revnetgroup.8   [plain text]


.\" Copyright (c) 1995
.\"	Bill Paul <wpaul@ctr.columbia.edu>.  All rights reserved.
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.\" $FreeBSD: src/libexec/revnetgroup/revnetgroup.8,v 1.14 2005/02/09 20:36:12 ru Exp $
.\"
.Dd October 24, 1995
.Dt REVNETGROUP 8
.Os
.Sh NAME
.Nm revnetgroup
.Nd "generate reverse netgroup data"
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.Nm
.Fl u | h
.Op Fl f Ar netgroup_file
.Sh DESCRIPTION
The
.Nm
utility processes the contents of a file in
.Xr netgroup 5
format into what is called
.Pa reverse netgroup
form.
That is, where the original file shows
netgroup memberships in terms of which members reside in a particular
group, the reverse netgroup format specifies what groups are associated
with a particular member.
This information is used to generate the
.Pa netgroup.byuser
and
.Pa netgroup.byhosts
.Tn NIS
maps.
These reverse netgroup maps are used to help speed up
netgroup lookups, particularly for the
.Fn innetgr
library function.
.Pp
For example, the standard
.Pa /etc/netgroup
file may list a netgroup and a list of its members.
Here, the
netgroup is considered the
.Em key
and the member names are the
.Em data .
By contrast, the reverse
.Pa netgroup.byusers
database lists each unique
member as the key and the netgroups to which the members belong become
the data.
Separate databases are created to hold information pertaining
to users and hosts; this allows netgroup username lookups
and netgroup hostname lookups to be performed using independent keyspaces.
.Pp
By constructing these reverse netgroup databases (and the corresponding
.Tn NIS
maps) in advance, the
.Xr getnetgrent 3
library functions are spared from having to work out the dependencies
themselves on the fly.
This is important on networks with large numbers
of users and hosts, since it can take a considerable amount of time
to process very large netgroup databases.
.Pp
The
.Nm
utility prints its results on the standard output.
It is usually called
only by
.Pa /var/yp/Makefile
when rebuilding the
.Tn NIS
netgroup maps.
.Sh OPTIONS
The
.Nm
utility supports the following options:
.Bl -tag -width indent
.It Fl u
Generate
.Pa netgroup.byuser
output; only username information in the
original netgroup file is processed.
.It Fl h
Generate
.Pa netgroup.byhost
output; only hostname information in the
original netgroup file is processed.
(Note at least one of the
.Fl u
or
.Fl h
flags must be specified.)
.It Op Fl f Ar netgroup_file
The
.Nm
utility uses
.Pa /etc/netgroup
as its default input file.
The
.Fl f
flag allows the user to specify an alternate input file.
Specifying ``-''
as the input file causes
.Nm
to read from the standard input.
.El
.Sh FILES
.Bl -tag -width /var/yp/Makefile -compact
.It Pa /var/yp/Makefile
the Makefile that calls
.Nm yp_mkdb
and
.Nm
to build the
.Tn NIS
databases
.It Pa /etc/netgroup
the default netgroup database file.
This file is most often found
only on the
.Tn NIS
master server
.El
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr getnetgrent 3 ,
.Xr netgroup 5 ,
.Xr yp 8 ,
.Xr yp_mkdb 8
.Sh AUTHORS
.An Bill Paul Aq wpaul@ctr.columbia.edu