main.c   [plain text]


/* main.c: This file contains the main control and user-interface routines
   for the ed line editor. */
/*-
 * Copyright (c) 1993 Andrew Moore, Talke Studio.
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#ifndef lint
#if 0
static const char copyright[] =
"@(#) Copyright (c) 1993 Andrew Moore, Talke Studio. \n\
 All rights reserved.\n";
#endif
#endif /* not lint */

/*
 * CREDITS
 *
 *	This program is based on the editor algorithm described in
 *	Brian W. Kernighan and P. J. Plauger's book "Software Tools
 *	in Pascal," Addison-Wesley, 1981.
 *
 *	The buffering algorithm is attributed to Rodney Ruddock of
 *	the University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario.
 *
 *	The cbc.c encryption code is adapted from
 *	the bdes program by Matt Bishop of Dartmouth College,
 *	Hanover, NH.
 *
 */

#include <sys/types.h>

#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <locale.h>
#include <pwd.h>
#include <setjmp.h>

#ifdef __APPLE__
#include <get_compat.h>
#else
#define COMPAT_MODE(a,b) (1)
#endif /* __APPLE__ */

#include "ed.h"


#ifdef _POSIX_SOURCE
sigjmp_buf env;
#else
jmp_buf env;
#endif

/* static buffers */
char stdinbuf[1];		/* stdin buffer */
char *shcmd;			/* shell command buffer */
int shcmdsz;			/* shell command buffer size */
int shcmdi;			/* shell command buffer index */
char *ibuf;			/* ed command-line buffer */
int ibufsz;			/* ed command-line buffer size */
char *ibufp;			/* pointer to ed command-line buffer */

/* global flags */
int des = 0;			/* if set, use crypt(3) for i/o */
int garrulous = 0;		/* if set, print all error messages */
int isbinary;			/* if set, buffer contains ASCII NULs */
int isglobal;			/* if set, doing a global command */
int modified;			/* if set, buffer modified since last write */
int mutex = 0;			/* if set, signals set "sigflags" */
int red = 0;			/* if set, restrict shell/directory access */
int scripted = 0;		/* if set, suppress diagnostics */
int sigflags = 0;		/* if set, signals received while mutex set */
int sigactive = 0;		/* if set, signal handlers are enabled */
int posixly_correct = 0;	/* if set, POSIX behavior as per */
/* http://www.opengroup.org/onlinepubs/009695399/utilities/ed.html */

char old_filename[PATH_MAX + 1] = "";	/* default filename */
long current_addr;		/* current address in editor buffer */
long addr_last;			/* last address in editor buffer */
int lineno;			/* script line number */
const char *prompt;		/* command-line prompt */
const char *dps = "*";		/* default command-line prompt */

const char usage[] = "usage: %s [-] [-sx] [-p string] [file]\n";

/* ed: line editor */
int
main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
	int c, n;
	long status = 0;
#if __GNUC__
	/* Avoid longjmp clobbering */
	(void) &argc;
	(void) &argv;
#endif

	(void)setlocale(LC_ALL, "");

	posixly_correct = COMPAT_MODE("bin/ed", "Unix2003");

	red = argv[0]!=NULL && (n = strlen(argv[0])) > 2 && argv[0][n - 3] == 'r';
top:
	while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "p:sx")) != -1)
		switch(c) {
		case 'p':				/* set prompt */
			prompt = optarg;
			break;
		case 's':				/* run script */
			scripted = 1;
			break;
		case 'x':				/* use crypt */
#ifdef DES
			des = get_keyword();
#else
			fprintf(stderr, "crypt unavailable\n?\n");
#endif
			break;

		default:
			fprintf(stderr, usage, red ? "red" : "ed");
			exit(1);
		}
	argv += optind;
	argc -= optind;
	if (argc>0 && *argv && !strcmp(*argv, "-")) {
		scripted = 1;
		if (argc > 1) {
			optind = 1;
			goto top;
		}
		argv++;
		argc--;
	}
	/* assert: reliable signals! */
#ifdef SIGWINCH
	handle_winch(SIGWINCH);
	if (isatty(0)) signal(SIGWINCH, handle_winch);
#endif
	signal(SIGHUP, signal_hup);
	signal(SIGQUIT, SIG_IGN);
	signal(SIGINT, signal_int);
#ifdef _POSIX_SOURCE
	if ((status = sigsetjmp(env, 1)))
#else
	if ((status = setjmp(env)))
#endif
	{
		fputs("\n?\n", stderr);
		errmsg = "interrupt";
	} else {
		init_buffers();
		sigactive = 1;			/* enable signal handlers */
		if (argc>0 && *argv && is_legal_filename(*argv)) {
			if (read_file(*argv, 0) < 0 && !isatty(0))
				quit(2);
			else if (**argv != '!') {
				if (strlen(*argv) < sizeof(old_filename)) {
					strcpy(old_filename, *argv);
				} else {
					fprintf(stderr, "%s: filename too long\n", *argv);
					quit(2);
				}
			}
		} else if (argc>0) {
			fputs("?\n", stdout);
			if (**argv == '\0')
				errmsg = "invalid filename";
			if (!isatty(0))
				quit(2);
		}
	}
	for (;;) {
		if (status < 0 && garrulous)
			fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", errmsg);
		if (prompt) {
			printf("%s", prompt);
			fflush(stdout);
		}
		if ((n = get_tty_line()) < 0) {
			status = ERR;
			continue;
		} else if (n == 0) {
			if (modified && !scripted) {
				fputs("?\n", stderr);
				errmsg = "warning: file modified";
				if (!isatty(0)) {
					fprintf(stderr, garrulous ?
					    "script, line %d: %s\n" :
					    "", lineno, errmsg);
					quit(2);
				}
				clearerr(stdin);
				modified = 0;
				status = EMOD;
				continue;
			} else
				quit(0);
		} else if (ibuf[n - 1] != '\n') {
			/* discard line */
			errmsg = "unexpected end-of-file";
			clearerr(stdin);
			status = ERR;
			continue;
		}
		isglobal = 0;
		if ((status = extract_addr_range()) >= 0 &&
		    (status = exec_command()) >= 0)
			if (!status ||
			    (status = display_lines(current_addr, current_addr,
			        status)) >= 0)
				continue;
		switch (status) {
		case EOF:
			quit(0);
		case EMOD:
			modified = 0;
			fputs("?\n", stderr);		/* give warning */
			errmsg = "warning: file modified";
			if (!isatty(0)) {
				fprintf(stderr, garrulous ?
				    "script, line %d: %s\n" :
				    "", lineno, errmsg);
				quit(2);
			}
			break;
		case FATAL:
			if (!isatty(0))
				fprintf(stderr, garrulous ?
				    "script, line %d: %s\n" : "",
				    lineno, errmsg);
			else
				fprintf(stderr, garrulous ? "%s\n" : "",
				    errmsg);
			quit(3);
		default:
			fputs("?\n", stdout);
			if (!isatty(0)) {
				fprintf(stderr, garrulous ?
				    "script, line %d: %s\n" : "",
				    lineno, errmsg);
				quit(2);
			}
			break;
		}
	}
	/*NOTREACHED*/
}

long first_addr, second_addr, addr_cnt;

/* extract_addr_range: get line addresses from the command buffer until an
   illegal address is seen; return status */
int
extract_addr_range(void)
{
	long addr;

	addr_cnt = 0;
	first_addr = second_addr = current_addr;
	while ((addr = next_addr()) >= 0) {
		addr_cnt++;
		first_addr = second_addr;
		second_addr = addr;
		if (*ibufp != ',' && *ibufp != ';')
			break;
		else if (*ibufp++ == ';')
			current_addr = addr;
	}
	if ((addr_cnt = min(addr_cnt, 2)) == 1 || second_addr != addr)
		first_addr = second_addr;
	return (addr == ERR) ? ERR : 0;
}


#define SKIP_BLANKS() while (isspace((unsigned char)*ibufp) && *ibufp != '\n') ibufp++

#define MUST_BE_FIRST() do {					\
	if (!first) {						\
		errmsg = "invalid address";			\
		return ERR;					\
	}							\
} while (0);

/*  next_addr: return the next line address in the command buffer */
long
next_addr(void)
{
	const char *hd;
	long addr = current_addr;
	long n;
	int first = 1;
	int c;
	int add = 0;		

	SKIP_BLANKS();
	for (hd = ibufp;; first = 0)
		switch (c = *ibufp) {
		case '+':
		case '\t':
		case ' ':
		case '-':
		case '^':
			ibufp++;
			SKIP_BLANKS();
			if (isdigit((unsigned char)*ibufp)) {
				STRTOL(n, ibufp);
				addr += (c == '-' || c == '^') ? -n : n;
			} else if (!isspace((unsigned char)c))
				addr += (c == '-' || c == '^') ? -1 : 1;
			break;
		case '0': case '1': case '2':
		case '3': case '4': case '5':
		case '6': case '7': case '8': case '9':
			STRTOL(n, ibufp);
			if (first || !add) /* don't add for ,\d or ;\d */
				addr = n;
			else
				addr += n;
			break;
		case '.':
		case '$':
			MUST_BE_FIRST();
			ibufp++;
			addr = (c == '.') ? current_addr : addr_last;
			add++;
			break;
		case '/':
		case '?':
			MUST_BE_FIRST();
			if ((addr = get_matching_node_addr(
			    get_compiled_pattern(), c == '/')) < 0)
				return ERR;
			else if (c == *ibufp)
				ibufp++;
			add++;
			break;
		case '\'':
			MUST_BE_FIRST();
			ibufp++;
			if ((addr = get_marked_node_addr(*ibufp++)) < 0)
				return ERR;
			add++;
			break;
		case '%':
		case ',':
		case ';':
			if (first) {
				ibufp++;
				addr_cnt++;
				second_addr = (c == ';') ? current_addr : 1;
				addr = addr_last;
				break;
			}
			/* FALLTHROUGH */
		default:
			if (ibufp == hd)
				return EOF;
			else if (addr < 0 || addr_last < addr) {
				errmsg = "invalid address";
				return ERR;
			} else
				return addr;
		}
	/* NOTREACHED */
}


/* GET_THIRD_ADDR: get a legal address from the command buffer */
#define GET_THIRD_ADDR(addr) \
{ \
	long ol1, ol2; \
\
	ol1 = first_addr, ol2 = second_addr; \
	if (extract_addr_range() < 0) \
		return ERR; \
	else if (!posixly_correct && addr_cnt == 0) { \
		errmsg = "destination expected"; \
		return ERR; \
	} else if (second_addr < 0 || addr_last < second_addr) { \
		errmsg = "invalid address"; \
		return ERR; \
	} \
	addr = second_addr; \
	first_addr = ol1, second_addr = ol2; \
}


/* GET_COMMAND_SUFFIX: verify the command suffix in the command buffer */
#define GET_COMMAND_SUFFIX() { \
	int done = 0; \
	do { \
		switch(*ibufp) { \
		case 'p': \
			gflag |= GPR, ibufp++; \
			break; \
		case 'l': \
			gflag |= GLS, ibufp++; \
			break; \
		case 'n': \
			gflag |= GNP, ibufp++; \
			break; \
		default: \
			done++; \
		} \
	} while (!done); \
	if (*ibufp++ != '\n') { \
		errmsg = "invalid command suffix"; \
		return ERR; \
	} \
}


/* sflags */
#define SGG 001		/* complement previous global substitute suffix */
#define SGP 002		/* complement previous print suffix */
#define SGR 004		/* use last regex instead of last pat */
#define SGF 010		/* repeat last substitution */

int patlock = 0;	/* if set, pattern not freed by get_compiled_pattern() */

long rows = 22;		/* scroll length: ws_row - 2 */

/* exec_command: execute the next command in command buffer; return print
   request, if any */
int
exec_command(void)
{
	static pattern_t *pat = NULL;
	static int sgflag = 0;
	static long sgnum = 0;

	pattern_t *tpat;
	char *fnp;
	int gflag = 0;
	int sflags = 0;
	long addr = 0;
	int n = 0;
	int c;

	SKIP_BLANKS();
	switch(c = *ibufp++) {
	case 'a':
		GET_COMMAND_SUFFIX();
		if (!isglobal) clear_undo_stack();
		if (append_lines(second_addr) < 0)
			return ERR;
		break;
	case 'c':
		if (first_addr == 0)
			first_addr = 1;
		if (check_addr_range(current_addr, current_addr) < 0)
			return ERR;
		GET_COMMAND_SUFFIX();
		if (!isglobal) clear_undo_stack();
		if (delete_lines(first_addr, second_addr) < 0 ||
		    append_lines(current_addr) < 0)
			return ERR;
		if (current_addr == 0 && addr_last != 0)
			current_addr = 1;
		break;
	case 'd':
		if (check_addr_range(current_addr, current_addr) < 0)
			return ERR;
		GET_COMMAND_SUFFIX();
		if (!isglobal) clear_undo_stack();
		if (delete_lines(first_addr, second_addr) < 0)
			return ERR;
		else if ((addr = INC_MOD(current_addr, addr_last)) != 0)
			current_addr = addr;
		if (current_addr == 0 && addr_last != 0)
			current_addr = 1;
		break;
	case 'e':
		if (modified && !scripted)
			return EMOD;
		/* FALLTHROUGH */
	case 'E':
		if (addr_cnt > 0) {
			errmsg = "unexpected address";
			return ERR;
		} else if (!isspace((unsigned char)*ibufp)) {
			errmsg = "unexpected command suffix";
			return ERR;
		} else if ((fnp = get_filename()) == NULL)
			return ERR;
		GET_COMMAND_SUFFIX();
		if (delete_lines(1, addr_last) < 0)
			return ERR;
		clear_undo_stack();
		if (close_sbuf() < 0)
			return ERR;
		else if (open_sbuf() < 0)
			return FATAL;
		if (*fnp && *fnp != '!') {
			if (strlen(fnp) < sizeof(old_filename)) {
				strcpy(old_filename, fnp);
			} else {
				fprintf(stderr, "%s: filename too long\n", fnp);
				quit(2);
			}
		}

		if (!posixly_correct && *fnp == '\0' && *old_filename == '\0') {
			errmsg = "no current filename";
			return ERR;
		}
		if (read_file(*fnp ? fnp : old_filename, 0) < 0)
			return ERR;
		clear_undo_stack();
		modified = 0;
		u_current_addr = u_addr_last = -1;
		break;
	case 'f':
		if (addr_cnt > 0) {
			errmsg = "unexpected address";
			return ERR;
		} else if (!isspace((unsigned char)*ibufp)) {
			errmsg = "unexpected command suffix";
			return ERR;
		} else if ((fnp = get_filename()) == NULL)
			return ERR;
		else if (*fnp == '!') {
			errmsg = "invalid redirection";
			return ERR;
		}
		GET_COMMAND_SUFFIX();
		if (*fnp) {
			if (strlen(fnp) < sizeof(old_filename)) {
				strcpy(old_filename, fnp);
			} else {
				fprintf(stderr, "%s: filename too long\n", fnp);
				quit(2);
			}
		}
		printf("%s\n", strip_escapes(old_filename));
		break;
	case 'g':
	case 'v':
	case 'G':
	case 'V':
		if (isglobal) {
			errmsg = "cannot nest global commands";
			return ERR;
		} else if (check_addr_range(1, addr_last) < 0)
			return ERR;
		else if (build_active_list(c == 'g' || c == 'G') < 0)
			return ERR;
		else if ((n = (c == 'G' || c == 'V')))
			GET_COMMAND_SUFFIX();
		isglobal++;
		n = exec_global(n, gflag);
		if (n == EOF) 
			return EOF;
		else if (n < 0)
			return ERR;
		break;
	case 'h':
		if (addr_cnt > 0) {
			errmsg = "unexpected address";
			return ERR;
		}
		GET_COMMAND_SUFFIX();
		if (*errmsg) fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", errmsg);
		break;
	case 'H':
		if (addr_cnt > 0) {
			errmsg = "unexpected address";
			return ERR;
		}
		GET_COMMAND_SUFFIX();
		if ((garrulous = 1 - garrulous) && *errmsg)
			fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", errmsg);
		break;
	case 'i':
		if (second_addr == 0) {
			second_addr = 1;
		}
		GET_COMMAND_SUFFIX();
		if (!isglobal) clear_undo_stack();
		if (append_lines(second_addr - 1) < 0)
			return ERR;
		if (u_addr_last == addr_last) /* nothing inserted */
			current_addr = second_addr;
		break;
	case 'j':
		if (check_addr_range(current_addr, current_addr + 1) < 0)
			return ERR;
		GET_COMMAND_SUFFIX();
		if (!isglobal) clear_undo_stack();
		if (first_addr != second_addr &&
		    join_lines(first_addr, second_addr) < 0)
			return ERR;
		break;
	case 'k':
		c = *ibufp++;
		if (second_addr == 0) {
			errmsg = "invalid address";
			return ERR;
		}
		GET_COMMAND_SUFFIX();
		if (mark_line_node(get_addressed_line_node(second_addr), c) < 0)
			return ERR;
		break;
	case 'l':
		if (check_addr_range(current_addr, current_addr) < 0)
			return ERR;
		GET_COMMAND_SUFFIX();
		if (display_lines(first_addr, second_addr, gflag | GLS) < 0)
			return ERR;
		gflag = 0;
		break;
	case 'm':
		if (check_addr_range(current_addr, current_addr) < 0)
			return ERR;
		GET_THIRD_ADDR(addr);
		if (first_addr <= addr && addr < second_addr) {
			errmsg = "invalid destination";
			return ERR;
		}
		GET_COMMAND_SUFFIX();
		if (!isglobal) clear_undo_stack();
		if (move_lines(addr) < 0)
			return ERR;
		break;
	case 'n':
		if (check_addr_range(current_addr, current_addr) < 0)
			return ERR;
		GET_COMMAND_SUFFIX();
		if (display_lines(first_addr, second_addr, gflag | GNP) < 0)
			return ERR;
		gflag = 0;
		break;
	case 'p':
		if (check_addr_range(current_addr, current_addr) < 0)
			return ERR;
		GET_COMMAND_SUFFIX();
		if (display_lines(first_addr, second_addr, gflag | GPR) < 0)
			return ERR;
		gflag = 0;
		break;
	case 'P':
		if (addr_cnt > 0) {
			errmsg = "unexpected address";
			return ERR;
		}
		GET_COMMAND_SUFFIX();
		prompt = prompt ? NULL : optarg ? optarg : dps;
		break;
	case 'q':
	case 'Q':
		if (addr_cnt > 0) {
			errmsg = "unexpected address";
			return ERR;
		}
		GET_COMMAND_SUFFIX();
		gflag =  (modified && !scripted && c == 'q') ? EMOD : EOF;
		break;
	case 'r':
		if (!isspace((unsigned char)*ibufp)) {
			errmsg = "unexpected command suffix";
			return ERR;
		} else if (addr_cnt == 0)
			second_addr = addr_last;
		if ((fnp = get_filename()) == NULL)
			return ERR;
		GET_COMMAND_SUFFIX();
		if (!isglobal) clear_undo_stack();
		if (*old_filename == '\0' && *fnp != '!') {
			if (strlen(fnp) < sizeof(old_filename)) {
				strcpy(old_filename, fnp);
			} else {
				fprintf(stderr, "%s: filename too long\n", fnp);
				quit(2);
			}
		}
		if (!posixly_correct && *fnp == '\0' && *old_filename == '\0') {
			errmsg = "no current filename";
			return ERR;
		}
		if ((addr = read_file(*fnp ? fnp : old_filename, second_addr)) < 0)
			return ERR;
		else if (addr && addr != addr_last)
			modified = 1;
		break;
	case 's':
		/*
		 * POSIX requires ed to process srabcr123r as
		 * replace abc with 123 delimiter='r'
		 */
		if (!posixly_correct) do {
			switch(*ibufp) {
			case '\n':
				sflags |=SGF;
				break;
			case 'g':
				sflags |= SGG;
				ibufp++;
				break;
			case 'p':
				sflags |= SGP;
				ibufp++;
				break;
			case 'r':
				sflags |= SGR;
				ibufp++;
				break;
			case '0': case '1': case '2': case '3': case '4':
			case '5': case '6': case '7': case '8': case '9':
				STRTOL(sgnum, ibufp);
				sflags |= SGF;
				sgflag &= ~GSG;		/* override GSG */
				break;
			default:
				if (sflags) {
					errmsg = "invalid command suffix";
					return ERR;
				}
			}
		} while (sflags && *ibufp != '\n');
		if (sflags && !pat) {
			errmsg = "no previous substitution";
			return ERR;
		} else if (sflags & SGG)
			sgnum = 0;		/* override numeric arg */
		if (*ibufp != '\n' && *(ibufp + 1) == '\n') {
			errmsg = "invalid pattern delimiter";
			return ERR;
		}
		tpat = pat;
		SPL1();
		if ((!sflags || (sflags & SGR)) &&
		    (tpat = get_compiled_pattern()) == NULL) {
		 	SPL0();
			return ERR;
		} else if (tpat != pat) {
			if (pat) {
				regfree(pat);
				free(pat);
			}
			pat = tpat;
			patlock = 1;		/* reserve pattern */
		}
		SPL0();
		if (!sflags && extract_subst_tail(&sgflag, &sgnum) < 0)
			return ERR;
		else if (isglobal)
			sgflag |= GLB;
		else
			sgflag &= ~GLB;
		if (sflags & SGG)
			sgflag ^= GSG;
		if (sflags & SGP)
			sgflag ^= GPR, sgflag &= ~(GLS | GNP);
		do {
			switch(*ibufp) {
			case 'p':
				sgflag |= GPR, ibufp++;
				break;
			case 'l':
				sgflag |= GLS, ibufp++;
				break;
			case 'n':
				sgflag |= GNP, ibufp++;
				break;
			default:
				n++;
			}
		} while (!n);
		if (check_addr_range(current_addr, current_addr) < 0)
			return ERR;
		GET_COMMAND_SUFFIX();
		if (!isglobal) clear_undo_stack();
		if (search_and_replace(pat, sgflag, sgnum) < 0)
			return ERR;
		break;
	case 't':
		if (check_addr_range(current_addr, current_addr) < 0)
			return ERR;
		GET_THIRD_ADDR(addr);
		GET_COMMAND_SUFFIX();
		if (!isglobal) clear_undo_stack();
		if (copy_lines(addr) < 0)
			return ERR;
		break;
	case 'u':
		if (addr_cnt > 0) {
			errmsg = "unexpected address";
			return ERR;
		}
		GET_COMMAND_SUFFIX();
		if (pop_undo_stack() < 0)
			return ERR;
		break;
	case 'w':
	case 'W':
		if ((n = *ibufp) == 'q' || n == 'Q') {
			gflag = EOF;
			ibufp++;
		}
		if (!isspace((unsigned char)*ibufp)) {
			errmsg = "unexpected command suffix";
			return ERR;
		} else if ((fnp = get_filename()) == NULL)
			return ERR;
		if (addr_cnt == 0 && !addr_last)
			first_addr = second_addr = 0;
		else if (check_addr_range(1, addr_last) < 0)
			return ERR;
		GET_COMMAND_SUFFIX();
		if (*old_filename == '\0' && *fnp != '!') {
			if  (strlen(fnp) < sizeof(old_filename)) {
				strcpy(old_filename, fnp);
			} else {
				fprintf(stderr, "%s: filename too long\n", fnp);
				quit(2);
			}
		}
		if (!posixly_correct && *fnp == '\0' && *old_filename == '\0') {
			errmsg = "no current filename";
			return ERR;
		}
		if ((addr = write_file(*fnp ? fnp : old_filename,
		    (c == 'W') ? "a" : "w", first_addr, second_addr)) < 0)
			return ERR;
		else if (addr == addr_last)
			modified = 0;
		else if (modified && !scripted && n == 'q')
			gflag = EMOD;
		break;
	case 'x':
		if (addr_cnt > 0) {
			errmsg = "unexpected address";
			return ERR;
		}
		GET_COMMAND_SUFFIX();
#ifdef DES
		des = get_keyword();
		break;
#else
		errmsg = "crypt unavailable";
		return ERR;
#endif
	case 'z':
		if (check_addr_range(first_addr = 1, current_addr + (posixly_correct ? !isglobal : 1)) < 0)
			return ERR;
		else if ('0' < *ibufp && *ibufp <= '9')
			STRTOL(rows, ibufp);
		GET_COMMAND_SUFFIX();
		if (display_lines(second_addr, min(addr_last,
		    second_addr + rows), gflag) < 0)
			return ERR;
		gflag = 0;
		break;
	case '=':
		GET_COMMAND_SUFFIX();
		printf("%ld\n", addr_cnt ? second_addr : addr_last);
		break;
	case '!':
		if (addr_cnt > 0) {
			errmsg = "unexpected address";
			return ERR;
		} else if ((sflags = get_shell_command()) < 0)
			return ERR;
		GET_COMMAND_SUFFIX();
		if (sflags) printf("%s\n", shcmd + 1);
		fflush(stdout);
		system(shcmd + 1);
		if (!scripted) printf("!\n");
		break;
	case '\n':
		if (check_addr_range(first_addr = 1, current_addr + (posixly_correct ? !isglobal : 1)) < 0
		 || display_lines(second_addr, second_addr, 0) < 0)
			return ERR;
		break;
	default:
		errmsg = "unknown command";
		return ERR;
	}
	return gflag;
}


/* check_addr_range: return status of address range check */
int
check_addr_range(long n, long m)
{
	if (addr_cnt == 0) {
		first_addr = n;
		second_addr = m;
	}
	if (first_addr > second_addr || 1 > first_addr ||
	    second_addr > addr_last) {
		errmsg = "invalid address";
		return ERR;
	}
	return 0;
}


/* get_matching_node_addr: return the address of the next line matching a
   pattern in a given direction.  wrap around begin/end of editor buffer if
   necessary */
long
get_matching_node_addr(pattern_t *pat, int dir)
{
	char *s;
	long n = current_addr;
	line_t *lp;

	if (!pat) return ERR;
	do {
	       if ((n = dir ? INC_MOD(n, addr_last) : DEC_MOD(n, addr_last))) {
			lp = get_addressed_line_node(n);
			if ((s = get_sbuf_line(lp)) == NULL)
				return ERR;
			if (isbinary)
				NUL_TO_NEWLINE(s, lp->len);
			if (!regexec(pat, s, 0, NULL, 0))
				return n;
	       }
	} while (n != current_addr);
	errmsg = "no match";
	return  ERR;
}


/* get_filename: return pointer to copy of filename in the command buffer */
char *
get_filename(void)
{
	static char *file = NULL;
	static int filesz = 0;

	int n;

	if (*ibufp != '\n') {
		SKIP_BLANKS();
		if (*ibufp == '\n') {
			errmsg = "invalid filename";
			return NULL;
		} else if ((ibufp = get_extended_line(&n, 1)) == NULL)
			return NULL;
		else if (*ibufp == '!') {
			ibufp++;
			if ((n = get_shell_command()) < 0)
				return NULL;
			if (n)
				printf("%s\n", shcmd + 1);
			return shcmd;
		} else if (n > PATH_MAX) {
			errmsg = "filename too long";
			return  NULL;
		}
	}
	else if (posixly_correct && *old_filename == '\0') {
		errmsg = "no current filename";
		return  NULL;
	}
	REALLOC(file, filesz, PATH_MAX + 1, NULL);
	for (n = 0; *ibufp != '\n';)
		file[n++] = *ibufp++;
	file[n] = '\0';
	return is_legal_filename(file) ? file : NULL;
}


/* get_shell_command: read a shell command from stdin; return substitution
   status */
int
get_shell_command(void)
{
	static char *buf = NULL;
	static int n = 0;

	char *s;			/* substitution char pointer */
	int i = 0;
	int j = 0;

	if (red) {
		errmsg = "shell access restricted";
		return ERR;
	} else if ((s = ibufp = get_extended_line(&j, 1)) == NULL)
		return ERR;
	REALLOC(buf, n, j + 1, ERR);
	buf[i++] = '!';			/* prefix command w/ bang */
	while (*ibufp != '\n')
		switch (*ibufp) {
		default:
			REALLOC(buf, n, i + 2, ERR);
			buf[i++] = *ibufp;
			if (*ibufp++ == '\\')
				buf[i++] = *ibufp++;
			break;
		case '!':
			if (s != ibufp) {
				REALLOC(buf, n, i + 1, ERR);
				buf[i++] = *ibufp++;
			}
			else if (shcmd == NULL || (!posixly_correct && *(shcmd + 1) == '\0'))
			{
				errmsg = "no previous command";
				return ERR;
			} else {
				REALLOC(buf, n, i + shcmdi, ERR);
				for (s = shcmd + 1; s < shcmd + shcmdi;)
					buf[i++] = *s++;
				s = ibufp++;
			}
			break;
		case '%':
			if (*old_filename  == '\0') {
				errmsg = "no current filename";
				return ERR;
			}
			j = strlen(s = strip_escapes(old_filename));
			REALLOC(buf, n, i + j, ERR);
			while (j--)
				buf[i++] = *s++;
			s = ibufp++;
			break;
		}
	REALLOC(shcmd, shcmdsz, i + 1, ERR);
	memcpy(shcmd, buf, i);
	shcmd[shcmdi = i] = '\0';
	return *s == '!' || *s == '%';
}


/* append_lines: insert text from stdin to after line n; stop when either a
   single period is read or EOF; return status */
int
append_lines(long n)
{
	int l;
	const char *lp = ibuf;
	const char *eot;
	undo_t *up = NULL;

	for (current_addr = n;;) {
		if (!isglobal) {
			if ((l = get_tty_line()) < 0)
				return ERR;
			else if (l == 0 || ibuf[l - 1] != '\n') {
				clearerr(stdin);
				return  l ? EOF : 0;
			}
			lp = ibuf;
		} else if (*(lp = ibufp) == '\0')
			return 0;
		else {
			while (*ibufp++ != '\n')
				;
			l = ibufp - lp;
		}
		if (l == 2 && lp[0] == '.' && lp[1] == '\n') {
			return 0;
		}
		eot = lp + l;
		SPL1();
		do {
			if ((lp = put_sbuf_line(lp)) == NULL) {
				SPL0();
				return ERR;
			} else if (up)
				up->t = get_addressed_line_node(current_addr);
			else if ((up = push_undo_stack(UADD, current_addr,
			    current_addr)) == NULL) {
				SPL0();
				return ERR;
			}
		} while (lp != eot);
		modified = 1;
		SPL0();
	}
	/* NOTREACHED */
}


/* join_lines: replace a range of lines with the joined text of those lines */
int
join_lines(long from, long to)
{
	static char *buf = NULL;
	static int n;

	char *s;
	int size = 0;
	line_t *bp, *ep;

	ep = get_addressed_line_node(INC_MOD(to, addr_last));
	bp = get_addressed_line_node(from);
	for (; bp != ep; bp = bp->q_forw) {
		if ((s = get_sbuf_line(bp)) == NULL)
			return ERR;
		REALLOC(buf, n, size + bp->len, ERR);
		memcpy(buf + size, s, bp->len);
		size += bp->len;
	}
	REALLOC(buf, n, size + 2, ERR);
	memcpy(buf + size, "\n", 2);
	if (delete_lines(from, to) < 0)
		return ERR;
	current_addr = from - 1;
	SPL1();
	if (put_sbuf_line(buf) == NULL ||
	    push_undo_stack(UADD, current_addr, current_addr) == NULL) {
		SPL0();
		return ERR;
	}
	modified = 1;
	if (current_addr == 0)
		current_addr = 1;
	SPL0();
	return 0;
}


/* move_lines: move a range of lines */
int
move_lines(long addr)
{
	line_t *b1, *a1, *b2, *a2;
	long n = INC_MOD(second_addr, addr_last);
	long p = first_addr - 1;
	int done = (addr == first_addr - 1 || addr == second_addr);

	SPL1();
	if (done) {
		a2 = get_addressed_line_node(n);
		b2 = get_addressed_line_node(p);
		current_addr = second_addr;
	} else if (push_undo_stack(UMOV, p, n) == NULL ||
	    push_undo_stack(UMOV, addr, INC_MOD(addr, addr_last)) == NULL) {
		SPL0();
		return ERR;
	} else {
		a1 = get_addressed_line_node(n);
		if (addr < first_addr) {
			b1 = get_addressed_line_node(p);
			b2 = get_addressed_line_node(addr);
					/* this get_addressed_line_node last! */
		} else {
			b2 = get_addressed_line_node(addr);
			b1 = get_addressed_line_node(p);
					/* this get_addressed_line_node last! */
		}
		a2 = b2->q_forw;
		REQUE(b2, b1->q_forw);
		REQUE(a1->q_back, a2);
		REQUE(b1, a1);
		current_addr = addr + ((addr < first_addr) ?
		    second_addr - first_addr + 1 : 0);
	}
	if (isglobal)
		unset_active_nodes(b2->q_forw, a2);
	modified = 1;
	SPL0();
	return 0;
}


/* copy_lines: copy a range of lines; return status */
int
copy_lines(long addr)
{
	line_t *lp, *np = get_addressed_line_node(first_addr);
	undo_t *up = NULL;
	long n = second_addr - first_addr + 1;
	long m = 0;

	current_addr = addr;
	if (first_addr <= addr && addr < second_addr) {
		n =  addr - first_addr + 1;
		m = second_addr - addr;
	}
	for (; n > 0; n=m, m=0, np = get_addressed_line_node(current_addr + 1))
		for (; n-- > 0; np = np->q_forw) {
			SPL1();
			if ((lp = dup_line_node(np)) == NULL) {
				SPL0();
				return ERR;
			}
			add_line_node(lp);
			if (up)
				up->t = lp;
			else if ((up = push_undo_stack(UADD, current_addr,
			    current_addr)) == NULL) {
				SPL0();
				return ERR;
			}
			modified = 1;
			SPL0();
		}
	return 0;
}


/* delete_lines: delete a range of lines */
int
delete_lines(long from, long to)
{
	line_t *n, *p;

	SPL1();
	if (push_undo_stack(UDEL, from, to) == NULL) {
		SPL0();
		return ERR;
	}
	n = get_addressed_line_node(INC_MOD(to, addr_last));
	p = get_addressed_line_node(from - 1);
					/* this get_addressed_line_node last! */
	if (isglobal)
		unset_active_nodes(p->q_forw, n);
	REQUE(p, n);
	addr_last -= to - from + 1;
	current_addr = from - 1;
	modified = 1;
	SPL0();
	return 0;
}


/* display_lines: print a range of lines to stdout */
int
display_lines(long from, long to, int gflag)
{
	line_t *bp;
	line_t *ep;
	char *s;

	if (!from) {
		errmsg = "invalid address";
		return ERR;
	}
	ep = get_addressed_line_node(INC_MOD(to, addr_last));
	bp = get_addressed_line_node(from);
	for (; bp != ep; bp = bp->q_forw) {
		if ((s = get_sbuf_line(bp)) == NULL)
			return ERR;
		if (put_tty_line(s, bp->len, current_addr = from++, gflag) < 0)
			return ERR;
	}
	return 0;
}


#define MAXMARK 26			/* max number of marks */

line_t	*mark[MAXMARK];			/* line markers */
int markno;				/* line marker count */

/* mark_line_node: set a line node mark */
int
mark_line_node(line_t *lp, int n)
{
	if (!islower((unsigned char)n)) {
		errmsg = "invalid mark character";
		return ERR;
	} else if (mark[n - 'a'] == NULL)
		markno++;
	mark[n - 'a'] = lp;
	return 0;
}


/* get_marked_node_addr: return address of a marked line */
long
get_marked_node_addr(int n)
{
	if (!islower((unsigned char)n)) {
		errmsg = "invalid mark character";
		return ERR;
	}
	return get_line_node_addr(mark[n - 'a']);
}

/* Used by search and replace */
void
replace_marks(line_t *old, line_t *new)
{
	int i;
	for (i=0; markno && i<MAXMARK; i++) 
		if (mark[i] == old)
			mark[i] = new;
}


/* unmark_line_node: clear line node mark */
void
unmark_line_node(line_t *lp)
{
	int i;

	for (i = 0; markno && i < MAXMARK; i++)
		if (mark[i] == lp) {
			mark[i] = NULL;
			markno--;
		}
}


/* dup_line_node: return a pointer to a copy of a line node */
line_t *
dup_line_node(line_t *lp)
{
	line_t *np;

	if ((np = (line_t *) malloc(sizeof(line_t))) == NULL) {
		fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", strerror(errno));
		errmsg = "out of memory";
		return NULL;
	}
	np->seek = lp->seek;
	np->len = lp->len;
	return np;
}


/* has_trailing_escape:  return the parity of escapes preceding a character
   in a string */
int
has_trailing_escape(char *s, char *t)
{
    return (s == t || *(t - 1) != '\\') ? 0 : !has_trailing_escape(s, t - 1);
}


/* strip_escapes: return copy of escaped string of at most length PATH_MAX */
char *
strip_escapes(char *s)
{
	static char *file = NULL;
	static int filesz = 0;

	int i = 0;

	REALLOC(file, filesz, PATH_MAX, NULL);
	while (i < filesz - 1	/* Worry about a possible trailing escape */
	       && (file[i++] = (*s == '\\') ? *++s : *s))
		s++;
	return file;
}


void
signal_hup(int signo)
{
	if (mutex)
		sigflags |= (1 << (signo - 1));
	else
		handle_hup(signo);
}


void
signal_int(int signo)
{
	if (mutex)
		sigflags |= (1 << (signo - 1));
	else
		handle_int(signo);
}


void
handle_hup(int signo)
{
	char *hup = NULL;		/* hup filename */
	char *s;
	char ed_hup[] = "ed.hup";
	int n;

	if (!sigactive)
		quit(1);
	sigflags &= ~(1 << (signo - 1));
	if (addr_last && write_file(ed_hup, "w", 1, addr_last) < 0 &&
	    (s = getenv("HOME")) != NULL &&
	    (n = strlen(s)) + 8 <= PATH_MAX &&	/* "ed.hup" + '/' */
	    (hup = (char *) malloc(n + 10)) != NULL) {
		strcpy(hup, s);
		if (hup[n - 1] != '/')
			hup[n] = '/', hup[n+1] = '\0';
		strcat(hup, "ed.hup");
		write_file(hup, "w", 1, addr_last);
	}
	quit(2);
}


void
handle_int(int signo)
{
	if (!sigactive)
		quit(1);
	sigflags &= ~(1 << (signo - 1));
#ifdef _POSIX_SOURCE
	siglongjmp(env, -1);
#else
	longjmp(env, -1);
#endif
}


int cols = 72;				/* wrap column */

void
handle_winch(int signo)
{
	int save_errno = errno;

	struct winsize ws;		/* window size structure */

	sigflags &= ~(1 << (signo - 1));
	if (ioctl(0, TIOCGWINSZ, (char *) &ws) >= 0) {
		if (ws.ws_row > 2) rows = ws.ws_row - 2;
		if (ws.ws_col > 8) cols = ws.ws_col - 8;
	}
	errno = save_errno;
}


/* is_legal_filename: return a legal filename */
int
is_legal_filename(char *s)
{
	if (red && (*s == '!' || !strcmp(s, "..") || strchr(s, '/'))) {
		errmsg = "shell access restricted";
		return 0;
	}
	return 1;
}