.\" Copyright (c) 1989, 1990, 1993 .\" The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. .\" .\" This code is derived from software contributed to Berkeley by .\" the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. .\" .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software .\" must display the following acknowledgement: .\" This product includes software developed by the University of .\" California, Berkeley and its contributors. .\" 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors .\" may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software .\" without specific prior written permission. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND .\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE .\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE .\" ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE .\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL .\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS .\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) .\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT .\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY .\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF .\" SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" From: @(#)comm.1 8.1 (Berkeley) 6/6/93 .\" $FreeBSD: src/usr.bin/comm/comm.1,v 1.14 2005/01/25 22:28:34 tjr Exp $ .\" .Dd January 26, 2005 .Os .Dt COMM 1 .Sh NAME .Nm comm .Nd select or reject lines common to two files .Sh SYNOPSIS .Nm .Op Fl 123i .Ar file1 file2 .Sh DESCRIPTION The .Nm utility reads .Ar file1 and .Ar file2 , which should be sorted lexically, and produces three text columns as output: lines only in .Ar file1 ; lines only in .Ar file2 ; and lines in both files. .Pp The filename ``-'' means the standard input. .Pp The following options are available: .Bl -tag -width indent .It Fl 1 Suppress printing of column 1. .It Fl 2 Suppress printing of column 2. .It Fl 3 Suppress printing of column 3. .It Fl i Case insensitive comparison of lines. .El .Pp Each column will have a number of tab characters prepended to it equal to the number of lower numbered columns that are being printed. For example, if column number two is being suppressed, lines printed in column number one will not have any tabs preceding them, and lines printed in column number three will have one. .Pp The .Nm utility assumes that the files are lexically sorted; all characters participate in line comparisons. .Sh ENVIRONMENT The .Ev LANG , .Ev LC_ALL , .Ev LC_COLLATE , and .Ev LC_CTYPE environment variables affect the execution of .Nm as described in .Xr environ 7 . .Sh EXIT STATUS .Ex -std .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr cmp 1 , .Xr diff 1 , .Xr sort 1 , .Xr uniq 1 .Sh STANDARDS The .Nm utility conforms to .St -p1003.2-92 . .Pp The .Fl i option is an extension to the .Tn POSIX standard. .Sh HISTORY A .Nm command appeared in .At v4 . .Sh BUGS Input lines are limited to .Dv LINE_MAX (2048) characters in length.