ndr.h   [plain text]


/*
 * CDDL HEADER START
 *
 * The contents of this file are subject to the terms of the
 * Common Development and Distribution License (the "License").
 * You may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 *
 * You can obtain a copy of the license at usr/src/OPENSOLARIS.LICENSE
 * or http://www.opensolaris.org/os/licensing.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions
 * and limitations under the License.
 *
 * When distributing Covered Code, include this CDDL HEADER in each
 * file and include the License file at usr/src/OPENSOLARIS.LICENSE.
 * If applicable, add the following below this CDDL HEADER, with the
 * fields enclosed by brackets "[]" replaced with your own identifying
 * information: Portions Copyright [yyyy] [name of copyright owner]
 *
 * CDDL HEADER END
 */
/*
 * Copyright 2007 Sun Microsystems, Inc.  All rights reserved.
 * Use is subject to license terms.
 */

#ifndef _SMBSRV_NDR_H
#define	_SMBSRV_NDR_H

#include <stdint.h>
#include <sys/types.h>

/*
 * Network Data Representation (NDR) is a compatible subset of DCE RPC
 * and MSRPC NDR.  NDR is used to move parameters consisting of
 * complicated trees of data constructs between an RPC client and server.
 *
 * CAE Specification (1997)
 * DCE 1.1: Remote Procedure Call
 * Document Number: C706
 * The Open Group
 * ogspecs@opengroup.org
 */

#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif

/*
 * Normal sequence:
 *	- Application calls client-side stub w/ TOP-MOST arg structure
 *	- client stub performs NDR_M_OP_MARSHALL+NDR_DIR_IN
 *	- PDU conveyed (request, aka call, aka query)
 *	- server stub performs NDR_M_OP_UNMARSHALL+NDR_DIR_IN
 *	- server function called w/ TOP-MOST arg structure
 *	- server function returns w/ TOP-MOST arg structure modified
 *	- server stub performs NDR_M_OP_MARSHALL+NDR_DIR_OUT
 *	- PDU conveyed (reply, aka result, aka response)
 *	- client stub performs NDR_M_OP_UNMARSHALL+NDR_DIR_OUT
 *	- return to Application w/ TOP-MOST arg structure modified
 *
 * An interface is a sequence of top-most constructs.  Each top-most
 * construct corresponds to one parameter, either argument or return
 * value.
 *
 * A top-most construct is a sequence of outer constructs.  The first
 * outer construct is the referent of the argument, and the subsequent
 * outer constructs are descendents referenced by pointers from prior
 * constructs.
 *
 * An outer construct is a sequence of variable-sized info, fixed-sized
 * data, and variable-sized data.
 */

/*
 * Terminology
 *
 * The ALL UPPER CASE terms recur in the DCE/RPC documentation.
 * The mixed-case names have been introduced as a reading aid.
 *
 * Size		The size of an array in elements. Think of this
 *		as the amount to malloc().
 *
 * Length	The number of elements of an array which are significant
 *		Think of this as the amount to bcopy().
 *
 * Known	Size/length is known at build time.
 *
 * Determined	Size/length is determined at run time.
 *
 * FIXED	The Size and Length are Known.
 *		Think of this as a string constant or a DOS 8.3 file name.
 *		char array[] = "A Constant Size/Length";
 *
 * CONFORMANT	The Size is Determined. Length is the same as Size.
 *		Think of this as strdup().
 *		char *array = strdup("Something");
 *
 * VARYING	The Size is Known. The Length is determined.
 *		Think of this as a strlcpy() of a variable length string
 *		into a fixed length buffer:
 *		char array[100];
 *		strcpy(array, "very short string");
 *
 * VARYING/CONFORMANT
 *		The Size is Determined. The Length is separately Determined.
 *		Think of this like:
 *		char *array = malloc(size);
 *		strcpy(array, "short string");
 *
 * STRING	Strings can be CONFORMANT, VARYING, or CONFORMANT/VARYING.
 *		A string is fundamentally an array with the last
 *		significant element some sort of NULL.
 */

#define	NDR_F_NONE		0x0000	/* no flags */
#define	NDR_F_PARAMS_MASK	0x00FF
#define	NDR_F_SIZE_IS		0x0001	/* [size_is(X)] required/given */
#define	NDR_F_LENGTH_IS		0x0002	/* not implemented */
#define	NDR_F_SWITCH_IS		0x0004	/* [switch_is(X)] req./given */
#define	NDR_F_IS_STRING		0x0008	/* [string] req./given */
#define	NDR_F_IS_POINTER	0x0010	/* TYPE * ... req./given */
#define	NDR_F_IS_REFERENCE	0x0020	/* TYPE & ... req./given */
#define	NDR_F_DIMENSION_IS	0x0040	/* TYPE [N] req./given */

#define	NDR_F_WHENCE_MASK	0x00F0
#define	NDR_F_BACKPTR		0x0010	/* ref cause by pointer */
#define	NDR_F_OUTER		0x0020	/* ref caused by outer */
#define	NDR_F_TOPMOST		0x0040	/* ref caused by topmost */

#define	NDR_F_TYPEOP_MASK	0x0F00
#define	NDR_F_ARRAY		0x0100	/* type is array of somethings */
#define	NDR_F_POINTER		0x0200	/* type is pointer to something(s) */
#define	NDR_F_STRING		0x0300	/* type is string of somethings */
#define	NDR_F_UNION		0x0400	/* type is a union */
#define	NDR_F_STRUCT		0x0500	/* type is a structure */
#define	NDR_F_OPERATION		0x0600	/* type is a structure, special */
#define	NDR_F_INTERFACE		0x0700	/* type is a union, special */
#define	NDR_F_CONFORMANT	0x1000	/* struct conforming (var-size tail) */
#define	NDR_F_VARYING		0x2000	/* not implemented */

struct mlrpc_heap;
struct mlndr_stream;
struct ndr_reference;
struct ndr_typeinfo;

#ifndef MTS_WCHAR_T
#define MTS_WCHAR_T
typedef uint16_t mts_wchar_t;
#endif /* MTS_WCHAR_T */

struct ndr_typeinfo {
	const char *		name;		/* for debugging */
	unsigned char		version;	/* sanity check */
	unsigned char		alignment;	/* mask */
	unsigned short		type_flags;	/* NDR_F_... */
	int			(*ndr_func)(struct ndr_reference *encl_ref);
	unsigned short		pdu_size_fixed_part;
	unsigned short		pdu_size_variable_part;
	unsigned short		c_size_fixed_part;
	unsigned short		c_size_variable_part;
};

struct ndr_reference {
	struct ndr_reference	*next;		/* queue list (outer only) */
	struct ndr_reference	*enclosing;	/* e.g. struct for this memb */
	struct mlndr_stream	*stream;	/* root of NDR */
	struct ndr_typeinfo	*ti;		/* type of data referenced */
	const char		*name;		/* name of this member */
	uint32_t		pdu_offset;	/* referent in stub data */
	char			*datum;		/* referent in local memory */
	char			**backptr;	/* referer to set */
	uint16_t		outer_flags;	/* XXX_is() from top level */
	uint16_t		inner_flags;	/* XXX_is() in encapsulated */
	uint16_t		type_flags;	/* "requires" */
	uint16_t		packed_alignment;
	uint32_t		size_is;	/* conforming constructs */
	uint32_t		strlen_is;	/* strings */
	uint32_t		switch_is;	/* union arg selector */
	uint32_t		dimension_is;	/* fixed-len array size */
	uint32_t		pdu_end_offset;	/* offset for limit of PDU */
};

/*
 * For all operations, the mlndr_stream, which is the root of NDR processing,
 * is the primary object.  When available, the appropriate ndr_reference
 * is passed, NULL otherwise.  Functions that return 'int' should return
 * TRUE (!0) or FALSE (0).  When functions return FALSE, including
 * mlndo_malloc() returning NULL, they should set the stream->error to an
 * appropriate indicator of what went wrong.
 *
 * Functions mlndo_get_pdu(), mlndo_put_pdu(), and mlndo_pad_pdu() must
 * never grow the PDU data.  A request for out-of-bounds data is an error.
 * The swap_bytes flag is 1 if NDR knows that the byte-order in the PDU
 * is different from the local system.  mlndo_pad_pdu() advised that the
 * affected bytes should be zero filled.
 */
struct mlndr_stream_ops {
	char *(*mlndo_malloc)(struct mlndr_stream *, size_t,
	    struct ndr_reference *);

	int (*mlndo_free)(struct mlndr_stream *, char *,
	    struct ndr_reference *);

	int (*mlndo_grow_pdu)(struct mlndr_stream *, unsigned long,
	    struct ndr_reference *);

	int (*mlndo_pad_pdu)(struct mlndr_stream *, unsigned long,
	    unsigned long, struct ndr_reference *);

	int (*mlndo_get_pdu)(struct mlndr_stream *, unsigned long,
	    unsigned long, char *, int, struct ndr_reference *);

	int (*mlndo_put_pdu)(struct mlndr_stream *, unsigned long,
	    unsigned long, char *, int, struct ndr_reference *);

	void (*mlndo_tattle)(struct mlndr_stream *, char *,
	    struct ndr_reference *);

	void (*mlndo_tattle_error)(struct mlndr_stream *,
	    struct ndr_reference *);

	int (*mlndo_reset)(struct mlndr_stream *);
	void (*mlndo_destruct)(struct mlndr_stream *);
};

#define	MLNDS_MALLOC(MLNDS, LEN, REF) \
	(*(MLNDS)->mlndo->mlndo_malloc)(MLNDS, LEN, REF)

#define	MLNDS_GROW_PDU(MLNDS, WANT_END_OFF, REF) \
	(*(MLNDS)->mlndo->mlndo_grow_pdu)(MLNDS, WANT_END_OFF, REF)
#define	MLNDS_PAD_PDU(MLNDS, PDU_OFFSET, N_BYTES, REF) \
	(*(MLNDS)->mlndo->mlndo_pad_pdu)(MLNDS, PDU_OFFSET, N_BYTES, REF)
#define	MLNDS_GET_PDU(MLNDS, PDU_OFFSET, N_BYTES, BUF, SWAP, REF) \
	(*(MLNDS)->mlndo->mlndo_get_pdu)(MLNDS, PDU_OFFSET, N_BYTES, BUF, \
	SWAP, REF)
#define	MLNDS_PUT_PDU(MLNDS, PDU_OFFSET, N_BYTES, BUF, SWAP, REF) \
	(*(MLNDS)->mlndo->mlndo_put_pdu)(MLNDS, PDU_OFFSET, N_BYTES, BUF, \
	SWAP, REF)

#define	MLNDS_TATTLE(MLNDS, WHAT, REF) \
	(*(MLNDS)->mlndo->mlndo_tattle)(MLNDS, WHAT, REF)
#define	MLNDS_TATTLE_ERROR(MLNDS, WHAT, REF) \
	(*(MLNDS)->mlndo->mlndo_tattle_error)(MLNDS, REF)
#define	MLNDS_RESET(MLNDS) \
	(*(MLNDS)->mlndo->mlndo_reset)(MLNDS)
#define	MLNDS_DESTRUCT(MLNDS) \
	(*(MLNDS)->mlndo->mlndo_destruct)(MLNDS)

struct mlndr_stream {
	unsigned long		pdu_size;
	unsigned long		pdu_size_with_rpc_hdrs;
	unsigned long		pdu_max_size;
	unsigned long		pdu_scan_offset;
	uint8_t	*		pdu_base_addr;
	uint8_t	*		pdu_base_addr_with_rpc_hdrs;

	struct mlndr_stream_ops *mlndo;

	unsigned char		m_op;
	unsigned char		dir;
	unsigned char		swap;		/* native/net endian swap */
	unsigned char		flags;
	short			error;
	short			error_ref;

	struct ndr_reference *	outer_queue_head;
	struct ndr_reference **	outer_queue_tailp;
	struct ndr_reference *	outer_current;
	struct mlrpc_heap *	heap;
};


#define	NDR_M_OP_NONE		0x00
#define	NDR_M_OP_MARSHALL	0x01	/* data moving from datum to PDU */
#define	NDR_M_OP_UNMARSHALL	0x02	/* data moving from PDU to datum */

#define	NDR_DIR_NONE		0x00
#define	NDR_DIR_IN		0x10	/* data moving from caller to callee */
#define	NDR_DIR_OUT		0x20	/* data moving from callee to caller */

#define	NDR_MODE_CALL_SEND	(NDR_M_OP_MARSHALL + NDR_DIR_IN)
#define	NDR_MODE_CALL_RECV	(NDR_M_OP_UNMARSHALL + NDR_DIR_IN)
#define	NDR_MODE_RETURN_SEND	(NDR_M_OP_MARSHALL + NDR_DIR_OUT)
#define	NDR_MODE_RETURN_RECV	(NDR_M_OP_UNMARSHALL + NDR_DIR_OUT)

#define	NDR_MODE_TO_M_OP(MODE)	((MODE)&0x0F)
#define	NDR_MODE_TO_DIR(MODE)	((MODE)&0xF0)
#define	NDR_M_OP_AND_DIR_TO_MODE(M_OP, DIR)	((M_OP)|(DIR))

#define	NDR_MODE_MATCH(MLNDS, MODE) \
	(NDR_M_OP_AND_DIR_TO_MODE((MLNDS)->m_op, (MLNDS)->dir) == (MODE))

#define	MLNDS_F_NONE		0x00
#define	MLNDS_F_NOTERM		0x01	/* strings are not null terminated */
#define	MLNDS_SETF(S, F)	((S)->flags |= (F))
#define	MLNDS_CLEARF(S, F)	((S)->flags &= ~(F))

#define	NDR_ERR_MALLOC_FAILED		-1
#define	NDR_ERR_M_OP_INVALID		-2
#define	NDR_ERR_UNDERFLOW		-3
#define	NDR_ERR_GROW_FAILED		-4	/* overflow */
#define	NDR_ERR_PAD_FAILED		-5	/* couldn't possibly happen */
#define	NDR_ERR_OUTER_HEADER_BAD	-6
#define	NDR_ERR_SWITCH_VALUE_ILLEGAL	-7
#define	NDR_ERR_SWITCH_VALUE_INVALID	-8
#define	NDR_ERR_SWITCH_VALUE_MISSING	-9
#define	NDR_ERR_SIZE_IS_MISMATCH_PDU	-10
#define	NDR_ERR_SIZE_IS_MISMATCH_AFTER	-11
#define	NDR_ERR_SIZE_IS_UNEXPECTED	-12
#define	NDR_ERR_SIZE_IS_DUPLICATED	-13
#define	NDR_ERR_OUTER_PARAMS_MISMATCH	-14
#define	NDR_ERR_ARRAY_VARLEN_ILLEGAL	-15
#define	NDR_ERR_ARRAY_UNION_ILLEGAL	-16
#define	NDR_ERR_OUTER_PARAMS_BAD	-17
#define	NDR_ERR_OUTER_UNION_ILLEGAL	-18
#define	NDR_ERR_TOPMOST_UNION_ILLEGAL	-19
#define	NDR_ERR_TOPMOST_VARLEN_ILLEGAL	-20
#define	NDR_ERR_INNER_PARAMS_BAD	-21
#define	NDR_ERR_UNIMPLEMENTED		-22
#define	NDR_ERR_NOT_AN_INTERFACE	-23
#define	NDR_ERR_STRLEN			-24
#define	NDR_ERR_STRING_SIZING		-25
#define	NDR_ERR_BOUNDS_CHECK		-26

#define	NDR_SET_ERROR(REF, ERROR)			\
	((REF)->stream->error = (ERROR),		\
	(REF)->stream->error_ref = __LINE__,		\
	MLNDS_TATTLE_ERROR((REF)->stream, 0, REF))

#define	NDR_TATTLE(REF, WHAT) \
	(*(REF)->stream->mlndo->mlndo_tattle)((REF)->stream, WHAT, REF)

#define	MEMBER_STR(MEMBER) #MEMBER

#define	NDR_DIR_IS_IN  (encl_ref->stream->dir == NDR_DIR_IN)
#define	NDR_DIR_IS_OUT (encl_ref->stream->dir == NDR_DIR_OUT)

#define	NDR_MEMBER_WITH_ARG(TYPE, MEMBER, OFFSET, \
		ARGFLAGS, ARGMEM, ARGVAL) { \
		myref.pdu_offset = encl_ref->pdu_offset + (uint32_t)(OFFSET);	\
		myref.name = MEMBER_STR(MEMBER);			\
		myref.datum = (char *)&val->MEMBER;			\
		myref.inner_flags = ARGFLAGS;				\
		myref.ti = &ndt_##TYPE;					\
		myref.ARGMEM = ARGVAL;					\
		if (!mlndr_inner(&myref))				\
			return (0);					\
	}

#define	NDR_MEMBER(TYPE, MEMBER, OFFSET) \
	NDR_MEMBER_WITH_ARG(TYPE, MEMBER, OFFSET, \
		NDR_F_NONE, size_is, 0)

#define	NDR_MEMBER_ARR_WITH_SIZE_IS(TYPE, MEMBER, OFFSET, SIZE_IS) \
	NDR_MEMBER_WITH_ARG(TYPE, MEMBER, OFFSET, \
		NDR_F_SIZE_IS, size_is, SIZE_IS)

#define	NDR_MEMBER_ARR_WITH_DIMENSION(TYPE, MEMBER, OFFSET, SIZE_IS) \
	NDR_MEMBER_WITH_ARG(TYPE, MEMBER, OFFSET, \
		NDR_F_DIMENSION_IS, dimension_is, SIZE_IS)

#define	NDR_MEMBER_PTR_WITH_SIZE_IS(TYPE, MEMBER, OFFSET, SIZE_IS) \
	NDR_MEMBER_WITH_ARG(TYPE, MEMBER, OFFSET, \
		NDR_F_SIZE_IS+NDR_F_IS_POINTER, size_is, SIZE_IS)

#define	NDR_MEMBER_PTR(TYPE, MEMBER, OFFSET)		\
	NDR_MEMBER_WITH_ARG(TYPE, MEMBER, OFFSET,	\
		NDR_F_IS_POINTER, size_is, 0)

#define	NDR_MEMBER_WITH_SWITCH_IS(TYPE, MEMBER, OFFSET, SWITCH_IS)	\
	NDR_MEMBER_WITH_ARG(TYPE, MEMBER, OFFSET,			\
		NDR_F_SWITCH_IS, switch_is, SWITCH_IS)


#define	NDR_TOPMOST_MEMBER_WITH_ARG(TYPE, MEMBER, \
		ARGFLAGS, ARGMEM, ARGVAL) { \
		myref.pdu_offset = -1;					\
		myref.name = MEMBER_STR(MEMBER);			\
		myref.datum = (char *)&val->MEMBER;			\
		myref.inner_flags = ARGFLAGS;				\
		myref.ti = &ndt_##TYPE;					\
		myref.ARGMEM = ARGVAL;					\
		if (!mlndr_topmost(&myref))				\
			return (0);					\
	}

#define	NDR_TOPMOST_MEMBER(TYPE, MEMBER)	   			\
	NDR_TOPMOST_MEMBER_WITH_ARG(TYPE, MEMBER,			\
		NDR_F_NONE, size_is, 0)

#define	NDR_TOPMOST_MEMBER_ARR_WITH_SIZE_IS(TYPE, MEMBER, SIZE_IS)	\
	NDR_TOPMOST_MEMBER_WITH_ARG(TYPE, MEMBER,		    	\
		NDR_F_SIZE_IS, size_is, SIZE_IS)

#define	NDR_TOPMOST_MEMBER_ARR_WITH_DIMENSION(TYPE, MEMBER, SIZE_IS)	\
	NDR_TOPMOST_MEMBER_WITH_ARG(TYPE, MEMBER,		      	\
		NDR_F_DIMENSION_IS, dimension_is, SIZE_IS)

#define	NDR_TOPMOST_MEMBER_PTR_WITH_SIZE_IS(TYPE, MEMBER, SIZE_IS)	\
	NDR_TOPMOST_MEMBER_WITH_ARG(TYPE, MEMBER,			\
		NDR_F_SIZE_IS+NDR_F_IS_POINTER, size_is, SIZE_IS)

#define	NDR_TOPMOST_MEMBER_PTR(TYPE, MEMBER)		\
	NDR_TOPMOST_MEMBER_WITH_ARG(TYPE, MEMBER,	\
		NDR_F_IS_POINTER, size_is, 0)

#define	NDR_TOPMOST_MEMBER_REF(TYPE, MEMBER)		\
	NDR_TOPMOST_MEMBER_WITH_ARG(TYPE, MEMBER,	\
		NDR_F_IS_REFERENCE, size_is, 0)

#define	NDR_TOPMOST_MEMBER_REF_WITH_SIZE_IS(TYPE, MEMBER, SIZE_IS)	\
	NDR_TOPMOST_MEMBER_WITH_ARG(TYPE, MEMBER,			\
		NDR_F_SIZE_IS+NDR_F_IS_REFERENCE, size_is, SIZE_IS)

#define	NDR_TOPMOST_MEMBER_WITH_SWITCH_IS(TYPE, MEMBER, SWITCH_IS)	\
	NDR_TOPMOST_MEMBER_WITH_ARG(TYPE, MEMBER,			\
		NDR_F_SWITCH_IS, switch_is, SWITCH_IS)

/* this is assuming offset+0 */
#define	NDR_PARAMS_MEMBER_WITH_ARG(TYPE, MEMBER, ARGFLAGS, \
	ARGMEM, ARGVAL) { \
		myref.pdu_offset = encl_ref->pdu_offset;		\
		myref.name = MEMBER_STR(MEMBER);			\
		myref.datum = (char *)&val->MEMBER;			\
		myref.inner_flags = ARGFLAGS;				\
		myref.ti = &ndt_##TYPE;					\
		myref.ARGMEM = ARGVAL;					\
		if (!mlndr_params(&myref))				\
			return (0);					\
	}

#define	NDR_PARAMS_MEMBER(TYPE, MEMBER)			\
	NDR_PARAMS_MEMBER_WITH_ARG(TYPE, MEMBER,	\
	NDR_F_NONE, size_is, 0)

#define	NDR_STRING_DIM		1
#define	NDR_ANYSIZE_DIM		1

int mlndo_process(struct mlndr_stream *, struct ndr_typeinfo *, char *);
int mlndo_operation(struct mlndr_stream *, struct ndr_typeinfo *,
    int opnum, char *);
void mlndo_printf(struct mlndr_stream *, struct ndr_reference *,
    const char *, ...);
void mlndo_trace(const char *);
void mlndo_fmt(struct mlndr_stream *, struct ndr_reference *, char *);

int mlndr_params(struct ndr_reference *);
int mlndr_topmost(struct ndr_reference *);
int mlndr_run_outer_queue(struct mlndr_stream *);
int mlndr_outer(struct ndr_reference *);
int mlndr_outer_fixed(struct ndr_reference *);
int mlndr_outer_fixed_array(struct ndr_reference *);
int mlndr_outer_conformant_array(struct ndr_reference *);
int mlndr_outer_conformant_construct(struct ndr_reference *);
int mlndr_size_is(struct ndr_reference *);
int mlndr_outer_string(struct ndr_reference *);
int mlndr_outer_peek_sizing(struct ndr_reference *, unsigned,
    uint32_t *);
int mlndr_outer_poke_sizing(struct ndr_reference *, unsigned,
    uint32_t *);
int mlndr_outer_align(struct ndr_reference *);
int mlndr_outer_grow(struct ndr_reference *, unsigned);
int mlndr_inner(struct ndr_reference *);
int mlndr_inner_pointer(struct ndr_reference *);
int mlndr_inner_reference(struct ndr_reference *);
int mlndr_inner_array(struct ndr_reference *);

size_t ndr_mbstowcs(struct mlndr_stream *, mts_wchar_t *, const char *, size_t);
int ndr_mbtowc(struct mlndr_stream *, mts_wchar_t *, const char *, size_t);

void mlnds_bswap(const void *src, void *dst, size_t len);

#ifdef __cplusplus
}
#endif

#endif /* _SMBSRV_NDR_H */