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Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors .\" may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software .\" without specific prior written permission. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND .\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE .\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE .\" ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE .\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL .\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS .\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) .\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT .\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY .\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF .\" SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" from: @(#)ttys.5 8.1 (Berkeley) 6/4/93 .\" $FreeBSD: src/libexec/getty/ttys.5,v 1.18 2005/06/14 08:40:10 ru Exp $ .\" " .Dd May 27, 2005 .Dt TTYS 5 .Os .Sh NAME .Nm ttys .Nd terminal initialization information .Sh DESCRIPTION The file .Nm contains information that is used by various routines to initialize and control the use of terminal special files. This information is read with the .Xr getttyent 3 library routines. There is one line in the .Nm file per special device file. Fields are separated by tabs and/or spaces. Fields comprised of more than one word should be enclosed in double quotes (``"''). Blank lines and comments may appear anywhere in the file; comments are delimited by hash marks (``#'') and new lines. Any unspecified fields will default to null. .Pp The first field is normally the name of the terminal special file as it is found in .Pa /dev . However, it can be any arbitrary string when the associated command is not related to a tty. .Pp The second field of the file is the command to execute for the line, usually .Xr getty 8 , which initializes and opens the line, setting the speed, waiting for a user name and executing the .Xr login 1 program. It can be, however, any desired command, for example the start up for a window system terminal emulator or some other daemon process, and can contain multiple words if quoted. .Pp The third field is the type of terminal usually connected to that tty line, normally the one found in the .Xr termcap 5 data base file. The environment variable .Ev TERM is initialized with the value by either .Xr getty 8 or .Xr login 1 . .Pp The remaining fields set flags in the .Fa ty_status entry (see .Xr getttyent 3 ) , specify a window system process that .Xr launchd 8 will maintain for the terminal line. .Pp As flag values, the strings ``on'' and ``off'' specify that .Xr launchd 8 should (should not) execute the command given in the second field, while ``secure'' (if ``on'' is also specified) allows users with a uid of 0 to login on this line. The flags ``local'', ``rtscts'', ``mdmbuf'', and ``softcar'' modify the default behaviour of the terminal line, and their actions are driver dependent. The ``local'' flag causes the driver to treat the line as if it locally connected. The ``rtscts'' flag instructs the driver to use RTS/CTS hardware flow control, if possible. The ``mdmbuf'' flag instructs the driver to use DTR/DCD flow control, if possible. The ``softcar'' flag causes the driver to ignore hardware carrier on the line. These flag fields should not be quoted. .Pp The string ``window='' may be followed by a quoted command string which .Xr launchd 8 will execute .Em before starting the command specified by the second field. .Sh FILES .Bl -tag -width /etc/ttys -compact .It Pa /etc/ttys .El .Sh NUMERIC SEQUENCES Numeric sequences of terminals can be represented in a more compact format. A matching pair of square bracket may enclose two numbers (the start and stop values), separated by a hyphen. The numbers are assumed to be decimal, unless prefixed with ``0x'', in which case they are interpreted as hexadecimal. The number of characters (not including any ``0x'') in the starting value gives the minimum width; sequence values are zero padded up to this width. Thus ``tty[00-07]'' represents the eight terminals ``tty00'' through ``tty07''. .Sh EXAMPLES .Bd -literal # root login on console at 1200 baud console "/usr/libexec/getty std.1200" vt100 on secure # dialup at 1200 baud, no root logins ttyd0 "/usr/libexec/getty d1200" dialup on # 555-1234 # Mike's terminal: hp2621 ttyh0 "/usr/libexec/getty std.9600" hp2621-nl on # 457 Evans # John's terminal: vt100 ttyh1 "/usr/libexec/getty std.9600" vt100 on # 459 Evans # terminal emulate/window system ttyv0 "/usr/X11/bin/xterm -display :0" xterm on window="/usr/X11/bin/X :0" # the sequence of eight terminals tty00 through tty07 tty[00-07] "/usr/libexec/getty std.9600" vt100 on # Network pseudo ttys -- don't enable getty ttyp0 none network ttyp1 none network off # All sixteen of a pseudo tty sequence ttyq[0x0-0xf] none network .Ed .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr login 1 , .Xr getttyent 3 , .Xr ttyslot 3 , .Xr gettytab 5 , .Xr termcap 5 , .Xr getty 8 , .Xr launchd 8 .\" .Xr ttyflags 8 .Sh HISTORY A .Nm file appeared in .At v6 .