.\" Copyright (C) 1995 by Joerg Wunsch, Dresden .\" All rights reserved. .\" .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR(S) ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS .\" OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED .\" WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE .\" DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR(S) BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, .\" INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES .\" (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR .\" SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) .\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, .\" STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING .\" IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE .\" POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" $FreeBSD: src/usr.bin/killall/killall.1,v 1.34 2005/01/17 07:44:20 ru Exp $ .\" .Dd January 26, 2004 .Os .Dt KILLALL 1 .Sh NAME .Nm killall .Nd kill processes by name .Sh SYNOPSIS .Nm .Op Fl delmsvz .Op Fl help .Op Fl u Ar user .Op Fl t Ar tty .Op Fl c Ar procname .Op Fl SIGNAL .Op Ar procname ... .Sh DESCRIPTION The .Nm utility kills processes selected by name, as opposed to the selection by pid as done by .Xr kill 1 . By default, it will send a .Dv TERM signal to all processes with a real UID identical to the caller of .Nm that match the name .Ar procname . The super-user is allowed to kill any process. .Pp The options are as follows: .Bl -tag -width 10n -offset indent .It Fl d | v Be more verbose about what will be done. For a single .Fl d option, a list of the processes that will be sent the signal will be printed, or a message indicating that no matching processes have been found. .It Fl e Use the effective user ID instead of the (default) real user ID for matching processes specified with the .Fl u option. .It Fl help Give a help on the command usage and exit. .It Fl l List the names of the available signals and exit, like in .Xr kill 1 . .It Fl m Match the argument .Ar procname as a (case sensitive) regular expression against the names of processes found. CAUTION! This is dangerous, a single dot will match any process running under the real UID of the caller. .It Fl s Show only what would be done, but do not send any signal. .It Fl SIGNAL Send a different signal instead of the default .Dv TERM . The signal may be specified either as a name (with or without a leading .Dv SIG ) , or numerically. .It Fl u Ar user Limit potentially matching processes to those belonging to the specified .Ar user . .It Fl t Ar tty Limit potentially matching processes to those running on the specified .Ar tty . .It Fl c Ar procname When used with the .Fl u or .Fl t flags, limit potentially matching processes to those matching the specified .Ar procname . .It Fl z Do not skip zombies. This should not have any effect except to print a few error messages if there are zombie processes that match the specified pattern. .El .Sh ALL PROCESSES Sending a signal to all processes with uid .Em XYZ is already supported by .Xr kill 1 . So use .Xr kill 1 for this job (e.g.\& $ kill -TERM -1 or as root $ echo kill -TERM -1 | su -m <user>) .Sh EXIT STATUS The .Nm command will respond with a short usage message and exit with a status of 2 in case of a command error. A status of 1 will be returned if either no matching process has been found or not all processes have been signalled successfully. Otherwise, a status of 0 will be returned. .Sh DIAGNOSTICS Diagnostic messages will only be printed if requested by .Fl d options. .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr kill 1 , .Xr sysctl 3 .Sh HISTORY The .Nm command appeared in .Fx 2.1 . It has been modeled after the .Nm command as available on other platforms. .Sh AUTHORS .An -nosplit The .Nm program was originally written in Perl and was contributed by .An Wolfram Schneider , this manual page has been written by .An J\(:org Wunsch . The current version of .Nm was rewritten in C by .An Peter Wemm using .Xr sysctl 3 .