system.h   [plain text]


/* system-dependent definitions for coreutils
   Copyright (C) 1989, 1991-2005 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
   any later version.

   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
   GNU General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
   Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.  */

#include <alloca.h>

/* Include sys/types.h before this file.  */

#if 2 <= __GLIBC__ && 2 <= __GLIBC_MINOR__
# if ! defined _SYS_TYPES_H
you must include <sys/types.h> before including this file
# endif
#endif

#include <sys/stat.h>

#if !defined HAVE_MKFIFO
# define mkfifo(name, mode) mknod (name, (mode) | S_IFIFO, 0)
#endif

#if HAVE_SYS_PARAM_H
# include <sys/param.h>
#endif

#include <unistd.h>

#ifndef STDIN_FILENO
# define STDIN_FILENO 0
#endif

#ifndef STDOUT_FILENO
# define STDOUT_FILENO 1
#endif

#ifndef STDERR_FILENO
# define STDERR_FILENO 2
#endif


/* limits.h must come before pathmax.h because limits.h on some systems
   undefs PATH_MAX, whereas pathmax.h sets PATH_MAX.  */
#include <limits.h>

#include "pathmax.h"
#include "localedir.h"

#if TIME_WITH_SYS_TIME
# include <sys/time.h>
# include <time.h>
#else
# if HAVE_SYS_TIME_H
#  include <sys/time.h>
# else
#  include <time.h>
# endif
#endif

/* Since major is a function on SVR4, we can't use `ifndef major'.  */
#if MAJOR_IN_MKDEV
# include <sys/mkdev.h>
# define HAVE_MAJOR
#endif
#if MAJOR_IN_SYSMACROS
# include <sys/sysmacros.h>
# define HAVE_MAJOR
#endif
#ifdef major			/* Might be defined in sys/types.h.  */
# define HAVE_MAJOR
#endif

#ifndef HAVE_MAJOR
# define major(dev)  (((dev) >> 8) & 0xff)
# define minor(dev)  ((dev) & 0xff)
# define makedev(maj, min)  (((maj) << 8) | (min))
#endif
#undef HAVE_MAJOR

#if ! defined makedev && defined mkdev
# define makedev(maj, min)  mkdev (maj, min)
#endif

/* Don't use bcopy!  Use memmove if source and destination may overlap,
   memcpy otherwise.  */

#include <string.h>
#include "memrchr.h"

#include <errno.h>

/* Some systems don't define the following symbols.  */
#ifndef ENOSYS
# define ENOSYS (-1)
#endif
#ifndef EISDIR
# define EISDIR (-1)
#endif

#include <stdbool.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

/* The following test is to work around the gross typo in
   systems like Sony NEWS-OS Release 4.0C, whereby EXIT_FAILURE
   is defined to 0, not 1.  */
#if !EXIT_FAILURE
# undef EXIT_FAILURE
# define EXIT_FAILURE 1
#endif

#ifndef EXIT_SUCCESS
# define EXIT_SUCCESS 0
#endif

/* Exit statuses for programs like 'env' that exec other programs.
   EXIT_FAILURE might not be 1, so use EXIT_FAIL in such programs.  */
enum
{
  EXIT_FAIL = 1,
  EXIT_CANNOT_INVOKE = 126,
  EXIT_ENOENT = 127
};

#include "exitfail.h"

/* Set exit_failure to STATUS if that's not the default already.  */
static inline void
initialize_exit_failure (int status)
{
  if (status != EXIT_FAILURE)
    exit_failure = status;
}

#include <fcntl.h>

#if !defined SEEK_SET
# define SEEK_SET 0
# define SEEK_CUR 1
# define SEEK_END 2
#endif
#ifndef F_OK
# define F_OK 0
# define X_OK 1
# define W_OK 2
# define R_OK 4
#endif

#if !defined O_DIRECT
# define O_DIRECT 0
#endif

#if !defined O_DSYNC
# define O_DSYNC 0
#endif

#if !defined O_NDELAY
# define O_NDELAY 0
#endif

#if !defined O_NONBLOCK
# define O_NONBLOCK O_NDELAY
#endif

#if !defined O_NOCTTY
# define O_NOCTTY 0
#endif

#if !defined O_NOFOLLOW
# define O_NOFOLLOW 0
#endif

#if !defined O_RSYNC
# define O_RSYNC 0
#endif

#if !defined O_SYNC
# define O_SYNC 0
#endif

/* For systems that distinguish between text and binary I/O.
   O_BINARY is usually declared in fcntl.h  */
#if !defined O_BINARY && defined _O_BINARY
  /* For MSC-compatible compilers.  */
# define O_BINARY _O_BINARY
# define O_TEXT _O_TEXT
#endif

#ifdef __BEOS__
  /* BeOS 5 has O_BINARY and O_TEXT, but they have no effect.  */
# undef O_BINARY
# undef O_TEXT
#endif

#ifndef O_BINARY
# define O_BINARY 0
# define O_TEXT 0
#endif

#if HAVE_DIRENT_H
# include <dirent.h>
# define NLENGTH(direct) (strlen((direct)->d_name))
#else /* not HAVE_DIRENT_H */
# define dirent direct
# define NLENGTH(direct) ((direct)->d_namlen)
# if HAVE_SYS_NDIR_H
#  include <sys/ndir.h>
# endif /* HAVE_SYS_NDIR_H */
# if HAVE_SYS_DIR_H
#  include <sys/dir.h>
# endif /* HAVE_SYS_DIR_H */
# if HAVE_NDIR_H
#  include <ndir.h>
# endif /* HAVE_NDIR_H */
#endif /* HAVE_DIRENT_H */

#if CLOSEDIR_VOID
/* Fake a return value. */
# define CLOSEDIR(d) (closedir (d), 0)
#else
# define CLOSEDIR(d) closedir (d)
#endif

/* Get or fake the disk device blocksize.
   Usually defined by sys/param.h (if at all).  */
#if !defined DEV_BSIZE && defined BSIZE
# define DEV_BSIZE BSIZE
#endif
#if !defined DEV_BSIZE && defined BBSIZE /* SGI */
# define DEV_BSIZE BBSIZE
#endif
#ifndef DEV_BSIZE
# define DEV_BSIZE 4096
#endif

/* Extract or fake data from a `struct stat'.
   ST_BLKSIZE: Preferred I/O blocksize for the file, in bytes.
   ST_NBLOCKS: Number of blocks in the file, including indirect blocks.
   ST_NBLOCKSIZE: Size of blocks used when calculating ST_NBLOCKS.  */
#ifndef HAVE_STRUCT_STAT_ST_BLOCKS
# define ST_BLKSIZE(statbuf) DEV_BSIZE
# if defined _POSIX_SOURCE || !defined BSIZE /* fileblocks.c uses BSIZE.  */
#  define ST_NBLOCKS(statbuf) \
  ((statbuf).st_size / ST_NBLOCKSIZE + ((statbuf).st_size % ST_NBLOCKSIZE != 0))
# else /* !_POSIX_SOURCE && BSIZE */
#  define ST_NBLOCKS(statbuf) \
  (S_ISREG ((statbuf).st_mode) \
   || S_ISDIR ((statbuf).st_mode) \
   ? st_blocks ((statbuf).st_size) : 0)
# endif /* !_POSIX_SOURCE && BSIZE */
#else /* HAVE_STRUCT_STAT_ST_BLOCKS */
/* Some systems, like Sequents, return st_blksize of 0 on pipes.
   Also, when running `rsh hpux11-system cat any-file', cat would
   determine that the output stream had an st_blksize of 2147421096.
   So here we arbitrarily limit the `optimal' block size to 4MB.
   If anyone knows of a system for which the legitimate value for
   st_blksize can exceed 4MB, please report it as a bug in this code.  */
# define ST_BLKSIZE(statbuf) ((0 < (statbuf).st_blksize \
			       && (statbuf).st_blksize <= (1 << 22)) /* 4MB */ \
			      ? (statbuf).st_blksize : DEV_BSIZE)
# if defined hpux || defined __hpux__ || defined __hpux
/* HP-UX counts st_blocks in 1024-byte units.
   This loses when mixing HP-UX and BSD file systems with NFS.  */
#  define ST_NBLOCKSIZE 1024
# else /* !hpux */
#  if defined _AIX && defined _I386
/* AIX PS/2 counts st_blocks in 4K units.  */
#   define ST_NBLOCKSIZE (4 * 1024)
#  else /* not AIX PS/2 */
#   if defined _CRAY
#    define ST_NBLOCKS(statbuf) \
  (S_ISREG ((statbuf).st_mode) \
   || S_ISDIR ((statbuf).st_mode) \
   ? (statbuf).st_blocks * ST_BLKSIZE(statbuf)/ST_NBLOCKSIZE : 0)
#   endif /* _CRAY */
#  endif /* not AIX PS/2 */
# endif /* !hpux */
#endif /* HAVE_STRUCT_STAT_ST_BLOCKS */

#ifndef ST_NBLOCKS
# define ST_NBLOCKS(statbuf) ((statbuf).st_blocks)
#endif

#ifndef ST_NBLOCKSIZE
# ifdef S_BLKSIZE
#  define ST_NBLOCKSIZE S_BLKSIZE
# else
#  define ST_NBLOCKSIZE 512
# endif
#endif

/* Redirection and wildcarding when done by the utility itself.
   Generally a noop, but used in particular for native VMS. */
#ifndef initialize_main
# define initialize_main(ac, av)
#endif

#include "stat-macros.h"

#include "timespec.h"

#if HAVE_INTTYPES_H
# include <inttypes.h>
#endif
#if HAVE_STDINT_H
# include <stdint.h>
#endif

#if ULONG_MAX_LT_ULLONG_MAX
# define LONGEST_MODIFIER "ll"
#else
# define LONGEST_MODIFIER "l"
#endif
#if PRI_MACROS_BROKEN
# undef PRIdMAX
# undef PRIoMAX
# undef PRIuMAX
# undef PRIxMAX
#endif
#ifndef PRIdMAX
# define PRIdMAX LONGEST_MODIFIER "d"
#endif
#ifndef PRIoMAX
# define PRIoMAX LONGEST_MODIFIER "o"
#endif
#ifndef PRIuMAX
# define PRIuMAX LONGEST_MODIFIER "u"
#endif
#ifndef PRIxMAX
# define PRIxMAX LONGEST_MODIFIER "x"
#endif

#include <ctype.h>

/* Jim Meyering writes:

   "... Some ctype macros are valid only for character codes that
   isascii says are ASCII (SGI's IRIX-4.0.5 is one such system --when
   using /bin/cc or gcc but without giving an ansi option).  So, all
   ctype uses should be through macros like ISPRINT...  If
   STDC_HEADERS is defined, then autoconf has verified that the ctype
   macros don't need to be guarded with references to isascii. ...
   Defining isascii to 1 should let any compiler worth its salt
   eliminate the && through constant folding."

   Bruno Haible adds:

   "... Furthermore, isupper(c) etc. have an undefined result if c is
   outside the range -1 <= c <= 255. One is tempted to write isupper(c)
   with c being of type `char', but this is wrong if c is an 8-bit
   character >= 128 which gets sign-extended to a negative value.
   The macro ISUPPER protects against this as well."  */

#if STDC_HEADERS || (!defined isascii && !HAVE_ISASCII)
# define IN_CTYPE_DOMAIN(c) 1
#else
# define IN_CTYPE_DOMAIN(c) isascii(c)
#endif

#ifdef isblank
# define ISBLANK(c) (IN_CTYPE_DOMAIN (c) && isblank (c))
#else
# define ISBLANK(c) ((c) == ' ' || (c) == '\t')
#endif
#ifdef isgraph
# define ISGRAPH(c) (IN_CTYPE_DOMAIN (c) && isgraph (c))
#else
# define ISGRAPH(c) (IN_CTYPE_DOMAIN (c) && isprint (c) && !isspace (c))
#endif

/* This is defined in <sys/euc.h> on at least Solaris2.6 systems.  */
#undef ISPRINT

#define ISPRINT(c) (IN_CTYPE_DOMAIN (c) && isprint (c))
#define ISALNUM(c) (IN_CTYPE_DOMAIN (c) && isalnum (c))
#define ISALPHA(c) (IN_CTYPE_DOMAIN (c) && isalpha (c))
#define ISCNTRL(c) (IN_CTYPE_DOMAIN (c) && iscntrl (c))
#define ISLOWER(c) (IN_CTYPE_DOMAIN (c) && islower (c))
#define ISPUNCT(c) (IN_CTYPE_DOMAIN (c) && ispunct (c))
#define ISSPACE(c) (IN_CTYPE_DOMAIN (c) && isspace (c))
#define ISUPPER(c) (IN_CTYPE_DOMAIN (c) && isupper (c))
#define ISXDIGIT(c) (IN_CTYPE_DOMAIN (c) && isxdigit (c))
#define ISDIGIT_LOCALE(c) (IN_CTYPE_DOMAIN (c) && isdigit (c))

#if STDC_HEADERS
# define TOLOWER(Ch) tolower (Ch)
# define TOUPPER(Ch) toupper (Ch)
#else
# define TOLOWER(Ch) (ISUPPER (Ch) ? tolower (Ch) : (Ch))
# define TOUPPER(Ch) (ISLOWER (Ch) ? toupper (Ch) : (Ch))
#endif

/* ISDIGIT differs from ISDIGIT_LOCALE, as follows:
   - Its arg may be any int or unsigned int; it need not be an unsigned char.
   - It's guaranteed to evaluate its argument exactly once.
   - It's typically faster.
   POSIX says that only '0' through '9' are digits.  Prefer ISDIGIT to
   ISDIGIT_LOCALE unless it's important to use the locale's definition
   of `digit' even when the host does not conform to POSIX.  */
#define ISDIGIT(c) ((unsigned int) (c) - '0' <= 9)

/* Convert a possibly-signed character to an unsigned character.  This is
   a bit safer than casting to unsigned char, since it catches some type
   errors that the cast doesn't.  */
static inline unsigned char to_uchar (char ch) { return ch; }

#include <locale.h>

/* Take care of NLS matters.  */

#include "gettext.h"
#if ! ENABLE_NLS
# undef textdomain
# define textdomain(Domainname) /* empty */
# undef bindtextdomain
# define bindtextdomain(Domainname, Dirname) /* empty */
#endif

#define _(msgid) gettext (msgid)
#define N_(msgid) msgid

#define STREQ(a, b) (strcmp ((a), (b)) == 0)

#if !HAVE_DECL_FREE
void free ();
#endif

#if !HAVE_DECL_MALLOC
char *malloc ();
#endif

#if !HAVE_DECL_MEMCHR
char *memchr ();
#endif

#if !HAVE_DECL_REALLOC
char *realloc ();
#endif

#if !HAVE_DECL_STPCPY
# ifndef stpcpy
char *stpcpy ();
# endif
#endif

#if !HAVE_DECL_STRNDUP
char *strndup ();
#endif

#if !HAVE_DECL_STRSTR
char *strstr ();
#endif

#if !HAVE_DECL_GETENV
char *getenv ();
#endif

#if !HAVE_DECL_LSEEK
off_t lseek ();
#endif

/* This is needed on some AIX systems.  */
#if !HAVE_DECL_STRTOUL
unsigned long strtoul ();
#endif

#if !HAVE_DECL_GETLOGIN
char *getlogin ();
#endif

#if !HAVE_DECL_TTYNAME
char *ttyname ();
#endif

#if !HAVE_DECL_GETEUID
uid_t geteuid ();
#endif

#if !HAVE_DECL_GETPWUID
struct passwd *getpwuid ();
#endif

#if !HAVE_DECL_GETGRGID
struct group *getgrgid ();
#endif

#if !HAVE_DECL_GETUID
uid_t getuid ();
#endif

#include "xalloc.h"
#include "verify.h"

/* This is simply a shorthand for the common case in which
   the third argument to x2nrealloc would be `sizeof *(P)'.
   Ensure that sizeof *(P) is *not* 1.  In that case, it'd be
   better to use X2REALLOC, although not strictly necessary.  */
#define X2NREALLOC(P, PN) (verify_expr (sizeof *(P) != 1), \
			   x2nrealloc (P, PN, sizeof *(P)))

/* Using x2realloc (when appropriate) usually makes your code more
   readable than using x2nrealloc, but it also makes it so your
   code will malfunction if sizeof *(P) ever becomes 2 or greater.
   So use this macro instead of using x2realloc directly.  */
#define X2REALLOC(P, PN) (verify_expr (sizeof *(P) == 1), x2realloc (P, PN))

#if ! defined HAVE_MEMPCPY && ! defined mempcpy
/* Be CAREFUL that there are no side effects in N.  */
# define mempcpy(D, S, N) ((void *) ((char *) memcpy (D, S, N) + (N)))
#endif

/* Include automatically-generated macros for unlocked I/O.  */
#include "unlocked-io.h"

#define SAME_INODE(Stat_buf_1, Stat_buf_2) \
  ((Stat_buf_1).st_ino == (Stat_buf_2).st_ino \
   && (Stat_buf_1).st_dev == (Stat_buf_2).st_dev)

#define DOT_OR_DOTDOT(Basename) \
  (Basename[0] == '.' && (Basename[1] == '\0' \
			  || (Basename[1] == '.' && Basename[2] == '\0')))

/* A wrapper for readdir so that callers don't see entries for `.' or `..'.  */
static inline struct dirent const *
readdir_ignoring_dot_and_dotdot (DIR *dirp)
{
  while (1)
    {
      struct dirent const *dp = readdir (dirp);
      if (dp == NULL || ! DOT_OR_DOTDOT (dp->d_name))
	return dp;
    }
}

#if SETVBUF_REVERSED
# define SETVBUF(Stream, Buffer, Type, Size) \
    setvbuf (Stream, Type, Buffer, Size)
#else
# define SETVBUF(Stream, Buffer, Type, Size) \
    setvbuf (Stream, Buffer, Type, Size)
#endif

/* Factor out some of the common --help and --version processing code.  */

/* These enum values cannot possibly conflict with the option values
   ordinarily used by commands, including CHAR_MAX + 1, etc.  Avoid
   CHAR_MIN - 1, as it may equal -1, the getopt end-of-options value.  */
enum
{
  GETOPT_HELP_CHAR = (CHAR_MIN - 2),
  GETOPT_VERSION_CHAR = (CHAR_MIN - 3)
};

#define GETOPT_HELP_OPTION_DECL \
  "help", no_argument, NULL, GETOPT_HELP_CHAR
#define GETOPT_VERSION_OPTION_DECL \
  "version", no_argument, NULL, GETOPT_VERSION_CHAR

#define case_GETOPT_HELP_CHAR			\
  case GETOPT_HELP_CHAR:			\
    usage (EXIT_SUCCESS);			\
    break;

/* Program_name must be a literal string.
   Usually it is just PROGRAM_NAME.  */
#define USAGE_BUILTIN_WARNING \
  _("\n" \
"NOTE: your shell may have its own version of %s, which usually supersedes\n" \
"the version described here.  Please refer to your shell's documentation\n" \
"for details about the options it supports.\n")

#define HELP_OPTION_DESCRIPTION \
  _("      --help     display this help and exit\n")
#define VERSION_OPTION_DESCRIPTION \
  _("      --version  output version information and exit\n")

#include "closeout.h"
#include "version-etc.h"

#define case_GETOPT_VERSION_CHAR(Program_name, Authors)			\
  case GETOPT_VERSION_CHAR:						\
    version_etc (stdout, Program_name, GNU_PACKAGE, VERSION, Authors,	\
                 (char *) NULL);					\
    exit (EXIT_SUCCESS);						\
    break;

#ifndef MAX
# define MAX(a, b) ((a) > (b) ? (a) : (b))
#endif

#ifndef MIN
# define MIN(a,b) (((a) < (b)) ? (a) : (b))
#endif

#include "intprops.h"

#ifndef CHAR_MIN
# define CHAR_MIN TYPE_MINIMUM (char)
#endif

#ifndef CHAR_MAX
# define CHAR_MAX TYPE_MAXIMUM (char)
#endif

#ifndef SCHAR_MIN
# define SCHAR_MIN (-1 - SCHAR_MAX)
#endif

#ifndef SCHAR_MAX
# define SCHAR_MAX (CHAR_MAX == UCHAR_MAX ? CHAR_MAX / 2 : CHAR_MAX)
#endif

#ifndef UCHAR_MAX
# define UCHAR_MAX TYPE_MAXIMUM (unsigned char)
#endif

#ifndef SHRT_MIN
# define SHRT_MIN TYPE_MINIMUM (short int)
#endif

#ifndef SHRT_MAX
# define SHRT_MAX TYPE_MAXIMUM (short int)
#endif

#ifndef INT_MAX
# define INT_MAX TYPE_MAXIMUM (int)
#endif

#ifndef INT_MIN
# define INT_MIN TYPE_MINIMUM (int)
#endif

#ifndef INTMAX_MAX
# define INTMAX_MAX TYPE_MAXIMUM (intmax_t)
#endif

#ifndef INTMAX_MIN
# define INTMAX_MIN TYPE_MINIMUM (intmax_t)
#endif

#ifndef UINT_MAX
# define UINT_MAX TYPE_MAXIMUM (unsigned int)
#endif

#ifndef LONG_MAX
# define LONG_MAX TYPE_MAXIMUM (long int)
#endif

#ifndef ULONG_MAX
# define ULONG_MAX TYPE_MAXIMUM (unsigned long int)
#endif

#ifndef SIZE_MAX
# define SIZE_MAX TYPE_MAXIMUM (size_t)
#endif

#ifndef SSIZE_MAX
# define SSIZE_MAX TYPE_MAXIMUM (ssize_t)
#endif

#ifndef UINTMAX_MAX
# define UINTMAX_MAX TYPE_MAXIMUM (uintmax_t)
#endif

#ifndef OFF_T_MIN
# define OFF_T_MIN TYPE_MINIMUM (off_t)
#endif

#ifndef OFF_T_MAX
# define OFF_T_MAX TYPE_MAXIMUM (off_t)
#endif

#ifndef UID_T_MAX
# define UID_T_MAX TYPE_MAXIMUM (uid_t)
#endif

#ifndef GID_T_MAX
# define GID_T_MAX TYPE_MAXIMUM (gid_t)
#endif

#ifndef PID_T_MAX
# define PID_T_MAX TYPE_MAXIMUM (pid_t)
#endif

/* Use this to suppress gcc's `...may be used before initialized' warnings. */
#ifdef lint
# define IF_LINT(Code) Code
#else
# define IF_LINT(Code) /* empty */
#endif

#ifndef __attribute__
# if __GNUC__ < 2 || (__GNUC__ == 2 && __GNUC_MINOR__ < 8) || __STRICT_ANSI__
#  define __attribute__(x) /* empty */
# endif
#endif

#ifndef ATTRIBUTE_NORETURN
# define ATTRIBUTE_NORETURN __attribute__ ((__noreturn__))
#endif

#ifndef ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED
# define ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED __attribute__ ((__unused__))
#endif

#if defined strdupa
# define ASSIGN_STRDUPA(DEST, S)		\
  do { DEST = strdupa (S); } while (0)
#else
# define ASSIGN_STRDUPA(DEST, S)		\
  do						\
    {						\
      const char *s_ = (S);			\
      size_t len_ = strlen (s_) + 1;		\
      char *tmp_dest_ = alloca (len_);		\
      DEST = memcpy (tmp_dest_, (s_), len_);	\
    }						\
  while (0)
#endif

#ifndef EOVERFLOW
# define EOVERFLOW EINVAL
#endif

#if ! HAVE_FSEEKO && ! defined fseeko
# define fseeko(s, o, w) ((o) == (long int) (o)		\
			  ? fseek (s, o, w)		\
			  : (errno = EOVERFLOW, -1))
#endif

/* Compute the greatest common divisor of U and V using Euclid's
   algorithm.  U and V must be nonzero.  */

static inline size_t
gcd (size_t u, size_t v)
{
  do
    {
      size_t t = u % v;
      u = v;
      v = t;
    }
  while (v);

  return u;
}

/* Compute the least common multiple of U and V.  U and V must be
   nonzero.  There is no overflow checking, so callers should not
   specify outlandish sizes.  */

static inline size_t
lcm (size_t u, size_t v)
{
  return u * (v / gcd (u, v));
}

/* Return PTR, aligned upward to the next multiple of ALIGNMENT.
   ALIGNMENT must be nonzero.  The caller must arrange for ((char *)
   PTR) through ((char *) PTR + ALIGNMENT - 1) to be addressable
   locations.  */

static inline void *
ptr_align (void const *ptr, size_t alignment)
{
  char const *p0 = ptr;
  char const *p1 = p0 + alignment - 1;
  return (void *) (p1 - (size_t) p1 % alignment);
}

/* If 10*Accum + Digit_val is larger than the maximum value for Type,
   then don't update Accum and return false to indicate it would
   overflow.  Otherwise, set Accum to that new value and return true.
   Verify at compile-time that Type is Accum's type, and that Type is
   unsigned.  Accum must be an object, so that we can take its
   address.  Accum and Digit_val may be evaluated multiple times.

   The "Added check" below is not strictly required, but it causes GCC
   to return a nonzero exit status instead of merely a warning
   diagnostic, and that is more useful.  */

#define DECIMAL_DIGIT_ACCUMULATE(Accum, Digit_val, Type)		\
  (									\
   (void) (&(Accum) == (Type *) NULL),  /* The type matches.  */	\
   verify_expr (! TYPE_SIGNED (Type)),  /* The type is unsigned.  */	\
   verify_expr (sizeof (Accum) == sizeof (Type)),  /* Added check.  */	\
   (((Type) -1 / 10 < (Accum)						\
     || (Type) ((Accum) * 10 + (Digit_val)) < (Accum))			\
    ? false : (((Accum) = (Accum) * 10 + (Digit_val)), true))		\
  )