print-vtp.c   [plain text]


/*
 * Copyright (c) 1998-2007 The TCPDUMP project
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that: (1) source code
 * distributions retain the above copyright notice and this paragraph
 * in its entirety, and (2) distributions including binary code include
 * the above copyright notice and this paragraph in its entirety in
 * the documentation or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ``AS IS'' AND
 * WITHOUT ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT
 * LIMITATION, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS
 * FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
 *
 * VLAN TRUNKING PROTOCOL (VTP)
 *
 * Reference documentation:
 *  http://www.cisco.com/en/US/tech/tk389/tk689/technologies_tech_note09186a0080094c52.shtml 
 *  http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/473/21.html 
 *  http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/product/lan/trsrb/frames.htm
 *
 * Original code ode by Carles Kishimoto <carles.kishimoto@gmail.com>
 */

#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
#include "config.h"
#endif

#include <tcpdump-stdinc.h>

#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>

#include "interface.h"
#include "addrtoname.h"
#include "extract.h"		
#include "nlpid.h"

#define VTP_HEADER_LEN			36
#define	VTP_DOMAIN_NAME_LEN		32
#define	VTP_MD5_DIGEST_LEN		16
#define VTP_UPDATE_TIMESTAMP_LEN	12
#define VTP_VLAN_INFO_OFFSET		12

#define VTP_SUMMARY_ADV			0x01
#define VTP_SUBSET_ADV			0x02
#define VTP_ADV_REQUEST			0x03
#define VTP_JOIN_MESSAGE		0x04

struct vtp_vlan_ {
    u_int8_t  len;
    u_int8_t  status;
    u_int8_t  type;
    u_int8_t  name_len;
    u_int16_t vlanid;
    u_int16_t mtu;
    u_int32_t index;
};

static struct tok vtp_message_type_values[] = {
    { VTP_SUMMARY_ADV, "Summary advertisement"},
    { VTP_SUBSET_ADV, "Subset advertisement"},
    { VTP_ADV_REQUEST, "Advertisement request"},
    { VTP_JOIN_MESSAGE, "Join message"},
    { 0, NULL }
};

static struct tok vtp_header_values[] = {
    { 0x01, "Followers"}, /* On Summary advertisement, 3rd byte is Followers */
    { 0x02, "Seq number"}, /* On Subset  advertisement, 3rd byte is Sequence number */
    { 0x03, "Rsvd"}, /* On Adver. requests 3rd byte is Rsvd */
    { 0x04, "Rsvd"}, /* On Adver. requests 3rd byte is Rsvd */
    { 0, NULL }
};

static struct tok vtp_vlan_type_values[] = {
    { 0x01, "Ethernet"},
    { 0x02, "FDDI"},
    { 0x03, "TrCRF"},
    { 0x04, "FDDI-net"},
    { 0x05, "TrBRF"},
    { 0, NULL }
};

static struct tok vtp_vlan_status[] = {
    { 0x00, "Operational"},
    { 0x01, "Suspended"},
    { 0, NULL }
};

#define VTP_VLAN_SOURCE_ROUTING_RING_NUMBER      0x01
#define VTP_VLAN_SOURCE_ROUTING_BRIDGE_NUMBER    0x02
#define VTP_VLAN_STP_TYPE                        0x03
#define VTP_VLAN_PARENT_VLAN                     0x04
#define VTP_VLAN_TRANS_BRIDGED_VLAN              0x05
#define VTP_VLAN_PRUNING                         0x06
#define VTP_VLAN_BRIDGE_TYPE                     0x07
#define VTP_VLAN_ARP_HOP_COUNT                   0x08
#define VTP_VLAN_STE_HOP_COUNT                   0x09
#define VTP_VLAN_BACKUP_CRF_MODE                 0x0A

static struct tok vtp_vlan_tlv_values[] = {
    { VTP_VLAN_SOURCE_ROUTING_RING_NUMBER, "Source-Routing Ring Number TLV"},
    { VTP_VLAN_SOURCE_ROUTING_BRIDGE_NUMBER, "Source-Routing Bridge Number TLV"},
    { VTP_VLAN_STP_TYPE, "STP type TLV"},
    { VTP_VLAN_PARENT_VLAN, "Parent VLAN TLV"},
    { VTP_VLAN_TRANS_BRIDGED_VLAN, "Translationally bridged VLANs TLV"},
    { VTP_VLAN_PRUNING, "Pruning TLV"},
    { VTP_VLAN_BRIDGE_TYPE, "Bridge Type TLV"},
    { VTP_VLAN_ARP_HOP_COUNT, "Max ARP Hop Count TLV"},
    { VTP_VLAN_STE_HOP_COUNT, "Max STE Hop Count TLV"},
    { VTP_VLAN_BACKUP_CRF_MODE, "Backup CRF Mode TLV"},
    { 0,                                  NULL }
};

static struct tok vtp_stp_type_values[] = {
    { 1, "SRT"},
    { 2, "SRB"},
    { 3, "Auto"},
    { 0, NULL }
};

void
vtp_print (const u_char *pptr, u_int length)
{
    int type, len, tlv_len, tlv_value;
    const u_char *tptr;
    const struct vtp_vlan_ *vtp_vlan;

    if (length < VTP_HEADER_LEN)
        goto trunc;

    tptr = pptr; 

    if (!TTEST2(*tptr, VTP_HEADER_LEN))	
	goto trunc;

    type = *(tptr+1);
    printf("VTPv%u, Message %s (0x%02x), length %u",
	   *tptr,  
	   tok2str(vtp_message_type_values,"Unknown message type", type),
	   *(tptr+1),
	   length);

    /* In non-verbose mode, just print version and message type */
    if (vflag < 1) {
        return;
    }

    /* verbose mode print all fields */
    printf("\n\tDomain name: %s, %s: %u", 
	   (tptr+4),
	   tok2str(vtp_header_values,"Unknown",*(tptr+1)),
	   *(tptr+2));

    tptr += VTP_HEADER_LEN;

    switch (type) {

    case VTP_SUMMARY_ADV:

	/*
	 *  SUMMARY ADVERTISEMENT
	 *
	 *  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
	 *  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
	 *  |     Version   |     Code      |    Followers  |    MmgtD Len  |
	 *  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
	 *  |                    Management Domain Name                     |
	 *  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
	 *  |                    Configuration revision number              |
	 *  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
	 *  |                  Updater Identity IP address                  |
	 *  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
	 *  |                    Update Timestamp (12 bytes)                |
	 *  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
	 *  |                        MD5 digest (16 bytes)                  |
	 *  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
	 *  
	 */

	printf("\n\t  Config Rev %x, Updater %s",
	       EXTRACT_32BITS(tptr),
	       ipaddr_string(tptr+4));
	tptr += 8;	
	printf(", Timestamp 0x%08x 0x%08x 0x%08x",
	       EXTRACT_32BITS(tptr),
	       EXTRACT_32BITS(tptr + 4),
	       EXTRACT_32BITS(tptr + 8));
	tptr += VTP_UPDATE_TIMESTAMP_LEN;
	printf(", MD5 digest: %08x%08x%08x%08x",
	       EXTRACT_32BITS(tptr),
	       EXTRACT_32BITS(tptr + 4),
	       EXTRACT_32BITS(tptr + 8),
	       EXTRACT_32BITS(tptr + 12));
	tptr += VTP_MD5_DIGEST_LEN;
	break;

    case VTP_SUBSET_ADV:

	/*
	 *  SUBSET ADVERTISEMENT
	 *
	 *  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
	 *  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
	 *  |     Version   |     Code      |   Seq number  |    MmgtD Len  |
	 *  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
	 *  |                    Management Domain Name                     |
	 *  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
	 *  |                    Configuration revision number              |
	 *  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
	 *  |                         VLAN info field 1                     |
	 *  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
	 *  |                         ................                      |
	 *  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
	 *  |                         VLAN info field N                     |
	 *  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
	 *      
	 */

	printf(", Config Rev %x", EXTRACT_32BITS(tptr));

	/*  
	 *  VLAN INFORMATION
	 *  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
	 *  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
	 *  | V info len    |    Status     |  VLAN type    | VLAN name len |
	 *  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
	 *  |       ISL vlan id             |            MTU size           |
	 *  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
	 *  |                     802.10 index (SAID)                       |
	 *  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
	 *  |                         VLAN name                             |
	 *  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
	 *
	 */

	tptr += 4;
	while (tptr < (pptr+length)) {

	    len = *tptr;
	    if (len == 0)
		break;

	    if (!TTEST2(*tptr, len))
		goto trunc;

	    vtp_vlan = (struct vtp_vlan_*)tptr;
	    printf("\n\tVLAN info status %s, type %s, VLAN-id %u, MTU %u, SAID 0x%08x, Name %s",
		   tok2str(vtp_vlan_status,"Unknown",vtp_vlan->status),
		   tok2str(vtp_vlan_type_values,"Unknown",vtp_vlan->type),
		   EXTRACT_16BITS(&vtp_vlan->vlanid),
		   EXTRACT_16BITS(&vtp_vlan->mtu),
		   EXTRACT_32BITS(&vtp_vlan->index),
		   (tptr + VTP_VLAN_INFO_OFFSET));

            /*
             * Vlan names are aligned to 32-bit boundaries.
             */
            len  -= VTP_VLAN_INFO_OFFSET + 4*((vtp_vlan->name_len + 3)/4);
            tptr += VTP_VLAN_INFO_OFFSET + 4*((vtp_vlan->name_len + 3)/4);

            /* TLV information follows */

            while (len > 0) {

                /* 
                 * Cisco specs says 2 bytes for type + 2 bytes for length, take only 1
                 * See: http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/product/lan/trsrb/frames.htm 
                 */
                type = *tptr;
                tlv_len = *(tptr+1);

                printf("\n\t\t%s (0x%04x) TLV",
                       tok2str(vtp_vlan_tlv_values, "Unknown", type),
                       type);

                /*
                 * infinite loop check
                 */
                if (type == 0 || tlv_len == 0) {
                    return;
                }

                if (!TTEST2(*tptr, tlv_len*2 +2))
                    goto trunc;

                tlv_value = EXTRACT_16BITS(tptr+2);

                switch (type) {
                case VTP_VLAN_STE_HOP_COUNT:
                    printf(", %u", tlv_value);
                    break;

                case VTP_VLAN_PRUNING:
                    printf(", %s (%u)",
                           tlv_value == 1 ? "Enabled" : "Disabled",
                           tlv_value);
                    break;

                case VTP_VLAN_STP_TYPE:
                    printf(", %s (%u)",
                           tok2str(vtp_stp_type_values, "Unknown", tlv_value),
                           tlv_value);
                    break;

                case VTP_VLAN_BRIDGE_TYPE:
                    printf(", %s (%u)",
                           tlv_value == 1 ? "SRB" : "SRT",
                           tlv_value);
                    break;

                case VTP_VLAN_BACKUP_CRF_MODE:
                    printf(", %s (%u)",
                           tlv_value == 1 ? "Backup" : "Not backup",
                           tlv_value);
                    break;

                    /*
                     * FIXME those are the defined TLVs that lack a decoder
                     * you are welcome to contribute code ;-)
                     */

                case VTP_VLAN_SOURCE_ROUTING_RING_NUMBER:
                case VTP_VLAN_SOURCE_ROUTING_BRIDGE_NUMBER:
                case VTP_VLAN_PARENT_VLAN:
                case VTP_VLAN_TRANS_BRIDGED_VLAN:
                case VTP_VLAN_ARP_HOP_COUNT:
                default:
		    print_unknown_data(tptr, "\n\t\t  ", 2 + tlv_len*2);
                    break;
                }
                len -= 2 + tlv_len*2;
                tptr += 2 + tlv_len*2;
            }
	}
	break;

    case VTP_ADV_REQUEST:

	/*
	 *  ADVERTISEMENT REQUEST
	 *
	 *  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
	 *  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
	 *  |     Version   |     Code      |   Reserved    |    MmgtD Len  |
	 *  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
	 *  |                    Management Domain Name                     |
	 *  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
	 *  |                          Start value                          |
	 *  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
	 *
	 */

	printf("\n\tStart value: %u", EXTRACT_32BITS(tptr));
	break;

    case VTP_JOIN_MESSAGE:

	/* FIXME - Could not find message format */
	break;

    default:
	break;
    }

    return;

 trunc:
    printf("[|vtp]");
}

/*
 * Local Variables:
 * c-style: whitesmith
 * c-basic-offset: 4
 * End:
 */