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<h1>HTML Tidy - Frequently Asked Questions</h1>

<h2>Overview</h2>

<p class="abstract">Certain questions about Tidy come up on a
regular basis. These are some that have been culled from postings
to the html-tidy@w3.org and tidy-develop@lists.sourceforge.net
mailing lists. If you don't see your question addressed here, see
<a href="#support">How To Get Support</a> below.</p>

<ul>
<li><a href="#what-now">What Now?</a></li>

<li><a href="#support">How to Get Support?</a></li>

<li><a href="#bug">How to Submit A Bug Report</a></li>

<li><a href="#feature">How to Submit A Feature Request</a></li>

<li><a href="#layout">How Do I Control the Output Layout?</a></li>

<li><a href="#version">What Version of Tidy Should I Use?</a></li>

<li><a href="#regression">How Do I Run A Regression Test?</a></li>
</ul>

<hr />
<dl>
<dt><a name="what-now" id="what-now"></a>What Now?</dt>

<dd><p>If you have a popup screen that reads as follows:
<pre>
HTML Tidy for Windows &lt;vers 1st August 2002; built on Aug 8 2002, at 15:41:13&gt;
Parsing Console input &lt;stdin&gt;
</pre>

<p>and do not know what to do next, read on.</p>

<p>Tidy is waiting for your HTML to come in, so it can parse it.
 Tidy is fundamentally a tool that reads in HTML cleans it up and
writes it out again. It was developed as a program you run from the
console prompt, but there are GUI encapsulations available, e.g.
HTML-Kit, which you might prefer.</p>

<p>If you are using Windows, the first step is to unzip the zip file
and place the tidy.exe file in a folder somewhere on your executables
path. You may also want to set up a config file to save having to type
lots of options each time you run Tidy. From the console prompt you can
run Tidy like this:</p>

<pre>
C> tidy -m mywebpage.html
</pre>

<p>In this case, the <code>-m</code> option requests Tidy to write
the tidied file back to the same filename as it read from
(mywebpage.html). Tidy will give you a breakdown of the problems it
found and the version of HTML the file appears to be using.</p>

<p>To get a listing of Tidy command line options, just type 
<code>tidy -?</code>.  To see a listing on configuration options,
try <code>tidy -help-config</code>.  To get more info on the
config options, see the <a 
href="http://tidy.sourceforge.net/docs/quickref.html">Quick Reference</a>.</p>

<p>See also Dave Raggett's <a href="http://tidy.sourceforge.net/docs/Overview.html#help">User Guide</a>.</p>

<p>If you're not comfortable with the DOS command line, you should
try one of the <a href="http://tidy.sourceforge.net/#tidylibapps">GUI
Applications</a>.</p>
</dd>

<dt><a name="support" id="support"></a>How To Get Support</dt>

<dd>
<p>For general HTML Tidy support, the original mailing list
html-tidy@w3.org is best. Sometimes developers are the last to
know... Also, this list covers both Java and C versions, not to
mention various value-added products such as GUI front ends, Perl
and Python integration, etc. If you don't get a response after a
couple tries or if you have a bug fix, bump it over to the
developer list at tidy-develop@lists.sourceforge.net. It's not a
hard line, but that is the general arrangement.</p>
</dd>

<dt><a name="bug" id="bug"></a>How to Submit A Bug Report</dt>

<dd>
<p>You are encouraged to report bugs you found to the Tidy
developer team. Tidy's quality depends on your feedback. You can
either file your bug report in the Sourceforge <a
href="http://sourceforge.net/tracker/?func=add&amp;group_id=27659&amp;atid=390963">
bug tracker</a> for HTML Tidy (<em>recommended</em>) or send a mail
to the mailing list at html-tidy@w3.org. Note you do <em>not</em>
have to have a Sourceforge account in order to file bug reports, or
be subscribed to html-tidy@w3.org in order to post messages to the
list.</p>

<p>Prior to submitting a bug report, please check that the bug is
not already known. Many are. If you are not sure, just ask. If it
is new bug, make sure to include at least the following information
in your report:</p>

<ul>
<li>A desciption of what you think went wrong.</li>

<li>The HTML Tidy version (find it out by running <code>tidy
-v</code>) and operating system you are running.</li>

<li>The input, that exposes the bug.<br />
 A small HTML document that reproduces the problem is best.</li>

<li>The configuration options you've used. Command line options
like<br />
 <code>-asxml</code>, configuration files, etc. You may use
<code>tidy -show-config</code> to get an overview of the active
Tidy settings.</li>

<li>Your e-mail address for further questions and comments.</li>
</ul>

<p>These information are necessary to reproduce whatever is
failing, without them we cannot help you. Additional information -
and patches - are very welcome!</p>

<p><em>Please include only one bug per report.</em> Reports with
multiple bugs are less easy to track and some bugs may get
missed.</p>
</dd>

<dt><a name="feature" id="feature"></a>How to Submit A Feature
Request</dt>

<dd>
<p>If you want Tidy to do something new that it doesn't do today
(or stop doing something), then it is probably a feature
request.</p>

<p>The process for submitting a feature request is very similar to
bug requests. A different <a
href="http://sourceforge.net/tracker/?atid=390966&amp;group_id=27659">
tracker</a> is used on SourceForge to denote the difference in
subject matter.</p>

<p>As with bugs, please be sure that the feature has not already
been requested. If the feature has already requested, you can add
your comments to the feature request tracker, or send mail to the
<a href="mailto:html-tidy@w3.org">mailing list</a> indicating your
wish to also have the feature implemented. If the feature has not
already been requested, send the same information as for a bug
report, but place special emphasis on the desired output for a
given input, desired options, etc. - please be as specific as
possible about what you want Tidy to <em>do</em>.</p>
</dd>

<dt><a name="layout" id="layout"></a>How Do I Control the Output Layout?</dt>

<dd>
<p>There are three primary options that control how Tidy 
formats your markup:</p>
<ul>
  <li><a class="code"
         href="quickref.html#indent">indent</a></li>
  <li><a class="code"
         href="quickref.html#indent-attributes">indent-attributes</a></li>
  <li><a class="code"
         href="quickref.html#vertical-space">vertical-space</a></li>
</ul>

<p>Briefly, <code>indent</code> sets the level of left-to-right indenting 
and, somewhat, how often elements are put onto a new line.  The options 
are <code>yes</code>, <code>no</code>, and <code>auto</code>.  
<code>indent-attributes</code> is a flag that, when set, tells Tidy to 
put each attribute on a new line.  <code>vertical-space</code> is a flag
that, when set, tells Tidy to add some empty lines for readability.  The 
default for all three is <code>no</code>.  These options may be used in
any combination to control you you want your markup to look.  The best
thing is to experiment a bit to see what you like.  Be aware that 
<code>indent yes</code> is deprecated for production use as it will 
cause visual changes in most browsers.</p>

<p>To get Tidy <em>Classic</em> <code>--indent auto</code> layout, use the following options:</p>

<pre>
indent: auto
indent-attributes: no
vertical-space: yes
</pre>

<p>You can read about more <em>Pretty Print</em> options
<a href="quickref.html#PrettyPrintHeader">here</a>.</p>
</dd>

<dt><a name="version" id="version"></a>What Version of Tidy Should
I Use?</dt>

<dd>
<p>The current Source Forge builds are recommended.  You can find these at 
<a href="http://tidy.sourceforge.net">http://tidy.sourceforge.net</a>.
People continue to report examples where Tidy does not catch some 
ill-formed HTML or, worse, generates ill-formed HTML. These cases have 
been significantly reduced. That said, be sure to test Tidy with some 
representative files from your environment.</p>

<p>For development work, use CVS directly on your development
system. For information on how to pull Tidy sources from <a
href="http://sourceforge.net/cvs/?group_id=27659">CVS</a>. This way
you can keep abreast of changes to Tidy and quickly resolve
conflicts.</p>

<p>For building a front end (e.g. GUI or language binding), the
simplest approach is to use TidyLib.  For more information
about building and coding with TidyLib, see the <a 
href="http://tidy.sourceforge.net/libintro.html">Introduction To TidyLib</a>.</p>
</dd>

<dt><a name="regression" id="regression">How Do I Run A 
Regression Test?</a></dt>
<dd>
<p>You might ask, "Why should I run a regression test?".  If you
are a Tidy user, you might want to compare a new version of Tidy
to the version you are currently running.  This is a good idea
if you are using Tidy in production applications such as web
publishing.  If you are a Tidy developer, it is a good idea to
run the regression test suite to make sure your fix or enhancement
doesn't add new bugs.</p>

<p>Detecting new bugs is easier said than done, because sometimes
they are subtle and can only be seen in browsers (or one particular
browser you don't even have).  But you can catch most crashes and
many layout problems by running the test suite as described here.</p>

<p>The basic process is simple: run the test suite <strong>before</strong>
and <strong>after</strong> making changes to TidyLib and compare the output
markup and messages.  Be aware that the test scripts for WinNT/2K/XP
(alltest.cmd) and Linux/Unix (testall.sh) place the output files in
<code>tidy/test/tmp</code>.  If you forget to run the <strong>before</strong>
test, you can always download a binary from the <a 
href="http://tidy.sourceforge.net/#binaries">Project Page</a>.  If you
are not a TidyLib developer, you can download the <a 
href="http://tidy.sourceforge.net/test/tidy_test.tgz">Test Suite</a> 
directly.  Here are the steps to evaluate the impact of a TidyLib change.</p>

<h3>For Windows</h3>
<p><strong>Before</strong> making changes:</p>
<pre>
C:\tidy\test> alltest.cmd
C:\tidy\test> ren tmp baseline
</pre>

<p><strong>After</strong> making changes and building Tidy:</p>
<pre>
C:\tidy\test> alltest.cmd
C:\tidy\test> windiff tmp baseline
</pre>

<h3>For Linux/Unix</h3>
<p><strong>Before</strong> making changes:</p>
<pre>
~/tidy/test$ ./testall.sh
~/tidy/test$ mv tmp baseline
</pre>

<p><strong>After</strong> making changes and building Tidy:</p>
<pre>
~/tidy/test$ ./testall.sh
~/tidy/test$ diff -u tmp baseline > diff.txt
</pre>
</dd>

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