.\" Copyright (c) 1991, 1993 .\" The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. .\" .\" This code is derived from software contributed to Berkeley by .\" the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. .\" .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software .\" must display the following acknowledgement: .\" This product includes software developed by the University of .\" California, Berkeley and its contributors. .\" 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors .\" may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software .\" without specific prior written permission. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND .\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE .\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE .\" ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE .\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL .\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS .\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) .\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT .\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY .\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF .\" SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" @(#)wc.1 8.2 (Berkeley) 4/19/94 .\" $FreeBSD: src/usr.bin/wc/wc.1,v 1.23 2005/02/26 04:14:20 trhodes Exp $ .\" .Dd February 23, 2005 .Dt WC 1 .Os .Sh NAME .Nm wc .Nd word, line, character, and byte count .Sh SYNOPSIS .Nm .Op Fl clmw .Op Ar .Sh DESCRIPTION The .Nm utility displays the number of lines, words, and bytes contained in each input .Ar file , or standard input (if no file is specified) to the standard output. A line is defined as a string of characters delimited by a .Aq newline character. Characters beyond the final .Aq newline character will not be included in the line count. .Pp A word is defined as a string of characters delimited by white space characters. White space characters are the set of characters for which the .Xr iswspace 3 function returns true. If more than one input file is specified, a line of cumulative counts for all the files is displayed on a separate line after the output for the last file. .Pp The following options are available: .Bl -tag -width Ds .It Fl c The number of bytes in each input file is written to the standard output. This will cancel out any prior usage of the .Fl m option. .It Fl l The number of lines in each input file is written to the standard output. .It Fl m The number of characters in each input file is written to the standard output. If the current locale does not support multibyte characters, this is equivalent to the .Fl c option. This will cancel out any prior usage of the .Fl c option. .It Fl w The number of words in each input file is written to the standard output. .El .Pp When an option is specified, .Nm only reports the information requested by that option. The order of output always takes the form of line, word, byte, and file name. The default action is equivalent to specifying the .Fl c , l and .Fl w options. .Pp If no files are specified, the standard input is used and no file name is displayed. The prompt will accept input until receiving EOF, or .Bq ^D in most environments. .Sh ENVIRONMENT The .Ev LANG , LC_ALL and .Ev LC_CTYPE environment variables affect the execution of .Nm as described in .Xr environ 7 . .Sh EXIT STATUS .Ex -std .Sh EXAMPLES Count the number of characters, words and lines in each of the files .Pa report1 and .Pa report2 as well as the totals for both: .Pp .Dl "wc -mlw report1 report2" .Sh COMPATIBILITY Historically, the .Nm utility was documented to define a word as a ``maximal string of characters delimited by <space>, <tab> or <newline> characters''. The implementation, however, did not handle non-printing characters correctly so that .Dq Li " ^D^E " counted as 6 spaces, while .Dq Li foo^D^Ebar counted as 8 characters. .Bx 4 systems after .Bx 4.3 modified the implementation to be consistent with the documentation. This implementation defines a ``word'' in terms of the .Xr iswspace 3 function, as required by .St -p1003.2 . .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr iswspace 3 .Sh STANDARDS The .Nm utility conforms to .St -p1003.1-2001 . .Sh HISTORY A .Nm command appeared in .At v1 .