cols of chars (at least part.) in block */
    colnr_T	start_vcol;	/* start col of 1st char wholly inside block */
    colnr_T	end_vcol;	/* start col of 1st char wholly after block */
#ifdef FEAT_VISUALEXTRA
    int		is_short;	/* TRUE if line is too short to fit in block */
    int		is_MAX;		/* TRUE if curswant==MAXCOL when starting */
    int		is_oneChar;	/* TRUE if block within one character */
    int		pre_whitesp;	/* screen cols of ws before block */
    int		pre_whitesp_c;	/* chars of ws before block */
    colnr_T	end_char_vcols;	/* number of vcols of post-block char */
#endif
    colnr_T	start_char_vcols; /* number of vcols of pre-block char */
};

#ifdef FEAT_VISUALEXTRA
static void shift_block __ARGS((oparg_T *oap, int amount));
static void block_insert __ARGS((oparg_T *oap, char_u *s, int b_insert, struct block_def*bdp));
#endif
static int	stuff_yank __ARGS((int, char_u *));
static void	put_reedit_in_typebuf __ARGS((int silent));
static int	put_in_typebuf __ARGS((char_u *s, int esc, int colon,
								 int silent));
static void	stuffescaped __ARGS((char_u *arg, int literally));
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
static void	mb_adjust_opend __ARGS((oparg_T *oap));
#endif
static void	free_yank __ARGS((long));
static void	free_yank_all __ARGS((void));
static int	yank_copy_line __ARGS((struct block_def *bd, long y_idx));
#ifdef FEAT_CLIPBOARD
static void	copy_yank_reg __ARGS((struct yankreg *reg));
# if defined(FEAT_VISUAL) || defined(FEAT_EVAL)
static void	may_set_selection __ARGS((void));
# endif
#endif
static void	dis_msg __ARGS((char_u *p, int skip_esc));
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
static void	block_prep __ARGS((oparg_T *oap, struct block_def *, linenr_T, int));
#endif
#if defined(FEAT_CLIPBOARD) || defined(FEAT_EVAL)
static void	str_to_reg __ARGS((struct yankreg *y_ptr, int type, char_u *str, long len, long blocklen));
#endif
static int	ends_in_white __ARGS((linenr_T lnum));
#ifdef FEAT_COMMENTS
static int	same_leader __ARGS((linenr_T lnum, int, char_u *, int, char_u *));
static int	fmt_check_par __ARGS((linenr_T, int *, char_u **, int do_comments));
#else
static int	fmt_check_par __ARGS((linenr_T));
#endif

/*
 * The names of operators.
 * IMPORTANT: Index must correspond with defines in vim.h!!!
 * The third field indicates whether the operator always works on lines.
 */
static char opchars[][3] =
{
    {NUL, NUL, FALSE},	/* OP_NOP */
    {'d', NUL, FALSE},	/* OP_DELETE */
    {'y', NUL, FALSE},	/* OP_YANK */
    {'c', NUL, FALSE},	/* OP_CHANGE */
    {'<', NUL, TRUE},	/* OP_LSHIFT */
    {'>', NUL, TRUE},	/* OP_RSHIFT */
    {'!', NUL, TRUE},	/* OP_FILTER */
    {'g', '~', FALSE},	/* OP_TILDE */
    {'=', NUL, TRUE},	/* OP_INDENT */
    {'g', 'q', TRUE},	/* OP_FORMAT */
    {':', NUL, TRUE},	/* OP_COLON */
    {'g', 'U', FALSE},	/* OP_UPPER */
    {'g', 'u', FALSE},	/* OP_LOWER */
    {'J', NUL, TRUE},	/* DO_JOIN */
    {'g', 'J', TRUE},	/* DO_JOIN_NS */
    {'g', '?', FALSE},	/* OP_ROT13 */
    {'r', NUL, FALSE},	/* OP_REPLACE */
    {'I', NUL, FALSE},	/* OP_INSERT */
    {'A', NUL, FALSE},	/* OP_APPEND */
    {'z', 'f', TRUE},	/* OP_FOLD */
    {'z', 'o', TRUE},	/* OP_FOLDOPEN */
    {'z', 'O', TRUE},	/* OP_FOLDOPENREC */
    {'z', 'c', TRUE},	/* OP_FOLDCLOSE */
    {'z', 'C', TRUE},	/* OP_FOLDCLOSEREC */
    {'z', 'd', TRUE},	/* OP_FOLDDEL */
    {'z', 'D', TRUE},	/* OP_FOLDDELREC */
    {'g', 'w', TRUE},	/* OP_FORMAT2 */
    {'g', '@', FALSE},	/* OP_FUNCTION */
};

/*
 * Translate a command name into an operator type.
 * Must only be called with a valid operator name!
 */
    int
get_op_type(char1, char2)
    int		char1;
    int		char2;
{
    int		i;

    if (char1 == 'r')		/* ignore second character */
	return OP_REPLACE;
    if (char1 == '~')		/* when tilde is an operator */
	return OP_TILDE;
    for (i = 0; ; ++i)
	if (opchars[i][0] == char1 && opchars[i][1] == char2)
	    break;
    return i;
}

#if defined(FEAT_VISUAL) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * Return TRUE if operator "op" always works on whole lines.
 */
    int
op_on_lines(op)
    int op;
{
    return opchars[op][2];
}
#endif

/*
 * Get first operator command character.
 * Returns 'g' or 'z' if there is another command character.
 */
    int
get_op_char(optype)
    int		optype;
{
    return opchars[optype][0];
}

/*
 * Get second operator command character.
 */
    int
get_extra_op_char(optype)
    int		optype;
{
    return opchars[optype][1];
}

/*
 * op_shift - handle a shift operation
 */
    void
op_shift(oap, curs_top, amount)
    oparg_T	    *oap;
    int		    curs_top;
    int		    amount;
{
    long	    i;
    int		    first_char;
    char_u	    *s;
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
    int		    block_col = 0;
#endif

    if (u_save((linenr_T)(oap->start.lnum - 1),
				       (linenr_T)(oap->end.lnum + 1)) == FAIL)
	return;

#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
    if (oap->block_mode)
	block_col = curwin->w_cursor.col;
#endif

    for (i = oap->line_count; --i >= 0; )
    {
	first_char = *ml_get_curline();
	if (first_char == NUL)				/* empty line */
	    curwin->w_cursor.col = 0;
#ifdef FEAT_VISUALEXTRA
	else if (oap->block_mode)
	    shift_block(oap, amount);
#endif
	else
	    /* Move the line right if it doesn't start with '#', 'smartindent'
	     * isn't set or 'cindent' isn't set or '#' isn't in 'cino'. */
#if defined(FEAT_SMARTINDENT) || defined(FEAT_CINDENT)
	    if (first_char != '#' || !preprocs_left())
#endif
	{
	    shift_line(oap->op_type == OP_LSHIFT, p_sr, amount, FALSE);
	}
	++curwin->w_cursor.lnum;
    }

    changed_lines(oap->start.lnum, 0, oap->end.lnum + 1, 0L);

#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
    if (oap->block_mode)
    {
	curwin->w_cursor.lnum = oap->start.lnum;
	curwin->w_cursor.col = block_col;
    }
    else
#endif
	if (curs_top)	    /* put cursor on first line, for ">>" */
    {
	curwin->w_cursor.lnum = oap->start.lnum;
	beginline(BL_SOL | BL_FIX);   /* shift_line() may have set cursor.col */
    }
    else
	--curwin->w_cursor.lnum;	/* put cursor on last line, for ":>" */

    if (oap->line_count > p_report)
    {
	if (oap->op_type == OP_RSHIFT)
	    s = (char_u *)">";
	else
	    s = (char_u *)"<";
	if (oap->line_count == 1)
	{
	    if (amount == 1)
		sprintf((char *)IObuff, _("1 line %sed 1 time"), s);
	    else
		sprintf((char *)IObuff, _("1 line %sed %d times"), s, amount);
	}
	else
	{
	    if (amount == 1)
		sprintf((char *)IObuff, _("%ld lines %sed 1 time"),
							  oap->line_count, s);
	    else
		sprintf((char *)IObuff, _("%ld lines %sed %d times"),
						  oap->line_count, s, amount);
	}
	msg(IObuff);
    }

    /*
     * Set "'[" and "']" marks.
     */
    curbuf->b_op_start = oap->start;
    curbuf->b_op_end.lnum = oap->end.lnum;
    curbuf->b_op_end.col = (colnr_T)STRLEN(ml_get(oap->end.lnum));
    if (curbuf->b_op_end.col > 0)
	--curbuf->b_op_end.col;
}

/*
 * shift the current line one shiftwidth left (if left != 0) or right
 * leaves cursor on first blank in the line
 */
    void
shift_line(left, round, amount, call_changed_bytes)
    int	left;
    int	round;
    int	amount;
    int call_changed_bytes;	/* call changed_bytes() */
{
    int		count;
    int		i, j;
    int		p_sw = (int)curbuf->b_p_sw;

    count = get_indent();	/* get current indent */

    if (round)			/* round off indent */
    {
	i = count / p_sw;	/* number of p_sw rounded down */
	j = count % p_sw;	/* extra spaces */
	if (j && left)		/* first remove extra spaces */
	    --amount;
	if (left)
	{
	    i -= amount;
	    if (i < 0)
		i = 0;
	}
	else
	    i += amount;
	count = i * p_sw;
    }
    else		/* original vi indent */
    {
	if (left)
	{
	    count -= p_sw * amount;
	    if (count < 0)
		count = 0;
	}
	else
	    count += p_sw * amount;
    }

    /* Set new indent */
#ifdef FEAT_VREPLACE
    if (State & VREPLACE_FLAG)
	change_indent(INDENT_SET, count, FALSE, NUL, call_changed_bytes);
    else
#endif
	(void)set_indent(count, call_changed_bytes ? SIN_CHANGED : 0);
}

#if defined(FEAT_VISUALEXTRA) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * Shift one line of the current block one shiftwidth right or left.
 * Leaves cursor on first character in block.
 */
    static void
shift_block(oap, amount)
    oparg_T	*oap;
    int		amount;
{
    int			left = (oap->op_type == OP_LSHIFT);
    int			oldstate = State;
    int			total, split;
    char_u		*newp, *oldp, *midp, *ptr;
    int			oldcol = curwin->w_cursor.col;
    int			p_sw = (int)curbuf->b_p_sw;
    int			p_ts = (int)curbuf->b_p_ts;
    struct block_def	bd;
    int			internal = 0;
    int			incr;
    colnr_T		vcol, col = 0, ws_vcol;
    int			i = 0, j = 0;
    int			len;

#ifdef FEAT_RIGHTLEFT
    int			old_p_ri = p_ri;

    p_ri = 0;			/* don't want revins in ident */
#endif

    State = INSERT;		/* don't want REPLACE for State */
    block_prep(oap, &bd, curwin->w_cursor.lnum, TRUE);
    if (bd.is_short)
	return;

    /* total is number of screen columns to be inserted/removed */
    total = amount * p_sw;
    oldp = ml_get_curline();

    if (!left)
    {
	/*
	 *  1. Get start vcol
	 *  2. Total ws vcols
	 *  3. Divvy into TABs & spp
	 *  4. Construct new string
	 */
	total += bd.pre_whitesp; /* all virtual WS upto & incl a split TAB */
	ws_vcol = bd.start_vcol - bd.pre_whitesp;
	if (bd.startspaces)
	{
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
	    if (has_mbyte)
		bd.textstart += (*mb_ptr2len)(bd.textstart);
#endif
	    ++bd.textstart;
	}
	for ( ; vim_iswhite(*bd.textstart); )
	{
	    incr = lbr_chartabsize_adv(&bd.textstart, (colnr_T)(bd.start_vcol));
	    total += incr;
	    bd.start_vcol += incr;
	}
	/* OK, now total=all the VWS reqd, and textstart points at the 1st
	 * non-ws char in the block. */
	if (!curbuf->b_p_et)
	    i = ((ws_vcol % p_ts) + total) / p_ts; /* number of tabs */
	if (i)
	    j = ((ws_vcol % p_ts) + total) % p_ts; /* number of spp */
	else
	    j = total;
	/* if we're splitting a TAB, allow for it */
	bd.textcol -= bd.pre_whitesp_c - (bd.startspaces != 0);
	len = (int)STRLEN(bd.textstart) + 1;
	newp = alloc_check((unsigned)(bd.textcol + i + j + len));
	if (newp == NULL)
	    return;
	vim_memset(newp, NUL, (size_t)(bd.textcol + i + j + len));
	mch_memmove(newp, oldp, (size_t)bd.textcol);
	copy_chars(newp + bd.textcol, (size_t)i, TAB);
	copy_spaces(newp + bd.textcol + i, (size_t)j);
	/* the end */
	mch_memmove(newp + bd.textcol + i + j, bd.textstart, (size_t)len);
    }
    else /* left */
    {
	vcol = oap->start_vcol;
	/* walk vcol past ws to be removed */
	for (midp = oldp + bd.textcol;
	      vcol < (oap->start_vcol + total) && vim_iswhite(*midp); )
	{
	    incr = lbr_chartabsize_adv(&midp, (colnr_T)vcol);
	    vcol += incr;
	}
	/* internal is the block-internal ws replacing a split TAB */
	if (vcol > (oap->start_vcol + total))
	{
	    /* we have to split the TAB *(midp-1) */
	    internal = vcol - (oap->start_vcol + total);
	}
	/* if 'expandtab' is not set, use TABs */

	split = bd.startspaces + internal;
	if (split > 0)
	{
	    if (!curbuf->b_p_et)
	    {
		for (ptr = oldp, col = 0; ptr < oldp+bd.textcol; )
		    col += lbr_chartabsize_adv(&ptr, (colnr_T)col);

		/* col+1 now equals the start col of the first char of the
		 * block (may be < oap.start_vcol if we're splitting a TAB) */
		i = ((col % p_ts) + split) / p_ts; /* number of tabs */
	    }
	    if (i)
		j = ((col % p_ts) + split) % p_ts; /* number of spp */
	    else
		j = split;
	}

	newp = alloc_check(bd.textcol + i + j + (unsigned)STRLEN(midp) + 1);
	if (newp == NULL)
	    return;
	vim_memset(newp, NUL, (size_t)(bd.textcol + i + j + STRLEN(midp) + 1));

	/* copy first part we want to keep */
	mch_memmove(newp, oldp, (size_t)bd.textcol);
	/* Now copy any TABS and spp to ensure correct alignment! */
	while (vim_iswhite(*midp))
	{
	    if (*midp == TAB)
		i++;
	    else /*space */
		j++;
	    midp++;
	}
	/* We might have an extra TAB worth of spp now! */
	if (j / p_ts && !curbuf->b_p_et)
	{
	    i++;
	    j -= p_ts;
	}
	copy_chars(newp + bd.textcol, (size_t)i, TAB);
	copy_spaces(newp + bd.textcol + i, (size_t)j);

	/* the end */
	STRMOVE(newp + STRLEN(newp), midp);
    }
    /* replace the line */
    ml_replace(curwin->w_cursor.lnum, newp, FALSE);
    changed_bytes(curwin->w_cursor.lnum, (colnr_T)bd.textcol);
    State = oldstate;
    curwin->w_cursor.col = oldcol;
#ifdef FEAT_RIGHTLEFT
    p_ri = old_p_ri;
#endif
}
#endif

#ifdef FEAT_VISUALEXTRA
/*
 * Insert string "s" (b_insert ? before : after) block :AKelly
 * Caller must prepare for undo.
 */
    static void
block_insert(oap, s, b_insert, bdp)
    oparg_T		*oap;
    char_u		*s;
    int			b_insert;
    struct block_def	*bdp;
{
    int		p_ts;
    int		count = 0;	/* extra spaces to replace a cut TAB */
    int		spaces = 0;	/* non-zero if cutting a TAB */
    colnr_T	offset;		/* pointer along new line */
    unsigned	s_len;		/* STRLEN(s) */
    char_u	*newp, *oldp;	/* new, old lines */
    linenr_T	lnum;		/* loop var */
    int		oldstate = State;

    State = INSERT;		/* don't want REPLACE for State */
    s_len = (unsigned)STRLEN(s);

    for (lnum = oap->start.lnum + 1; lnum <= oap->end.lnum; lnum++)
    {
	block_prep(oap, bdp, lnum, TRUE);
	if (bdp->is_short && b_insert)
	    continue;	/* OP_INSERT, line ends before block start */

	oldp = ml_get(lnum);

	if (b_insert)
	{
	    p_ts = bdp->start_char_vcols;
	    spaces = bdp->startspaces;
	    if (spaces != 0)
		count = p_ts - 1; /* we're cutting a TAB */
	    offset = bdp->textcol;
	}
	else /* append */
	{
	    p_ts = bdp->end_char_vcols;
	    if (!bdp->is_short) /* spaces = padding after block */
	    {
		spaces = (bdp->endspaces ? p_ts - bdp->endspaces : 0);
		if (spaces != 0)
		    count = p_ts - 1; /* we're cutting a TAB */
		offset = bdp->textcol + bdp->textlen - (spaces != 0);
	    }
	    else /* spaces = padding to block edge */
	    {
		/* if $ used, just append to EOL (ie spaces==0) */
		if (!bdp->is_MAX)
		    spaces = (oap->end_vcol - bdp->end_vcol) + 1;
		count = spaces;
		offset = bdp->textcol + bdp->textlen;
	    }
	}

	newp = alloc_check((unsigned)(STRLEN(oldp)) + s_len + count + 1);
	if (newp == NULL)
	    continue;

	/* copy up to shifted part */
	mch_memmove(newp, oldp, (size_t)(offset));
	oldp += offset;

	/* insert pre-padding */
	copy_spaces(newp + offset, (size_t)spaces);

	/* copy the new text */
	mch_memmove(newp + offset + spaces, s, (size_t)s_len);
	offset += s_len;

	if (spaces && !bdp->is_short)
	{
	    /* insert post-padding */
	    copy_spaces(newp + offset + spaces, (size_t)(p_ts - spaces));
	    /* We're splitting a TAB, don't copy it. */
	    oldp++;
	    /* We allowed for that TAB, remember this now */
	    count++;
	}

	if (spaces > 0)
	    offset += count;
	STRMOVE(newp + offset, oldp);

	ml_replace(lnum, newp, FALSE);

	if (lnum == oap->end.lnum)
	{
	    /* Set "']" mark to the end of the block instead of the end of
	     * the insert in the first line.  */
	    curbuf->b_op_end.lnum = oap->end.lnum;
	    curbuf->b_op_end.col = offset;
	}
    } /* for all lnum */

    changed_lines(oap->start.lnum + 1, 0, oap->end.lnum + 1, 0L);

    State = oldstate;
}
#endif

#if defined(FEAT_LISP) || defined(FEAT_CINDENT) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * op_reindent - handle reindenting a block of lines.
 */
    void
op_reindent(oap, how)
    oparg_T	*oap;
    int		(*how) __ARGS((void));
{
    long	i;
    char_u	*l;
    int		count;
    linenr_T	first_changed = 0;
    linenr_T	last_changed = 0;
    linenr_T	start_lnum = curwin->w_cursor.lnum;

    /* Don't even try when 'modifiable' is off. */
    if (!curbuf->b_p_ma)
    {
	EMSG(_(e_modifiable));
	return;
    }

    for (i = oap->line_count; --i >= 0 && !got_int; )
    {
	/* it's a slow thing to do, so give feedback so there's no worry that
	 * the computer's just hung. */

	if (i > 1
		&& (i % 50 == 0 || i == oap->line_count - 1)
		&& oap->line_count > p_report)
	    smsg((char_u *)_("%ld lines to indent... "), i);

	/*
	 * Be vi-compatible: For lisp indenting the first line is not
	 * indented, unless there is only one line.
	 */
#ifdef FEAT_LISP
	if (i != oap->line_count - 1 || oap->line_count == 1
						    || how != get_lisp_indent)
#endif
	{
	    l = skipwhite(ml_get_curline());
	    if (*l == NUL)		    /* empty or blank line */
		count = 0;
	    else
		count = how();		    /* get the indent for this line */

	    if (set_indent(count, SIN_UNDO))
	    {
		/* did change the indent, call changed_lines() later */
		if (first_changed == 0)
		    first_changed = curwin->w_cursor.lnum;
		last_changed = curwin->w_cursor.lnum;
	    }
	}
	++curwin->w_cursor.lnum;
	curwin->w_cursor.col = 0;  /* make sure it's valid */
    }

    /* put cursor on first non-blank of indented line */
    curwin->w_cursor.lnum = start_lnum;
    beginline(BL_SOL | BL_FIX);

    /* Mark changed lines so that they will be redrawn.  When Visual
     * highlighting was present, need to continue until the last line.  When
     * there is no change still need to remove the Visual highlighting. */
    if (last_changed != 0)
	changed_lines(first_changed, 0,
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
		oap->is_VIsual ? start_lnum + oap->line_count :
#endif
		last_changed + 1, 0L);
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
    else if (oap->is_VIsual)
	redraw_curbuf_later(INVERTED);
#endif

    if (oap->line_count > p_report)
    {
	i = oap->line_count - (i + 1);
	if (i == 1)
	    MSG(_("1 line indented "));
	else
	    smsg((char_u *)_("%ld lines indented "), i);
    }
    /* set '[ and '] marks */
    curbuf->b_op_start = oap->start;
    curbuf->b_op_end = oap->end;
}
#endif /* defined(FEAT_LISP) || defined(FEAT_CINDENT) */

#if defined(FEAT_EVAL) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * Keep the last expression line here, for repeating.
 */
static char_u	*expr_line = NULL;

/*
 * Get an expression for the "\"=expr1" or "CTRL-R =expr1"
 * Returns '=' when OK, NUL otherwise.
 */
    int
get_expr_register()
{
    char_u	*new_line;

    new_line = getcmdline('=', 0L, 0);
    if (new_line == NULL)
	return NUL;
    if (*new_line == NUL)	/* use previous line */
	vim_free(new_line);
    else
	set_expr_line(new_line);
    return '=';
}

/*
 * Set the expression for the '=' register.
 * Argument must be an allocated string.
 */
    void
set_expr_line(new_line)
    char_u	*new_line;
{
    vim_free(expr_line);
    expr_line = new_line;
}

/*
 * Get the result of the '=' register expression.
 * Returns a pointer to allocated memory, or NULL for failure.
 */
    char_u *
get_expr_line()
{
    char_u	*expr_copy;
    char_u	*rv;
    static int	nested = 0;

    if (expr_line == NULL)
	return NULL;

    /* Make a copy of the expression, because evaluating it may cause it to be
     * changed. */
    expr_copy = vim_strsave(expr_line);
    if (expr_copy == NULL)
	return NULL;

    /* When we are invoked recursively limit the evaluation to 10 levels.
     * Then return the string as-is. */
    if (nested >= 10)
	return expr_copy;

    ++nested;
    rv = eval_to_string(expr_copy, NULL, TRUE);
    --nested;
    vim_free(expr_copy);
    return rv;
}

/*
 * Get the '=' register expression itself, without evaluating it.
 */
    char_u *
get_expr_line_src()
{
    if (expr_line == NULL)
	return NULL;
    return vim_strsave(expr_line);
}
#endif /* FEAT_EVAL */

/*
 * Check if 'regname' is a valid name of a yank register.
 * Note: There is no check for 0 (default register), caller should do this
 */
    int
valid_yank_reg(regname, writing)
    int	    regname;
    int	    writing;	    /* if TRUE check for writable registers */
{
    if (       (regname > 0 && ASCII_ISALNUM(regname))
	    || (!writing && vim_strchr((char_u *)
#ifdef FEAT_EVAL
				    "/.%#:="
#else
				    "/.%#:"
#endif
					, regname) != NULL)
	    || regname == '"'
	    || regname == '-'
	    || regname == '_'
#ifdef FEAT_CLIPBOARD
	    || regname == '*'
	    || regname == '+'
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_DND
	    || (!writing && regname == '~')
#endif
							)
	return TRUE;
    return FALSE;
}

/*
 * Set y_current and y_append, according to the value of "regname".
 * Cannot handle the '_' register.
 * Must only be called with a valid register name!
 *
 * If regname is 0 and writing, use register 0
 * If regname is 0 and reading, use previous register
 */
    void
get_yank_register(regname, writing)
    int	    regname;
    int	    writing;
{
    int	    i;

    y_append = FALSE;
    if ((regname == 0 || regname == '"') && !writing && y_previous != NULL)
    {
	y_current = y_previous;
	return;
    }
    i = regname;
    if (VIM_ISDIGIT(i))
	i -= '0';
    else if (ASCII_ISLOWER(i))
	i = CharOrdLow(i) + 10;
    else if (ASCII_ISUPPER(i))
    {
	i = CharOrdUp(i) + 10;
	y_append = TRUE;
    }
    else if (regname == '-')
	i = DELETION_REGISTER;
#ifdef FEAT_CLIPBOARD
    /* When selection is not available, use register 0 instead of '*' */
    else if (clip_star.available && regname == '*')
	i = STAR_REGISTER;
    /* When clipboard is not available, use register 0 instead of '+' */
    else if (clip_plus.available && regname == '+')
	i = PLUS_REGISTER;
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_DND
    else if (!writing && regname == '~')
	i = TILDE_REGISTER;
#endif
    else		/* not 0-9, a-z, A-Z or '-': use register 0 */
	i = 0;
    y_current = &(y_regs[i]);
    if (writing)	/* remember the register we write into for do_put() */
	y_previous = y_current;
}

#if defined(FEAT_CLIPBOARD) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * When "regname" is a clipboard register, obtain the selection.  If it's not
 * available return zero, otherwise return "regname".
 */
    int
may_get_selection(regname)
    int regname;
{
    if (regname == '*')
    {
	if (!clip_star.available)
	    regname = 0;
	else
	    clip_get_selection(&clip_star);
    }
    else if (regname == '+')
    {
	if (!clip_plus.available)
	    regname = 0;
	else
	    clip_get_selection(&clip_plus);
    }
    return regname;
}
#endif

#if defined(FEAT_VISUAL) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * Obtain the contents of a "normal" register. The register is made empty.
 * The returned pointer has allocated memory, use put_register() later.
 */
    void *
get_register(name, copy)
    int		name;
    int		copy;	/* make a copy, if FALSE make register empty. */
{
    struct yankreg	*reg;
    int			i;

#ifdef FEAT_CLIPBOARD
    /* When Visual area changed, may have to update selection.  Obtain the
     * selection too. */
    if (name == '*' && clip_star.available)
    {
	if (clip_isautosel())
	    clip_update_selection();
	may_get_selection(name);
    }
#endif

    get_yank_register(name, 0);
    reg = (struct yankreg *)alloc((unsigned)sizeof(struct yankreg));
    if (reg != NULL)
    {
	*reg = *y_current;
	if (copy)
	{
	    /* If we run out of memory some or all of the lines are empty. */
	    if (reg->y_size == 0)
		reg->y_array = NULL;
	    else
		reg->y_array = (char_u **)alloc((unsigned)(sizeof(char_u *)
							      * reg->y_size));
	    if (reg->y_array != NULL)
	    {
		for (i = 0; i < reg->y_size; ++i)
		    reg->y_array[i] = vim_strsave(y_current->y_array[i]);
	    }
	}
	else
	    y_current->y_array = NULL;
    }
    return (void *)reg;
}

/*
 * Put "reg" into register "name".  Free any previous contents and "reg".
 */
    void
put_register(name, reg)
    int		name;
    void	*reg;
{
    get_yank_register(name, 0);
    free_yank_all();
    *y_current = *(struct yankreg *)reg;
    vim_free(reg);

# ifdef FEAT_CLIPBOARD
    /* Send text written to clipboard register to the clipboard. */
    may_set_selection();
# endif
}
#endif

#if defined(FEAT_MOUSE) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * return TRUE if the current yank register has type MLINE
 */
    int
yank_register_mline(regname)
    int	    regname;
{
    if (regname != 0 && !valid_yank_reg(regname, FALSE))
	return FALSE;
    if (regname == '_')		/* black hole is always empty */
	return FALSE;
    get_yank_register(regname, FALSE);
    return (y_current->y_type == MLINE);
}
#endif

/*
 * Start or stop recording into a yank register.
 *
 * Return FAIL for failure, OK otherwise.
 */
    int
do_record(c)
    int c;
{
    char_u	    *p;
    static int	    regname;
    struct yankreg  *old_y_previous, *old_y_current;
    int		    retval;

    if (Recording == FALSE)	    /* start recording */
    {
			/* registers 0-9, a-z and " are allowed */
	if (c < 0 || (!ASCII_ISALNUM(c) && c != '"'))
	    retval = FAIL;
	else
	{
	    Recording = TRUE;
	    showmode();
	    regname = c;
	    retval = OK;
	}
    }
    else			    /* stop recording */
    {
	/*
	 * Get the recorded key hits.  K_SPECIAL and CSI will be escaped, this
	 * needs to be removed again to put it in a register.  exec_reg then
	 * adds the escaping back later.
	 */
	Recording = FALSE;
	MSG("");
	p = get_recorded();
	if (p == NULL)
	    retval = FAIL;
	else
	{
	    /* Remove escaping for CSI and K_SPECIAL in multi-byte chars. */
	    vim_unescape_csi(p);

	    /*
	     * We don't want to change the default register here, so save and
	     * restore the current register name.
	     */
	    old_y_previous = y_previous;
	    old_y_current = y_current;

	    retval = stuff_yank(regname, p);

	    y_previous = old_y_previous;
	    y_current = old_y_current;
	}
    }
    return retval;
}

/*
 * Stuff string "p" into yank register "regname" as a single line (append if
 * uppercase).	"p" must have been alloced.
 *
 * return FAIL for failure, OK otherwise
 */
    static int
stuff_yank(regname, p)
    int		regname;
    char_u	*p;
{
    char_u	*lp;
    char_u	**pp;

    /* check for read-only register */
    if (regname != 0 && !valid_yank_reg(regname, TRUE))
    {
	vim_free(p);
	return FAIL;
    }
    if (regname == '_')		    /* black hole: don't do anything */
    {
	vim_free(p);
	return OK;
    }
    get_yank_register(regname, TRUE);
    if (y_append && y_current->y_array != NULL)
    {
	pp = &(y_current->y_array[y_current->y_size - 1]);
	lp = lalloc((long_u)(STRLEN(*pp) + STRLEN(p) + 1), TRUE);
	if (lp == NULL)
	{
	    vim_free(p);
	    return FAIL;
	}
	STRCPY(lp, *pp);
	STRCAT(lp, p);
	vim_free(p);
	vim_free(*pp);
	*pp = lp;
    }
    else
    {
	free_yank_all();
	if ((y_current->y_array =
			(char_u **)alloc((unsigned)sizeof(char_u *))) == NULL)
	{
	    vim_free(p);
	    return FAIL;
	}
	y_current->y_array[0] = p;
	y_current->y_size = 1;
	y_current->y_type = MCHAR;  /* used to be MLINE, why? */
	y_current->y_op_change = 0;
    }
    return OK;
}

/*
 * execute a yank register: copy it into the stuff buffer
 *
 * return FAIL for failure, OK otherwise
 */
    int
do_execreg(regname, colon, addcr, silent)
    int	    regname;
    int	    colon;		/* insert ':' before each line */
    int	    addcr;		/* always add '\n' to end of line */
    int	    silent;		/* set "silent" flag in typeahead buffer */
{
    static int	lastc = NUL;
    long	i;
    char_u	*p;
    int		retval = OK;
    int		remap;

    if (regname == '@')			/* repeat previous one */
    {
	if (lastc == NUL)
	{
	    EMSG(_("E748: No previously used register"));
	    return FAIL;
	}
	regname = lastc;
    }
					/* check for valid regname */
    if (regname == '%' || regname == '#' || !valid_yank_reg(regname, FALSE))
    {
	emsg_invreg(regname);
	return FAIL;
    }
    lastc = regname;

#ifdef FEAT_CLIPBOARD
    regname = may_get_selection(regname);
#endif

    if (regname == '_')			/* black hole: don't stuff anything */
	return OK;

#ifdef FEAT_CMDHIST
    if (regname == ':')			/* use last command line */
    {
	if (last_cmdline == NULL)
	{
	    EMSG(_(e_nolastcmd));
	    return FAIL;
	}
	vim_free(new_last_cmdline); /* don't keep the cmdline containing @: */
	new_last_cmdline = NULL;
	/* Escape all control characters with a CTRL-V */
	p = vim_strsave_escaped_ext(last_cmdline,
		(char_u *)"\001\002\003\004\005\006\007\010\011\012\013\014\015\016\017\020\021\022\023\024\025\026\027\030\031\032\033\034\035\036\037", Ctrl_V, FALSE);
	if (p != NULL)
	{
	    /* When in Visual mode "'<,'>" will be prepended to the command.
	     * Remove it when it's already there. */
	    if (VIsual_active && STRNCMP(p, "'<,'>", 5) == 0)
		retval = put_in_typebuf(p + 5, TRUE, TRUE, silent);
	    else
		retval = put_in_typebuf(p, TRUE, TRUE, silent);
	}
	vim_free(p);
    }
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_EVAL
    else if (regname == '=')
    {
	p = get_expr_line();
	if (p == NULL)
	    return FAIL;
	retval = put_in_typebuf(p, TRUE, colon, silent);
	vim_free(p);
    }
#endif
    else if (regname == '.')		/* use last inserted text */
    {
	p = get_last_insert_save();
	if (p == NULL)
	{
	    EMSG(_(e_noinstext));
	    return FAIL;
	}
	retval = put_in_typebuf(p, FALSE, colon, silent);
	vim_free(p);
    }
    else
    {
	get_yank_register(regname, FALSE);
	if (y_current->y_array == NULL)
	    return FAIL;

	/* Disallow remaping for ":@r". */
	remap = colon ? REMAP_NONE : REMAP_YES;

	/*
	 * Insert lines into typeahead buffer, from last one to first one.
	 */
	put_reedit_in_typebuf(silent);
	for (i = y_current->y_size; --i >= 0; )
	{
	    char_u *escaped;

	    /* insert NL between lines and after last line if type is MLINE */
	    if (y_current->y_type == MLINE || i < y_current->y_size - 1
								     || addcr)
	    {
		if (ins_typebuf((char_u *)"\n", remap, 0, TRUE, silent) == FAIL)
		    return FAIL;
	    }
	    escaped = vim_strsave_escape_csi(y_current->y_array[i]);
	    if (escaped == NULL)
		return FAIL;
	    retval = ins_typebuf(escaped, remap, 0, TRUE, silent);
	    vim_free(escaped);
	    if (retval == FAIL)
		return FAIL;
	    if (colon && ins_typebuf((char_u *)":", remap, 0, TRUE, silent)
								      == FAIL)
		return FAIL;
	}
	Exec_reg = TRUE;	/* disable the 'q' command */
    }
    return retval;
}

/*
 * If "restart_edit" is not zero, put it in the typeahead buffer, so that it's
 * used only after other typeahead has been processed.
 */
    static void
put_reedit_in_typebuf(silent)
    int		silent;
{
    char_u	buf[3];

    if (restart_edit != NUL)
    {
	if (restart_edit == 'V')
	{
	    buf[0] = 'g';
	    buf[1] = 'R';
	    buf[2] = NUL;
	}
	else
	{
	    buf[0] = restart_edit == 'I' ? 'i' : restart_edit;
	    buf[1] = NUL;
	}
	if (ins_typebuf(buf, REMAP_NONE, 0, TRUE, silent) == OK)
	    restart_edit = NUL;
    }
}

    static int
put_in_typebuf(s, esc, colon, silent)
    char_u	*s;
    int		esc;	    /* Escape CSI characters */
    int		colon;	    /* add ':' before the line */
    int		silent;
{
    int		retval = OK;

    put_reedit_in_typebuf(silent);
    if (colon)
	retval = ins_typebuf((char_u *)"\n", REMAP_YES, 0, TRUE, silent);
    if (retval == OK)
    {
	char_u	*p;

	if (esc)
	    p = vim_strsave_escape_csi(s);
	else
	    p = s;
	if (p == NULL)
	    retval = FAIL;
	else
	    retval = ins_typebuf(p, REMAP_YES, 0, TRUE, silent);
	if (esc)
	    vim_free(p);
    }
    if (colon && retval == OK)
	retval = ins_typebuf((char_u *)":", REMAP_YES, 0, TRUE, silent);
    return retval;
}

/*
 * Insert a yank register: copy it into the Read buffer.
 * Used by CTRL-R command and middle mouse button in insert mode.
 *
 * return FAIL for failure, OK otherwise
 */
    int
insert_reg(regname, literally)
    int		regname;
    int		literally;	/* insert literally, not as if typed */
{
    long	i;
    int		retval = OK;
    char_u	*arg;
    int		allocated;

    /*
     * It is possible to get into an endless loop by having CTRL-R a in
     * register a and then, in insert mode, doing CTRL-R a.
     * If you hit CTRL-C, the loop will be broken here.
     */
    ui_breakcheck();
    if (got_int)
	return FAIL;

    /* check for valid regname */
    if (regname != NUL && !valid_yank_reg(regname, FALSE))
	return FAIL;

#ifdef FEAT_CLIPBOARD
    regname = may_get_selection(regname);
#endif

    if (regname == '.')			/* insert last inserted text */
	retval = stuff_inserted(NUL, 1L, TRUE);
    else if (get_spec_reg(regname, &arg, &allocated, TRUE))
    {
	if (arg == NULL)
	    return FAIL;
	stuffescaped(arg, literally);
	if (allocated)
	    vim_free(arg);
    }
    else				/* name or number register */
    {
	get_yank_register(regname, FALSE);
	if (y_current->y_array == NULL)
	    retval = FAIL;
	else
	{
	    for (i = 0; i < y_current->y_size; ++i)
	    {
		stuffescaped(y_current->y_array[i], literally);
		/*
		 * Insert a newline between lines and after last line if
		 * y_type is MLINE.
		 */
		if (y_current->y_type == MLINE || i < y_current->y_size - 1)
		    stuffcharReadbuff('\n');
	    }
	}
    }

    return retval;
}

/*
 * Stuff a string into the typeahead buffer, such that edit() will insert it
 * literally ("literally" TRUE) or interpret is as typed characters.
 */
    static void
stuffescaped(arg, literally)
    char_u	*arg;
    int		literally;
{
    int		c;
    char_u	*start;

    while (*arg != NUL)
    {
	/* Stuff a sequence of normal ASCII characters, that's fast.  Also
	 * stuff K_SPECIAL to get the effect of a special key when "literally"
	 * is TRUE. */
	start = arg;
	while ((*arg >= ' '
#ifndef EBCDIC
		    && *arg < DEL /* EBCDIC: chars above space are normal */
#endif
		    )
		|| (*arg == K_SPECIAL && !literally))
	    ++arg;
	if (arg > start)
	    stuffReadbuffLen(start, (long)(arg - start));

	/* stuff a single special character */
	if (*arg != NUL)
	{
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
	    if (has_mbyte)
		c = mb_ptr2char_adv(&arg);
	    else
#endif
		c = *arg++;
	    if (literally && ((c < ' ' && c != TAB) || c == DEL))
		stuffcharReadbuff(Ctrl_V);
	    stuffcharReadbuff(c);
	}
    }
}

/*
 * If "regname" is a special register, return TRUE and store a pointer to its
 * value in "argp".
 */
    int
get_spec_reg(regname, argp, allocated, errmsg)
    int		regname;
    char_u	**argp;
    int		*allocated;	/* return: TRUE when value was allocated */
    int		errmsg;		/* give error message when failing */
{
    int		cnt;

    *argp = NULL;
    *allocated = FALSE;
    switch (regname)
    {
	case '%':		/* file name */
	    if (errmsg)
		check_fname();	/* will give emsg if not set */
	    *argp = curbuf->b_fname;
	    return TRUE;

	case '#':		/* alternate file name */
	    *argp = getaltfname(errmsg);	/* may give emsg if not set */
	    return TRUE;

#ifdef FEAT_EVAL
	case '=':		/* result of expression */
	    *argp = get_expr_line();
	    *allocated = TRUE;
	    return TRUE;
#endif

	case ':':		/* last command line */
	    if (last_cmdline == NULL && errmsg)
		EMSG(_(e_nolastcmd));
	    *argp = last_cmdline;
	    return TRUE;

	case '/':		/* last search-pattern */
	    if (last_search_pat() == NULL && errmsg)
		EMSG(_(e_noprevre));
	    *argp = last_search_pat();
	    return TRUE;

	case '.':		/* last inserted text */
	    *argp = get_last_insert_save();
	    *allocated = TRUE;
	    if (*argp == NULL && errmsg)
		EMSG(_(e_noinstext));
	    return TRUE;

#ifdef FEAT_SEARCHPATH
	case Ctrl_F:		/* Filename under cursor */
	case Ctrl_P:		/* Path under cursor, expand via "path" */
	    if (!errmsg)
		return FALSE;
	    *argp = file_name_at_cursor(FNAME_MESS | FNAME_HYP
			    | (regname == Ctrl_P ? FNAME_EXP : 0), 1L, NULL);
	    *allocated = TRUE;
	    return TRUE;
#endif

	case Ctrl_W:		/* word under cursor */
	case Ctrl_A:		/* WORD (mnemonic All) under cursor */
	    if (!errmsg)
		return FALSE;
	    cnt = find_ident_under_cursor(argp, regname == Ctrl_W
				   ?  (FIND_IDENT|FIND_STRING) : FIND_STRING);
	    *argp = cnt ? vim_strnsave(*argp, cnt) : NULL;
	    *allocated = TRUE;
	    return TRUE;

	case '_':		/* black hole: always empty */
	    *argp = (char_u *)"";
	    return TRUE;
    }

    return FALSE;
}

/*
 * Paste a yank register into the command line.
 * Only for non-special registers.
 * Used by CTRL-R command in command-line mode
 * insert_reg() can't be used here, because special characters from the
 * register contents will be interpreted as commands.
 *
 * return FAIL for failure, OK otherwise
 */
    int
cmdline_paste_reg(regname, literally, remcr)
    int regname;
    int literally;	/* Insert text literally instead of "as typed" */
    int remcr;		/* don't add trailing CR */
{
    long	i;

    get_yank_register(regname, FALSE);
    if (y_current->y_array == NULL)
	return FAIL;

    for (i = 0; i < y_current->y_size; ++i)
    {
	cmdline_paste_str(y_current->y_array[i], literally);

	/* Insert ^M between lines and after last line if type is MLINE.
	 * Don't do this when "remcr" is TRUE and the next line is empty. */
	if (y_current->y_type == MLINE
		|| (i < y_current->y_size - 1
		    && !(remcr
			&& i == y_current->y_size - 2
			&& *y_current->y_array[i + 1] == NUL)))
	    cmdline_paste_str((char_u *)"\r", literally);

	/* Check for CTRL-C, in case someone tries to paste a few thousand
	 * lines and gets bored. */
	ui_breakcheck();
	if (got_int)
	    return FAIL;
    }
    return OK;
}

#if defined(FEAT_CLIPBOARD) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * Adjust the register name pointed to with "rp" for the clipboard being
 * used always and the clipboard being available.
 */
    void
adjust_clip_reg(rp)
    int		*rp;
{
    /* If no reg. specified, and "unnamed" is in 'clipboard', use '*' reg. */
    if (*rp == 0 && clip_unnamed)
	*rp = '*';
    if (!clip_star.available && *rp == '*')
	*rp = 0;
    if (!clip_plus.available && *rp == '+')
	*rp = 0;
}
#endif

/*
 * op_delete - handle a delete operation
 *
 * return FAIL if undo failed, OK otherwise.
 */
    int
op_delete(oap)
    oparg_T   *oap;
{
    int			n;
    linenr_T		lnum;
    char_u		*ptr;
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
    char_u		*newp, *oldp;
    struct block_def	bd;
#endif
    linenr_T		old_lcount = curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count;
    int			did_yank = FALSE;

    if (curbuf->b_ml.ml_flags & ML_EMPTY)	    /* nothing to do */
	return OK;

    /* Nothing to delete, return here.	Do prepare undo, for op_change(). */
    if (oap->empty)
	return u_save_cursor();

    if (!curbuf->b_p_ma)
    {
	EMSG(_(e_modifiable));
	return FAIL;
    }

#ifdef FEAT_CLIPBOARD
    adjust_clip_reg(&oap->regname);
#endif

#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
    if (has_mbyte)
	mb_adjust_opend(oap);
#endif

/*
 * Imitate the strange Vi behaviour: If the delete spans more than one line
 * and motion_type == MCHAR and the result is a blank line, make the delete
 * linewise.  Don't do this for the change command or Visual mode.
 */
    if (       oap->motion_type == MCHAR
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
	    && !oap->is_VIsual
	    && !oap->block_mode
#endif
	    && oap->line_count > 1
	    && oap->op_type == OP_DELETE)
    {
	ptr = ml_get(oap->end.lnum) + oap->end.col + oap->inclusive;
	ptr = skipwhite(ptr);
	if (*ptr == NUL && inindent(0))
	    oap->motion_type = MLINE;
    }

/*
 * Check for trying to delete (e.g. "D") in an empty line.
 * Note: For the change operator it is ok.
 */
    if (       oap->motion_type == MCHAR
	    && oap->line_count == 1
	    && oap->op_type == OP_DELETE
	    && *ml_get(oap->start.lnum) == NUL)
    {
	/*
	 * It's an error to operate on an empty region, when 'E' included in
	 * 'cpoptions' (Vi compatible).
	 */
#ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
	if (virtual_op)
	    /* Virtual editing: Nothing gets deleted, but we set the '[ and ']
	     * marks as if it happened. */
	    goto setmarks;
#endif
	if (vim_strchr(p_cpo, CPO_EMPTYREGION) != NULL)
	    beep_flush();
	return OK;
    }

/*
 * Do a yank of whatever we're about to delete.
 * If a yank register was specified, put the deleted text into that register.
 * For the black hole register '_' don't yank anything.
 */
    if (oap->regname != '_')
    {
	if (oap->regname != 0)
	{
	    /* check for read-only register */
	    if (!valid_yank_reg(oap->regname, TRUE))
	    {
		beep_flush();
		return OK;
	    }
	    get_yank_register(oap->regname, TRUE); /* yank into specif'd reg. */
	    if (op_yank(oap, TRUE, FALSE) == OK)   /* yank without message */
		did_yank = TRUE;
	}

	/*
	 * Put deleted text into register 1 and shift number registers if the
	 * delete contains a line break, or when a regname has been specified.
	 */
	if (oap->regname != 0 || oap->motion_type == MLINE
				   || oap->line_count > 1 || oap->use_reg_one)
	{
	    y_current = &y_regs[9];
	    free_yank_all();			/* free register nine */
	    for (n = 9; n > 1; --n)
		y_regs[n] = y_regs[n - 1];
	    y_previous = y_current = &y_regs[1];
	    y_regs[1].y_array = NULL;		/* set register one to empty */
	    if (op_yank(oap, TRUE, FALSE) == OK)
		did_yank = TRUE;
	}

	/* Yank into small delete register when no register specified and the
	 * delete is within one line. */
	if (oap->regname == 0 && oap->motion_type != MLINE
						      && oap->line_count == 1)
	{
	    oap->regname = '-';
	    get_yank_register(oap->regname, TRUE);
	    if (op_yank(oap, TRUE, FALSE) == OK)
		did_yank = TRUE;
	    oap->regname = 0;
	}

	/*
	 * If there's too much stuff to fit in the yank register, then get a
	 * confirmation before doing the delete. This is crude, but simple.
	 * And it avoids doing a delete of something we can't put back if we
	 * want.
	 */
	if (!did_yank)
	{
	    int msg_silent_save = msg_silent;

	    msg_silent = 0;	/* must display the prompt */
	    n = ask_yesno((char_u *)_("cannot yank; delete anyway"), TRUE);
	    msg_silent = msg_silent_save;
	    if (n != 'y')
	    {
		EMSG(_(e_abort));
		return FAIL;
	    }
	}
    }

#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
/*
 * block mode delete
 */
    if (oap->block_mode)
    {
	if (u_save((linenr_T)(oap->start.lnum - 1),
			       (linenr_T)(oap->end.lnum + 1)) == FAIL)
	    return FAIL;

	for (lnum = curwin->w_cursor.lnum; lnum <= oap->end.lnum; ++lnum)
	{
	    block_prep(oap, &bd, lnum, TRUE);
	    if (bd.textlen == 0)	/* nothing to delete */
		continue;

	    /* Adjust cursor position for tab replaced by spaces and 'lbr'. */
	    if (lnum == curwin->w_cursor.lnum)
	    {
		curwin->w_cursor.col = bd.textcol + bd.startspaces;
# ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
		curwin->w_cursor.coladd = 0;
# endif
	    }

	    /* n == number of chars deleted
	     * If we delete a TAB, it may be replaced by several characters.
	     * Thus the number of characters may increase!
	     */
	    n = bd.textlen - bd.startspaces - bd.endspaces;
	    oldp = ml_get(lnum);
	    newp = alloc_check((unsigned)STRLEN(oldp) + 1 - n);
	    if (newp == NULL)
		continue;
	    /* copy up to deleted part */
	    mch_memmove(newp, oldp, (size_t)bd.textcol);
	    /* insert spaces */
	    copy_spaces(newp + bd.textcol,
				     (size_t)(bd.startspaces + bd.endspaces));
	    /* copy the part after the deleted part */
	    oldp += bd.textcol + bd.textlen;
	    STRMOVE(newp + bd.textcol + bd.startspaces + bd.endspaces, oldp);
	    /* replace the line */
	    ml_replace(lnum, newp, FALSE);
	}

	check_cursor_col();
	changed_lines(curwin->w_cursor.lnum, curwin->w_cursor.col,
						       oap->end.lnum + 1, 0L);
	oap->line_count = 0;	    /* no lines deleted */
    }
    else
#endif
	if (oap->motion_type == MLINE)
    {
	if (oap->op_type == OP_CHANGE)
	{
	    /* Delete the lines except the first one.  Temporarily move the
	     * cursor to the next line.  Save the current line number, if the
	     * last line is deleted it may be changed.
	     */
	    if (oap->line_count > 1)
	    {
		lnum = curwin->w_cursor.lnum;
		++curwin->w_cursor.lnum;
		del_lines((long)(oap->line_count - 1), TRUE);
		curwin->w_cursor.lnum = lnum;
	    }
	    if (u_save_cursor() == FAIL)
		return FAIL;
	    if (curbuf->b_p_ai)		    /* don't delete indent */
	    {
		beginline(BL_WHITE);	    /* cursor on first non-white */
		did_ai = TRUE;		    /* delete the indent when ESC hit */
		ai_col = curwin->w_cursor.col;
	    }
	    else
		beginline(0);		    /* cursor in column 0 */
	    truncate_line(FALSE);   /* delete the rest of the line */
				    /* leave cursor past last char in line */
	    if (oap->line_count > 1)
		u_clearline();	    /* "U" command not possible after "2cc" */
	}
	else
	{
	    del_lines(oap->line_count, TRUE);
	    beginline(BL_WHITE | BL_FIX);
	    u_clearline();	/* "U" command not possible after "dd" */
	}
    }
    else
    {
#ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
	if (virtual_op)
	{
	    int		endcol = 0;

	    /* For virtualedit: break the tabs that are partly included. */
	    if (gchar_pos(&oap->start) == '\t')
	    {
		if (u_save_cursor() == FAIL)	/* save first line for undo */
		    return FAIL;
		if (oap->line_count == 1)
		    endcol = getviscol2(oap->end.col, oap->end.coladd);
		coladvance_force(getviscol2(oap->start.col, oap->start.coladd));
		oap->start = curwin->w_cursor;
		if (oap->line_count == 1)
		{
		    coladvance(endcol);
		    oap->end.col = curwin->w_cursor.col;
		    oap->end.coladd = curwin->w_cursor.coladd;
		    curwin->w_cursor = oap->start;
		}
	    }

	    /* Break a tab only when it's included in the area. */
	    if (gchar_pos(&oap->end) == '\t'
				     && (int)oap->end.coladd < oap->inclusive)
	    {
		/* save last line for undo */
		if (u_save((linenr_T)(oap->end.lnum - 1),
				       (linenr_T)(oap->end.lnum + 1)) == FAIL)
		    return FAIL;
		curwin->w_cursor = oap->end;
		coladvance_force(getviscol2(oap->end.col, oap->end.coladd));
		oap->end = curwin->w_cursor;
		curwin->w_cursor = oap->start;
	    }
	}
#endif

	if (oap->line_count == 1)	/* delete characters within one line */
	{
	    if (u_save_cursor() == FAIL)	/* save line for undo */
		return FAIL;

	    /* if 'cpoptions' contains '$', display '$' at end of change */
	    if (	   vim_strchr(p_cpo, CPO_DOLLAR) != NULL
		    && oap->op_type == OP_CHANGE
		    && oap->end.lnum == curwin->w_cursor.lnum
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
		    && !oap->is_VIsual
#endif
		    )
		display_dollar(oap->end.col - !oap->inclusive);

	    n = oap->end.col - oap->start.col + 1 - !oap->inclusive;

#ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
	    if (virtual_op)
	    {
		/* fix up things for virtualedit-delete:
		 * break the tabs which are going to get in our way
		 */
		char_u		*curline = ml_get_curline();
		int		len = (int)STRLEN(curline);

		if (oap->end.coladd != 0
			&& (int)oap->end.col >= len - 1
			&& !(oap->start.coladd && (int)oap->end.col >= len - 1))
		    n++;
		/* Delete at least one char (e.g, when on a control char). */
		if (n == 0 && oap->start.coladd != oap->end.coladd)
		    n = 1;

		/* When deleted a char in the line, reset coladd. */
		if (gchar_cursor() != NUL)
		    curwin->w_cursor.coladd = 0;
	    }
#endif
	    (void)del_bytes((long)n, !virtual_op, oap->op_type == OP_DELETE
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
				    && !oap->is_VIsual
#endif
							);
	}
	else				/* delete characters between lines */
	{
	    pos_T   curpos;

	    /* save deleted and changed lines for undo */
	    if (u_save((linenr_T)(curwin->w_cursor.lnum - 1),
		 (linenr_T)(curwin->w_cursor.lnum + oap->line_count)) == FAIL)
		return FAIL;

	    truncate_line(TRUE);	/* delete from cursor to end of line */

	    curpos = curwin->w_cursor;	/* remember curwin->w_cursor */
	    ++curwin->w_cursor.lnum;
	    del_lines((long)(oap->line_count - 2), FALSE);

	    /* delete from start of line until op_end */
	    curwin->w_cursor.col = 0;
	    (void)del_bytes((long)(oap->end.col + 1 - !oap->inclusive),
					!virtual_op, oap->op_type == OP_DELETE
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
					&& !oap->is_VIsual
#endif
							    );
	    curwin->w_cursor = curpos;		/* restore curwin->w_cursor */

	    (void)do_join(FALSE);
	}
    }

    msgmore(curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count - old_lcount);

#ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
setmarks:
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
    if (oap->block_mode)
    {
	curbuf->b_op_end.lnum = oap->end.lnum;
	curbuf->b_op_end.col = oap->start.col;
    }
    else
#endif
	curbuf->b_op_end = oap->start;
    curbuf->b_op_start = oap->start;

    return OK;
}

#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
/*
 * Adjust end of operating area for ending on a multi-byte character.
 * Used for deletion.
 */
    static void
mb_adjust_opend(oap)
    oparg_T	*oap;
{
    char_u	*p;

    if (oap->inclusive)
    {
	p = ml_get(oap->end.lnum);
	oap->end.col += mb_tail_off(p, p + oap->end.col);
    }
}
#endif

#if defined(FEAT_VISUALEXTRA) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * Replace a whole area with one character.
 */
    int
op_replace(oap, c)
    oparg_T   *oap;
    int		c;
{
    int			n, numc;
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
    int			num_chars;
#endif
    char_u		*newp, *oldp;
    size_t		oldlen;
    struct block_def	bd;

    if ((curbuf->b_ml.ml_flags & ML_EMPTY ) || oap->empty)
	return OK;	    /* nothing to do */

#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
    if (has_mbyte)
	mb_adjust_opend(oap);
#endif

    if (u_save((linenr_T)(oap->start.lnum - 1),
				       (linenr_T)(oap->end.lnum + 1)) == FAIL)
	return FAIL;

    /*
     * block mode replace
     */
    if (oap->block_mode)
    {
	bd.is_MAX = (curwin->w_curswant == MAXCOL);
	for ( ; curwin->w_cursor.lnum <= oap->end.lnum; ++curwin->w_cursor.lnum)
	{
	    block_prep(oap, &bd, curwin->w_cursor.lnum, TRUE);
	    if (bd.textlen == 0 && (!virtual_op || bd.is_MAX))
		continue;	    /* nothing to replace */

	    /* n == number of extra chars required
	     * If we split a TAB, it may be replaced by several characters.
	     * Thus the number of characters may increase!
	     */
#ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
	    /* If the range starts in virtual space, count the initial
	     * coladd offset as part of "startspaces" */
	    if (virtual_op && bd.is_short && *bd.textstart == NUL)
	    {
		pos_T vpos;

		getvpos(&vpos, oap->start_vcol);
		bd.startspaces += vpos.coladd;
		n = bd.startspaces;
	    }
	    else
#endif
		/* allow for pre spaces */
		n = (bd.startspaces ? bd.start_char_vcols - 1 : 0);

	    /* allow for post spp */
	    n += (bd.endspaces
#ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
		    && !bd.is_oneChar
#endif
		    && bd.end_char_vcols > 0) ? bd.end_char_vcols - 1 : 0;
	    /* Figure out how many characters to replace. */
	    numc = oap->end_vcol - oap->start_vcol + 1;
	    if (bd.is_short && (!virtual_op || bd.is_MAX))
		numc -= (oap->end_vcol - bd.end_vcol) + 1;

#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
	    /* A double-wide character can be replaced only up to half the
	     * times. */
	    if ((*mb_char2cells)(c) > 1)
	    {
		if ((numc & 1) && !bd.is_short)
		{
		    ++bd.endspaces;
		    ++n;
		}
		numc = numc / 2;
	    }

	    /* Compute bytes needed, move character count to num_chars. */
	    num_chars = numc;
	    numc *= (*mb_char2len)(c);
#endif
	    /* oldlen includes textlen, so don't double count */
	    n += numc - bd.textlen;

	    oldp = ml_get_curline();
	    oldlen = STRLEN(oldp);
	    newp = alloc_check((unsigned)oldlen + 1 + n);
	    if (newp == NULL)
		continue;
	    vim_memset(newp, NUL, (size_t)(oldlen + 1 + n));
	    /* copy up to deleted part */
	    mch_memmove(newp, oldp, (size_t)bd.textcol);
	    oldp += bd.textcol + bd.textlen;
	    /* insert pre-spaces */
	    copy_spaces(newp + bd.textcol, (size_t)bd.startspaces);
	    /* insert replacement chars CHECK FOR ALLOCATED SPACE */
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
	    if (has_mbyte)
	    {
		n = (int)STRLEN(newp);
		while (--num_chars >= 0)
		    n += (*mb_char2bytes)(c, newp + n);
	    }
	    else
#endif
		copy_chars(newp + STRLEN(newp), (size_t)numc, c);
	    if (!bd.is_short)
	    {
		/* insert post-spaces */
		copy_spaces(newp + STRLEN(newp), (size_t)bd.endspaces);
		/* copy the part after the changed part */
		STRMOVE(newp + STRLEN(newp), oldp);
	    }
	    /* replace the line */
	    ml_replace(curwin->w_cursor.lnum, newp, FALSE);
	}
    }
    else
    {
	/*
	 * MCHAR and MLINE motion replace.
	 */
	if (oap->motion_type == MLINE)
	{
	    oap->start.col = 0;
	    curwin->w_cursor.col = 0;
	    oap->end.col = (colnr_T)STRLEN(ml_get(oap->end.lnum));
	    if (oap->end.col)
		--oap->end.col;
	}
	else if (!oap->inclusive)
	    dec(&(oap->end));

	while (ltoreq(curwin->w_cursor, oap->end))
	{
	    n = gchar_cursor();
	    if (n != NUL)
	    {
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
		if ((*mb_char2len)(c) > 1 || (*mb_char2len)(n) > 1)
		{
		    /* This is slow, but it handles replacing a single-byte
		     * with a multi-byte and the other way around. */
		    oap->end.col += (*mb_char2len)(c) - (*mb_char2len)(n);
		    n = State;
		    State = REPLACE;
		    ins_char(c);
		    State = n;
		    /* Backup to the replaced character. */
		    dec_cursor();
		}
		else
#endif
		{
#ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
		    if (n == TAB)
		    {
			int end_vcol = 0;

			if (curwin->w_cursor.lnum == oap->end.lnum)
			{
			    /* oap->end has to be recalculated when
			     * the tab breaks */
			    end_vcol = getviscol2(oap->end.col,
							     oap->end.coladd);
			}
			coladvance_force(getviscol());
			if (curwin->w_cursor.lnum == oap->end.lnum)
			    getvpos(&oap->end, end_vcol);
		    }
#endif
		    pchar(curwin->w_cursor, c);
		}
	    }
#ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
	    else if (virtual_op && curwin->w_cursor.lnum == oap->end.lnum)
	    {
		int virtcols = oap->end.coladd;

		if (curwin->w_cursor.lnum == oap->start.lnum
			&& oap->start.col == oap->end.col && oap->start.coladd)
		    virtcols -= oap->start.coladd;

		/* oap->end has been trimmed so it's effectively inclusive;
		 * as a result an extra +1 must be counted so we don't
		 * trample the NUL byte. */
		coladvance_force(getviscol2(oap->end.col, oap->end.coladd) + 1);
		curwin->w_cursor.col -= (virtcols + 1);
		for (; virtcols >= 0; virtcols--)
		{
		    pchar(curwin->w_cursor, c);
		    if (inc(&curwin->w_cursor) == -1)
			break;
		}
	    }
#endif

	    /* Advance to next character, stop at the end of the file. */
	    if (inc_cursor() == -1)
		break;
	}
    }

    curwin->w_cursor = oap->start;
    check_cursor();
    changed_lines(oap->start.lnum, oap->start.col, oap->end.lnum + 1, 0L);

    /* Set "'[" and "']" marks. */
    curbuf->b_op_start = oap->start;
    curbuf->b_op_end = oap->end;

    return OK;
}
#endif

static int swapchars __ARGS((int op_type, pos_T *pos, int length));

/*
 * Handle the (non-standard vi) tilde operator.  Also for "gu", "gU" and "g?".
 */
    void
op_tilde(oap)
    oparg_T	*oap;
{
    pos_T		pos;
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
    struct block_def	bd;
#endif
    int			did_change = FALSE;

    if (u_save((linenr_T)(oap->start.lnum - 1),
				       (linenr_T)(oap->end.lnum + 1)) == FAIL)
	return;

    pos = oap->start;
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
    if (oap->block_mode)		    /* Visual block mode */
    {
	for (; pos.lnum <= oap->end.lnum; ++pos.lnum)
	{
	    int one_change;

	    block_prep(oap, &bd, pos.lnum, FALSE);
	    pos.col = bd.textcol;
	    one_change = swapchars(oap->op_type, &pos, bd.textlen);
	    did_change |= one_change;

# ifdef FEAT_NETBEANS_INTG
	    if (usingNetbeans && one_change)
	    {
		char_u *ptr = ml_get_buf(curbuf, pos.lnum, FALSE);

		netbeans_removed(curbuf, pos.lnum, bd.textcol,
							    (long)bd.textlen);
		netbeans_inserted(curbuf, pos.lnum, bd.textcol,
				    &ptr[bd.textcol], bd.textlen);
	    }
# endif
	}
	if (did_change)
	    changed_lines(oap->start.lnum, 0, oap->end.lnum + 1, 0L);
    }
    else				    /* not block mode */
#endif
    {
	if (oap->motion_type == MLINE)
	{
	    oap->start.col = 0;
	    pos.col = 0;
	    oap->end.col = (colnr_T)STRLEN(ml_get(oap->end.lnum));
	    if (oap->end.col)
		--oap->end.col;
	}
	else if (!oap->inclusive)
	    dec(&(oap->end));

	if (pos.lnum == oap->end.lnum)
	    did_change = swapchars(oap->op_type, &pos,
						  oap->end.col - pos.col + 1);
	else
	    for (;;)
	    {
		did_change |= swapchars(oap->op_type, &pos,
				pos.lnum == oap->end.lnum ? oap->end.col + 1:
					   (int)STRLEN(ml_get_pos(&pos)));
		if (ltoreq(oap->end, pos) || inc(&pos) == -1)
		    break;
	    }
	if (did_change)
	{
	    changed_lines(oap->start.lnum, oap->start.col, oap->end.lnum + 1,
									  0L);
#ifdef FEAT_NETBEANS_INTG
	    if (usingNetbeans && did_change)
	    {
		char_u *ptr;
		int count;

		pos = oap->start;
		while (pos.lnum < oap->end.lnum)
		{
		    ptr = ml_get_buf(curbuf, pos.lnum, FALSE);
		    count = (int)STRLEN(ptr) - pos.col;
		    netbeans_removed(curbuf, pos.lnum, pos.col, (long)count);
		    netbeans_inserted(curbuf, pos.lnum, pos.col,
						 &ptr[pos.col], count);
		    pos.col = 0;
		    pos.lnum++;
		}
		ptr = ml_get_buf(curbuf, pos.lnum, FALSE);
		count = oap->end.col - pos.col + 1;
		netbeans_removed(curbuf, pos.lnum, pos.col, (long)count);
		netbeans_inserted(curbuf, pos.lnum, pos.col,
						 &ptr[pos.col], count);
	    }
#endif
	}
    }

#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
    if (!did_change && oap->is_VIsual)
	/* No change: need to remove the Visual selection */
	redraw_curbuf_later(INVERTED);
#endif

    /*
     * Set '[ and '] marks.
     */
    curbuf->b_op_start = oap->start;
    curbuf->b_op_end = oap->end;

    if (oap->line_count > p_report)
    {
	if (oap->line_count == 1)
	    MSG(_("1 line changed"));
	else
	    smsg((char_u *)_("%ld lines changed"), oap->line_count);
    }
}

/*
 * Invoke swapchar() on "length" bytes at position "pos".
 * "pos" is advanced to just after the changed characters.
 * "length" is rounded up to include the whole last multi-byte character.
 * Also works correctly when the number of bytes changes.
 * Returns TRUE if some character was changed.
 */
    static int
swapchars(op_type, pos, length)
    int		op_type;
    pos_T	*pos;
    int		length;
{
    int todo;
    int	did_change = 0;

    for (todo = length; todo > 0; --todo)
    {
# ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
	if (has_mbyte)
	    /* we're counting bytes, not characters */
	    todo -= (*mb_ptr2len)(ml_get_pos(pos)) - 1;
# endif
	did_change |= swapchar(op_type, pos);
	if (inc(pos) == -1)    /* at end of file */
	    break;
    }
    return did_change;
}

/*
 * If op_type == OP_UPPER: make uppercase,
 * if op_type == OP_LOWER: make lowercase,
 * if op_type == OP_ROT13: do rot13 encoding,
 * else swap case of character at 'pos'
 * returns TRUE when something actually changed.
 */
    int
swapchar(op_type, pos)
    int	    op_type;
    pos_T    *pos;
{
    int	    c;
    int	    nc;

    c = gchar_pos(pos);

    /* Only do rot13 encoding for ASCII characters. */
    if (c >= 0x80 && op_type == OP_ROT13)
	return FALSE;

#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
    if (op_type == OP_UPPER && c == 0xdf
		      && (enc_latin1like || STRCMP(p_enc, "iso-8859-2") == 0))
    {
	pos_T   sp = curwin->w_cursor;

	/* Special handling of German sharp s: change to "SS". */
	curwin->w_cursor = *pos;
	del_char(FALSE);
	ins_char('S');
	ins_char('S');
	curwin->w_cursor = sp;
	inc(pos);
    }

    if (enc_dbcs != 0 && c >= 0x100)	/* No lower/uppercase letter */
	return FALSE;
#endif
    nc = c;
    if (MB_ISLOWER(c))
    {
	if (op_type == OP_ROT13)
	    nc = ROT13(c, 'a');
	else if (op_type != OP_LOWER)
	    nc = MB_TOUPPER(c);
    }
    else if (MB_ISUPPER(c))
    {
	if (op_type == OP_ROT13)
	    nc = ROT13(c, 'A');
	else if (op_type != OP_UPPER)
	    nc = MB_TOLOWER(c);
    }
    if (nc != c)
    {
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
	if (enc_utf8 && (c >= 0x80 || nc >= 0x80))
	{
	    pos_T   sp = curwin->w_cursor;

	    curwin->w_cursor = *pos;
	    del_char(FALSE);
	    ins_char(nc);
	    curwin->w_cursor = sp;
	}
	else
#endif
	    pchar(*pos, nc);
	return TRUE;
    }
    return FALSE;
}

#if defined(FEAT_VISUALEXTRA) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * op_insert - Insert and append operators for Visual mode.
 */
    void
op_insert(oap, count1)
    oparg_T	*oap;
    long	count1;
{
    long		ins_len, pre_textlen = 0;
    char_u		*firstline, *ins_text;
    struct block_def	bd;
    int			i;

    /* edit() changes this - record it for OP_APPEND */
    bd.is_MAX = (curwin->w_curswant == MAXCOL);

    /* vis block is still marked. Get rid of it now. */
    curwin->w_cursor.lnum = oap->start.lnum;
    update_screen(INVERTED);

    if (oap->block_mode)
    {
#ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
	/* When 'virtualedit' is used, need to insert the extra spaces before
	 * doing block_prep().  When only "block" is used, virtual edit is
	 * already disabled, but still need it when calling
	 * coladvance_force(). */
	if (curwin->w_cursor.coladd > 0)
	{
	    int		old_ve_flags = ve_flags;

	    ve_flags = VE_ALL;
	    if (u_save_cursor() == FAIL)
		return;
	    coladvance_force(oap->op_type == OP_APPEND
					   ? oap->end_vcol + 1 : getviscol());
	    if (oap->op_type == OP_APPEND)
		--curwin->w_cursor.col;
	    ve_flags = old_ve_flags;
	}
#endif
	/* Get the info about the block before entering the text */
	block_prep(oap, &bd, oap->start.lnum, TRUE);
	firstline = ml_get(oap->start.lnum) + bd.textcol;
	if (oap->op_type == OP_APPEND)
	    firstline += bd.textlen;
	pre_textlen = (long)STRLEN(firstline);
    }

    if (oap->op_type == OP_APPEND)
    {
	if (oap->block_mode
#ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
		&& curwin->w_cursor.coladd == 0
#endif
	   )
	{
	    /* Move the cursor to the character right of the block. */
	    curwin->w_set_curswant = TRUE;
	    while (*ml_get_cursor() != NUL
		    && (curwin->w_cursor.col < bd.textcol + bd.textlen))
		++curwin->w_cursor.col;
	    if (bd.is_short && !bd.is_MAX)
	    {
		/* First line was too short, make it longer and adjust the
		 * values in "bd". */
		if (u_save_cursor() == FAIL)
		    return;
		for (i = 0; i < bd.endspaces; ++i)
		    ins_char(' ');
		bd.textlen += bd.endspaces;
	    }
	}
	else
	{
	    curwin->w_cursor = oap->end;
	    check_cursor_col();

	    /* Works just like an 'i'nsert on the next character. */
	    if (!lineempty(curwin->w_cursor.lnum)
		    && oap->start_vcol != oap->end_vcol)
		inc_cursor();
	}
    }

    edit(NUL, FALSE, (linenr_T)count1);

    /* If user has moved off this line, we don't know what to do, so do
     * nothing.
     * Also don't repeat the insert when Insert mode ended with CTRL-C. */
    if (curwin->w_cursor.lnum != oap->start.lnum || got_int)
	return;

    if (oap->block_mode)
    {
	struct block_def	bd2;

	/*
	 * Spaces and tabs in the indent may have changed to other spaces and
	 * tabs.  Get the starting column again and correct the length.
	 * Don't do this when "$" used, end-of-line will have changed.
	 */
	block_prep(oap, &bd2, oap->start.lnum, TRUE);
	if (!bd.is_MAX || bd2.textlen < bd.textlen)
	{
	    if (oap->op_type == OP_APPEND)
	    {
		pre_textlen += bd2.textlen - bd.textlen;
		if (bd2.endspaces)
		    --bd2.textlen;
	    }
	    bd.textcol = bd2.textcol;
	    bd.textlen = bd2.textlen;
	}

	/*
	 * Subsequent calls to ml_get() flush the firstline data - take a
	 * copy of the required string.
	 */
	firstline = ml_get(oap->start.lnum) + bd.textcol;
	if (oap->op_type == OP_APPEND)
	    firstline += bd.textlen;
	if ((ins_len = (long)STRLEN(firstline) - pre_textlen) > 0)
	{
	    ins_text = vim_strnsave(firstline, (int)ins_len);
	    if (ins_text != NULL)
	    {
		/* block handled here */
		if (u_save(oap->start.lnum,
					 (linenr_T)(oap->end.lnum + 1)) == OK)
		    block_insert(oap, ins_text, (oap->op_type == OP_INSERT),
									 &bd);

		curwin->w_cursor.col = oap->start.col;
		check_cursor();
		vim_free(ins_text);
	    }
	}
    }
}
#endif

/*
 * op_change - handle a change operation
 *
 * return TRUE if edit() returns because of a CTRL-O command
 */
    int
op_change(oap)
    oparg_T	*oap;
{
    colnr_T		l;
    int			retval;
#ifdef FEAT_VISUALEXTRA
    long		offset;
    linenr_T		linenr;
    long		ins_len;
    long		pre_textlen = 0;
    long		pre_indent = 0;
    char_u		*firstline;
    char_u		*ins_text, *newp, *oldp;
    struct block_def	bd;
#endif

    l = oap->start.col;
    if (oap->motion_type == MLINE)
    {
	l = 0;
#ifdef FEAT_SMARTINDENT
	if (!p_paste && curbuf->b_p_si
# ifdef FEAT_CINDENT
		&& !curbuf->b_p_cin
# endif
		)
	    can_si = TRUE;	/* It's like opening a new line, do si */
#endif
    }

    /* First delete the text in the region.  In an empty buffer only need to
     * save for undo */
    if (curbuf->b_ml.ml_flags & ML_EMPTY)
    {
	if (u_save_cursor() == FAIL)
	    return FALSE;
    }
    else if (op_delete(oap) == FAIL)
	return FALSE;

    if ((l > curwin->w_cursor.col) && !lineempty(curwin->w_cursor.lnum)
							 && !virtual_op)
	inc_cursor();

#ifdef FEAT_VISUALEXTRA
    /* check for still on same line (<CR> in inserted text meaningless) */
    /* skip blank lines too */
    if (oap->block_mode)
    {
# ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
	/* Add spaces before getting the current line length. */
	if (virtual_op && (curwin->w_cursor.coladd > 0
						    || gchar_cursor() == NUL))
	    coladvance_force(getviscol());
# endif
	firstline = ml_get(oap->start.lnum);
	pre_textlen = (long)STRLEN(firstline);
	pre_indent = (long)(skipwhite(firstline) - firstline);
	bd.textcol = curwin->w_cursor.col;
    }
#endif

#if defined(FEAT_LISP) || defined(FEAT_CINDENT)
    if (oap->motion_type == MLINE)
	fix_indent();
#endif

    retval = edit(NUL, FALSE, (linenr_T)1);

#ifdef FEAT_VISUALEXTRA
    /*
     * In Visual block mode, handle copying the new text to all lines of the
     * block.
     * Don't repeat the insert when Insert mode ended with CTRL-C.
     */
    if (oap->block_mode && oap->start.lnum != oap->end.lnum && !got_int)
    {
	/* Auto-indenting may have changed the indent.  If the cursor was past
	 * the indent, exclude that indent change from the inserted text. */
	firstline = ml_get(oap->start.lnum);
	if (bd.textcol > (colnr_T)pre_indent)
	{
	    long new_indent = (long)(skipwhite(firstline) - firstline);

	    pre_textlen += new_indent - pre_indent;
	    bd.textcol += new_indent - pre_indent;
	}

	ins_len = (long)STRLEN(firstline) - pre_textlen;
	if (ins_len > 0)
	{
	    /* Subsequent calls to ml_get() flush the firstline data - take a
	     * copy of the inserted text.  */
	    if ((ins_text = alloc_check((unsigned)(ins_len + 1))) != NULL)
	    {
		vim_strncpy(ins_text, firstline + bd.textcol, (size_t)ins_len);
		for (linenr = oap->start.lnum + 1; linenr <= oap->end.lnum;
								     linenr++)
		{
		    block_prep(oap, &bd, linenr, TRUE);
		    if (!bd.is_short || virtual_op)
		    {
# ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
			pos_T vpos;

			/* If the block starts in virtual space, count the
			 * initial coladd offset as part of "startspaces" */
			if (bd.is_short)
			{
			    linenr_T lnum = curwin->w_cursor.lnum;

			    curwin->w_cursor.lnum = linenr;
			    (void)getvpos(&vpos, oap->start_vcol);
			    curwin->w_cursor.lnum = lnum;
			}
			else
			    vpos.coladd = 0;
# endif
			oldp = ml_get(linenr);
			newp = alloc_check((unsigned)(STRLEN(oldp)
# ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
							+ vpos.coladd
# endif
							      + ins_len + 1));
			if (newp == NULL)
			    continue;
			/* copy up to block start */
			mch_memmove(newp, oldp, (size_t)bd.textcol);
			offset = bd.textcol;
# ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
			copy_spaces(newp + offset, (size_t)vpos.coladd);
			offset += vpos.coladd;
# endif
			mch_memmove(newp + offset, ins_text, (size_t)ins_len);
			offset += ins_len;
			oldp += bd.textcol;
			STRMOVE(newp + offset, oldp);
			ml_replace(linenr, newp, FALSE);
		    }
		}
		check_cursor();

		changed_lines(oap->start.lnum + 1, 0, oap->end.lnum + 1, 0L);
	    }
	    vim_free(ins_text);
	}
    }
#endif

    return retval;
}

/*
 * set all the yank registers to empty (called from main())
 */
    void
init_yank()
{
    int		i;

    for (i = 0; i < NUM_REGISTERS; ++i)
	y_regs[i].y_array = NULL;
}

#if defined(EXITFREE) || defined(PROTO)
    void
clear_registers()
{
    int		i;

    for (i = 0; i < NUM_REGISTERS; ++i)
    {
	y_current = &y_regs[i];
	if (y_current->y_array != NULL)
	    free_yank_all();
    }
}
#endif

/*
 * Free "n" lines from the current yank register.
 * Called for normal freeing and in case of error.
 */
    static void
free_yank(n)
    long	n;
{
    if (y_current->y_array != NULL)
    {
	long	    i;

	for (i = n; --i >= 0; )
	{
#ifdef AMIGA	    /* only for very slow machines */
	    if ((i & 1023) == 1023)  /* this may take a while */
	    {
		/*
		 * This message should never cause a hit-return message.
		 * Overwrite this message with any next message.
		 */
		++no_wait_return;
		smsg((char_u *)_("freeing %ld lines"), i + 1);
		--no_wait_return;
		msg_didout = FALSE;
		msg_col = 0;
	    }
#endif
	    vim_free(y_current->y_array[i]);
	}
	vim_free(y_current->y_array);
	y_current->y_array = NULL;
#ifdef AMIGA
	if (n >= 1000)
	    MSG("");
#endif
    }
}

    static void
free_yank_all()
{
    free_yank(y_current->y_size);
}

/*
 * Yank the text between "oap->start" and "oap->end" into a yank register.
 * If we are to append (uppercase register), we first yank into a new yank
 * register and then concatenate the old and the new one (so we keep the old
 * one in case of out-of-memory).
 *
 * return FAIL for failure, OK otherwise
 */
    int
op_yank(oap, deleting, mess)
    oparg_T   *oap;
    int	    deleting;
    int	    mess;
{
    long		y_idx;		/* index in y_array[] */
    struct yankreg	*curr;		/* copy of y_current */
    struct yankreg	newreg;		/* new yank register when appending */
    char_u		**new_ptr;
    linenr_T		lnum;		/* current line number */
    long		j;
    int			yanktype = oap->motion_type;
    long		yanklines = oap->line_count;
    linenr_T		yankendlnum = oap->end.lnum;
    char_u		*p;
    char_u		*pnew;
    struct block_def	bd;

				    /* check for read-only register */
    if (oap->regname != 0 && !valid_yank_reg(oap->regname, TRUE))
    {
	beep_flush();
	return FAIL;
    }
    if (oap->regname == '_')	    /* black hole: nothing to do */
	return OK;

#ifdef FEAT_CLIPBOARD
    if (!clip_star.available && oap->regname == '*')
	oap->regname = 0;
    else if (!clip_plus.available && oap->regname == '+')
	oap->regname = 0;
#endif

    if (!deleting)		    /* op_delete() already set y_current */
	get_yank_register(oap->regname, TRUE);

    curr = y_current;
				    /* append to existing contents */
    if (y_append && y_current->y_array != NULL)
	y_current = &newreg;
    else
	free_yank_all();	    /* free previously yanked lines */

    /*
     * If the cursor was in column 1 before and after the movement, and the
     * operator is not inclusive, the yank is always linewise.
     */
    if (       oap->motion_type == MCHAR
	    && oap->start.col == 0
	    && !oap->inclusive
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
	    && (!oap->is_VIsual || *p_sel == 'o')
	    && !oap->block_mode
#endif
	    && oap->end.col == 0
	    && yanklines > 1)
    {
	yanktype = MLINE;
	--yankendlnum;
	--yanklines;
    }

    y_current->y_size = yanklines;
    y_current->y_type = yanktype;   /* set the yank register type */
    y_current->y_op_change = (oap->op_type == OP_CHANGE) && inindent(0);
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
    y_current->y_width = 0;
#endif
    y_current->y_array = (char_u **)lalloc_clear((long_u)(sizeof(char_u *) *
							    yanklines), TRUE);

    if (y_current->y_array == NULL)
    {
	y_current = curr;
	return FAIL;
    }

    y_idx = 0;
    lnum = oap->start.lnum;

#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
    if (oap->block_mode)
    {
	/* Visual block mode */
	y_current->y_type = MBLOCK;	    /* set the yank register type */
	y_current->y_width = oap->end_vcol - oap->start_vcol;

	if (curwin->w_curswant == MAXCOL && y_current->y_width > 0)
	    y_current->y_width--;
    }
#endif

    for ( ; lnum <= yankendlnum; lnum++, y_idx++)
    {
	switch (y_current->y_type)
	{
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
	    case MBLOCK:
		block_prep(oap, &bd, lnum, FALSE);
		if (yank_copy_line(&bd, y_idx) == FAIL)
		    goto fail;
		break;
#endif

	    case MLINE:
		if ((y_current->y_array[y_idx] =
			    vim_strsave(ml_get(lnum))) == NULL)
		    goto fail;
		break;

	    case MCHAR:
		{
		    colnr_T startcol = 0, endcol = MAXCOL;
#ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
		    int is_oneChar = FALSE;
		    colnr_T cs, ce;
#endif
		    p = ml_get(lnum);
		    bd.startspaces = 0;
		    bd.endspaces = 0;

		    if (lnum == oap->start.lnum)
		    {
			startcol = oap->start.col;
#ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
			if (virtual_op)
			{
			    getvcol(curwin, &oap->start, &cs, NULL, &ce);
			    if (ce != cs && oap->start.coladd > 0)
			    {
				/* Part of a tab selected -- but don't
				 * double-count it. */
				bd.startspaces = (ce - cs + 1)
							  - oap->start.coladd;
				startcol++;
			    }
			}
#endif
		    }

		    if (lnum == oap->end.lnum)
		    {
			endcol = oap->end.col;
#ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
			if (virtual_op)
			{
			    getvcol(curwin, &oap->end, &cs, NULL, &ce);
			    if (p[endcol] == NUL || (cs + oap->end.coladd < ce
# ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
					/* Don't add space for double-wide
					 * char; endcol will be on last byte
					 * of multi-byte char. */
					&& (*mb_head_off)(p, p + endcol) == 0
# endif
					))
			    {
				if (oap->start.lnum == oap->end.lnum
					    && oap->start.col == oap->end.col)
				{
				    /* Special case: inside a single char */
				    is_oneChar = TRUE;
				    bd.startspaces = oap->end.coladd
					 - oap->start.coladd + oap->inclusive;
				    endcol = startcol;
				}
				else
				{
				    bd.endspaces = oap->end.coladd
							     + oap->inclusive;
				    endcol -= oap->inclusive;
				}
			    }
			}
#endif
		    }
		    if (startcol > endcol
#ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
			    || is_oneChar
#endif
			    )
			bd.textlen = 0;
		    else
		    {
			if (endcol == MAXCOL)
			    endcol = (colnr_T)STRLEN(p);
			bd.textlen = endcol - startcol + oap->inclusive;
		    }
		    bd.textstart = p + startcol;
		    if (yank_copy_line(&bd, y_idx) == FAIL)
			goto fail;
		    break;
		}
		/* NOTREACHED */
	}
    }

    if (curr != y_current)	/* append the new block to the old block */
    {
	new_ptr = (char_u **)lalloc((long_u)(sizeof(char_u *) *
				   (curr->y_size + y_current->y_size)), TRUE);
	if (new_ptr == NULL)
	    goto fail;
	for (j = 0; j < curr->y_size; ++j)
	    new_ptr[j] = curr->y_array[j];
	vim_free(curr->y_array);
	curr->y_array = new_ptr;

	if (yanktype == MLINE)	/* MLINE overrides MCHAR and MBLOCK */
	    curr->y_type = MLINE;

	/* Concatenate the last line of the old block with the first line of
	 * the new block, unless being Vi compatible. */
	if (curr->y_type == MCHAR && vim_strchr(p_cpo, CPO_REGAPPEND) == NULL)
	{
	    pnew = lalloc((long_u)(STRLEN(curr->y_array[curr->y_size - 1])
			      + STRLEN(y_current->y_array[0]) + 1), TRUE);
	    if (pnew == NULL)
	    {
		y_idx = y_current->y_size - 1;
		goto fail;
	    }
	    STRCPY(pnew, curr->y_array[--j]);
	    STRCAT(pnew, y_current->y_array[0]);
	    vim_free(curr->y_array[j]);
	    vim_free(y_current->y_array[0]);
	    curr->y_array[j++] = pnew;
	    y_idx = 1;
	}
	else
	    y_idx = 0;
	while (y_idx < y_current->y_size)
	    curr->y_array[j++] = y_current->y_array[y_idx++];
	curr->y_size = j;
	vim_free(y_current->y_array);
	y_current = curr;
    }
    if (mess)			/* Display message about yank? */
    {
	if (yanktype == MCHAR
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
		&& !oap->block_mode
#endif
		&& yanklines == 1)
	    yanklines = 0;
	/* Some versions of Vi use ">=" here, some don't...  */
	if (yanklines > p_report)
	{
	    /* redisplay now, so message is not deleted */
	    update_topline_redraw();
	    if (yanklines == 1)
	    {
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
		if (oap->block_mode)
		    MSG(_("block of 1 line yanked"));
		else
#endif
		    MSG(_("1 line yanked"));
	    }
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
	    else if (oap->block_mode)
		smsg((char_u *)_("block of %ld lines yanked"), yanklines);
#endif
	    else
		smsg((char_u *)_("%ld lines yanked"), yanklines);
	}
    }

    /*
     * Set "'[" and "']" marks.
     */
    curbuf->b_op_start = oap->start;
    curbuf->b_op_end = oap->end;
    if (yanktype == MLINE
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
		&& !oap->block_mode
#endif
       )
    {
	curbuf->b_op_start.col = 0;
	curbuf->b_op_end.col = MAXCOL;
    }

#ifdef FEAT_CLIPBOARD
    /*
     * If we were yanking to the '*' register, send result to clipboard.
     * If no register was specified, and "unnamed" in 'clipboard', make a copy
     * to the '*' register.
     */
    if (clip_star.available
	    && (curr == &(y_regs[STAR_REGISTER])
		|| (!deleting && oap->regname == 0 && clip_unnamed)))
    {
	if (curr != &(y_regs[STAR_REGISTER]))
	    /* Copy the text from register 0 to the clipboard register. */
	    copy_yank_reg(&(y_regs[STAR_REGISTER]));

	clip_own_selection(&clip_star);
	clip_gen_set_selection(&clip_star);
    }

# ifdef FEAT_X11
    /*
     * If we were yanking to the '+' register, send result to selection.
     * Also copy to the '*' register, in case auto-select is off.
     */
    else if (clip_plus.available && curr == &(y_regs[PLUS_REGISTER]))
    {
	/* No need to copy to * register upon 'unnamed' now - see below */
	clip_own_selection(&clip_plus);
	clip_gen_set_selection(&clip_plus);
	if (!clip_isautosel())
	{
	    copy_yank_reg(&(y_regs[STAR_REGISTER]));
	    clip_own_selection(&clip_star);
	    clip_gen_set_selection(&clip_star);
	}
    }
# endif
#endif

    return OK;

fail:		/* free the allocated lines */
    free_yank(y_idx + 1);
    y_current = curr;
    return FAIL;
}

    static int
yank_copy_line(bd, y_idx)
    struct block_def	*bd;
    long		y_idx;
{
    char_u	*pnew;

    if ((pnew = alloc(bd->startspaces + bd->endspaces + bd->textlen + 1))
								      == NULL)
	return FAIL;
    y_current->y_array[y_idx] = pnew;
    copy_spaces(pnew, (size_t)bd->startspaces);
    pnew += bd->startspaces;
    mch_memmove(pnew, bd->textstart, (size_t)bd->textlen);
    pnew += bd->textlen;
    copy_spaces(pnew, (size_t)bd->endspaces);
    pnew += bd->endspaces;
    *pnew = NUL;
    return OK;
}

#ifdef FEAT_CLIPBOARD
/*
 * Make a copy of the y_current register to register "reg".
 */
    static void
copy_yank_reg(reg)
    struct yankreg *reg;
{
    struct yankreg	*curr = y_current;
    long		j;

    y_current = reg;
    free_yank_all();
    *y_current = *curr;
    y_current->y_array = (char_u **)lalloc_clear(
			(long_u)(sizeof(char_u *) * y_current->y_size), TRUE);
    if (y_current->y_array == NULL)
	y_current->y_size = 0;
    else
	for (j = 0; j < y_current->y_size; ++j)
	    if ((y_current->y_array[j] = vim_strsave(curr->y_array[j])) == NULL)
	    {
		free_yank(j);
		y_current->y_size = 0;
		break;
	    }
    y_current = curr;
}
#endif

/*
 * Put contents of register "regname" into the text.
 * Caller must check "regname" to be valid!
 * "flags": PUT_FIXINDENT	make indent look nice
 *	    PUT_CURSEND		leave cursor after end of new text
 *	    PUT_LINE		force linewise put (":put")
 */
    void
do_put(regname, dir, count, flags)
    int		regname;
    int		dir;		/* BACKWARD for 'P', FORWARD for 'p' */
    long	count;
    int		flags;
{
    char_u	*ptr;
    char_u	*newp, *oldp;
    int		yanklen;
    int		totlen = 0;		/* init for gcc */
    linenr_T	lnum;
    colnr_T	col;
    long	i;			/* index in y_array[] */
    int		y_type;
    long	y_size;
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
    int		oldlen;
    long	y_width = 0;
    colnr_T	vcol;
    int		delcount;
    int		incr = 0;
    long	j;
    struct block_def bd;
#endif
    char_u	**y_array = NULL;
    long	nr_lines = 0;
    pos_T	new_cursor;
    int		indent;
    int		orig_indent = 0;	/* init for gcc */
    int		indent_diff = 0;	/* init for gcc */
    int		first_indent = TRUE;
    int		lendiff = 0;
    pos_T	old_pos;
    char_u	*insert_string = NULL;
    int		allocated = FALSE;
    long	cnt;

#ifdef FEAT_CLIPBOARD
    /* Adjust register name for "unnamed" in 'clipboard'. */
    adjust_clip_reg(&regname);
    (void)may_get_selection(regname);
#endif

    if (flags & PUT_FIXINDENT)
	orig_indent = get_indent();

    curbuf->b_op_start = curwin->w_cursor;	/* default for '[ mark */
    curbuf->b_op_end = curwin->w_cursor;	/* default for '] mark */

    /*
     * Using inserted text works differently, because the register includes
     * special characters (newlines, etc.).
     */
    if (regname == '.')
    {
	(void)stuff_inserted((dir == FORWARD ? (count == -1 ? 'o' : 'a') :
				    (count == -1 ? 'O' : 'i')), count, FALSE);
	/* Putting the text is done later, so can't really move the cursor to
	 * the next character.  Use "l" to simulate it. */
	if ((flags & PUT_CURSEND) && gchar_cursor() != NUL)
	    stuffcharReadbuff('l');
	return;
    }

    /*
     * For special registers '%' (file name), '#' (alternate file name) and
     * ':' (last command line), etc. we have to create a fake yank register.
     */
    if (get_spec_reg(regname, &insert_string, &allocated, TRUE))
    {
	if (insert_string == NULL)
	    return;
    }

    if (insert_string != NULL)
    {
	y_type = MCHAR;
#ifdef FEAT_EVAL
	if (regname == '=')
	{
	    /* For the = register we need to split the string at NL
	     * characters. */
	    /* Loop twice: count the number of lines and save them. */
	    for (;;)
	    {
		y_size = 0;
		ptr = insert_string;
		while (ptr != NULL)
		{
		    if (y_array != NULL)
			y_array[y_size] = ptr;
		    ++y_size;
		    ptr = vim_strchr(ptr, '\n');
		    if (ptr != NULL)
		    {
			if (y_array != NULL)
			    *ptr = NUL;
			++ptr;
			/* A trailing '\n' makes the string linewise */
			if (*ptr == NUL)
			{
			    y_type = MLINE;
			    break;
			}
		    }
		}
		if (y_array != NULL)
		    break;
		y_array = (char_u **)alloc((unsigned)
						 (y_size * sizeof(char_u *)));
		if (y_array == NULL)
		    goto end;
	    }
	}
	else
#endif
	{
	    y_size = 1;		/* use fake one-line yank register */
	    y_array = &insert_string;
	}
    }
    else
    {
	get_yank_register(regname, FALSE);

	y_type = y_current->y_type;
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
	y_width = y_current->y_width;
#endif
	y_size = y_current->y_size;
	if (Unix2003_compat && y_size > 1 && y_type == MCHAR && curwin->w_cursor.col == 0 && y_current->y_op_change) {
	    y_type = MLINE;
	}
	y_array = y_current->y_array;
    }

#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
    if (y_type == MLINE)
    {
	if (flags & PUT_LINE_SPLIT)
	{
	    /* "p" or "P" in Visual mode: split the lines to put the text in
	     * between. */
	    if (u_save_cursor() == FAIL)
		goto end;
	    ptr = vim_strsave(ml_get_cursor());
	    if (ptr == NULL)
		goto end;
	    ml_append(curwin->w_cursor.lnum, ptr, (colnr_T)0, FALSE);
	    vim_free(ptr);

	    ptr = vim_strnsave(ml_get_curline(), curwin->w_cursor.col);
	    if (ptr == NULL)
		goto end;
	    ml_replace(curwin->w_cursor.lnum, ptr, FALSE);
	    ++nr_lines;
	    dir = FORWARD;
	}
	if (flags & PUT_LINE_FORWARD)
	{
	    /* Must be "p" for a Visual block, put lines below the block. */
	    curwin->w_cursor = curbuf->b_visual.vi_end;
	    dir = FORWARD;
	}
	curbuf->b_op_start = curwin->w_cursor;	/* default for '[ mark */
	curbuf->b_op_end = curwin->w_cursor;	/* default for '] mark */
    }
#endif

    if (flags & PUT_LINE)	/* :put command or "p" in Visual line mode. */
	y_type = MLINE;

    if (y_size == 0 || y_array == NULL)
    {
	EMSG2(_("E353: Nothing in register %s"),
		  regname == 0 ? (char_u *)"\"" : transchar(regname));
	goto end;
    }

#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
    if (y_type == MBLOCK)
    {
	lnum = curwin->w_cursor.lnum + y_size + 1;
	if (lnum > curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count)
	    lnum = curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count + 1;
	if (u_save(curwin->w_cursor.lnum - 1, lnum) == FAIL)
	    goto end;
    }
    else
#endif
	if (y_type == MLINE)
    {
	lnum = curwin->w_cursor.lnum;
#ifdef FEAT_FOLDING
	/* Correct line number for closed fold.  Don't move the cursor yet,
	 * u_save() uses it. */
	if (dir == BACKWARD)
	    (void)hasFolding(lnum, &lnum, NULL);
	else
	    (void)hasFolding(lnum, NULL, &lnum);
#endif
	if (dir == FORWARD)
	    ++lnum;
	if (u_save(lnum - 1, lnum) == FAIL)
	    goto end;
#ifdef FEAT_FOLDING
	if (dir == FORWARD)
	    curwin->w_cursor.lnum = lnum - 1;
	else
	    curwin->w_cursor.lnum = lnum;
	curbuf->b_op_start = curwin->w_cursor;	/* for mark_adjust() */
#endif
    }
    else if (u_save_cursor() == FAIL)
	goto end;

    yanklen = (int)STRLEN(y_array[0]);

#ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
    if (ve_flags == VE_ALL && y_type == MCHAR)
    {
	if (gchar_cursor() == TAB)
	{
	    /* Don't need to insert spaces when "p" on the last position of a
	     * tab or "P" on the first position. */
	    if (dir == FORWARD
		    ? (int)curwin->w_cursor.coladd < curbuf->b_p_ts - 1
						: curwin->w_cursor.coladd > 0)
		coladvance_force(getviscol());
	    else
		curwin->w_cursor.coladd = 0;
	}
	else if (curwin->w_cursor.coladd > 0 || gchar_cursor() == NUL)
	    coladvance_force(getviscol() + (dir == FORWARD));
    }
#endif

    lnum = curwin->w_cursor.lnum;
    col = curwin->w_cursor.col;

#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
    /*
     * Block mode
     */
    if (y_type == MBLOCK)
    {
	char	c = gchar_cursor();
	colnr_T	endcol2 = 0;

	if (dir == FORWARD && c != NUL)
	{
#ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
	    if (ve_flags == VE_ALL)
		getvcol(curwin, &curwin->w_cursor, &col, NULL, &endcol2);
	    else
#endif
		getvcol(curwin, &curwin->w_cursor, NULL, NULL, &col);

#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
	    if (has_mbyte)
		/* move to start of next multi-byte character */
		curwin->w_cursor.col += (*mb_ptr2len)(ml_get_cursor());
	    else
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
	    if (c != TAB || ve_flags != VE_ALL)
#endif
		++curwin->w_cursor.col;
	    ++col;
	}
	else
	    getvcol(curwin, &curwin->w_cursor, &col, NULL, &endcol2);

#ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
	col += curwin->w_cursor.coladd;
	if (ve_flags == VE_ALL
		&& (curwin->w_cursor.coladd > 0
		    || endcol2 == curwin->w_cursor.col))
	{
	    if (dir == FORWARD && c == NUL)
		++col;
	    if (dir != FORWARD && c != NUL)
		++curwin->w_cursor.col;
	    if (c == TAB)
	    {
		if (dir == BACKWARD && curwin->w_cursor.col)
		    curwin->w_cursor.col--;
		if (dir == FORWARD && col - 1 == endcol2)
		    curwin->w_cursor.col++;
	    }
	}
	curwin->w_cursor.coladd = 0;
#endif
	bd.textcol = 0;
	for (i = 0; i < y_size; ++i)
	{
	    int spaces;
	    char shortline;

	    bd.startspaces = 0;
	    bd.endspaces = 0;
	    vcol = 0;
	    delcount = 0;

	    /* add a new line */
	    if (curwin->w_cursor.lnum > curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count)
	    {
		if (ml_append(curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count, (char_u *)"",
						   (colnr_T)1, FALSE) == FAIL)
		    break;
		++nr_lines;
	    }
	    /* get the old line and advance to the position to insert at */
	    oldp = ml_get_curline();
	    oldlen = (int)STRLEN(oldp);
	    for (ptr = oldp; vcol < col && *ptr; )
	    {
		/* Count a tab for what it's worth (if list mode not on) */
		incr = lbr_chartabsize_adv(&ptr, (colnr_T)vcol);
		vcol += incr;
	    }
	    bd.textcol = (colnr_T)(ptr - oldp);

	    shortline = (vcol < col) || (vcol == col && !*ptr) ;

	    if (vcol < col) /* line too short, padd with spaces */
		bd.startspaces = col - vcol;
	    else if (vcol > col)
	    {
		bd.endspaces = vcol - col;
		bd.startspaces = incr - bd.endspaces;
		--bd.textcol;
		delcount = 1;
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
		if (has_mbyte)
		    bd.textcol -= (*mb_head_off)(oldp, oldp + bd.textcol);
#endif
		if (oldp[bd.textcol] != TAB)
		{
		    /* Only a Tab can be split into spaces.  Other
		     * characters will have to be moved to after the
		     * block, causing misalignment. */
		    delcount = 0;
		    bd.endspaces = 0;
		}
	    }

	    yanklen = (int)STRLEN(y_array[i]);

	    /* calculate number of spaces required to fill right side of block*/
	    spaces = y_width + 1;
	    for (j = 0; j < yanklen; j++)
		spaces -= lbr_chartabsize(&y_array[i][j], 0);
	    if (spaces < 0)
		spaces = 0;

	    /* insert the new text */
	    totlen = count * (yanklen + spaces) + bd.startspaces + bd.endspaces;
	    newp = alloc_check((unsigned)totlen + oldlen + 1);
	    if (newp == NULL)
		break;
	    /* copy part up to cursor to new line */
	    ptr = newp;
	    mch_memmove(ptr, oldp, (size_t)bd.textcol);
	    ptr += bd.textcol;
	    /* may insert some spaces before the new text */
	    copy_spaces(ptr, (size_t)bd.startspaces);
	    ptr += bd.startspaces;
	    /* insert the new text */
	    for (j = 0; j < count; ++j)
	    {
		mch_memmove(ptr, y_array[i], (size_t)yanklen);
		ptr += yanklen;

		/* insert block's trailing spaces only if there's text behind */
		if ((j < count - 1 || !shortline) && spaces)
		{
		    copy_spaces(ptr, (size_t)spaces);
		    ptr += spaces;
		}
	    }
	    /* may insert some spaces after the new text */
	    copy_spaces(ptr, (size_t)bd.endspaces);
	    ptr += bd.endspaces;
	    /* move the text after the cursor to the end of the line. */
	    mch_memmove(ptr, oldp + bd.textcol + delcount,
				(size_t)(oldlen - bd.textcol - delcount + 1));
	    ml_replace(curwin->w_cursor.lnum, newp, FALSE);

	    ++curwin->w_cursor.lnum;
	    if (i == 0)
		curwin->w_cursor.col += bd.startspaces;
	}

	changed_lines(lnum, 0, curwin->w_cursor.lnum, nr_lines);

	/* Set '[ mark. */
	curbuf->b_op_start = curwin->w_cursor;
	curbuf->b_op_start.lnum = lnum;

	/* adjust '] mark */
	curbuf->b_op_end.lnum = curwin->w_cursor.lnum - 1;
	curbuf->b_op_end.col = bd.textcol + totlen - 1;
# ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
	curbuf->b_op_end.coladd = 0;
# endif
	if (flags & PUT_CURSEND)
	{
	    colnr_T len;

	    curwin->w_cursor = curbuf->b_op_end;
	    curwin->w_cursor.col++;

	    /* in Insert mode we might be after the NUL, correct for that */
	    len = (colnr_T)STRLEN(ml_get_curline());
	    if (curwin->w_cursor.col > len)
		curwin->w_cursor.col = len;
	}
	else
	    curwin->w_cursor.lnum = lnum;
    }
    else
#endif
    {
	/*
	 * Character or Line mode
	 */
	if (y_type == MCHAR)
	{
	    /* if type is MCHAR, FORWARD is the same as BACKWARD on the next
	     * char */
	    if (dir == FORWARD && gchar_cursor() != NUL)
	    {
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
		if (has_mbyte)
		{
		    int bytelen = (*mb_ptr2len)(ml_get_cursor());

		    /* put it on the next of the multi-byte character. */
		    col += bytelen;
		    if (yanklen)
		    {
			curwin->w_cursor.col += bytelen;
			curbuf->b_op_end.col += bytelen;
		    }
		}
		else
#endif
		{
		    ++col;
		    if (yanklen)
		    {
			++curwin->w_cursor.col;
			++curbuf->b_op_end.col;
		    }
		}
	    }
	    curbuf->b_op_start = curwin->w_cursor;
	}
	/*
	 * Line mode: BACKWARD is the same as FORWARD on the previous line
	 */
	else if (dir == BACKWARD)
	    --lnum;
	new_cursor = curwin->w_cursor;

	/*
	 * simple case: insert into current line
	 */
	if (y_type == MCHAR && y_size == 1)
	{
	    totlen = count * yanklen;
	    if (totlen)
	    {
		oldp = ml_get(lnum);
		newp = alloc_check((unsigned)(STRLEN(oldp) + totlen + 1));
		if (newp == NULL)
		    goto end;		/* alloc() will give error message */
		mch_memmove(newp, oldp, (size_t)col);
		ptr = newp + col;
		for (i = 0; i < count; ++i)
		{
		    mch_memmove(ptr, y_array[0], (size_t)yanklen);
		    ptr += yanklen;
		}
		STRMOVE(ptr, oldp + col);
		ml_replace(lnum, newp, FALSE);
		/* Put cursor on last putted char. */
		curwin->w_cursor.col += (colnr_T)(totlen - 1);
	    }
	    curbuf->b_op_end = curwin->w_cursor;
	    /* For "CTRL-O p" in Insert mode, put cursor after last char */
	    if (totlen && (restart_edit != 0 || (flags & PUT_CURSEND)))
		++curwin->w_cursor.col;
	    changed_bytes(lnum, col);
	}
	else
	{
	    /*
	     * Insert at least one line.  When y_type is MCHAR, break the first
	     * line in two.
	     */
	    for (cnt = 1; cnt <= count; ++cnt)
	    {
		i = 0;
		if (y_type == MCHAR)
		{
		    /*
		     * Split the current line in two at the insert position.
		     * First insert y_array[size - 1] in front of second line.
		     * Then append y_array[0] to first line.
		     */
		    lnum = new_cursor.lnum;
		    ptr = ml_get(lnum) + col;
		    totlen = (int)STRLEN(y_array[y_size - 1]);
		    newp = alloc_check((unsigned)(STRLEN(ptr) + totlen + 1));
		    if (newp == NULL)
			goto error;
		    STRCPY(newp, y_array[y_size - 1]);
		    STRCAT(newp, ptr);
		    /* insert second line */
		    ml_append(lnum, newp, (colnr_T)0, FALSE);
		    vim_free(newp);

		    oldp = ml_get(lnum);
		    newp = alloc_check((unsigned)(col + yanklen + 1));
		    if (newp == NULL)
			goto error;
					    /* copy first part of line */
		    mch_memmove(newp, oldp, (size_t)col);
					    /* append to first line */
		    mch_memmove(newp + col, y_array[0], (size_t)(yanklen + 1));
		    ml_replace(lnum, newp, FALSE);

		    curwin->w_cursor.lnum = lnum;
		    i = 1;
		}

		for (; i < y_size; ++i)
		{
		    if ((y_type != MCHAR || i < y_size - 1)
			    && ml_append(lnum, y_array[i], (colnr_T)0, FALSE)
								      == FAIL)
			    goto error;
		    lnum++;
		    ++nr_lines;
		    if (flags & PUT_FIXINDENT)
		    {
			old_pos = curwin->w_cursor;
			curwin->w_cursor.lnum = lnum;
			ptr = ml_get(lnum);
			if (cnt == count && i == y_size - 1)
			    lendiff = (int)STRLEN(ptr);
#if defined(FEAT_SMARTINDENT) || defined(FEAT_CINDENT)
			if (*ptr == '#' && preprocs_left())
			    indent = 0;     /* Leave # lines at start */
			else
#endif
			     if (*ptr == NUL)
			    indent = 0;     /* Ignore empty lines */
			else if (first_indent)
			{
			    indent_diff = orig_indent - get_indent();
			    indent = orig_indent;
			    first_indent = FALSE;
			}
			else if ((indent = get_indent() + indent_diff) < 0)
			    indent = 0;
			(void)set_indent(indent, 0);
			curwin->w_cursor = old_pos;
			/* remember how many chars were removed */
			if (cnt == count && i == y_size - 1)
			    lendiff -= (int)STRLEN(ml_get(lnum));
		    }
		}
	    }

error:
	    /* Adjust marks. */
	    if (y_type == MLINE)
	    {
		curbuf->b_op_start.col = 0;
		if (dir == FORWARD)
		    curbuf->b_op_start.lnum++;
	    }
	    mark_adjust(curbuf->b_op_start.lnum + (y_type == MCHAR),
					     (linenr_T)MAXLNUM, nr_lines, 0L);

	    /* note changed text for displaying and folding */
	    if (y_type == MCHAR)
		changed_lines(curwin->w_cursor.lnum, col,
					 curwin->w_cursor.lnum + 1, nr_lines);
	    else
		changed_lines(curbuf->b_op_start.lnum, 0,
					   curbuf->b_op_start.lnum, nr_lines);

	    /* put '] mark at last inserted character */
	    curbuf->b_op_end.lnum = lnum;
	    /* correct length for change in indent */
	    col = (colnr_T)STRLEN(y_array[y_size - 1]) - lendiff;
	    if (col > 1)
		curbuf->b_op_end.col = col - 1;
	    else
		curbuf->b_op_end.col = 0;

	    if (flags & PUT_CURSLINE)
	    {
		/* ":put": put cursor on last inserted line */
		curwin->w_cursor.lnum = lnum;
		beginline(BL_WHITE | BL_FIX);
	    }
	    else if (flags & PUT_CURSEND)
	    {
		/* put cursor after inserted text */
		if (y_type == MLINE)
		{
		    if (lnum >= curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count)
			curwin->w_cursor.lnum = curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count;
		    else
			curwin->w_cursor.lnum = lnum + 1;
		    curwin->w_cursor.col = 0;
		}
		else
		{
		    curwin->w_cursor.lnum = lnum;
		    curwin->w_cursor.col = col;
		}
	    }
	    else if (y_type == MLINE)
	    {
		/* put cursor on first non-blank in first inserted line */
		curwin->w_cursor.col = 0;
		if (dir == FORWARD)
		    ++curwin->w_cursor.lnum;
		beginline(BL_WHITE | BL_FIX);
	    }
	    else	/* put cursor on first inserted character */
		curwin->w_cursor = new_cursor;
	}
    }

    msgmore(nr_lines);
    curwin->w_set_curswant = TRUE;

end:
    if (allocated)
	vim_free(insert_string);
    if (regname == '=')
	vim_free(y_array);

    /* If the cursor is past the end of the line put it at the end. */
    adjust_cursor_eol();
}

/*
 * When the cursor is on the NUL past the end of the line and it should not be
 * there move it left.
 */
    void
adjust_cursor_eol()
{
    if (curwin->w_cursor.col > 0
	    && gchar_cursor() == NUL
#ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
	    && (ve_flags & VE_ONEMORE) == 0
#endif
	    && !(restart_edit || (State & INSERT)))
    {
	/* Put the cursor on the last character in the line. */
	dec_cursor();

#ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
	if (ve_flags == VE_ALL)
	{
	    colnr_T	    scol, ecol;

	    /* Coladd is set to the width of the last character. */
	    getvcol(curwin, &curwin->w_cursor, &scol, NULL, &ecol);
	    curwin->w_cursor.coladd = ecol - scol + 1;
	}
#endif
    }
}

#if defined(FEAT_SMARTINDENT) || defined(FEAT_CINDENT) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * Return TRUE if lines starting with '#' should be left aligned.
 */
    int
preprocs_left()
{
    return
# ifdef FEAT_SMARTINDENT
#  ifdef FEAT_CINDENT
	(curbuf->b_p_si && !curbuf->b_p_cin) ||
#  else
	curbuf->b_p_si
#  endif
# endif
# ifdef FEAT_CINDENT
	(curbuf->b_p_cin && in_cinkeys('#', ' ', TRUE))
# endif
	;
}
#endif

/* Return the character name of the register with the given number */
    int
get_register_name(num)
    int num;
{
    if (num == -1)
	return '"';
    else if (num < 10)
	return num + '0';
    else if (num == DELETION_REGISTER)
	return '-';
#ifdef FEAT_CLIPBOARD
    else if (num == STAR_REGISTER)
	return '*';
    else if (num == PLUS_REGISTER)
	return '+';
#endif
    else
    {
#ifdef EBCDIC
	int i;

	/* EBCDIC is really braindead ... */
	i = 'a' + (num - 10);
	if (i > 'i')
	    i += 7;
	if (i > 'r')
	    i += 8;
	return i;
#else
	return num + 'a' - 10;
#endif
    }
}

/*
 * ":dis" and ":registers": Display the contents of the yank registers.
 */
    void
ex_display(eap)
    exarg_T	*eap;
{
    int			i, n;
    long		j;
    char_u		*p;
    struct yankreg	*yb;
    int			name;
    int			attr;
    char_u		*arg = eap->arg;
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
    int			clen;
#else
# define clen 1
#endif

    if (arg != NULL && *arg == NUL)
	arg = NULL;
    attr = hl_attr(HLF_8);

    /* Highlight title */
    MSG_PUTS_TITLE(_("\n--- Registers ---"));
    for (i = -1; i < NUM_REGISTERS && !got_int; ++i)
    {
	name = get_register_name(i);
	if (arg != NULL && vim_strchr(arg, name) == NULL)
	    continue;	    /* did not ask for this register */

#ifdef FEAT_CLIPBOARD
	/* Adjust register name for "unnamed" in 'clipboard'.
	 * When it's a clipboard register, fill it with the current contents
	 * of the clipboard.  */
	adjust_clip_reg(&name);
	(void)may_get_selection(name);
#endif

	if (i == -1)
	{
	    if (y_previous != NULL)
		yb = y_previous;
	    else
		yb = &(y_regs[0]);
	}
	else
	    yb = &(y_regs[i]);
	if (yb->y_array != NULL)
	{
	    msg_putchar('\n');
	    msg_putchar('"');
	    msg_putchar(name);
	    MSG_PUTS("   ");

	    n = (int)Columns - 6;
	    for (j = 0; j < yb->y_size && n > 1; ++j)
	    {
		if (j)
		{
		    MSG_PUTS_ATTR("^J", attr);
		    n -= 2;
		}
		for (p = yb->y_array[j]; *p && (n -= ptr2cells(p)) >= 0; ++p)
		{
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
		    clen = (*mb_ptr2len)(p);
#endif
		    msg_outtrans_len(p, clen);
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
		    p += clen - 1;
#endif
		}
	    }
	    if (n > 1 && yb->y_type == MLINE)
		MSG_PUTS_ATTR("^J", attr);
	    out_flush();		    /* show one line at a time */
	}
	ui_breakcheck();
    }

    /*
     * display last inserted text
     */
    if ((p = get_last_insert()) != NULL
		 && (arg == NULL || vim_strchr(arg, '.') != NULL) && !got_int)
    {
	MSG_PUTS("\n\".   ");
	dis_msg(p, TRUE);
    }

    /*
     * display last command line
     */
    if (last_cmdline != NULL && (arg == NULL || vim_strchr(arg, ':') != NULL)
								  && !got_int)
    {
	MSG_PUTS("\n\":   ");
	dis_msg(last_cmdline, FALSE);
    }

    /*
     * display current file name
     */
    if (curbuf->b_fname != NULL
	    && (arg == NULL || vim_strchr(arg, '%') != NULL) && !got_int)
    {
	MSG_PUTS("\n\"%   ");
	dis_msg(curbuf->b_fname, FALSE);
    }

    /*
     * display alternate file name
     */
    if ((arg == NULL || vim_strchr(arg, '%') != NULL) && !got_int)
    {
	char_u	    *fname;
	linenr_T    dummy;

	if (buflist_name_nr(0, &fname, &dummy) != FAIL)
	{
	    MSG_PUTS("\n\"#   ");
	    dis_msg(fname, FALSE);
	}
    }

    /*
     * display last search pattern
     */
    if (last_search_pat() != NULL
		 && (arg == NULL || vim_strchr(arg, '/') != NULL) && !got_int)
    {
	MSG_PUTS("\n\"/   ");
	dis_msg(last_search_pat(), FALSE);
    }

#ifdef FEAT_EVAL
    /*
     * display last used expression
     */
    if (expr_line != NULL && (arg == NULL || vim_strchr(arg, '=') != NULL)
								  && !got_int)
    {
	MSG_PUTS("\n\"=   ");
	dis_msg(expr_line, FALSE);
    }
#endif
}

/*
 * display a string for do_dis()
 * truncate at end of screen line
 */
    static void
dis_msg(p, skip_esc)
    char_u	*p;
    int		skip_esc;	    /* if TRUE, ignore trailing ESC */
{
    int		n;
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
    int		l;
#endif

    n = (int)Columns - 6;
    while (*p != NUL
	    && !(*p == ESC && skip_esc && *(p + 1) == NUL)
	    && (n -= ptr2cells(p)) >= 0)
    {
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
	if (has_mbyte && (l = (*mb_ptr2len)(p)) > 1)
	{
	    msg_outtrans_len(p, l);
	    p += l;
	}
	else
#endif
	    msg_outtrans_len(p++, 1);
    }
    ui_breakcheck();
}

/*
 * join 'count' lines (minimal 2), including u_save()
 */
    void
do_do_join(count, insert_space)
    long    count;
    int	    insert_space;
{
    colnr_T	col = MAXCOL;

    if (u_save((linenr_T)(curwin->w_cursor.lnum - 1),
		    (linenr_T)(curwin->w_cursor.lnum + count)) == FAIL)
	return;

    while (--count > 0)
    {
	line_breakcheck();
	if (got_int || do_join(insert_space) == FAIL)
	{
	    beep_flush();
	    break;
	}
	if (col == MAXCOL && vim_strchr(p_cpo, CPO_JOINCOL) != NULL)
	    col = curwin->w_cursor.col;
    }

    /* Vi compatible: use the column of the first join */
    if (col != MAXCOL && vim_strchr(p_cpo, CPO_JOINCOL) != NULL)
	curwin->w_cursor.col = col;

#if 0
    /*
     * Need to update the screen if the line where the cursor is became too
     * long to fit on the screen.
     */
    update_topline_redraw();
#endif
}

/*
 * Join two lines at the cursor position.
 * "redraw" is TRUE when the screen should be updated.
 * Caller must have setup for undo.
 *
 * return FAIL for failure, OK otherwise
 */
    int
do_join(insert_space)
    int		insert_space;
{
    char_u	*curr;
    char_u	*next, *next_start;
    char_u	*newp;
    int		endcurr1, endcurr2;
    int		currsize;	/* size of the current line */
    int		nextsize;	/* size of the next line */
    int		spaces;		/* number of spaces to insert */
    linenr_T	t;

    if (curwin->w_cursor.lnum == curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count)
	return FAIL;		/* can't join on last line */

    curr = ml_get_curline();
    currsize = (int)STRLEN(curr);
    endcurr1 = endcurr2 = NUL;
    if (insert_space && currsize > 0)
    {
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
	if (has_mbyte)
	{
	    next = curr + currsize;
	    mb_ptr_back(curr, next);
	    endcurr1 = (*mb_ptr2char)(next);
	    if (next > curr)
	    {
		mb_ptr_back(curr, next);
		endcurr2 = (*mb_ptr2char)(next);
	    }
	}
	else
#endif
	{
	    endcurr1 = *(curr + currsize - 1);
	    if (currsize > 1)
		endcurr2 = *(curr + currsize - 2);
	}
    }

    next = next_start = ml_get((linenr_T)(curwin->w_cursor.lnum + 1));
    spaces = 0;
    if (insert_space)
    {
	next = skipwhite(next);
	if (*next != ')' && currsize != 0 && endcurr1 != TAB
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
		&& (!has_format_option(FO_MBYTE_JOIN)
			|| (mb_ptr2char(next) < 0x100 && endcurr1 < 0x100))
		&& (!has_format_option(FO_MBYTE_JOIN2)
			|| mb_ptr2char(next) < 0x100 || endcurr1 < 0x100)
#endif
		)
	{
	    /* don't add a space if the line is ending in a space */
	    if (endcurr1 == ' ')
		endcurr1 = endcurr2;
	    else
		++spaces;
	    /* extra space when 'joinspaces' set and line ends in '.' */
	    if (       p_js
		    && (endcurr1 == '.'
			|| (vim_strchr(p_cpo, CPO_JOINSP) == NULL
			    && (endcurr1 == '?' || endcurr1 == '!'))))
		++spaces;
	}
    }
    nextsize = (int)STRLEN(next);

    newp = alloc_check((unsigned)(currsize + nextsize + spaces + 1));
    if (newp == NULL)
	return FAIL;

    /*
     * Insert the next line first, because we already have that pointer.
     * Curr has to be obtained again, because getting next will have
     * invalidated it.
     */
    mch_memmove(newp + currsize + spaces, next, (size_t)(nextsize + 1));

    curr = ml_get_curline();
    mch_memmove(newp, curr, (size_t)currsize);

    copy_spaces(newp + currsize, (size_t)spaces);

    ml_replace(curwin->w_cursor.lnum, newp, FALSE);

    /* Only report the change in the first line here, del_lines() will report
     * the deleted line. */
    changed_lines(curwin->w_cursor.lnum, currsize,
					       curwin->w_cursor.lnum + 1, 0L);

    /*
     * Delete the following line. To do this we move the cursor there
     * briefly, and then move it back. After del_lines() the cursor may
     * have moved up (last line deleted), so the current lnum is kept in t.
     *
     * Move marks from the deleted line to the joined line, adjusting the
     * column.  This is not Vi compatible, but Vi deletes the marks, thus that
     * should not really be a problem.
     */
    t = curwin->w_cursor.lnum;
    mark_col_adjust(t + 1, (colnr_T)0, (linenr_T)-1,
			     (long)(currsize + spaces - (next - next_start)));
    ++curwin->w_cursor.lnum;
    del_lines(1L, FALSE);
    curwin->w_cursor.lnum = t;

    /*
     * go to first character of the joined line
     */
    curwin->w_cursor.col = currsize;
    check_cursor_col();
#ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
    curwin->w_cursor.coladd = 0;
#endif
    curwin->w_set_curswant = TRUE;

    return OK;
}

#ifdef FEAT_COMMENTS
/*
 * Return TRUE if the two comment leaders given are the same.  "lnum" is
 * the first line.  White-space is ignored.  Note that the whole of
 * 'leader1' must match 'leader2_len' characters from 'leader2' -- webb
 */
    static int
same_leader(lnum, leader1_len, leader1_flags, leader2_len, leader2_flags)
    linenr_T lnum;
    int	    leader1_len;
    char_u  *leader1_flags;
    int	    leader2_len;
    char_u  *leader2_flags;
{
    int	    idx1 = 0, idx2 = 0;
    char_u  *p;
    char_u  *line1;
    char_u  *line2;

    if (leader1_len == 0)
	return (leader2_len == 0);

    /*
     * If first leader has 'f' flag, the lines can be joined only if the
     * second line does not have a leader.
     * If first leader has 'e' flag, the lines can never be joined.
     * If fist leader has 's' flag, the lines can only be joined if there is
     * some text after it and the second line has the 'm' flag.
     */
    if (leader1_flags != NULL)
    {
	for (p = leader1_flags; *p && *p != ':'; ++p)
	{
	    if (*p == COM_FIRST)
		return (leader2_len == 0);
	    if (*p == COM_END)
		return FALSE;
	    if (*p == COM_START)
	    {
		if (*(ml_get(lnum) + leader1_len) == NUL)
		    return FALSE;
		if (leader2_flags == NULL || leader2_len == 0)
		    return FALSE;
		for (p = leader2_flags; *p && *p != ':'; ++p)
		    if (*p == COM_MIDDLE)
			return TRUE;
		return FALSE;
	    }
	}
    }

    /*
     * Get current line and next line, compare the leaders.
     * The first line has to be saved, only one line can be locked at a time.
     */
    line1 = vim_strsave(ml_get(lnum));
    if (line1 != NULL)
    {
	for (idx1 = 0; vim_iswhite(line1[idx1]); ++idx1)
	    ;
	line2 = ml_get(lnum + 1);
	for (idx2 = 0; idx2 < leader2_len; ++idx2)
	{
	    if (!vim_iswhite(line2[idx2]))
	    {
		if (line1[idx1++] != line2[idx2])
		    break;
	    }
	    else
		while (vim_iswhite(line1[idx1]))
		    ++idx1;
	}
	vim_free(line1);
    }
    return (idx2 == leader2_len && idx1 == leader1_len);
}
#endif

/*
 * implementation of the format operator 'gq'
 */
    void
op_format(oap, keep_cursor)
    oparg_T	*oap;
    int		keep_cursor;		/* keep cursor on same text char */
{
    long	old_line_count = curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count;

    /* Place the cursor where the "gq" or "gw" command was given, so that "u"
     * can put it back there. */
    curwin->w_cursor = oap->cursor_start;

    if (u_save((linenr_T)(oap->start.lnum - 1),
				       (linenr_T)(oap->end.lnum + 1)) == FAIL)
	return;
    curwin->w_cursor = oap->start;

#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
    if (oap->is_VIsual)
	/* When there is no change: need to remove the Visual selection */
	redraw_curbuf_later(INVERTED);
#endif

    /* Set '[ mark at the start of the formatted area */
    curbuf->b_op_start = oap->start;

    /* For "gw" remember the cursor position and put it back below (adjusted
     * for joined and split lines). */
    if (keep_cursor)
	saved_cursor = oap->cursor_start;

    format_lines(oap->line_count, keep_cursor);

    /*
     * Leave the cursor at the first non-blank of the last formatted line.
     * If the cursor was moved one line back (e.g. with "Q}") go to the next
     * line, so "." will do the next lines.
     */
    if (oap->end_adjusted && curwin->w_cursor.lnum < curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count)
	++curwin->w_cursor.lnum;
    beginline(BL_WHITE | BL_FIX);
    old_line_count = curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count - old_line_count;
    msgmore(old_line_count);

    /* put '] mark on the end of the formatted area */
    curbuf->b_op_end = curwin->w_cursor;

    if (keep_cursor)
    {
	curwin->w_cursor = saved_cursor;
	saved_cursor.lnum = 0;
    }

#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
    if (oap->is_VIsual)
    {
	win_T	*wp;

	FOR_ALL_WINDOWS(wp)
	{
	    if (wp->w_old_cursor_lnum != 0)
	    {
		/* When lines have been inserted or deleted, adjust the end of
		 * the Visual area to be redrawn. */
		if (wp->w_old_cursor_lnum > wp->w_old_visual_lnum)
		    wp->w_old_cursor_lnum += old_line_count;
		else
		    wp->w_old_visual_lnum += old_line_count;
	    }
	}
    }
#endif
}

#if defined(FEAT_EVAL) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * Implementation of the format operator 'gq' for when using 'formatexpr'.
 */
    void
op_formatexpr(oap)
    oparg_T	*oap;
{
# ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
    if (oap->is_VIsual)
	/* When there is no change: need to remove the Visual selection */
	redraw_curbuf_later(INVERTED);
# endif

    (void)fex_format(oap->start.lnum, oap->line_count, NUL);
}

    int
fex_format(lnum, count, c)
    linenr_T	lnum;
    long	count;
    int		c;	/* character to be inserted */
{
    int		use_sandbox = was_set_insecurely((char_u *)"formatexpr",
								   OPT_LOCAL);
    int		r;
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
    char_u	buf[MB_MAXBYTES];
#else
    char_u	buf[2];
#endif

    /*
     * Set v:lnum to the first line number and v:count to the number of lines.
     * Set v:char to the character to be inserted (can be NUL).
     */
    set_vim_var_nr(VV_LNUM, lnum);
    set_vim_var_nr(VV_COUNT, count);

#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
    if (has_mbyte)
	buf[(*mb_char2bytes)(c, buf)] = NUL;
    else
#endif
    {
	buf[0] = c;
	buf[1] = NUL;
    }
    set_vim_var_string(VV_CHAR, buf, -1);

    /*
     * Evaluate the function.
     */
    if (use_sandbox)
	++sandbox;
    r = eval_to_number(curbuf->b_p_fex);
    if (use_sandbox)
	--sandbox;

    set_vim_var_string(VV_CHAR, NULL, -1);

    return r;
}
#endif

/*
 * Format "line_count" lines, starting at the cursor position.
 * When "line_count" is negative, format until the end of the paragraph.
 * Lines after the cursor line are saved for undo, caller must have saved the
 * first line.
 */
    void
format_lines(line_count, avoid_fex)
    linenr_T	line_count;
    int		avoid_fex;		/* don't use 'formatexpr' */
{
    int		max_len;
    int		is_not_par;		/* current line not part of parag. */
    int		next_is_not_par;	/* next line not part of paragraph */
    int		is_end_par;		/* at end of paragraph */
    int		prev_is_end_par = FALSE;/* prev. line not part of parag. */
    int		next_is_start_par = FALSE;
#ifdef FEAT_COMMENTS
    int		leader_len = 0;		/* leader len of current line */
    int		next_leader_len;	/* leader len of next line */
    char_u	*leader_flags = NULL;	/* flags for leader of current line */
    char_u	*next_leader_flags;	/* flags for leader of next line */
    int		do_comments;		/* format comments */
#endif
    int		advance = TRUE;
    int		second_indent = -1;
    int		do_second_indent;
    int		do_number_indent;
    int		do_trail_white;
    int		first_par_line = TRUE;
    int		smd_save;
    long	count;
    int		need_set_indent = TRUE;	/* set indent of next paragraph */
    int		force_format = FALSE;
    int		old_State = State;

    /* length of a line to force formatting: 3 * 'tw' */
    max_len = comp_textwidth(TRUE) * 3;

    /* check for 'q', '2' and '1' in 'formatoptions' */
#ifdef FEAT_COMMENTS
    do_comments = has_format_option(FO_Q_COMS);
#endif
    do_second_indent = has_format_option(FO_Q_SECOND);
    do_number_indent = has_format_option(FO_Q_NUMBER);
    do_trail_white = has_format_option(FO_WHITE_PAR);

    /*
     * Get info about the previous and current line.
     */
    if (curwin->w_cursor.lnum > 1)
	is_not_par = fmt_check_par(curwin->w_cursor.lnum - 1
#ifdef FEAT_COMMENTS
				, &leader_len, &leader_flags, do_comments
#endif
				);
    else
	is_not_par = TRUE;
    next_is_not_par = fmt_check_par(curwin->w_cursor.lnum
#ifdef FEAT_COMMENTS
			   , &next_leader_len, &next_leader_flags, do_comments
#endif
				);
    is_end_par = (is_not_par || next_is_not_par);
    if (!is_end_par && do_trail_white)
	is_end_par = !ends_in_white(curwin->w_cursor.lnum - 1);

    curwin->w_cursor.lnum--;
    for (count = line_count; count != 0 && !got_int; --count)
    {
	/*
	 * Advance to next paragraph.
	 */
	if (advance)
	{
	    curwin->w_cursor.lnum++;
	    prev_is_end_par = is_end_par;
	    is_not_par = next_is_not_par;
#ifdef FEAT_COMMENTS
	    leader_len = next_leader_len;
	    leader_flags = next_leader_flags;
#endif
	}

	/*
	 * The last line to be formatted.
	 */
	if (count == 1 || curwin->w_cursor.lnum == curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count)
	{
	    next_is_not_par = TRUE;
#ifdef FEAT_COMMENTS
	    next_leader_len = 0;
	    next_leader_flags = NULL;
#endif
	}
	else
	{
	    next_is_not_par = fmt_check_par(curwin->w_cursor.lnum + 1
#ifdef FEAT_COMMENTS
			   , &next_leader_len, &next_leader_flags, do_comments
#endif
					);
	    if (do_number_indent)
		next_is_start_par =
			   (get_number_indent(curwin->w_cursor.lnum + 1) > 0);
	}
	advance = TRUE;
	is_end_par = (is_not_par || next_is_not_par || next_is_start_par);
	if (!is_end_par && do_trail_white)
	    is_end_par = !ends_in_white(curwin->w_cursor.lnum);

	/*
	 * Skip lines that are not in a paragraph.
	 */
	if (is_not_par)
	{
	    if (line_count < 0)
		break;
	}
	else
	{
	    /*
	     * For the first line of a paragraph, check indent of second line.
	     * Don't do this for comments and empty lines.
	     */
	    if (first_par_line
		    && (do_second_indent || do_number_indent)
		    && prev_is_end_par
		    && curwin->w_cursor.lnum < curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count
#ifdef FEAT_COMMENTS
		    && leader_len == 0
		    && next_leader_len == 0
#endif
		    )
	    {
		if (do_second_indent
			&& !lineempty(curwin->w_cursor.lnum + 1))
		    second_indent = get_indent_lnum(curwin->w_cursor.lnum + 1);
		else if (do_number_indent)
		    second_indent = get_number_indent(curwin->w_cursor.lnum);
	    }

	    /*
	     * When the comment leader changes, it's the end of the paragraph.
	     */
	    if (curwin->w_cursor.lnum >= curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count
#ifdef FEAT_COMMENTS
		    || !same_leader(curwin->w_cursor.lnum,
					leader_len, leader_flags,
					  next_leader_len, next_leader_flags)
#endif
		    )
		is_end_par = TRUE;

	    /*
	     * If we have got to the end of a paragraph, or the line is
	     * getting long, format it.
	     */
	    if (is_end_par || force_format)
	    {
		if (need_set_indent)
		    /* replace indent in first line with minimal number of
		     * tabs and spaces, according to current options */
		    (void)set_indent(get_indent(), SIN_CHANGED);

		/* put cursor on last non-space */
		State = NORMAL;	/* don't go past end-of-line */
		coladvance((colnr_T)MAXCOL);
		while (curwin->w_cursor.col && vim_isspace(gchar_cursor()))
		    dec_cursor();

		/* do the formatting, without 'showmode' */
		State = INSERT;	/* for open_line() */
		smd_save = p_smd;
		p_smd = FALSE;
		insertchar(NUL, INSCHAR_FORMAT
#ifdef FEAT_COMMENTS
			+ (do_comments ? INSCHAR_DO_COM : 0)
#endif
			+ (avoid_fex ? INSCHAR_NO_FEX : 0), second_indent);
		State = old_State;
		p_smd = smd_save;
		second_indent = -1;
		/* at end of par.: need to set indent of next par. */
		need_set_indent = is_end_par;
		if (is_end_par)
		{
		    /* When called with a negative line count, break at the
		     * end of the paragraph. */
		    if (line_count < 0)
			break;
		    first_par_line = TRUE;
		}
		force_format = FALSE;
	    }

	    /*
	     * When still in same paragraph, join the lines together.  But
	     * first delete the comment leader from the second line.
	     */
	    if (!is_end_par)
	    {
		advance = FALSE;
		curwin->w_cursor.lnum++;
		curwin->w_cursor.col = 0;
		if (line_count < 0 && u_save_cursor() == FAIL)
			break;
#ifdef FEAT_COMMENTS
		(void)del_bytes((long)next_leader_len, FALSE, FALSE);
		if (next_leader_len > 0)
		    mark_col_adjust(curwin->w_cursor.lnum, (colnr_T)0, 0L,
						      (long)-next_leader_len);
#endif
		curwin->w_cursor.lnum--;
		if (do_join(TRUE) == FAIL)
		{
		    beep_flush();
		    break;
		}
		first_par_line = FALSE;
		/* If the line is getting long, format it next time */
		if (STRLEN(ml_get_curline()) > (size_t)max_len)
		    force_format = TRUE;
		else
		    force_format = FALSE;
	    }
	}
	line_breakcheck();
    }
}

/*
 * Return TRUE if line "lnum" ends in a white character.
 */
    static int
ends_in_white(lnum)
    linenr_T	lnum;
{
    char_u	*s = ml_get(lnum);
    size_t	l;

    if (*s == NUL)
	return FALSE;
    /* Don't use STRLEN() inside vim_iswhite(), SAS/C complains: "macro
     * invocation may call function multiple times". */
    l = STRLEN(s) - 1;
    return vim_iswhite(s[l]);
}

/*
 * Blank lines, and lines containing only the comment leader, are left
 * untouched by the formatting.  The function returns TRUE in this
 * case.  It also returns TRUE when a line starts with the end of a comment
 * ('e' in comment flags), so that this line is skipped, and not joined to the
 * previous line.  A new paragraph starts after a blank line, or when the
 * comment leader changes -- webb.
 */
#ifdef FEAT_COMMENTS
    static int
fmt_check_par(lnum, leader_len, leader_flags, do_comments)
    linenr_T	lnum;
    int		*leader_len;
    char_u	**leader_flags;
    int		do_comments;
{
    char_u	*flags = NULL;	    /* init for GCC */
    char_u	*ptr;

    ptr = ml_get(lnum);
    if (do_comments)
	*leader_len = get_leader_len(ptr, leader_flags, FALSE);
    else
	*leader_len = 0;

    if (*leader_len > 0)
    {
	/*
	 * Search for 'e' flag in comment leader flags.
	 */
	flags = *leader_flags;
	while (*flags && *flags != ':' && *flags != COM_END)
	    ++flags;
    }

    return (*skipwhite(ptr + *leader_len) == NUL
	    || (*leader_len > 0 && *flags == COM_END)
	    || startPS(lnum, NUL, FALSE));
}
#else
    static int
fmt_check_par(lnum)
    linenr_T	lnum;
{
    return (*skipwhite(ml_get(lnum)) == NUL || startPS(lnum, NUL, FALSE));
}
#endif

/*
 * Return TRUE when a paragraph starts in line "lnum".  Return FALSE when the
 * previous line is in the same paragraph.  Used for auto-formatting.
 */
    int
paragraph_start(lnum)
    linenr_T	lnum;
{
    char_u	*p;
#ifdef FEAT_COMMENTS
    int		leader_len = 0;		/* leader len of current line */
    char_u	*leader_flags = NULL;	/* flags for leader of current line */
    int		next_leader_len;	/* leader len of next line */
    char_u	*next_leader_flags;	/* flags for leader of next line */
    int		do_comments;		/* format comments */
#endif

    if (lnum <= 1)
	return TRUE;		/* start of the file */

    p = ml_get(lnum - 1);
    if (*p == NUL)
	return TRUE;		/* after empty line */

#ifdef FEAT_COMMENTS
    do_comments = has_format_option(FO_Q_COMS);
#endif
    if (fmt_check_par(lnum - 1
#ifdef FEAT_COMMENTS
				, &leader_len, &leader_flags, do_comments
#endif
		))
	return TRUE;		/* after non-paragraph line */

    if (fmt_check_par(lnum
#ifdef FEAT_COMMENTS
			   , &next_leader_len, &next_leader_flags, do_comments
#endif
		))
	return TRUE;		/* "lnum" is not a paragraph line */

    if (has_format_option(FO_WHITE_PAR) && !ends_in_white(lnum - 1))
	return TRUE;		/* missing trailing space in previous line. */

    if (has_format_option(FO_Q_NUMBER) && (get_number_indent(lnum) > 0))
	return TRUE;		/* numbered item starts in "lnum". */

#ifdef FEAT_COMMENTS
    if (!same_leader(lnum - 1, leader_len, leader_flags,
					  next_leader_len, next_leader_flags))
	return TRUE;		/* change of comment leader. */
#endif

    return FALSE;
}

#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
/*
 * prepare a few things for block mode yank/delete/tilde
 *
 * for delete:
 * - textlen includes the first/last char to be (partly) deleted
 * - start/endspaces is the number of columns that are taken by the
 *   first/last deleted char minus the number of columns that have to be
 *   deleted.  for yank and tilde:
 * - textlen includes the first/last char to be wholly yanked
 * - start/endspaces is the number of columns of the first/last yanked char
 *   that are to be yanked.
 */
    static void
block_prep(oap, bdp, lnum, is_del)
    oparg_T		*oap;
    struct block_def	*bdp;
    linenr_T		lnum;
    int			is_del;
{
    int		incr = 0;
    char_u	*pend;
    char_u	*pstart;
    char_u	*line;
    char_u	*prev_pstart;
    char_u	*prev_pend;

    bdp->startspaces = 0;
    bdp->endspaces = 0;
    bdp->textlen = 0;
    bdp->start_vcol = 0;
    bdp->end_vcol = 0;
#ifdef FEAT_VISUALEXTRA
    bdp->is_short = FALSE;
    bdp->is_oneChar = FALSE;
    bdp->pre_whitesp = 0;
    bdp->pre_whitesp_c = 0;
    bdp->end_char_vcols = 0;
#endif
    bdp->start_char_vcols = 0;

    line = ml_get(lnum);
    pstart = line;
    prev_pstart = line;
    while (bdp->start_vcol < oap->start_vcol && *pstart)
    {
	/* Count a tab for what it's worth (if list mode not on) */
	incr = lbr_chartabsize(pstart, (colnr_T)bdp->start_vcol);
	bdp->start_vcol += incr;
#ifdef FEAT_VISUALEXTRA
	if (vim_iswhite(*pstart))
	{
	    bdp->pre_whitesp += incr;
	    bdp->pre_whitesp_c++;
	}
	else
	{
	    bdp->pre_whitesp = 0;
	    bdp->pre_whitesp_c = 0;
	}
#endif
	prev_pstart = pstart;
	mb_ptr_adv(pstart);
    }
    bdp->start_char_vcols = incr;
    if (bdp->start_vcol < oap->start_vcol)	/* line too short */
    {
	bdp->end_vcol = bdp->start_vcol;
#ifdef FEAT_VISUALEXTRA
	bdp->is_short = TRUE;
#endif
	if (!is_del || oap->op_type == OP_APPEND)
	    bdp->endspaces = oap->end_vcol - oap->start_vcol + 1;
    }
    else
    {
	/* notice: this converts partly selected Multibyte characters to
	 * spaces, too. */
	bdp->startspaces = bdp->start_vcol - oap->start_vcol;
	if (is_del && bdp->startspaces)
	    bdp->startspaces = bdp->start_char_vcols - bdp->startspaces;
	pend = pstart;
	bdp->end_vcol = bdp->start_vcol;
	if (bdp->end_vcol > oap->end_vcol)	/* it's all in one character */
	{
#ifdef FEAT_VISUALEXTRA
	    bdp->is_oneChar = TRUE;
#endif
	    if (oap->op_type == OP_INSERT)
		bdp->endspaces = bdp->start_char_vcols - bdp->startspaces;
	    else if (oap->op_type == OP_APPEND)
	    {
		bdp->startspaces += oap->end_vcol - oap->start_vcol + 1;
		bdp->endspaces = bdp->start_char_vcols - bdp->startspaces;
	    }
	    else
	    {
		bdp->startspaces = oap->end_vcol - oap->start_vcol + 1;
		if (is_del && oap->op_type != OP_LSHIFT)
		{
		    /* just putting the sum of those two into
		     * bdp->startspaces doesn't work for Visual replace,
		     * so we have to split the tab in two */
		    bdp->startspaces = bdp->start_char_vcols
					- (bdp->start_vcol - oap->start_vcol);
		    bdp->endspaces = bdp->end_vcol - oap->end_vcol - 1;
		}
	    }
	}
	else
	{
	    prev_pend = pend;
	    while (bdp->end_vcol <= oap->end_vcol && *pend != NUL)
	    {
		/* Count a tab for what it's worth (if list mode not on) */
		prev_pend = pend;
		incr = lbr_chartabsize_adv(&pend, (colnr_T)bdp->end_vcol);
		bdp->end_vcol += incr;
	    }
	    if (bdp->end_vcol <= oap->end_vcol
		    && (!is_del
			|| oap->op_type == OP_APPEND
			|| oap->op_type == OP_REPLACE)) /* line too short */
	    {
#ifdef FEAT_VISUALEXTRA
		bdp->is_short = TRUE;
#endif
		/* Alternative: include spaces to fill up the block.
		 * Disadvantage: can lead to trailing spaces when the line is
		 * short where the text is put */
		/* if (!is_del || oap->op_type == OP_APPEND) */
		if (oap->op_type == OP_APPEND || virtual_op)
		    bdp->endspaces = oap->end_vcol - bdp->end_vcol
							     + oap->inclusive;
		else
		    bdp->endspaces = 0; /* replace doesn't add characters */
	    }
	    else if (bdp->end_vcol > oap->end_vcol)
	    {
		bdp->endspaces = bdp->end_vcol - oap->end_vcol - 1;
		if (!is_del && bdp->endspaces)
		{
		    bdp->endspaces = incr - bdp->endspaces;
		    if (pend != pstart)
			pend = prev_pend;
		}
	    }
	}
#ifdef FEAT_VISUALEXTRA
	bdp->end_char_vcols = incr;
#endif
	if (is_del && bdp->startspaces)
	    pstart = prev_pstart;
	bdp->textlen = (int)(pend - pstart);
    }
    bdp->textcol = (colnr_T) (pstart - line);
    bdp->textstart = pstart;
}
#endif /* FEAT_VISUAL */

#ifdef FEAT_RIGHTLEFT
static void reverse_line __ARGS((char_u *s));

    static void
reverse_line(s)
    char_u *s;
{
    int	    i, j;
    char_u  c;

    if ((i = (int)STRLEN(s) - 1) <= 0)
	return;

    curwin->w_cursor.col = i - curwin->w_cursor.col;
    for (j = 0; j < i; j++, i--)
    {
	c = s[i]; s[i] = s[j]; s[j] = c;
    }
}

# define RLADDSUBFIX(ptr) if (curwin->w_p_rl) reverse_line(ptr);
#else
# define RLADDSUBFIX(ptr)
#endif

/*
 * add or subtract 'Prenum1' from a number in a line
 * 'command' is CTRL-A for add, CTRL-X for subtract
 *
 * return FAIL for failure, OK otherwise
 */
    int
do_addsub(command, Prenum1)
    int		command;
    linenr_T	Prenum1;
{
    int		col;
    char_u	*buf1;
    char_u	buf2[NUMBUFLEN];
    int		hex;		/* 'X' or 'x': hex; '0': octal */
    static int	hexupper = FALSE;	/* 0xABC */
    unsigned long n;
    long_u	oldn;
    char_u	*ptr;
    int		c;
    int		length = 0;		/* character length of the number */
    int		todel;
    int		dohex;
    int		dooct;
    int		doalp;
    int		firstdigit;
    int		negative;
    int		subtract;

    dohex = (vim_strchr(curbuf->b_p_nf, 'x') != NULL);	/* "heX" */
    dooct = (vim_strchr(curbuf->b_p_nf, 'o') != NULL);	/* "Octal" */
    doalp = (vim_strchr(curbuf->b_p_nf, 'p') != NULL);	/* "alPha" */

    ptr = ml_get_curline();
    RLADDSUBFIX(ptr);

    /*
     * First check if we are on a hexadecimal number, after the "0x".
     */
    col = curwin->w_cursor.col;
    if (dohex)
	while (col > 0 && vim_isxdigit(ptr[col]))
	    --col;
    if (       dohex
	    && col > 0
	    && (ptr[col] == 'X'
		|| ptr[col] == 'x')
	    && ptr[col - 1] == '0'
	    && vim_isxdigit(ptr[col + 1]))
    {
	/*
	 * Found hexadecimal number, move to its start.
	 */
	--col;
    }
    else
    {
	/*
	 * Search forward and then backward to find the start of number.
	 */
	col = curwin->w_cursor.col;

	while (ptr[col] != NUL
		&& !vim_isdigit(ptr[col])
		&& !(doalp && ASCII_ISALPHA(ptr[col])))
	    ++col;

	while (col > 0
		&& vim_isdigit(ptr[col - 1])
		&& !(doalp && ASCII_ISALPHA(ptr[col])))
	    --col;
    }

    /*
     * If a number was found, and saving for undo works, replace the number.
     */
    firstdigit = ptr[col];
    RLADDSUBFIX(ptr);
    if ((!VIM_ISDIGIT(firstdigit) && !(doalp && ASCII_ISALPHA(firstdigit)))
	    || u_save_cursor() != OK)
    {
	beep_flush();
	return FAIL;
    }

    /* get ptr again, because u_save() may have changed it */
    ptr = ml_get_curline();
    RLADDSUBFIX(ptr);

    if (doalp && ASCII_ISALPHA(firstdigit))
    {
	/* decrement or increment alphabetic character */
	if (command == Ctrl_X)
	{
	    if (CharOrd(firstdigit) < Prenum1)
	    {
		if (isupper(firstdigit))
		    firstdigit = 'A';
		else
		    firstdigit = 'a';
	    }
	    else
#ifdef EBCDIC
		firstdigit = EBCDIC_CHAR_ADD(firstdigit, -Prenum1);
#else
		firstdigit -= Prenum1;
#endif
	}
	else
	{
	    if (26 - CharOrd(firstdigit) - 1 < Prenum1)
	    {
		if (isupper(firstdigit))
		    firstdigit = 'Z';
		else
		    firstdigit = 'z';
	    }
	    else
#ifdef EBCDIC
		firstdigit = EBCDIC_CHAR_ADD(firstdigit, Prenum1);
#else
		firstdigit += Prenum1;
#endif
	}
	curwin->w_cursor.col = col;
	(void)del_char(FALSE);
	ins_char(firstdigit);
    }
    else
    {
	negative = FALSE;
	if (col > 0 && ptr[col - 1] == '-')	    /* negative number */
	{
	    --col;
	    negative = TRUE;
	}

	/* get the number value (unsigned) */
	vim_str2nr(ptr + col, &hex, &length, dooct, dohex, NULL, &n);

	/* ignore leading '-' for hex and octal numbers */
	if (hex && negative)
	{
	    ++col;
	    --length;
	    negative = FALSE;
	}

	/* add or subtract */
	subtract = FALSE;
	if (command == Ctrl_X)
	    subtract ^= TRUE;
	if (negative)
	    subtract ^= TRUE;

	oldn = n;
	if (subtract)
	    n -= (unsigned long)Prenum1;
	else
	    n += (unsigned long)Prenum1;

	/* handle wraparound for decimal numbers */
	if (!hex)
	{
	    if (subtract)
	    {
		if (n > oldn)
		{
		    n = 1 + (n ^ (unsigned long)-1);
		    negative ^= TRUE;
		}
	    }
	    else /* add */
	    {
		if (n < oldn)
		{
		    n = (n ^ (unsigned long)-1);
		    negative ^= TRUE;
		}
	    }
	    if (n == 0)
		negative = FALSE;
	}

	/*
	 * Delete the old number.
	 */
	curwin->w_cursor.col = col;
	todel = length;
	c = gchar_cursor();
	/*
	 * Don't include the '-' in the length, only the length of the part
	 * after it is kept the same.
	 */
	if (c == '-')
	    --length;
	while (todel-- > 0)
	{
	    if (c < 0x100 && isalpha(c))
	    {
		if (isupper(c))
		    hexupper = TRUE;
		else
		    hexupper = FALSE;
	    }
	    /* del_char() will mark line needing displaying */
	    (void)del_char(FALSE);
	    c = gchar_cursor();
	}

	/*
	 * Prepare the leading characters in buf1[].
	 * When there are many leading zeros it could be very long.  Allocate
	 * a bit too much.
	 */
	buf1 = alloc((unsigned)length + NUMBUFLEN);
	if (buf1 == NULL)
	    return FAIL;
	ptr = buf1;
	if (negative)
	{
	    *ptr++ = '-';
	}
	if (hex)
	{
	    *ptr++ = '0';
	    --length;
	}
	if (hex == 'x' || hex == 'X')
	{
	    *ptr++ = hex;
	    --length;
	}

	/*
	 * Put the number characters in buf2[].
	 */
	if (hex == 0)
	    sprintf((char *)buf2, "%lu", n);
	else if (hex == '0')
	    sprintf((char *)buf2, "%lo", n);
	else if (hex && hexupper)
	    sprintf((char *)buf2, "%lX", n);
	else
	    sprintf((char *)buf2, "%lx", n);
	length -= (int)STRLEN(buf2);

	/*
	 * Adjust number of zeros to the new number of digits, so the
	 * total length of the number remains the same.
	 * Don't do this when
	 * the result may look like an octal number.
	 */
	if (firstdigit == '0' && !(dooct && hex == 0))
	    while (length-- > 0)
		*ptr++ = '0';
	*ptr = NUL;
	STRCAT(buf1, buf2);
	ins_str(buf1);		/* insert the new number */
	vim_free(buf1);
    }
    --curwin->w_cursor.col;
    curwin->w_set_curswant = TRUE;
#ifdef FEAT_RIGHTLEFT
    ptr = ml_get_buf(curbuf, curwin->w_cursor.lnum, TRUE);
    RLADDSUBFIX(ptr);
#endif
    return OK;
}

#ifdef FEAT_VIMINFO
    int
read_viminfo_register(virp, force)
    vir_T	*virp;
    int		force;
{
    int		eof;
    int		do_it = TRUE;
    int		size;
    int		limit;
    int		i;
    int		set_prev = FALSE;
    char_u	*str;
    char_u	**array = NULL;

    /* We only get here (hopefully) if line[0] == '"' */
    str = virp->vir_line + 1;
    if (*str == '"')
    {
	set_prev = TRUE;
	str++;
    }
    if (!ASCII_ISALNUM(*str) && *str != '-')
    {
	if (viminfo_error("E577: ", _("Illegal register name"), virp->vir_line))
	    return TRUE;	/* too many errors, pretend end-of-file */
	do_it = FALSE;
    }
    get_yank_register(*str++, FALSE);
    if (!force && y_current->y_array != NULL)
	do_it = FALSE;
    size = 0;
    limit = 100;	/* Optimized for registers containing <= 100 lines */
    if (do_it)
    {
	if (set_prev)
	    y_previous = y_current;
	vim_free(y_current->y_array);
	array = y_current->y_array =
		       (char_u **)alloc((unsigned)(limit * sizeof(char_u *)));
	str = skipwhite(str);
	if (STRNCMP(str, "CHAR", 4) == 0)
	    y_current->y_type = MCHAR;
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
	else if (STRNCMP(str, "BLOCK", 5) == 0)
	    y_current->y_type = MBLOCK;
#endif
	else
	    y_current->y_type = MLINE;
	/* get the block width; if it's missing we get a zero, which is OK */
	str = skipwhite(skiptowhite(str));
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
	y_current->y_width = getdigits(&str);
#else
	(void)getdigits(&str);
#endif
    }

    while (!(eof = viminfo_readline(virp))
		    && (virp->vir_line[0] == TAB || virp->vir_line[0] == '<'))
    {
	if (do_it)
	{
	    if (size >= limit)
	    {
		y_current->y_array = (char_u **)
			      alloc((unsigned)(limit * 2 * sizeof(char_u *)));
		for (i = 0; i < limit; i++)
		    y_current->y_array[i] = array[i];
		vim_free(array);
		limit *= 2;
		array = y_current->y_array;
	    }
	    str = viminfo_readstring(virp, 1, TRUE);
	    if (str != NULL)
		array[size++] = str;
	    else
		do_it = FALSE;
	}
    }
    if (do_it)
    {
	if (size == 0)
	{
	    vim_free(array);
	    y_current->y_array = NULL;
	}
	else if (size < limit)
	{
	    y_current->y_array =
			(char_u **)alloc((unsigned)(size * sizeof(char_u *)));
	    for (i = 0; i < size; i++)
		y_current->y_array[i] = array[i];
	    vim_free(array);
	}
	y_current->y_size = size;
    }
    return eof;
}

    void
write_viminfo_registers(fp)
    FILE    *fp;
{
    int	    i, j;
    char_u  *type;
    char_u  c;
    int	    num_lines;
    int	    max_num_lines;
    int	    max_kbyte;
    long    len;

    fprintf(fp, _("\n# Registers:\n"));

    /* Get '<' value, use old '"' value if '<' is not found. */
    max_num_lines = get_viminfo_parameter('<');
    if (max_num_lines < 0)
	max_num_lines = get_viminfo_parameter('"');
    if (max_num_lines == 0)
	return;
    max_kbyte = get_viminfo_parameter('s');
    if (max_kbyte == 0)
	return;
    for (i = 0; i < NUM_REGISTERS; i++)
    {
	if (y_regs[i].y_array == NULL)
	    continue;
#ifdef FEAT_CLIPBOARD
	/* Skip '*'/'+' register, we don't want them back next time */
	if (i == STAR_REGISTER || i == PLUS_REGISTER)
	    continue;
#endif
#ifdef FEAT_DND
	/* Neither do we want the '~' register */
	if (i == TILDE_REGISTER)
	    continue;
#endif
	/* Skip empty registers. */
	num_lines = y_regs[i].y_size;
	if (num_lines == 0
		|| (num_lines == 1 && y_regs[i].y_type == MCHAR
					&& STRLEN(y_regs[i].y_array[0]) == 0))
	    continue;

	if (max_kbyte > 0)
	{
	    /* Skip register if there is more text than the maximum size. */
	    len = 0;
	    for (j = 0; j < num_lines; j++)
		len += (long)STRLEN(y_regs[i].y_array[j]) + 1L;
	    if (len > (long)max_kbyte * 1024L)
		continue;
	}

	switch (y_regs[i].y_type)
	{
	    case MLINE:
		type = (char_u *)"LINE";
		break;
	    case MCHAR:
		type = (char_u *)"CHAR";
		break;
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
	    case MBLOCK:
		type = (char_u *)"BLOCK";
		break;
#endif
	    default:
		sprintf((char *)IObuff, _("E574: Unknown register type %d"),
							    y_regs[i].y_type);
		emsg(IObuff);
		type = (char_u *)"LINE";
		break;
	}
	if (y_previous == &y_regs[i])
	    fprintf(fp, "\"");
	c = get_register_name(i);
	fprintf(fp, "\"%c\t%s\t%d\n", c, type,
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
		    (int)y_regs[i].y_width
#else
		    0
#endif
		    );

	/* If max_num_lines < 0, then we save ALL the lines in the register */
	if (max_num_lines > 0 && num_lines > max_num_lines)
	    num_lines = max_num_lines;
	for (j = 0; j < num_lines; j++)
	{
	    putc('\t', fp);
	    viminfo_writestring(fp, y_regs[i].y_array[j]);
	}
    }
}
#endif /* FEAT_VIMINFO */

#if defined(FEAT_CLIPBOARD) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * SELECTION / PRIMARY ('*')
 *
 * Text selection stuff that uses the GUI selection register '*'.  When using a
 * GUI this may be text from another window, otherwise it is the last text we
 * had highlighted with VIsual mode.  With mouse support, clicking the middle
 * button performs the paste, otherwise you will need to do <"*p>. "
 * If not under X, it is synonymous with the clipboard register '+'.
 *
 * X CLIPBOARD ('+')
 *
 * Text selection stuff that uses the GUI clipboard register '+'.
 * Under X, this matches the standard cut/paste buffer CLIPBOARD selection.
 * It will be used for unnamed cut/pasting is 'clipboard' contains "unnamed",
 * otherwise you will need to do <"+p>. "
 * If not under X, it is synonymous with the selection register '*'.
 */

/*
 * Routine to export any final X selection we had to the environment
 * so that the text is still available after vim has exited. X selections
 * only exist while the owning application exists, so we write to the
 * permanent (while X runs) store CUT_BUFFER0.
 * Dump the CLIPBOARD selection if we own it (it's logically the more
 * 'permanent' of the two), otherwise the PRIMARY one.
 * For now, use a hard-coded sanity limit of 1Mb of data.
 */
#if defined(FEAT_X11) && defined(FEAT_CLIPBOARD)
    void
x11_export_final_selection()
{
    Display	*dpy;
    char_u	*str = NULL;
    long_u	len = 0;
    int		motion_type = -1;

# ifdef FEAT_GUI
    if (gui.in_use)
	dpy = X_DISPLAY;
    else
# endif
# ifdef FEAT_XCLIPBOARD
	dpy = xterm_dpy;
# else
	return;
# endif

    /* Get selection to export */
    if (clip_plus.owned)
	motion_type = clip_convert_selection(&str, &len, &clip_plus);
    else if (clip_star.owned)
	motion_type = clip_convert_selection(&str, &len, &clip_star);

    /* Check it's OK */
    if (dpy != NULL && str != NULL && motion_type >= 0
					       && len < 1024*1024 && len > 0)
    {
	XStoreBuffer(dpy, (char *)str, (int)len, 0);
	XFlush(dpy);
    }

    vim_free(str);
}
#endif

    void
clip_free_selection(cbd)
    VimClipboard	*cbd;
{
    struct yankreg *y_ptr = y_current;

    if (cbd == &clip_plus)
	y_current = &y_regs[PLUS_REGISTER];
    else
	y_current = &y_regs[STAR_REGISTER];
    free_yank_all();
    y_current->y_size = 0;
    y_current = y_ptr;
}

/*
 * Get the selected text and put it in the gui selection register '*' or '+'.
 */
    void
clip_get_selection(cbd)
    VimClipboard	*cbd;
{
    struct yankreg *old_y_previous, *old_y_current;
    pos_T	old_cursor;
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
    pos_T	old_visual;
    int		old_visual_mode;
#endif
    colnr_T	old_curswant;
    int		old_set_curswant;
    pos_T	old_op_start, old_op_end;
    oparg_T	oa;
    cmdarg_T	ca;

    if (cbd->owned)
    {
	if ((cbd == &clip_plus && y_regs[PLUS_REGISTER].y_array != NULL)
		|| (cbd == &clip_star && y_regs[STAR_REGISTER].y_array != NULL))
	    return;

	/* Get the text between clip_star.start & clip_star.end */
	old_y_previous = y_previous;
	old_y_current = y_current;
	old_cursor = curwin->w_cursor;
	old_curswant = curwin->w_curswant;
	old_set_curswant = curwin->w_set_curswant;
	old_op_start = curbuf->b_op_start;
	old_op_end = curbuf->b_op_end;
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
	old_visual = VIsual;
	old_visual_mode = VIsual_mode;
#endif
	clear_oparg(&oa);
	oa.regname = (cbd == &clip_plus ? '+' : '*');
	oa.op_type = OP_YANK;
	vim_memset(&ca, 0, sizeof(ca));
	ca.oap = &oa;
	ca.cmdchar = 'y';
	ca.count1 = 1;
	ca.retval = CA_NO_ADJ_OP_END;
	do_pending_operator(&ca, 0, TRUE);
	y_previous = old_y_previous;
	y_current = old_y_current;
	curwin->w_cursor = old_cursor;
	changed_cline_bef_curs();   /* need to update w_virtcol et al */
	curwin->w_curswant = old_curswant;
	curwin->w_set_curswant = old_set_curswant;
	curbuf->b_op_start = old_op_start;
	curbuf->b_op_end = old_op_end;
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
	VIsual = old_visual;
	VIsual_mode = old_visual_mode;
#endif
    }
    else
    {
	clip_free_selection(cbd);

	/* Try to get selected text from another window */
	clip_gen_request_selection(cbd);
    }
}

/* Convert from the GUI selection string into the '*'/'+' register */
    void
clip_yank_selection(type, str, len, cbd)
    int		type;
    char_u	*str;
    long	len;
    VimClipboard *cbd;
{
    struct yankreg *y_ptr;

    if (cbd == &clip_plus)
	y_ptr = &y_regs[PLUS_REGISTER];
    else
	y_ptr = &y_regs[STAR_REGISTER];

    clip_free_selection(cbd);

    str_to_reg(y_ptr, type, str, len, 0L);
}

/*
 * Convert the '*'/'+' register into a GUI selection string returned in *str
 * with length *len.
 * Returns the motion type, or -1 for failure.
 */
    int
clip_convert_selection(str, len, cbd)
    char_u	**str;
    long_u	*len;
    VimClipboard *cbd;
{
    char_u	*p;
    int		lnum;
    int		i, j;
    int_u	eolsize;
    struct yankreg *y_ptr;

    if (cbd == &clip_plus)
	y_ptr = &y_regs[PLUS_REGISTER];
    else
	y_ptr = &y_regs[STAR_REGISTER];

#ifdef USE_CRNL
    eolsize = 2;
#else
    eolsize = 1;
#endif

    *str = NULL;
    *len = 0;
    if (y_ptr->y_array == NULL)
	return -1;

    for (i = 0; i < y_ptr->y_size; i++)
	*len += (long_u)STRLEN(y_ptr->y_array[i]) + eolsize;

    /*
     * Don't want newline character at end of last line if we're in MCHAR mode.
     */
    if (y_ptr->y_type == MCHAR && *len >= eolsize)
	*len -= eolsize;

    p = *str = lalloc(*len + 1, TRUE);	/* add one to avoid zero */
    if (p == NULL)
	return -1;
    lnum = 0;
    for (i = 0, j = 0; i < (int)*len; i++, j++)
    {
	if (y_ptr->y_array[lnum][j] == '\n')
	    p[i] = NUL;
	else if (y_ptr->y_array[lnum][j] == NUL)
	{
#ifdef USE_CRNL
	    p[i++] = '\r';
#endif
#ifdef USE_CR
	    p[i] = '\r';
#else
	    p[i] = '\n';
#endif
	    lnum++;
	    j = -1;
	}
	else
	    p[i] = y_ptr->y_array[lnum][j];
    }
    return y_ptr->y_type;
}


# if defined(FEAT_VISUAL) || defined(FEAT_EVAL)
/*
 * If we have written to a clipboard register, send the text to the clipboard.
 */
    static void
may_set_selection()
{
    if (y_current == &(y_regs[STAR_REGISTER]) && clip_star.available)
    {
	clip_own_selection(&clip_star);
	clip_gen_set_selection(&clip_star);
    }
    else if (y_current == &(y_regs[PLUS_REGISTER]) && clip_plus.available)
    {
	clip_own_selection(&clip_plus);
	clip_gen_set_selection(&clip_plus);
    }
}
# endif

#endif /* FEAT_CLIPBOARD || PROTO */


#if defined(FEAT_DND) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * Replace the contents of the '~' register with str.
 */
    void
dnd_yank_drag_data(str, len)
    char_u	*str;
    long	len;
{
    struct yankreg *curr;

    curr = y_current;
    y_current = &y_regs[TILDE_REGISTER];
    free_yank_all();
    str_to_reg(y_current, MCHAR, str, len, 0L);
    y_current = curr;
}
#endif


#if defined(FEAT_EVAL) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * Return the type of a register.
 * Used for getregtype()
 * Returns MAUTO for error.
 */
    char_u
get_reg_type(regname, reglen)
    int	    regname;
    long    *reglen;
{
    switch (regname)
    {
	case '%':		/* file name */
	case '#':		/* alternate file name */
	case '=':		/* expression */
	case ':':		/* last command line */
	case '/':		/* last search-pattern */
	case '.':		/* last inserted text */
#ifdef FEAT_SEARCHPATH
	case Ctrl_F:		/* Filename under cursor */
	case Ctrl_P:		/* Path under cursor, expand via "path" */
#endif
	case Ctrl_W:		/* word under cursor */
	case Ctrl_A:		/* WORD (mnemonic All) under cursor */
	case '_':		/* black hole: always empty */
	    return MCHAR;
    }

#ifdef FEAT_CLIPBOARD
    regname = may_get_selection(regname);
#endif

    /* Should we check for a valid name? */
    get_yank_register(regname, FALSE);

    if (y_current->y_array != NULL)
    {
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
	if (reglen != NULL && y_current->y_type == MBLOCK)
	    *reglen = y_current->y_width;
#endif
	return y_current->y_type;
    }
    return MAUTO;
}

/*
 * Return the contents of a register as a single allocated string.
 * Used for "@r" in expressions and for getreg().
 * Returns NULL for error.
 */
    char_u *
get_reg_contents(regname, allowexpr, expr_src)
    int		regname;
    int		allowexpr;	/* allow "=" register */
    int		expr_src;	/* get expression for "=" register */
{
    long	i;
    char_u	*retval;
    int		allocated;
    long	len;

    /* Don't allow using an expression register inside an expression */
    if (regname == '=')
    {
	if (allowexpr)
	{
	    if (expr_src)
		return get_expr_line_src();
	    return get_expr_line();
	}
	return NULL;
    }

    if (regname == '@')	    /* "@@" is used for unnamed register */
	regname = '"';

    /* check for valid regname */
    if (regname != NUL && !valid_yank_reg(regname, FALSE))
	return NULL;

#ifdef FEAT_CLIPBOARD
    regname = may_get_selection(regname);
#endif

    if (get_spec_reg(regname, &retval, &allocated, FALSE))
    {
	if (retval == NULL)
	    return NULL;
	if (!allocated)
	    retval = vim_strsave(retval);
	return retval;
    }

    get_yank_register(regname, FALSE);
    if (y_current->y_array == NULL)
	return NULL;

    /*
     * Compute length of resulting string.
     */
    len = 0;
    for (i = 0; i < y_current->y_size; ++i)
    {
	len += (long)STRLEN(y_current->y_array[i]);
	/*
	 * Insert a newline between lines and after last line if
	 * y_type is MLINE.
	 */
	if (y_current->y_type == MLINE || i < y_current->y_size - 1)
	    ++len;
    }

    retval = lalloc(len + 1, TRUE);

    /*
     * Copy the lines of the yank register into the string.
     */
    if (retval != NULL)
    {
	len = 0;
	for (i = 0; i < y_current->y_size; ++i)
	{
	    STRCPY(retval + len, y_current->y_array[i]);
	    len += (long)STRLEN(retval + len);

	    /*
	     * Insert a NL between lines and after the last line if y_type is
	     * MLINE.
	     */
	    if (y_current->y_type == MLINE || i < y_current->y_size - 1)
		retval[len++] = '\n';
	}
	retval[len] = NUL;
    }

    return retval;
}

/*
 * Store string "str" in register "name".
 * "maxlen" is the maximum number of bytes to use, -1 for all bytes.
 * If "must_append" is TRUE, always append to the register.  Otherwise append
 * if "name" is an uppercase letter.
 * Note: "maxlen" and "must_append" don't work for the "/" register.
 * Careful: 'str' is modified, you may have to use a copy!
 * If "str" ends in '\n' or '\r', use linewise, otherwise use characterwise.
 */
    void
write_reg_contents(name, str, maxlen, must_append)
    int		name;
    char_u	*str;
    int		maxlen;
    int		must_append;
{
    write_reg_contents_ex(name, str, maxlen, must_append, MAUTO, 0L);
}

    void
write_reg_contents_ex(name, str, maxlen, must_append, yank_type, block_len)
    int		name;
    char_u	*str;
    int		maxlen;
    int		must_append;
    int		yank_type;
    long	block_len;
{
    struct yankreg  *old_y_previous, *old_y_current;
    long	    len;

    if (maxlen >= 0)
	len = maxlen;
    else
	len = (long)STRLEN(str);

    /* Special case: '/' search pattern */
    if (name == '/')
    {
	set_last_search_pat(str, RE_SEARCH, TRUE, TRUE);
	return;
    }

#ifdef FEAT_EVAL
    if (name == '=')
    {
	char_u	    *p, *s;

	p = vim_strnsave(str, (int)len);
	if (p == NULL)
	    return;
	if (must_append)
	{
	    s = concat_str(get_expr_line_src(), p);
	    vim_free(p);
	    p = s;

	}
	set_expr_line(p);
	return;
    }
#endif

    if (!valid_yank_reg(name, TRUE))	    /* check for valid reg name */
    {
	emsg_invreg(name);
	return;
    }

    if (name == '_')	    /* black hole: nothing to do */
	return;

    /* Don't want to change the current (unnamed) register */
    old_y_previous = y_previous;
    old_y_current = y_current;

    get_yank_register(name, TRUE);
    if (!y_append && !must_append)
	free_yank_all();
#ifndef FEAT_VISUAL
    /* Just in case - make sure we don't use MBLOCK */
    if (yank_type == MBLOCK)
	yank_type = MAUTO;
#endif
    if (yank_type == MAUTO)
	yank_type = ((len > 0 && (str[len - 1] == '\n' || str[len - 1] == '\r'))
							     ? MLINE : MCHAR);
    str_to_reg(y_current, yank_type, str, len, block_len);

# ifdef FEAT_CLIPBOARD
    /* Send text of clipboard register to the clipboard. */
    may_set_selection();
# endif

    /* ':let @" = "val"' should change the meaning of the "" register */
    if (name != '"')
	y_previous = old_y_previous;
    y_current = old_y_current;
}
#endif	/* FEAT_EVAL */

#if defined(FEAT_CLIPBOARD) || defined(FEAT_EVAL)
/*
 * Put a string into a register.  When the register is not empty, the string
 * is appended.
 */
    static void
str_to_reg(y_ptr, type, str, len, blocklen)
    struct yankreg	*y_ptr;		/* pointer to yank register */
    int			type;		/* MCHAR, MLINE or MBLOCK */
    char_u		*str;		/* string to put in register */
    long		len;		/* length of string */
    long		blocklen;	/* width of Visual block */
{
    int		lnum;
    long	start;
    long	i;
    int		extra;
    int		newlines;		/* number of lines added */
    int		extraline = 0;		/* extra line at the end */
    int		append = FALSE;		/* append to last line in register */
    char_u	*s;
    char_u	**pp;
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
    long	maxlen;
#endif

    if (y_ptr->y_array == NULL)		/* NULL means emtpy register */
	y_ptr->y_size = 0;

    /*
     * Count the number of lines within the string
     */
    newlines = 0;
    for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
	if (str[i] == '\n')
	    ++newlines;
    if (type == MCHAR || len == 0 || str[len - 1] != '\n')
    {
	extraline = 1;
	++newlines;	/* count extra newline at the end */
    }
    if (y_ptr->y_size > 0 && y_ptr->y_type == MCHAR)
    {
	append = TRUE;
	--newlines;	/* uncount newline when appending first line */
    }

    /*
     * Allocate an array to hold the pointers to the new register lines.
     * If the register was not empty, move the existing lines to the new array.
     */
    pp = (char_u **)lalloc_clear((y_ptr->y_size + newlines)
						    * sizeof(char_u *), TRUE);
    if (pp == NULL)	/* out of memory */
	return;
    for (lnum = 0; lnum < y_ptr->y_size; ++lnum)
	pp[lnum] = y_ptr->y_array[lnum];
    vim_free(y_ptr->y_array);
    y_ptr->y_array = pp;
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
    maxlen = 0;
#endif

    /*
     * Find the end of each line and save it into the array.
     */
    for (start = 0; start < len + extraline; start += i + 1)
    {
	for (i = start; i < len; ++i)	/* find the end of the line */
	    if (str[i] == '\n')
		break;
	i -= start;			/* i is now length of line */
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
	if (i > maxlen)
	    maxlen = i;
#endif
	if (append)
	{
	    --lnum;
	    extra = (int)STRLEN(y_ptr->y_array[lnum]);
	}
	else
	    extra = 0;
	s = alloc((unsigned)(i + extra + 1));
	if (s == NULL)
	    break;
	if (extra)
	    mch_memmove(s, y_ptr->y_array[lnum], (size_t)extra);
	if (append)
	    vim_free(y_ptr->y_array[lnum]);
	if (i)
	    mch_memmove(s + extra, str + start, (size_t)i);
	extra += i;
	s[extra] = NUL;
	y_ptr->y_array[lnum++] = s;
	while (--extra >= 0)
	{
	    if (*s == NUL)
		*s = '\n';	    /* replace NUL with newline */
	    ++s;
	}
	append = FALSE;		    /* only first line is appended */
    }
    y_ptr->y_type = type;
    y_ptr->y_size = lnum;
# ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
    if (type == MBLOCK)
	y_ptr->y_width = (blocklen < 0 ? maxlen - 1 : blocklen);
    else
	y_ptr->y_width = 0;
# endif
}
#endif /* FEAT_CLIPBOARD || FEAT_EVAL || PROTO */

    void
clear_oparg(oap)
    oparg_T	*oap;
{
    vim_memset(oap, 0, sizeof(oparg_T));
}

static long	line_count_info __ARGS((char_u *line, long *wc, long *cc, long limit, int eol_size));

/*
 *  Count the number of bytes, characters and "words" in a line.
 *
 *  "Words" are counted by looking for boundaries between non-space and
 *  space characters.  (it seems to produce results that match 'wc'.)
 *
 *  Return value is byte count; word count for the line is added to "*wc".
 *  Char count is added to "*cc".
 *
 *  The function will only examine the first "limit" characters in the
 *  line, stopping if it encounters an end-of-line (NUL byte).  In that
 *  case, eol_size will be added to the character count to account for
 *  the size of the EOL character.
 */
    static long
line_count_info(line, wc, cc, limit, eol_size)
    char_u	*line;
    long	*wc;
    long	*cc;
    long	limit;
    int		eol_size;
{
    long	i;
    long	words = 0;
    long	chars = 0;
    int		is_word = 0;

    for (i = 0; line[i] && i < limit; )
    {
	if (is_word)
	{
	    if (vim_isspace(line[i]))
	    {
		words++;
		is_word = 0;
	    }
	}
	else if (!vim_isspace(line[i]))
	    is_word = 1;
	++chars;
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
	i += (*mb_ptr2len)(line + i);
#else
	++i;
#endif
    }

    if (is_word)
	words++;
    *wc += words;

    /* Add eol_size if the end of line was reached before hitting limit. */
    if (line[i] == NUL && i < limit)
    {
	i += eol_size;
	chars += eol_size;
    }
    *cc += chars;
    return i;
}

/*
 * Give some info about the position of the cursor (for "g CTRL-G").
 * In Visual mode, give some info about the selected region.  (In this case,
 * the *_count_cursor variables store running totals for the selection.)
 */
    void
cursor_pos_info()
{
    char_u	*p;
    char_u	buf1[50];
    char_u	buf2[40];
    linenr_T	lnum;
    long	byte_count = 0;
    long	byte_count_cursor = 0;
    long	char_count = 0;
    long	char_count_cursor = 0;
    long	word_count = 0;
    long	word_count_cursor = 0;
    int		eol_size;
    long	last_check = 100000L;
#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
    long	line_count_selected = 0;
    pos_T	min_pos, max_pos;
    oparg_T	oparg;
    struct block_def	bd;
#endif

    /*
     * Compute the length of the file in characters.
     */
    if (curbuf->b_ml.ml_flags & ML_EMPTY)
    {
	MSG(_(no_lines_msg));
    }
    else
    {
	if (get_fileformat(curbuf) == EOL_DOS)
	    eol_size = 2;
	else
	    eol_size = 1;

#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
	if (VIsual_active)
	{
	    if (lt(VIsual, curwin->w_cursor))
	    {
		min_pos = VIsual;
		max_pos = curwin->w_cursor;
	    }
	    else
	    {
		min_pos = curwin->w_cursor;
		max_pos = VIsual;
	    }
	    if (*p_sel == 'e' && max_pos.col > 0)
		--max_pos.col;

	    if (VIsual_mode == Ctrl_V)
	    {
		oparg.is_VIsual = 1;
		oparg.block_mode = TRUE;
		oparg.op_type = OP_NOP;
		getvcols(curwin, &min_pos, &max_pos,
					  &oparg.start_vcol, &oparg.end_vcol);
		if (curwin->w_curswant == MAXCOL)
		    oparg.end_vcol = MAXCOL;
		/* Swap the start, end vcol if needed */
		if (oparg.end_vcol < oparg.start_vcol)
		{
		    oparg.end_vcol += oparg.start_vcol;
		    oparg.start_vcol = oparg.end_vcol - oparg.start_vcol;
		    oparg.end_vcol -= oparg.start_vcol;
		}
	    }
	    line_count_selected = max_pos.lnum - min_pos.lnum + 1;
	}
#endif

	for (lnum = 1; lnum <= curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count; ++lnum)
	{
	    /* Check for a CTRL-C every 100000 characters. */
	    if (byte_count > last_check)
	    {
		ui_breakcheck();
		if (got_int)
		    return;
		last_check = byte_count + 100000L;
	    }

#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
	    /* Do extra processing for VIsual mode. */
	    if (VIsual_active
		    && lnum >= min_pos.lnum && lnum <= max_pos.lnum)
	    {
		char_u	    *s = NULL;
		long	    len = 0L;

		switch (VIsual_mode)
		{
		    case Ctrl_V:
# ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
			virtual_op = virtual_active();
# endif
			block_prep(&oparg, &bd, lnum, 0);
# ifdef FEAT_VIRTUALEDIT
			virtual_op = MAYBE;
# endif
			s = bd.textstart;
			len = (long)bd.textlen;
			break;
		    case 'V':
			s = ml_get(lnum);
			len = MAXCOL;
			break;
		    case 'v':
			{
			    colnr_T start_col = (lnum == min_pos.lnum)
							   ? min_pos.col : 0;
			    colnr_T end_col = (lnum == max_pos.lnum)
				      ? max_pos.col - start_col + 1 : MAXCOL;

			    s = ml_get(lnum) + start_col;
			    len = end_col;
			}
			break;
		}
		if (s != NULL)
		{
		    byte_count_cursor += line_count_info(s, &word_count_cursor,
					   &char_count_cursor, len, eol_size);
		    if (lnum == curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count
			    && !curbuf->b_p_eol
			    && curbuf->b_p_bin
			    && (long)STRLEN(s) < len)
			byte_count_cursor -= eol_size;
		}
	    }
	    else
#endif
	    {
		/* In non-visual mode, check for the line the cursor is on */
		if (lnum == curwin->w_cursor.lnum)
		{
		    word_count_cursor += word_count;
		    char_count_cursor += char_count;
		    byte_count_cursor = byte_count +
			line_count_info(ml_get(lnum),
				&word_count_cursor, &char_count_cursor,
				  (long)(curwin->w_cursor.col + 1), eol_size);
		}
	    }
	    /* Add to the running totals */
	    byte_count += line_count_info(ml_get(lnum), &word_count,
					 &char_count, (long)MAXCOL, eol_size);
	}

	/* Correction for when last line doesn't have an EOL. */
	if (!curbuf->b_p_eol && curbuf->b_p_bin)
	    byte_count -= eol_size;

#ifdef FEAT_VISUAL
	if (VIsual_active)
	{
	    if (VIsual_mode == Ctrl_V && curwin->w_curswant < MAXCOL)
	    {
		getvcols(curwin, &min_pos, &max_pos, &min_pos.col,
								&max_pos.col);
		sprintf((char *)buf1, _("%ld Cols; "),
			(long)(oparg.end_vcol - oparg.start_vcol + 1));
	    }
	    else
		buf1[0] = NUL;

	    if (char_count_cursor == byte_count_cursor
						  && char_count == byte_count)
		sprintf((char *)IObuff, _("Selected %s%ld of %ld Lines; %ld of %ld Words; %ld of %ld Bytes"),
			buf1, line_count_selected,
			(long)curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count,
			word_count_cursor, word_count,
			byte_count_cursor, byte_count);
	    else
		sprintf((char *)IObuff, _("Selected %s%ld of %ld Lines; %ld of %ld Words; %ld of %ld Chars; %ld of %ld Bytes"),
			buf1, line_count_selected,
			(long)curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count,
			word_count_cursor, word_count,
			char_count_cursor, char_count,
			byte_count_cursor, byte_count);
	}
	else
#endif
	{
	    p = ml_get_curline();
	    validate_virtcol();
	    col_print(buf1, (int)curwin->w_cursor.col + 1,
		    (int)curwin->w_virtcol + 1);
	    col_print(buf2, (int)STRLEN(p), linetabsize(p));

	    if (char_count_cursor == byte_count_cursor
		    && char_count == byte_count)
		sprintf((char *)IObuff, _("Col %s of %s; Line %ld of %ld; Word %ld of %ld; Byte %ld of %ld"),
		    (char *)buf1, (char *)buf2,
		    (long)curwin->w_cursor.lnum,
		    (long)curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count,
		    word_count_cursor, word_count,
		    byte_count_cursor, byte_count);
	    else
		sprintf((char *)IObuff, _("Col %s of %s; Line %ld of %ld; Word %ld of %ld; Char %ld of %ld; Byte %ld of %ld"),
		    (char *)buf1, (char *)buf2,
		    (long)curwin->w_cursor.lnum,
		    (long)curbuf->b_ml.ml_line_count,
		    word_count_cursor, word_count,
		    char_count_cursor, char_count,
		    byte_count_cursor, byte_count);
	}

#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
	byte_count = bomb_size();
	if (byte_count > 0)
	    sprintf((char *)IObuff + STRLEN(IObuff), _("(+%ld for BOM)"),
								  byte_count);
#endif
	/* Don't shorten this message, the user asked for it. */
	p = p_shm;
	p_shm = (char_u *)"";
	msg(IObuff);
	p_shm = p;
    }
}