pcre_exec.c   [plain text]


/*************************************************
*      Perl-Compatible Regular Expressions       *
*************************************************/

/* PCRE is a library of functions to support regular expressions whose syntax
and semantics are as close as possible to those of the Perl 5 language.

                       Written by Philip Hazel
           Copyright (c) 1997-2009 University of Cambridge

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

    * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
      this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.

    * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
      notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
      documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.

    * Neither the name of the University of Cambridge nor the names of its
      contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
      this software without specific prior written permission.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE
LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
*/


/* This module contains pcre_exec(), the externally visible function that does
pattern matching using an NFA algorithm, trying to mimic Perl as closely as
possible. There are also some static supporting functions. */

#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
#include "config.h"
#endif

#define NLBLOCK md             /* Block containing newline information */
#define PSSTART start_subject  /* Field containing processed string start */
#define PSEND   end_subject    /* Field containing processed string end */

#include "pcre_internal.h"

/* Undefine some potentially clashing cpp symbols */

#undef min
#undef max

/* Flag bits for the match() function */

#define match_condassert     0x01  /* Called to check a condition assertion */
#define match_cbegroup       0x02  /* Could-be-empty unlimited repeat group */

/* Non-error returns from the match() function. Error returns are externally
defined PCRE_ERROR_xxx codes, which are all negative. */

#define MATCH_MATCH        1
#define MATCH_NOMATCH      0

/* Special internal returns from the match() function. Make them sufficiently
negative to avoid the external error codes. */

#define MATCH_COMMIT       (-999)
#define MATCH_PRUNE        (-998)
#define MATCH_SKIP         (-997)
#define MATCH_THEN         (-996)

/* Maximum number of ints of offset to save on the stack for recursive calls.
If the offset vector is bigger, malloc is used. This should be a multiple of 3,
because the offset vector is always a multiple of 3 long. */

#define REC_STACK_SAVE_MAX 30

/* Min and max values for the common repeats; for the maxima, 0 => infinity */

static const char rep_min[] = { 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0 };
static const char rep_max[] = { 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1 };



#ifdef DEBUG
/*************************************************
*        Debugging function to print chars       *
*************************************************/

/* Print a sequence of chars in printable format, stopping at the end of the
subject if the requested.

Arguments:
  p           points to characters
  length      number to print
  is_subject  TRUE if printing from within md->start_subject
  md          pointer to matching data block, if is_subject is TRUE

Returns:     nothing
*/

static void
pchars(const uschar *p, int length, BOOL is_subject, match_data *md)
{
unsigned int c;
if (is_subject && length > md->end_subject - p) length = md->end_subject - p;
while (length-- > 0)
  if (isprint(c = *(p++))) printf("%c", c); else printf("\\x%02x", c);
}
#endif



/*************************************************
*          Match a back-reference                *
*************************************************/

/* If a back reference hasn't been set, the length that is passed is greater
than the number of characters left in the string, so the match fails.

Arguments:
  offset      index into the offset vector
  eptr        points into the subject
  length      length to be matched
  md          points to match data block
  ims         the ims flags

Returns:      TRUE if matched
*/

static BOOL
match_ref(int offset, register USPTR eptr, int length, match_data *md,
  unsigned long int ims)
{
USPTR p = md->start_subject + md->offset_vector[offset];

#ifdef DEBUG
if (eptr >= md->end_subject)
  printf("matching subject <null>");
else
  {
  printf("matching subject ");
  pchars(eptr, length, TRUE, md);
  }
printf(" against backref ");
pchars(p, length, FALSE, md);
printf("\n");
#endif

/* Always fail if not enough characters left */

if (length > md->end_subject - eptr) return FALSE;

/* Separate the caseless case for speed. In UTF-8 mode we can only do this
properly if Unicode properties are supported. Otherwise, we can check only
ASCII characters. */

if ((ims & PCRE_CASELESS) != 0)
  {
#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
#ifdef SUPPORT_UCP
  if (md->utf8)
    {
    USPTR endptr = eptr + length;
    while (eptr < endptr)
      {
      int c, d;
      GETCHARINC(c, eptr);
      GETCHARINC(d, p);
      if (c != d && c != UCD_OTHERCASE(d)) return FALSE;
      }
    }
  else
#endif
#endif

  /* The same code works when not in UTF-8 mode and in UTF-8 mode when there
  is no UCP support. */

  while (length-- > 0)
    { if (md->lcc[*p++] != md->lcc[*eptr++]) return FALSE; }
  }

/* In the caseful case, we can just compare the bytes, whether or not we
are in UTF-8 mode. */

else
  { while (length-- > 0) if (*p++ != *eptr++) return FALSE; }

return TRUE;
}



/***************************************************************************
****************************************************************************
                   RECURSION IN THE match() FUNCTION

The match() function is highly recursive, though not every recursive call
increases the recursive depth. Nevertheless, some regular expressions can cause
it to recurse to a great depth. I was writing for Unix, so I just let it call
itself recursively. This uses the stack for saving everything that has to be
saved for a recursive call. On Unix, the stack can be large, and this works
fine.

It turns out that on some non-Unix-like systems there are problems with
programs that use a lot of stack. (This despite the fact that every last chip
has oodles of memory these days, and techniques for extending the stack have
been known for decades.) So....

There is a fudge, triggered by defining NO_RECURSE, which avoids recursive
calls by keeping local variables that need to be preserved in blocks of memory
obtained from malloc() instead instead of on the stack. Macros are used to
achieve this so that the actual code doesn't look very different to what it
always used to.

The original heap-recursive code used longjmp(). However, it seems that this
can be very slow on some operating systems. Following a suggestion from Stan
Switzer, the use of longjmp() has been abolished, at the cost of having to
provide a unique number for each call to RMATCH. There is no way of generating
a sequence of numbers at compile time in C. I have given them names, to make
them stand out more clearly.

Crude tests on x86 Linux show a small speedup of around 5-8%. However, on
FreeBSD, avoiding longjmp() more than halves the time taken to run the standard
tests. Furthermore, not using longjmp() means that local dynamic variables
don't have indeterminate values; this has meant that the frame size can be
reduced because the result can be "passed back" by straight setting of the
variable instead of being passed in the frame.
****************************************************************************
***************************************************************************/

/* Numbers for RMATCH calls. When this list is changed, the code at HEAP_RETURN
below must be updated in sync.  */

enum { RM1=1, RM2,  RM3,  RM4,  RM5,  RM6,  RM7,  RM8,  RM9,  RM10,
       RM11,  RM12, RM13, RM14, RM15, RM16, RM17, RM18, RM19, RM20,
       RM21,  RM22, RM23, RM24, RM25, RM26, RM27, RM28, RM29, RM30,
       RM31,  RM32, RM33, RM34, RM35, RM36, RM37, RM38, RM39, RM40,
       RM41,  RM42, RM43, RM44, RM45, RM46, RM47, RM48, RM49, RM50,
       RM51,  RM52, RM53, RM54 };

/* These versions of the macros use the stack, as normal. There are debugging
versions and production versions. Note that the "rw" argument of RMATCH isn't
actuall used in this definition. */

#ifndef NO_RECURSE
#define REGISTER register

#ifdef DEBUG
#define RMATCH(ra,rb,rc,rd,re,rf,rg,rw) \
  { \
  printf("match() called in line %d\n", __LINE__); \
  rrc = match(ra,rb,mstart,rc,rd,re,rf,rg,rdepth+1); \
  printf("to line %d\n", __LINE__); \
  }
#define RRETURN(ra) \
  { \
  printf("match() returned %d from line %d ", ra, __LINE__); \
  return ra; \
  }
#else
#define RMATCH(ra,rb,rc,rd,re,rf,rg,rw) \
  rrc = match(ra,rb,mstart,rc,rd,re,rf,rg,rdepth+1)
#define RRETURN(ra) return ra
#endif

#else


/* These versions of the macros manage a private stack on the heap. Note that
the "rd" argument of RMATCH isn't actually used in this definition. It's the md
argument of match(), which never changes. */

#define REGISTER

#define RMATCH(ra,rb,rc,rd,re,rf,rg,rw)\
  {\
  heapframe *newframe = (pcre_stack_malloc)(sizeof(heapframe));\
  frame->Xwhere = rw; \
  newframe->Xeptr = ra;\
  newframe->Xecode = rb;\
  newframe->Xmstart = mstart;\
  newframe->Xoffset_top = rc;\
  newframe->Xims = re;\
  newframe->Xeptrb = rf;\
  newframe->Xflags = rg;\
  newframe->Xrdepth = frame->Xrdepth + 1;\
  newframe->Xprevframe = frame;\
  frame = newframe;\
  DPRINTF(("restarting from line %d\n", __LINE__));\
  goto HEAP_RECURSE;\
  L_##rw:\
  DPRINTF(("jumped back to line %d\n", __LINE__));\
  }

#define RRETURN(ra)\
  {\
  heapframe *newframe = frame;\
  frame = newframe->Xprevframe;\
  (pcre_stack_free)(newframe);\
  if (frame != NULL)\
    {\
    rrc = ra;\
    goto HEAP_RETURN;\
    }\
  return ra;\
  }


/* Structure for remembering the local variables in a private frame */

typedef struct heapframe {
  struct heapframe *Xprevframe;

  /* Function arguments that may change */

  USPTR Xeptr;
  const uschar *Xecode;
  USPTR Xmstart;
  int Xoffset_top;
  long int Xims;
  eptrblock *Xeptrb;
  int Xflags;
  unsigned int Xrdepth;

  /* Function local variables */

  USPTR Xcallpat;
#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
  USPTR Xcharptr;
#endif
  USPTR Xdata;
  USPTR Xnext;
  USPTR Xpp;
  USPTR Xprev;
  USPTR Xsaved_eptr;

  recursion_info Xnew_recursive;

  BOOL Xcur_is_word;
  BOOL Xcondition;
  BOOL Xprev_is_word;

  unsigned long int Xoriginal_ims;

#ifdef SUPPORT_UCP
  int Xprop_type;
  int Xprop_value;
  int Xprop_fail_result;
  int Xprop_category;
  int Xprop_chartype;
  int Xprop_script;
  int Xoclength;
  uschar Xocchars[8];
#endif

  int Xcodelink;
  int Xctype;
  unsigned int Xfc;
  int Xfi;
  int Xlength;
  int Xmax;
  int Xmin;
  int Xnumber;
  int Xoffset;
  int Xop;
  int Xsave_capture_last;
  int Xsave_offset1, Xsave_offset2, Xsave_offset3;
  int Xstacksave[REC_STACK_SAVE_MAX];

  eptrblock Xnewptrb;

  /* Where to jump back to */

  int Xwhere;

} heapframe;

#endif


/***************************************************************************
***************************************************************************/



/*************************************************
*         Match from current position            *
*************************************************/

/* This function is called recursively in many circumstances. Whenever it
returns a negative (error) response, the outer incarnation must also return the
same response.

Performance note: It might be tempting to extract commonly used fields from the
md structure (e.g. utf8, end_subject) into individual variables to improve
performance. Tests using gcc on a SPARC disproved this; in the first case, it
made performance worse.

Arguments:
   eptr        pointer to current character in subject
   ecode       pointer to current position in compiled code
   mstart      pointer to the current match start position (can be modified
                 by encountering \K)
   offset_top  current top pointer
   md          pointer to "static" info for the match
   ims         current /i, /m, and /s options
   eptrb       pointer to chain of blocks containing eptr at start of
                 brackets - for testing for empty matches
   flags       can contain
                 match_condassert - this is an assertion condition
                 match_cbegroup - this is the start of an unlimited repeat
                   group that can match an empty string
   rdepth      the recursion depth

Returns:       MATCH_MATCH if matched            )  these values are >= 0
               MATCH_NOMATCH if failed to match  )
               a negative PCRE_ERROR_xxx value if aborted by an error condition
                 (e.g. stopped by repeated call or recursion limit)
*/

static int
match(REGISTER USPTR eptr, REGISTER const uschar *ecode, USPTR mstart,
  int offset_top, match_data *md, unsigned long int ims, eptrblock *eptrb,
  int flags, unsigned int rdepth)
{
/* These variables do not need to be preserved over recursion in this function,
so they can be ordinary variables in all cases. Mark some of them with
"register" because they are used a lot in loops. */

register int  rrc;         /* Returns from recursive calls */
register int  i;           /* Used for loops not involving calls to RMATCH() */
register unsigned int c;   /* Character values not kept over RMATCH() calls */
register BOOL utf8;        /* Local copy of UTF-8 flag for speed */

BOOL minimize, possessive; /* Quantifier options */
int condcode;

/* When recursion is not being used, all "local" variables that have to be
preserved over calls to RMATCH() are part of a "frame" which is obtained from
heap storage. Set up the top-level frame here; others are obtained from the
heap whenever RMATCH() does a "recursion". See the macro definitions above. */

#ifdef NO_RECURSE
heapframe *frame = (pcre_stack_malloc)(sizeof(heapframe));
frame->Xprevframe = NULL;            /* Marks the top level */

/* Copy in the original argument variables */

frame->Xeptr = eptr;
frame->Xecode = ecode;
frame->Xmstart = mstart;
frame->Xoffset_top = offset_top;
frame->Xims = ims;
frame->Xeptrb = eptrb;
frame->Xflags = flags;
frame->Xrdepth = rdepth;

/* This is where control jumps back to to effect "recursion" */

HEAP_RECURSE:

/* Macros make the argument variables come from the current frame */

#define eptr               frame->Xeptr
#define ecode              frame->Xecode
#define mstart             frame->Xmstart
#define offset_top         frame->Xoffset_top
#define ims                frame->Xims
#define eptrb              frame->Xeptrb
#define flags              frame->Xflags
#define rdepth             frame->Xrdepth

/* Ditto for the local variables */

#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
#define charptr            frame->Xcharptr
#endif
#define callpat            frame->Xcallpat
#define codelink           frame->Xcodelink
#define data               frame->Xdata
#define next               frame->Xnext
#define pp                 frame->Xpp
#define prev               frame->Xprev
#define saved_eptr         frame->Xsaved_eptr

#define new_recursive      frame->Xnew_recursive

#define cur_is_word        frame->Xcur_is_word
#define condition          frame->Xcondition
#define prev_is_word       frame->Xprev_is_word

#define original_ims       frame->Xoriginal_ims

#ifdef SUPPORT_UCP
#define prop_type          frame->Xprop_type
#define prop_value         frame->Xprop_value
#define prop_fail_result   frame->Xprop_fail_result
#define prop_category      frame->Xprop_category
#define prop_chartype      frame->Xprop_chartype
#define prop_script        frame->Xprop_script
#define oclength           frame->Xoclength
#define occhars            frame->Xocchars
#endif

#define ctype              frame->Xctype
#define fc                 frame->Xfc
#define fi                 frame->Xfi
#define length             frame->Xlength
#define max                frame->Xmax
#define min                frame->Xmin
#define number             frame->Xnumber
#define offset             frame->Xoffset
#define op                 frame->Xop
#define save_capture_last  frame->Xsave_capture_last
#define save_offset1       frame->Xsave_offset1
#define save_offset2       frame->Xsave_offset2
#define save_offset3       frame->Xsave_offset3
#define stacksave          frame->Xstacksave

#define newptrb            frame->Xnewptrb

/* When recursion is being used, local variables are allocated on the stack and
get preserved during recursion in the normal way. In this environment, fi and
i, and fc and c, can be the same variables. */

#else         /* NO_RECURSE not defined */
#define fi i
#define fc c


#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8                /* Many of these variables are used only  */
const uschar *charptr;             /* in small blocks of the code. My normal */
#endif                             /* style of coding would have declared    */
const uschar *callpat;             /* them within each of those blocks.      */
const uschar *data;                /* However, in order to accommodate the   */
const uschar *next;                /* version of this code that uses an      */
USPTR         pp;                  /* external "stack" implemented on the    */
const uschar *prev;                /* heap, it is easier to declare them all */
USPTR         saved_eptr;          /* here, so the declarations can be cut   */
                                   /* out in a block. The only declarations  */
recursion_info new_recursive;      /* within blocks below are for variables  */
                                   /* that do not have to be preserved over  */
BOOL cur_is_word;                  /* a recursive call to RMATCH().          */
BOOL condition;
BOOL prev_is_word;

unsigned long int original_ims;

#ifdef SUPPORT_UCP
int prop_type;
int prop_value;
int prop_fail_result;
int prop_category;
int prop_chartype;
int prop_script;
int oclength;
uschar occhars[8];
#endif

int codelink;
int ctype;
int length;
int max;
int min;
int number;
int offset;
int op;
int save_capture_last;
int save_offset1, save_offset2, save_offset3;
int stacksave[REC_STACK_SAVE_MAX];

eptrblock newptrb;
#endif     /* NO_RECURSE */

/* These statements are here to stop the compiler complaining about unitialized
variables. */

#ifdef SUPPORT_UCP
prop_value = 0;
prop_fail_result = 0;
#endif


/* This label is used for tail recursion, which is used in a few cases even
when NO_RECURSE is not defined, in order to reduce the amount of stack that is
used. Thanks to Ian Taylor for noticing this possibility and sending the
original patch. */

TAIL_RECURSE:

/* OK, now we can get on with the real code of the function. Recursive calls
are specified by the macro RMATCH and RRETURN is used to return. When
NO_RECURSE is *not* defined, these just turn into a recursive call to match()
and a "return", respectively (possibly with some debugging if DEBUG is
defined). However, RMATCH isn't like a function call because it's quite a
complicated macro. It has to be used in one particular way. This shouldn't,
however, impact performance when true recursion is being used. */

#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
utf8 = md->utf8;       /* Local copy of the flag */
#else
utf8 = FALSE;
#endif

/* First check that we haven't called match() too many times, or that we
haven't exceeded the recursive call limit. */

if (md->match_call_count++ >= md->match_limit) RRETURN(PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT);
if (rdepth >= md->match_limit_recursion) RRETURN(PCRE_ERROR_RECURSIONLIMIT);

original_ims = ims;    /* Save for resetting on ')' */

/* At the start of a group with an unlimited repeat that may match an empty
string, the match_cbegroup flag is set. When this is the case, add the current
subject pointer to the chain of such remembered pointers, to be checked when we
hit the closing ket, in order to break infinite loops that match no characters.
When match() is called in other circumstances, don't add to the chain. The
match_cbegroup flag must NOT be used with tail recursion, because the memory
block that is used is on the stack, so a new one may be required for each
match(). */

if ((flags & match_cbegroup) != 0)
  {
  newptrb.epb_saved_eptr = eptr;
  newptrb.epb_prev = eptrb;
  eptrb = &newptrb;
  }

/* Now start processing the opcodes. */

for (;;)
  {
  minimize = possessive = FALSE;
  op = *ecode;

  /* For partial matching, remember if we ever hit the end of the subject after
  matching at least one subject character. */

  if (md->partial &&
      eptr >= md->end_subject &&
      eptr > mstart)
    md->hitend = TRUE;

  switch(op)
    {
    case OP_FAIL:
    RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);

    case OP_PRUNE:
    RMATCH(eptr, ecode + _pcre_OP_lengths[*ecode], offset_top, md,
      ims, eptrb, flags, RM51);
    if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
    RRETURN(MATCH_PRUNE);

    case OP_COMMIT:
    RMATCH(eptr, ecode + _pcre_OP_lengths[*ecode], offset_top, md,
      ims, eptrb, flags, RM52);
    if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
    RRETURN(MATCH_COMMIT);

    case OP_SKIP:
    RMATCH(eptr, ecode + _pcre_OP_lengths[*ecode], offset_top, md,
      ims, eptrb, flags, RM53);
    if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
    md->start_match_ptr = eptr;   /* Pass back current position */
    RRETURN(MATCH_SKIP);

    case OP_THEN:
    RMATCH(eptr, ecode + _pcre_OP_lengths[*ecode], offset_top, md,
      ims, eptrb, flags, RM54);
    if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
    RRETURN(MATCH_THEN);

    /* Handle a capturing bracket. If there is space in the offset vector, save
    the current subject position in the working slot at the top of the vector.
    We mustn't change the current values of the data slot, because they may be
    set from a previous iteration of this group, and be referred to by a
    reference inside the group.

    If the bracket fails to match, we need to restore this value and also the
    values of the final offsets, in case they were set by a previous iteration
    of the same bracket.

    If there isn't enough space in the offset vector, treat this as if it were
    a non-capturing bracket. Don't worry about setting the flag for the error
    case here; that is handled in the code for KET. */

    case OP_CBRA:
    case OP_SCBRA:
    number = GET2(ecode, 1+LINK_SIZE);
    offset = number << 1;

#ifdef DEBUG
    printf("start bracket %d\n", number);
    printf("subject=");
    pchars(eptr, 16, TRUE, md);
    printf("\n");
#endif

    if (offset < md->offset_max)
      {
      save_offset1 = md->offset_vector[offset];
      save_offset2 = md->offset_vector[offset+1];
      save_offset3 = md->offset_vector[md->offset_end - number];
      save_capture_last = md->capture_last;

      DPRINTF(("saving %d %d %d\n", save_offset1, save_offset2, save_offset3));
      md->offset_vector[md->offset_end - number] = eptr - md->start_subject;

      flags = (op == OP_SCBRA)? match_cbegroup : 0;
      do
        {
        RMATCH(eptr, ecode + _pcre_OP_lengths[*ecode], offset_top, md,
          ims, eptrb, flags, RM1);
        if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH && rrc != MATCH_THEN) RRETURN(rrc);
        md->capture_last = save_capture_last;
        ecode += GET(ecode, 1);
        }
      while (*ecode == OP_ALT);

      DPRINTF(("bracket %d failed\n", number));

      md->offset_vector[offset] = save_offset1;
      md->offset_vector[offset+1] = save_offset2;
      md->offset_vector[md->offset_end - number] = save_offset3;

      RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
      }

    /* FALL THROUGH ... Insufficient room for saving captured contents. Treat
    as a non-capturing bracket. */

    /* VVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVV */
    /* VVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVV */

    DPRINTF(("insufficient capture room: treat as non-capturing\n"));

    /* VVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVV */
    /* VVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVV */

    /* Non-capturing bracket. Loop for all the alternatives. When we get to the
    final alternative within the brackets, we would return the result of a
    recursive call to match() whatever happened. We can reduce stack usage by
    turning this into a tail recursion, except in the case when match_cbegroup
    is set.*/

    case OP_BRA:
    case OP_SBRA:
    DPRINTF(("start non-capturing bracket\n"));
    flags = (op >= OP_SBRA)? match_cbegroup : 0;
    for (;;)
      {
      if (ecode[GET(ecode, 1)] != OP_ALT)   /* Final alternative */
        {
        if (flags == 0)    /* Not a possibly empty group */
          {
          ecode += _pcre_OP_lengths[*ecode];
          DPRINTF(("bracket 0 tail recursion\n"));
          goto TAIL_RECURSE;
          }

        /* Possibly empty group; can't use tail recursion. */

        RMATCH(eptr, ecode + _pcre_OP_lengths[*ecode], offset_top, md, ims,
          eptrb, flags, RM48);
        RRETURN(rrc);
        }

      /* For non-final alternatives, continue the loop for a NOMATCH result;
      otherwise return. */

      RMATCH(eptr, ecode + _pcre_OP_lengths[*ecode], offset_top, md, ims,
        eptrb, flags, RM2);
      if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH && rrc != MATCH_THEN) RRETURN(rrc);
      ecode += GET(ecode, 1);
      }
    /* Control never reaches here. */

    /* Conditional group: compilation checked that there are no more than
    two branches. If the condition is false, skipping the first branch takes us
    past the end if there is only one branch, but that's OK because that is
    exactly what going to the ket would do. As there is only one branch to be
    obeyed, we can use tail recursion to avoid using another stack frame. */

    case OP_COND:
    case OP_SCOND:
    codelink= GET(ecode, 1);

    /* Because of the way auto-callout works during compile, a callout item is
    inserted between OP_COND and an assertion condition. */

    if (ecode[LINK_SIZE+1] == OP_CALLOUT)
      {
      if (pcre_callout != NULL)
        {
        pcre_callout_block cb;
        cb.version          = 1;   /* Version 1 of the callout block */
        cb.callout_number   = ecode[LINK_SIZE+2];
        cb.offset_vector    = md->offset_vector;
        cb.subject          = (PCRE_SPTR)md->start_subject;
        cb.subject_length   = md->end_subject - md->start_subject;
        cb.start_match      = mstart - md->start_subject;
        cb.current_position = eptr - md->start_subject;
        cb.pattern_position = GET(ecode, LINK_SIZE + 3);
        cb.next_item_length = GET(ecode, 3 + 2*LINK_SIZE);
        cb.capture_top      = offset_top/2;
        cb.capture_last     = md->capture_last;
        cb.callout_data     = md->callout_data;
        if ((rrc = (*pcre_callout)(&cb)) > 0) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
        if (rrc < 0) RRETURN(rrc);
        }
      ecode += _pcre_OP_lengths[OP_CALLOUT];
      }

    condcode = ecode[LINK_SIZE+1];

    /* Now see what the actual condition is */

    if (condcode == OP_RREF)         /* Recursion test */
      {
      offset = GET2(ecode, LINK_SIZE + 2);     /* Recursion group number*/
      condition = md->recursive != NULL &&
        (offset == RREF_ANY || offset == md->recursive->group_num);
      ecode += condition? 3 : GET(ecode, 1);
      }

    else if (condcode == OP_CREF)    /* Group used test */
      {
      offset = GET2(ecode, LINK_SIZE+2) << 1;  /* Doubled ref number */
      condition = offset < offset_top && md->offset_vector[offset] >= 0;
      ecode += condition? 3 : GET(ecode, 1);
      }

    else if (condcode == OP_DEF)     /* DEFINE - always false */
      {
      condition = FALSE;
      ecode += GET(ecode, 1);
      }

    /* The condition is an assertion. Call match() to evaluate it - setting
    the final argument match_condassert causes it to stop at the end of an
    assertion. */

    else
      {
      RMATCH(eptr, ecode + 1 + LINK_SIZE, offset_top, md, ims, NULL,
          match_condassert, RM3);
      if (rrc == MATCH_MATCH)
        {
        condition = TRUE;
        ecode += 1 + LINK_SIZE + GET(ecode, LINK_SIZE + 2);
        while (*ecode == OP_ALT) ecode += GET(ecode, 1);
        }
      else if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH && rrc != MATCH_THEN)
        {
        RRETURN(rrc);         /* Need braces because of following else */
        }
      else
        {
        condition = FALSE;
        ecode += codelink;
        }
      }

    /* We are now at the branch that is to be obeyed. As there is only one,
    we can use tail recursion to avoid using another stack frame, except when
    match_cbegroup is required for an unlimited repeat of a possibly empty
    group. If the second alternative doesn't exist, we can just plough on. */

    if (condition || *ecode == OP_ALT)
      {
      ecode += 1 + LINK_SIZE;
      if (op == OP_SCOND)        /* Possibly empty group */
        {
        RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, match_cbegroup, RM49);
        RRETURN(rrc);
        }
      else                       /* Group must match something */
        {
        flags = 0;
        goto TAIL_RECURSE;
        }
      }
    else                         /* Condition false & no alternative */
      {
      ecode += 1 + LINK_SIZE;
      }
    break;


    /* End of the pattern, either real or forced. If we are in a top-level
    recursion, we should restore the offsets appropriately and continue from
    after the call. */

    case OP_ACCEPT:
    case OP_END:
    if (md->recursive != NULL && md->recursive->group_num == 0)
      {
      recursion_info *rec = md->recursive;
      DPRINTF(("End of pattern in a (?0) recursion\n"));
      md->recursive = rec->prevrec;
      memmove(md->offset_vector, rec->offset_save,
        rec->saved_max * sizeof(int));
      mstart = rec->save_start;
      ims = original_ims;
      ecode = rec->after_call;
      break;
      }

    /* Otherwise, if PCRE_NOTEMPTY is set, fail if we have matched an empty
    string - backtracking will then try other alternatives, if any. */

    if (md->notempty && eptr == mstart) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    md->end_match_ptr = eptr;           /* Record where we ended */
    md->end_offset_top = offset_top;    /* and how many extracts were taken */
    md->start_match_ptr = mstart;       /* and the start (\K can modify) */
    RRETURN(MATCH_MATCH);

    /* Change option settings */

    case OP_OPT:
    ims = ecode[1];
    ecode += 2;
    DPRINTF(("ims set to %02lx\n", ims));
    break;

    /* Assertion brackets. Check the alternative branches in turn - the
    matching won't pass the KET for an assertion. If any one branch matches,
    the assertion is true. Lookbehind assertions have an OP_REVERSE item at the
    start of each branch to move the current point backwards, so the code at
    this level is identical to the lookahead case. */

    case OP_ASSERT:
    case OP_ASSERTBACK:
    do
      {
      RMATCH(eptr, ecode + 1 + LINK_SIZE, offset_top, md, ims, NULL, 0,
        RM4);
      if (rrc == MATCH_MATCH) break;
      if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH && rrc != MATCH_THEN) RRETURN(rrc);
      ecode += GET(ecode, 1);
      }
    while (*ecode == OP_ALT);
    if (*ecode == OP_KET) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);

    /* If checking an assertion for a condition, return MATCH_MATCH. */

    if ((flags & match_condassert) != 0) RRETURN(MATCH_MATCH);

    /* Continue from after the assertion, updating the offsets high water
    mark, since extracts may have been taken during the assertion. */

    do ecode += GET(ecode,1); while (*ecode == OP_ALT);
    ecode += 1 + LINK_SIZE;
    offset_top = md->end_offset_top;
    continue;

    /* Negative assertion: all branches must fail to match */

    case OP_ASSERT_NOT:
    case OP_ASSERTBACK_NOT:
    do
      {
      RMATCH(eptr, ecode + 1 + LINK_SIZE, offset_top, md, ims, NULL, 0,
        RM5);
      if (rrc == MATCH_MATCH) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
      if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH && rrc != MATCH_THEN) RRETURN(rrc);
      ecode += GET(ecode,1);
      }
    while (*ecode == OP_ALT);

    if ((flags & match_condassert) != 0) RRETURN(MATCH_MATCH);

    ecode += 1 + LINK_SIZE;
    continue;

    /* Move the subject pointer back. This occurs only at the start of
    each branch of a lookbehind assertion. If we are too close to the start to
    move back, this match function fails. When working with UTF-8 we move
    back a number of characters, not bytes. */

    case OP_REVERSE:
#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
    if (utf8)
      {
      i = GET(ecode, 1);
      while (i-- > 0)
        {
        eptr--;
        if (eptr < md->start_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
        BACKCHAR(eptr);
        }
      }
    else
#endif

    /* No UTF-8 support, or not in UTF-8 mode: count is byte count */

      {
      eptr -= GET(ecode, 1);
      if (eptr < md->start_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
      }

    /* Skip to next op code */

    ecode += 1 + LINK_SIZE;
    break;

    /* The callout item calls an external function, if one is provided, passing
    details of the match so far. This is mainly for debugging, though the
    function is able to force a failure. */

    case OP_CALLOUT:
    if (pcre_callout != NULL)
      {
      pcre_callout_block cb;
      cb.version          = 1;   /* Version 1 of the callout block */
      cb.callout_number   = ecode[1];
      cb.offset_vector    = md->offset_vector;
      cb.subject          = (PCRE_SPTR)md->start_subject;
      cb.subject_length   = md->end_subject - md->start_subject;
      cb.start_match      = mstart - md->start_subject;
      cb.current_position = eptr - md->start_subject;
      cb.pattern_position = GET(ecode, 2);
      cb.next_item_length = GET(ecode, 2 + LINK_SIZE);
      cb.capture_top      = offset_top/2;
      cb.capture_last     = md->capture_last;
      cb.callout_data     = md->callout_data;
      if ((rrc = (*pcre_callout)(&cb)) > 0) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
      if (rrc < 0) RRETURN(rrc);
      }
    ecode += 2 + 2*LINK_SIZE;
    break;

    /* Recursion either matches the current regex, or some subexpression. The
    offset data is the offset to the starting bracket from the start of the
    whole pattern. (This is so that it works from duplicated subpatterns.)

    If there are any capturing brackets started but not finished, we have to
    save their starting points and reinstate them after the recursion. However,
    we don't know how many such there are (offset_top records the completed
    total) so we just have to save all the potential data. There may be up to
    65535 such values, which is too large to put on the stack, but using malloc
    for small numbers seems expensive. As a compromise, the stack is used when
    there are no more than REC_STACK_SAVE_MAX values to store; otherwise malloc
    is used. A problem is what to do if the malloc fails ... there is no way of
    returning to the top level with an error. Save the top REC_STACK_SAVE_MAX
    values on the stack, and accept that the rest may be wrong.

    There are also other values that have to be saved. We use a chained
    sequence of blocks that actually live on the stack. Thanks to Robin Houston
    for the original version of this logic. */

    case OP_RECURSE:
      {
      callpat = md->start_code + GET(ecode, 1);
      new_recursive.group_num = (callpat == md->start_code)? 0 :
        GET2(callpat, 1 + LINK_SIZE);

      /* Add to "recursing stack" */

      new_recursive.prevrec = md->recursive;
      md->recursive = &new_recursive;

      /* Find where to continue from afterwards */

      ecode += 1 + LINK_SIZE;
      new_recursive.after_call = ecode;

      /* Now save the offset data. */

      new_recursive.saved_max = md->offset_end;
      if (new_recursive.saved_max <= REC_STACK_SAVE_MAX)
        new_recursive.offset_save = stacksave;
      else
        {
        new_recursive.offset_save =
          (int *)(pcre_malloc)(new_recursive.saved_max * sizeof(int));
        if (new_recursive.offset_save == NULL) RRETURN(PCRE_ERROR_NOMEMORY);
        }

      memcpy(new_recursive.offset_save, md->offset_vector,
            new_recursive.saved_max * sizeof(int));
      new_recursive.save_start = mstart;
      mstart = eptr;

      /* OK, now we can do the recursion. For each top-level alternative we
      restore the offset and recursion data. */

      DPRINTF(("Recursing into group %d\n", new_recursive.group_num));
      flags = (*callpat >= OP_SBRA)? match_cbegroup : 0;
      do
        {
        RMATCH(eptr, callpat + _pcre_OP_lengths[*callpat], offset_top,
          md, ims, eptrb, flags, RM6);
        if (rrc == MATCH_MATCH)
          {
          DPRINTF(("Recursion matched\n"));
          md->recursive = new_recursive.prevrec;
          if (new_recursive.offset_save != stacksave)
            (pcre_free)(new_recursive.offset_save);
          RRETURN(MATCH_MATCH);
          }
        else if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH && rrc != MATCH_THEN)
          {
          DPRINTF(("Recursion gave error %d\n", rrc));
          if (new_recursive.offset_save != stacksave)
            (pcre_free)(new_recursive.offset_save);
          RRETURN(rrc);
          }

        md->recursive = &new_recursive;
        memcpy(md->offset_vector, new_recursive.offset_save,
            new_recursive.saved_max * sizeof(int));
        callpat += GET(callpat, 1);
        }
      while (*callpat == OP_ALT);

      DPRINTF(("Recursion didn't match\n"));
      md->recursive = new_recursive.prevrec;
      if (new_recursive.offset_save != stacksave)
        (pcre_free)(new_recursive.offset_save);
      RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
      }
    /* Control never reaches here */

    /* "Once" brackets are like assertion brackets except that after a match,
    the point in the subject string is not moved back. Thus there can never be
    a move back into the brackets. Friedl calls these "atomic" subpatterns.
    Check the alternative branches in turn - the matching won't pass the KET
    for this kind of subpattern. If any one branch matches, we carry on as at
    the end of a normal bracket, leaving the subject pointer. */

    case OP_ONCE:
    prev = ecode;
    saved_eptr = eptr;

    do
      {
      RMATCH(eptr, ecode + 1 + LINK_SIZE, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM7);
      if (rrc == MATCH_MATCH) break;
      if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH && rrc != MATCH_THEN) RRETURN(rrc);
      ecode += GET(ecode,1);
      }
    while (*ecode == OP_ALT);

    /* If hit the end of the group (which could be repeated), fail */

    if (*ecode != OP_ONCE && *ecode != OP_ALT) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);

    /* Continue as from after the assertion, updating the offsets high water
    mark, since extracts may have been taken. */

    do ecode += GET(ecode, 1); while (*ecode == OP_ALT);

    offset_top = md->end_offset_top;
    eptr = md->end_match_ptr;

    /* For a non-repeating ket, just continue at this level. This also
    happens for a repeating ket if no characters were matched in the group.
    This is the forcible breaking of infinite loops as implemented in Perl
    5.005. If there is an options reset, it will get obeyed in the normal
    course of events. */

    if (*ecode == OP_KET || eptr == saved_eptr)
      {
      ecode += 1+LINK_SIZE;
      break;
      }

    /* The repeating kets try the rest of the pattern or restart from the
    preceding bracket, in the appropriate order. The second "call" of match()
    uses tail recursion, to avoid using another stack frame. We need to reset
    any options that changed within the bracket before re-running it, so
    check the next opcode. */

    if (ecode[1+LINK_SIZE] == OP_OPT)
      {
      ims = (ims & ~PCRE_IMS) | ecode[4];
      DPRINTF(("ims set to %02lx at group repeat\n", ims));
      }

    if (*ecode == OP_KETRMIN)
      {
      RMATCH(eptr, ecode + 1 + LINK_SIZE, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM8);
      if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
      ecode = prev;
      flags = 0;
      goto TAIL_RECURSE;
      }
    else  /* OP_KETRMAX */
      {
      RMATCH(eptr, prev, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, match_cbegroup, RM9);
      if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
      ecode += 1 + LINK_SIZE;
      flags = 0;
      goto TAIL_RECURSE;
      }
    /* Control never gets here */

    /* An alternation is the end of a branch; scan along to find the end of the
    bracketed group and go to there. */

    case OP_ALT:
    do ecode += GET(ecode,1); while (*ecode == OP_ALT);
    break;

    /* BRAZERO, BRAMINZERO and SKIPZERO occur just before a bracket group,
    indicating that it may occur zero times. It may repeat infinitely, or not
    at all - i.e. it could be ()* or ()? or even (){0} in the pattern. Brackets
    with fixed upper repeat limits are compiled as a number of copies, with the
    optional ones preceded by BRAZERO or BRAMINZERO. */

    case OP_BRAZERO:
      {
      next = ecode+1;
      RMATCH(eptr, next, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM10);
      if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
      do next += GET(next,1); while (*next == OP_ALT);
      ecode = next + 1 + LINK_SIZE;
      }
    break;

    case OP_BRAMINZERO:
      {
      next = ecode+1;
      do next += GET(next, 1); while (*next == OP_ALT);
      RMATCH(eptr, next + 1+LINK_SIZE, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM11);
      if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
      ecode++;
      }
    break;

    case OP_SKIPZERO:
      {
      next = ecode+1;
      do next += GET(next,1); while (*next == OP_ALT);
      ecode = next + 1 + LINK_SIZE;
      }
    break;

    /* End of a group, repeated or non-repeating. */

    case OP_KET:
    case OP_KETRMIN:
    case OP_KETRMAX:
    prev = ecode - GET(ecode, 1);

    /* If this was a group that remembered the subject start, in order to break
    infinite repeats of empty string matches, retrieve the subject start from
    the chain. Otherwise, set it NULL. */

    if (*prev >= OP_SBRA)
      {
      saved_eptr = eptrb->epb_saved_eptr;   /* Value at start of group */
      eptrb = eptrb->epb_prev;              /* Backup to previous group */
      }
    else saved_eptr = NULL;

    /* If we are at the end of an assertion group, stop matching and return
    MATCH_MATCH, but record the current high water mark for use by positive
    assertions. Do this also for the "once" (atomic) groups. */

    if (*prev == OP_ASSERT || *prev == OP_ASSERT_NOT ||
        *prev == OP_ASSERTBACK || *prev == OP_ASSERTBACK_NOT ||
        *prev == OP_ONCE)
      {
      md->end_match_ptr = eptr;      /* For ONCE */
      md->end_offset_top = offset_top;
      RRETURN(MATCH_MATCH);
      }

    /* For capturing groups we have to check the group number back at the start
    and if necessary complete handling an extraction by setting the offsets and
    bumping the high water mark. Note that whole-pattern recursion is coded as
    a recurse into group 0, so it won't be picked up here. Instead, we catch it
    when the OP_END is reached. Other recursion is handled here. */

    if (*prev == OP_CBRA || *prev == OP_SCBRA)
      {
      number = GET2(prev, 1+LINK_SIZE);
      offset = number << 1;

#ifdef DEBUG
      printf("end bracket %d", number);
      printf("\n");
#endif

      md->capture_last = number;
      if (offset >= md->offset_max) md->offset_overflow = TRUE; else
        {
        md->offset_vector[offset] =
          md->offset_vector[md->offset_end - number];
        md->offset_vector[offset+1] = eptr - md->start_subject;
        if (offset_top <= offset) offset_top = offset + 2;
        }

      /* Handle a recursively called group. Restore the offsets
      appropriately and continue from after the call. */

      if (md->recursive != NULL && md->recursive->group_num == number)
        {
        recursion_info *rec = md->recursive;
        DPRINTF(("Recursion (%d) succeeded - continuing\n", number));
        md->recursive = rec->prevrec;
        mstart = rec->save_start;
        memcpy(md->offset_vector, rec->offset_save,
          rec->saved_max * sizeof(int));
        ecode = rec->after_call;
        ims = original_ims;
        break;
        }
      }

    /* For both capturing and non-capturing groups, reset the value of the ims
    flags, in case they got changed during the group. */

    ims = original_ims;
    DPRINTF(("ims reset to %02lx\n", ims));

    /* For a non-repeating ket, just continue at this level. This also
    happens for a repeating ket if no characters were matched in the group.
    This is the forcible breaking of infinite loops as implemented in Perl
    5.005. If there is an options reset, it will get obeyed in the normal
    course of events. */

    if (*ecode == OP_KET || eptr == saved_eptr)
      {
      ecode += 1 + LINK_SIZE;
      break;
      }

    /* The repeating kets try the rest of the pattern or restart from the
    preceding bracket, in the appropriate order. In the second case, we can use
    tail recursion to avoid using another stack frame, unless we have an
    unlimited repeat of a group that can match an empty string. */

    flags = (*prev >= OP_SBRA)? match_cbegroup : 0;

    if (*ecode == OP_KETRMIN)
      {
      RMATCH(eptr, ecode + 1 + LINK_SIZE, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM12);
      if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
      if (flags != 0)    /* Could match an empty string */
        {
        RMATCH(eptr, prev, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, flags, RM50);
        RRETURN(rrc);
        }
      ecode = prev;
      goto TAIL_RECURSE;
      }
    else  /* OP_KETRMAX */
      {
      RMATCH(eptr, prev, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, flags, RM13);
      if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
      ecode += 1 + LINK_SIZE;
      flags = 0;
      goto TAIL_RECURSE;
      }
    /* Control never gets here */

    /* Start of subject unless notbol, or after internal newline if multiline */

    case OP_CIRC:
    if (md->notbol && eptr == md->start_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    if ((ims & PCRE_MULTILINE) != 0)
      {
      if (eptr != md->start_subject &&
          (eptr == md->end_subject || !WAS_NEWLINE(eptr)))
        RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
      ecode++;
      break;
      }
    /* ... else fall through */

    /* Start of subject assertion */

    case OP_SOD:
    if (eptr != md->start_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    ecode++;
    break;

    /* Start of match assertion */

    case OP_SOM:
    if (eptr != md->start_subject + md->start_offset) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    ecode++;
    break;

    /* Reset the start of match point */

    case OP_SET_SOM:
    mstart = eptr;
    ecode++;
    break;

    /* Assert before internal newline if multiline, or before a terminating
    newline unless endonly is set, else end of subject unless noteol is set. */

    case OP_DOLL:
    if ((ims & PCRE_MULTILINE) != 0)
      {
      if (eptr < md->end_subject)
        { if (!IS_NEWLINE(eptr)) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH); }
      else
        { if (md->noteol) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH); }
      ecode++;
      break;
      }
    else
      {
      if (md->noteol) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
      if (!md->endonly)
        {
        if (eptr != md->end_subject &&
            (!IS_NEWLINE(eptr) || eptr != md->end_subject - md->nllen))
          RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
        ecode++;
        break;
        }
      }
    /* ... else fall through for endonly */

    /* End of subject assertion (\z) */

    case OP_EOD:
    if (eptr < md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    ecode++;
    break;

    /* End of subject or ending \n assertion (\Z) */

    case OP_EODN:
    if (eptr != md->end_subject &&
        (!IS_NEWLINE(eptr) || eptr != md->end_subject - md->nllen))
      RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    ecode++;
    break;

    /* Word boundary assertions */

    case OP_NOT_WORD_BOUNDARY:
    case OP_WORD_BOUNDARY:
      {

      /* Find out if the previous and current characters are "word" characters.
      It takes a bit more work in UTF-8 mode. Characters > 255 are assumed to
      be "non-word" characters. */

#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
      if (utf8)
        {
        if (eptr == md->start_subject) prev_is_word = FALSE; else
          {
          USPTR lastptr = eptr - 1;
          while((*lastptr & 0xc0) == 0x80) lastptr--;
          GETCHAR(c, lastptr);
          prev_is_word = c < 256 && (md->ctypes[c] & ctype_word) != 0;
          }
        if (eptr >= md->end_subject) cur_is_word = FALSE; else
          {
          GETCHAR(c, eptr);
          cur_is_word = c < 256 && (md->ctypes[c] & ctype_word) != 0;
          }
        }
      else
#endif

      /* More streamlined when not in UTF-8 mode */

        {
        prev_is_word = (eptr != md->start_subject) &&
          ((md->ctypes[eptr[-1]] & ctype_word) != 0);
        cur_is_word = (eptr < md->end_subject) &&
          ((md->ctypes[*eptr] & ctype_word) != 0);
        }

      /* Now see if the situation is what we want */

      if ((*ecode++ == OP_WORD_BOUNDARY)?
           cur_is_word == prev_is_word : cur_is_word != prev_is_word)
        RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
      }
    break;

    /* Match a single character type; inline for speed */

    case OP_ANY:
    if (IS_NEWLINE(eptr)) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    /* Fall through */

    case OP_ALLANY:
    if (eptr++ >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    if (utf8) while (eptr < md->end_subject && (*eptr & 0xc0) == 0x80) eptr++;
    ecode++;
    break;

    /* Match a single byte, even in UTF-8 mode. This opcode really does match
    any byte, even newline, independent of the setting of PCRE_DOTALL. */

    case OP_ANYBYTE:
    if (eptr++ >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    ecode++;
    break;

    case OP_NOT_DIGIT:
    if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    GETCHARINCTEST(c, eptr);
    if (
#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
       c < 256 &&
#endif
       (md->ctypes[c] & ctype_digit) != 0
       )
      RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    ecode++;
    break;

    case OP_DIGIT:
    if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    GETCHARINCTEST(c, eptr);
    if (
#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
       c >= 256 ||
#endif
       (md->ctypes[c] & ctype_digit) == 0
       )
      RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    ecode++;
    break;

    case OP_NOT_WHITESPACE:
    if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    GETCHARINCTEST(c, eptr);
    if (
#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
       c < 256 &&
#endif
       (md->ctypes[c] & ctype_space) != 0
       )
      RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    ecode++;
    break;

    case OP_WHITESPACE:
    if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    GETCHARINCTEST(c, eptr);
    if (
#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
       c >= 256 ||
#endif
       (md->ctypes[c] & ctype_space) == 0
       )
      RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    ecode++;
    break;

    case OP_NOT_WORDCHAR:
    if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    GETCHARINCTEST(c, eptr);
    if (
#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
       c < 256 &&
#endif
       (md->ctypes[c] & ctype_word) != 0
       )
      RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    ecode++;
    break;

    case OP_WORDCHAR:
    if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    GETCHARINCTEST(c, eptr);
    if (
#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
       c >= 256 ||
#endif
       (md->ctypes[c] & ctype_word) == 0
       )
      RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    ecode++;
    break;

    case OP_ANYNL:
    if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    GETCHARINCTEST(c, eptr);
    switch(c)
      {
      default: RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
      case 0x000d:
      if (eptr < md->end_subject && *eptr == 0x0a) eptr++;
      break;

      case 0x000a:
      break;

      case 0x000b:
      case 0x000c:
      case 0x0085:
      case 0x2028:
      case 0x2029:
      if (md->bsr_anycrlf) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
      break;
      }
    ecode++;
    break;

    case OP_NOT_HSPACE:
    if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    GETCHARINCTEST(c, eptr);
    switch(c)
      {
      default: break;
      case 0x09:      /* HT */
      case 0x20:      /* SPACE */
      case 0xa0:      /* NBSP */
      case 0x1680:    /* OGHAM SPACE MARK */
      case 0x180e:    /* MONGOLIAN VOWEL SEPARATOR */
      case 0x2000:    /* EN QUAD */
      case 0x2001:    /* EM QUAD */
      case 0x2002:    /* EN SPACE */
      case 0x2003:    /* EM SPACE */
      case 0x2004:    /* THREE-PER-EM SPACE */
      case 0x2005:    /* FOUR-PER-EM SPACE */
      case 0x2006:    /* SIX-PER-EM SPACE */
      case 0x2007:    /* FIGURE SPACE */
      case 0x2008:    /* PUNCTUATION SPACE */
      case 0x2009:    /* THIN SPACE */
      case 0x200A:    /* HAIR SPACE */
      case 0x202f:    /* NARROW NO-BREAK SPACE */
      case 0x205f:    /* MEDIUM MATHEMATICAL SPACE */
      case 0x3000:    /* IDEOGRAPHIC SPACE */
      RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
      }
    ecode++;
    break;

    case OP_HSPACE:
    if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    GETCHARINCTEST(c, eptr);
    switch(c)
      {
      default: RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
      case 0x09:      /* HT */
      case 0x20:      /* SPACE */
      case 0xa0:      /* NBSP */
      case 0x1680:    /* OGHAM SPACE MARK */
      case 0x180e:    /* MONGOLIAN VOWEL SEPARATOR */
      case 0x2000:    /* EN QUAD */
      case 0x2001:    /* EM QUAD */
      case 0x2002:    /* EN SPACE */
      case 0x2003:    /* EM SPACE */
      case 0x2004:    /* THREE-PER-EM SPACE */
      case 0x2005:    /* FOUR-PER-EM SPACE */
      case 0x2006:    /* SIX-PER-EM SPACE */
      case 0x2007:    /* FIGURE SPACE */
      case 0x2008:    /* PUNCTUATION SPACE */
      case 0x2009:    /* THIN SPACE */
      case 0x200A:    /* HAIR SPACE */
      case 0x202f:    /* NARROW NO-BREAK SPACE */
      case 0x205f:    /* MEDIUM MATHEMATICAL SPACE */
      case 0x3000:    /* IDEOGRAPHIC SPACE */
      break;
      }
    ecode++;
    break;

    case OP_NOT_VSPACE:
    if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    GETCHARINCTEST(c, eptr);
    switch(c)
      {
      default: break;
      case 0x0a:      /* LF */
      case 0x0b:      /* VT */
      case 0x0c:      /* FF */
      case 0x0d:      /* CR */
      case 0x85:      /* NEL */
      case 0x2028:    /* LINE SEPARATOR */
      case 0x2029:    /* PARAGRAPH SEPARATOR */
      RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
      }
    ecode++;
    break;

    case OP_VSPACE:
    if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    GETCHARINCTEST(c, eptr);
    switch(c)
      {
      default: RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
      case 0x0a:      /* LF */
      case 0x0b:      /* VT */
      case 0x0c:      /* FF */
      case 0x0d:      /* CR */
      case 0x85:      /* NEL */
      case 0x2028:    /* LINE SEPARATOR */
      case 0x2029:    /* PARAGRAPH SEPARATOR */
      break;
      }
    ecode++;
    break;

#ifdef SUPPORT_UCP
    /* Check the next character by Unicode property. We will get here only
    if the support is in the binary; otherwise a compile-time error occurs. */

    case OP_PROP:
    case OP_NOTPROP:
    if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    GETCHARINCTEST(c, eptr);
      {
      const ucd_record *prop = GET_UCD(c);

      switch(ecode[1])
        {
        case PT_ANY:
        if (op == OP_NOTPROP) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
        break;

        case PT_LAMP:
        if ((prop->chartype == ucp_Lu ||
             prop->chartype == ucp_Ll ||
             prop->chartype == ucp_Lt) == (op == OP_NOTPROP))
          RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
         break;

        case PT_GC:
        if ((ecode[2] != _pcre_ucp_gentype[prop->chartype]) == (op == OP_PROP))
          RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
        break;

        case PT_PC:
        if ((ecode[2] != prop->chartype) == (op == OP_PROP))
          RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
        break;

        case PT_SC:
        if ((ecode[2] != prop->script) == (op == OP_PROP))
          RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
        break;

        default:
        RRETURN(PCRE_ERROR_INTERNAL);
        }

      ecode += 3;
      }
    break;

    /* Match an extended Unicode sequence. We will get here only if the support
    is in the binary; otherwise a compile-time error occurs. */

    case OP_EXTUNI:
    if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    GETCHARINCTEST(c, eptr);
      {
      int category = UCD_CATEGORY(c);
      if (category == ucp_M) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
      while (eptr < md->end_subject)
        {
        int len = 1;
        if (!utf8) c = *eptr; else
          {
          GETCHARLEN(c, eptr, len);
          }
        category = UCD_CATEGORY(c);
        if (category != ucp_M) break;
        eptr += len;
        }
      }
    ecode++;
    break;
#endif


    /* Match a back reference, possibly repeatedly. Look past the end of the
    item to see if there is repeat information following. The code is similar
    to that for character classes, but repeated for efficiency. Then obey
    similar code to character type repeats - written out again for speed.
    However, if the referenced string is the empty string, always treat
    it as matched, any number of times (otherwise there could be infinite
    loops). */

    case OP_REF:
      {
      offset = GET2(ecode, 1) << 1;               /* Doubled ref number */
      ecode += 3;

      /* If the reference is unset, there are two possibilities:

      (a) In the default, Perl-compatible state, set the length to be longer
      than the amount of subject left; this ensures that every attempt at a
      match fails. We can't just fail here, because of the possibility of
      quantifiers with zero minima.

      (b) If the JavaScript compatibility flag is set, set the length to zero
      so that the back reference matches an empty string.

      Otherwise, set the length to the length of what was matched by the
      referenced subpattern. */

      if (offset >= offset_top || md->offset_vector[offset] < 0)
        length = (md->jscript_compat)? 0 : md->end_subject - eptr + 1;
      else
        length = md->offset_vector[offset+1] - md->offset_vector[offset];

      /* Set up for repetition, or handle the non-repeated case */

      switch (*ecode)
        {
        case OP_CRSTAR:
        case OP_CRMINSTAR:
        case OP_CRPLUS:
        case OP_CRMINPLUS:
        case OP_CRQUERY:
        case OP_CRMINQUERY:
        c = *ecode++ - OP_CRSTAR;
        minimize = (c & 1) != 0;
        min = rep_min[c];                 /* Pick up values from tables; */
        max = rep_max[c];                 /* zero for max => infinity */
        if (max == 0) max = INT_MAX;
        break;

        case OP_CRRANGE:
        case OP_CRMINRANGE:
        minimize = (*ecode == OP_CRMINRANGE);
        min = GET2(ecode, 1);
        max = GET2(ecode, 3);
        if (max == 0) max = INT_MAX;
        ecode += 5;
        break;

        default:               /* No repeat follows */
        if (!match_ref(offset, eptr, length, md, ims)) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
        eptr += length;
        continue;              /* With the main loop */
        }

      /* If the length of the reference is zero, just continue with the
      main loop. */

      if (length == 0) continue;

      /* First, ensure the minimum number of matches are present. We get back
      the length of the reference string explicitly rather than passing the
      address of eptr, so that eptr can be a register variable. */

      for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
        {
        if (!match_ref(offset, eptr, length, md, ims)) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
        eptr += length;
        }

      /* If min = max, continue at the same level without recursion.
      They are not both allowed to be zero. */

      if (min == max) continue;

      /* If minimizing, keep trying and advancing the pointer */

      if (minimize)
        {
        for (fi = min;; fi++)
          {
          RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM14);
          if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
          if (fi >= max || !match_ref(offset, eptr, length, md, ims))
            RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          eptr += length;
          }
        /* Control never gets here */
        }

      /* If maximizing, find the longest string and work backwards */

      else
        {
        pp = eptr;
        for (i = min; i < max; i++)
          {
          if (!match_ref(offset, eptr, length, md, ims)) break;
          eptr += length;
          }
        while (eptr >= pp)
          {
          RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM15);
          if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
          eptr -= length;
          }
        RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
        }
      }
    /* Control never gets here */



    /* Match a bit-mapped character class, possibly repeatedly. This op code is
    used when all the characters in the class have values in the range 0-255,
    and either the matching is caseful, or the characters are in the range
    0-127 when UTF-8 processing is enabled. The only difference between
    OP_CLASS and OP_NCLASS occurs when a data character outside the range is
    encountered.

    First, look past the end of the item to see if there is repeat information
    following. Then obey similar code to character type repeats - written out
    again for speed. */

    case OP_NCLASS:
    case OP_CLASS:
      {
      data = ecode + 1;                /* Save for matching */
      ecode += 33;                     /* Advance past the item */

      switch (*ecode)
        {
        case OP_CRSTAR:
        case OP_CRMINSTAR:
        case OP_CRPLUS:
        case OP_CRMINPLUS:
        case OP_CRQUERY:
        case OP_CRMINQUERY:
        c = *ecode++ - OP_CRSTAR;
        minimize = (c & 1) != 0;
        min = rep_min[c];                 /* Pick up values from tables; */
        max = rep_max[c];                 /* zero for max => infinity */
        if (max == 0) max = INT_MAX;
        break;

        case OP_CRRANGE:
        case OP_CRMINRANGE:
        minimize = (*ecode == OP_CRMINRANGE);
        min = GET2(ecode, 1);
        max = GET2(ecode, 3);
        if (max == 0) max = INT_MAX;
        ecode += 5;
        break;

        default:               /* No repeat follows */
        min = max = 1;
        break;
        }

      /* First, ensure the minimum number of matches are present. */

#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
      /* UTF-8 mode */
      if (utf8)
        {
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          {
          if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          GETCHARINC(c, eptr);
          if (c > 255)
            {
            if (op == OP_CLASS) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            }
          else
            {
            if ((data[c/8] & (1 << (c&7))) == 0) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            }
          }
        }
      else
#endif
      /* Not UTF-8 mode */
        {
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          {
          if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          c = *eptr++;
          if ((data[c/8] & (1 << (c&7))) == 0) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          }
        }

      /* If max == min we can continue with the main loop without the
      need to recurse. */

      if (min == max) continue;

      /* If minimizing, keep testing the rest of the expression and advancing
      the pointer while it matches the class. */

      if (minimize)
        {
#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
        /* UTF-8 mode */
        if (utf8)
          {
          for (fi = min;; fi++)
            {
            RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM16);
            if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
            if (fi >= max || eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            GETCHARINC(c, eptr);
            if (c > 255)
              {
              if (op == OP_CLASS) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
              }
            else
              {
              if ((data[c/8] & (1 << (c&7))) == 0) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
              }
            }
          }
        else
#endif
        /* Not UTF-8 mode */
          {
          for (fi = min;; fi++)
            {
            RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM17);
            if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
            if (fi >= max || eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            c = *eptr++;
            if ((data[c/8] & (1 << (c&7))) == 0) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            }
          }
        /* Control never gets here */
        }

      /* If maximizing, find the longest possible run, then work backwards. */

      else
        {
        pp = eptr;

#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
        /* UTF-8 mode */
        if (utf8)
          {
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            int len = 1;
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject) break;
            GETCHARLEN(c, eptr, len);
            if (c > 255)
              {
              if (op == OP_CLASS) break;
              }
            else
              {
              if ((data[c/8] & (1 << (c&7))) == 0) break;
              }
            eptr += len;
            }
          for (;;)
            {
            RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM18);
            if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
            if (eptr-- == pp) break;        /* Stop if tried at original pos */
            BACKCHAR(eptr);
            }
          }
        else
#endif
          /* Not UTF-8 mode */
          {
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject) break;
            c = *eptr;
            if ((data[c/8] & (1 << (c&7))) == 0) break;
            eptr++;
            }
          while (eptr >= pp)
            {
            RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM19);
            if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
            eptr--;
            }
          }

        RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
        }
      }
    /* Control never gets here */


    /* Match an extended character class. This opcode is encountered only
    when UTF-8 mode mode is supported. Nevertheless, we may not be in UTF-8
    mode, because Unicode properties are supported in non-UTF-8 mode. */

#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
    case OP_XCLASS:
      {
      data = ecode + 1 + LINK_SIZE;                /* Save for matching */
      ecode += GET(ecode, 1);                      /* Advance past the item */

      switch (*ecode)
        {
        case OP_CRSTAR:
        case OP_CRMINSTAR:
        case OP_CRPLUS:
        case OP_CRMINPLUS:
        case OP_CRQUERY:
        case OP_CRMINQUERY:
        c = *ecode++ - OP_CRSTAR;
        minimize = (c & 1) != 0;
        min = rep_min[c];                 /* Pick up values from tables; */
        max = rep_max[c];                 /* zero for max => infinity */
        if (max == 0) max = INT_MAX;
        break;

        case OP_CRRANGE:
        case OP_CRMINRANGE:
        minimize = (*ecode == OP_CRMINRANGE);
        min = GET2(ecode, 1);
        max = GET2(ecode, 3);
        if (max == 0) max = INT_MAX;
        ecode += 5;
        break;

        default:               /* No repeat follows */
        min = max = 1;
        break;
        }

      /* First, ensure the minimum number of matches are present. */

      for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
        {
        if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
        GETCHARINCTEST(c, eptr);
        if (!_pcre_xclass(c, data)) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
        }

      /* If max == min we can continue with the main loop without the
      need to recurse. */

      if (min == max) continue;

      /* If minimizing, keep testing the rest of the expression and advancing
      the pointer while it matches the class. */

      if (minimize)
        {
        for (fi = min;; fi++)
          {
          RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM20);
          if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
          if (fi >= max || eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          GETCHARINCTEST(c, eptr);
          if (!_pcre_xclass(c, data)) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          }
        /* Control never gets here */
        }

      /* If maximizing, find the longest possible run, then work backwards. */

      else
        {
        pp = eptr;
        for (i = min; i < max; i++)
          {
          int len = 1;
          if (eptr >= md->end_subject) break;
          GETCHARLENTEST(c, eptr, len);
          if (!_pcre_xclass(c, data)) break;
          eptr += len;
          }
        for(;;)
          {
          RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM21);
          if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
          if (eptr-- == pp) break;        /* Stop if tried at original pos */
          if (utf8) BACKCHAR(eptr);
          }
        RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
        }

      /* Control never gets here */
      }
#endif    /* End of XCLASS */

    /* Match a single character, casefully */

    case OP_CHAR:
#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
    if (utf8)
      {
      length = 1;
      ecode++;
      GETCHARLEN(fc, ecode, length);
      if (length > md->end_subject - eptr) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
      while (length-- > 0) if (*ecode++ != *eptr++) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
      }
    else
#endif

    /* Non-UTF-8 mode */
      {
      if (md->end_subject - eptr < 1) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
      if (ecode[1] != *eptr++) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
      ecode += 2;
      }
    break;

    /* Match a single character, caselessly */

    case OP_CHARNC:
#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
    if (utf8)
      {
      length = 1;
      ecode++;
      GETCHARLEN(fc, ecode, length);

      if (length > md->end_subject - eptr) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);

      /* If the pattern character's value is < 128, we have only one byte, and
      can use the fast lookup table. */

      if (fc < 128)
        {
        if (md->lcc[*ecode++] != md->lcc[*eptr++]) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
        }

      /* Otherwise we must pick up the subject character */

      else
        {
        unsigned int dc;
        GETCHARINC(dc, eptr);
        ecode += length;

        /* If we have Unicode property support, we can use it to test the other
        case of the character, if there is one. */

        if (fc != dc)
          {
#ifdef SUPPORT_UCP
          if (dc != UCD_OTHERCASE(fc))
#endif
            RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          }
        }
      }
    else
#endif   /* SUPPORT_UTF8 */

    /* Non-UTF-8 mode */
      {
      if (md->end_subject - eptr < 1) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
      if (md->lcc[ecode[1]] != md->lcc[*eptr++]) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
      ecode += 2;
      }
    break;

    /* Match a single character repeatedly. */

    case OP_EXACT:
    min = max = GET2(ecode, 1);
    ecode += 3;
    goto REPEATCHAR;

    case OP_POSUPTO:
    possessive = TRUE;
    /* Fall through */

    case OP_UPTO:
    case OP_MINUPTO:
    min = 0;
    max = GET2(ecode, 1);
    minimize = *ecode == OP_MINUPTO;
    ecode += 3;
    goto REPEATCHAR;

    case OP_POSSTAR:
    possessive = TRUE;
    min = 0;
    max = INT_MAX;
    ecode++;
    goto REPEATCHAR;

    case OP_POSPLUS:
    possessive = TRUE;
    min = 1;
    max = INT_MAX;
    ecode++;
    goto REPEATCHAR;

    case OP_POSQUERY:
    possessive = TRUE;
    min = 0;
    max = 1;
    ecode++;
    goto REPEATCHAR;

    case OP_STAR:
    case OP_MINSTAR:
    case OP_PLUS:
    case OP_MINPLUS:
    case OP_QUERY:
    case OP_MINQUERY:
    c = *ecode++ - OP_STAR;
    minimize = (c & 1) != 0;
    min = rep_min[c];                 /* Pick up values from tables; */
    max = rep_max[c];                 /* zero for max => infinity */
    if (max == 0) max = INT_MAX;

    /* Common code for all repeated single-character matches. We can give
    up quickly if there are fewer than the minimum number of characters left in
    the subject. */

    REPEATCHAR:
#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
    if (utf8)
      {
      length = 1;
      charptr = ecode;
      GETCHARLEN(fc, ecode, length);
      if (min * length > md->end_subject - eptr) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
      ecode += length;

      /* Handle multibyte character matching specially here. There is
      support for caseless matching if UCP support is present. */

      if (length > 1)
        {
#ifdef SUPPORT_UCP
        unsigned int othercase;
        if ((ims & PCRE_CASELESS) != 0 &&
            (othercase = UCD_OTHERCASE(fc)) != fc)
          oclength = _pcre_ord2utf8(othercase, occhars);
        else oclength = 0;
#endif  /* SUPPORT_UCP */

        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          {
          if (memcmp(eptr, charptr, length) == 0) eptr += length;
#ifdef SUPPORT_UCP
          /* Need braces because of following else */
          else if (oclength == 0) { RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH); }
          else
            {
            if (memcmp(eptr, occhars, oclength) != 0) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            eptr += oclength;
            }
#else   /* without SUPPORT_UCP */
          else { RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH); }
#endif  /* SUPPORT_UCP */
          }

        if (min == max) continue;

        if (minimize)
          {
          for (fi = min;; fi++)
            {
            RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM22);
            if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
            if (fi >= max || eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            if (memcmp(eptr, charptr, length) == 0) eptr += length;
#ifdef SUPPORT_UCP
            /* Need braces because of following else */
            else if (oclength == 0) { RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH); }
            else
              {
              if (memcmp(eptr, occhars, oclength) != 0) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
              eptr += oclength;
              }
#else   /* without SUPPORT_UCP */
            else { RRETURN (MATCH_NOMATCH); }
#endif  /* SUPPORT_UCP */
            }
          /* Control never gets here */
          }

        else  /* Maximize */
          {
          pp = eptr;
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            if (eptr > md->end_subject - length) break;
            if (memcmp(eptr, charptr, length) == 0) eptr += length;
#ifdef SUPPORT_UCP
            else if (oclength == 0) break;
            else
              {
              if (memcmp(eptr, occhars, oclength) != 0) break;
              eptr += oclength;
              }
#else   /* without SUPPORT_UCP */
            else break;
#endif  /* SUPPORT_UCP */
            }

          if (possessive) continue;
          for(;;)
           {
           RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM23);
           if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
           if (eptr == pp) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
#ifdef SUPPORT_UCP
           eptr--;
           BACKCHAR(eptr);
#else   /* without SUPPORT_UCP */
           eptr -= length;
#endif  /* SUPPORT_UCP */
           }
          }
        /* Control never gets here */
        }

      /* If the length of a UTF-8 character is 1, we fall through here, and
      obey the code as for non-UTF-8 characters below, though in this case the
      value of fc will always be < 128. */
      }
    else
#endif  /* SUPPORT_UTF8 */

    /* When not in UTF-8 mode, load a single-byte character. */
      {
      if (min > md->end_subject - eptr) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
      fc = *ecode++;
      }

    /* The value of fc at this point is always less than 256, though we may or
    may not be in UTF-8 mode. The code is duplicated for the caseless and
    caseful cases, for speed, since matching characters is likely to be quite
    common. First, ensure the minimum number of matches are present. If min =
    max, continue at the same level without recursing. Otherwise, if
    minimizing, keep trying the rest of the expression and advancing one
    matching character if failing, up to the maximum. Alternatively, if
    maximizing, find the maximum number of characters and work backwards. */

    DPRINTF(("matching %c{%d,%d} against subject %.*s\n", fc, min, max,
      max, eptr));

    if ((ims & PCRE_CASELESS) != 0)
      {
      fc = md->lcc[fc];
      for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
        if (fc != md->lcc[*eptr++]) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
      if (min == max) continue;
      if (minimize)
        {
        for (fi = min;; fi++)
          {
          RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM24);
          if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
          if (fi >= max || eptr >= md->end_subject ||
              fc != md->lcc[*eptr++])
            RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          }
        /* Control never gets here */
        }
      else  /* Maximize */
        {
        pp = eptr;
        for (i = min; i < max; i++)
          {
          if (eptr >= md->end_subject || fc != md->lcc[*eptr]) break;
          eptr++;
          }
        if (possessive) continue;
        while (eptr >= pp)
          {
          RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM25);
          eptr--;
          if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
          }
        RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
        }
      /* Control never gets here */
      }

    /* Caseful comparisons (includes all multi-byte characters) */

    else
      {
      for (i = 1; i <= min; i++) if (fc != *eptr++) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
      if (min == max) continue;
      if (minimize)
        {
        for (fi = min;; fi++)
          {
          RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM26);
          if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
          if (fi >= max || eptr >= md->end_subject || fc != *eptr++)
            RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          }
        /* Control never gets here */
        }
      else  /* Maximize */
        {
        pp = eptr;
        for (i = min; i < max; i++)
          {
          if (eptr >= md->end_subject || fc != *eptr) break;
          eptr++;
          }
        if (possessive) continue;
        while (eptr >= pp)
          {
          RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM27);
          eptr--;
          if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
          }
        RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
        }
      }
    /* Control never gets here */

    /* Match a negated single one-byte character. The character we are
    checking can be multibyte. */

    case OP_NOT:
    if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    ecode++;
    GETCHARINCTEST(c, eptr);
    if ((ims & PCRE_CASELESS) != 0)
      {
#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
      if (c < 256)
#endif
      c = md->lcc[c];
      if (md->lcc[*ecode++] == c) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
      }
    else
      {
      if (*ecode++ == c) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
      }
    break;

    /* Match a negated single one-byte character repeatedly. This is almost a
    repeat of the code for a repeated single character, but I haven't found a
    nice way of commoning these up that doesn't require a test of the
    positive/negative option for each character match. Maybe that wouldn't add
    very much to the time taken, but character matching *is* what this is all
    about... */

    case OP_NOTEXACT:
    min = max = GET2(ecode, 1);
    ecode += 3;
    goto REPEATNOTCHAR;

    case OP_NOTUPTO:
    case OP_NOTMINUPTO:
    min = 0;
    max = GET2(ecode, 1);
    minimize = *ecode == OP_NOTMINUPTO;
    ecode += 3;
    goto REPEATNOTCHAR;

    case OP_NOTPOSSTAR:
    possessive = TRUE;
    min = 0;
    max = INT_MAX;
    ecode++;
    goto REPEATNOTCHAR;

    case OP_NOTPOSPLUS:
    possessive = TRUE;
    min = 1;
    max = INT_MAX;
    ecode++;
    goto REPEATNOTCHAR;

    case OP_NOTPOSQUERY:
    possessive = TRUE;
    min = 0;
    max = 1;
    ecode++;
    goto REPEATNOTCHAR;

    case OP_NOTPOSUPTO:
    possessive = TRUE;
    min = 0;
    max = GET2(ecode, 1);
    ecode += 3;
    goto REPEATNOTCHAR;

    case OP_NOTSTAR:
    case OP_NOTMINSTAR:
    case OP_NOTPLUS:
    case OP_NOTMINPLUS:
    case OP_NOTQUERY:
    case OP_NOTMINQUERY:
    c = *ecode++ - OP_NOTSTAR;
    minimize = (c & 1) != 0;
    min = rep_min[c];                 /* Pick up values from tables; */
    max = rep_max[c];                 /* zero for max => infinity */
    if (max == 0) max = INT_MAX;

    /* Common code for all repeated single-byte matches. We can give up quickly
    if there are fewer than the minimum number of bytes left in the
    subject. */

    REPEATNOTCHAR:
    if (min > md->end_subject - eptr) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    fc = *ecode++;

    /* The code is duplicated for the caseless and caseful cases, for speed,
    since matching characters is likely to be quite common. First, ensure the
    minimum number of matches are present. If min = max, continue at the same
    level without recursing. Otherwise, if minimizing, keep trying the rest of
    the expression and advancing one matching character if failing, up to the
    maximum. Alternatively, if maximizing, find the maximum number of
    characters and work backwards. */

    DPRINTF(("negative matching %c{%d,%d} against subject %.*s\n", fc, min, max,
      max, eptr));

    if ((ims & PCRE_CASELESS) != 0)
      {
      fc = md->lcc[fc];

#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
      /* UTF-8 mode */
      if (utf8)
        {
        register unsigned int d;
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          {
          GETCHARINC(d, eptr);
          if (d < 256) d = md->lcc[d];
          if (fc == d) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          }
        }
      else
#endif

      /* Not UTF-8 mode */
        {
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          if (fc == md->lcc[*eptr++]) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
        }

      if (min == max) continue;

      if (minimize)
        {
#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
        /* UTF-8 mode */
        if (utf8)
          {
          register unsigned int d;
          for (fi = min;; fi++)
            {
            RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM28);
            if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
            if (fi >= max || eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            GETCHARINC(d, eptr);
            if (d < 256) d = md->lcc[d];
            if (fc == d) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);

            }
          }
        else
#endif
        /* Not UTF-8 mode */
          {
          for (fi = min;; fi++)
            {
            RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM29);
            if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
            if (fi >= max || eptr >= md->end_subject || fc == md->lcc[*eptr++])
              RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            }
          }
        /* Control never gets here */
        }

      /* Maximize case */

      else
        {
        pp = eptr;

#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
        /* UTF-8 mode */
        if (utf8)
          {
          register unsigned int d;
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            int len = 1;
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject) break;
            GETCHARLEN(d, eptr, len);
            if (d < 256) d = md->lcc[d];
            if (fc == d) break;
            eptr += len;
            }
        if (possessive) continue;
        for(;;)
            {
            RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM30);
            if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
            if (eptr-- == pp) break;        /* Stop if tried at original pos */
            BACKCHAR(eptr);
            }
          }
        else
#endif
        /* Not UTF-8 mode */
          {
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject || fc == md->lcc[*eptr]) break;
            eptr++;
            }
          if (possessive) continue;
          while (eptr >= pp)
            {
            RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM31);
            if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
            eptr--;
            }
          }

        RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
        }
      /* Control never gets here */
      }

    /* Caseful comparisons */

    else
      {
#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
      /* UTF-8 mode */
      if (utf8)
        {
        register unsigned int d;
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          {
          GETCHARINC(d, eptr);
          if (fc == d) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          }
        }
      else
#endif
      /* Not UTF-8 mode */
        {
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          if (fc == *eptr++) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
        }

      if (min == max) continue;

      if (minimize)
        {
#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
        /* UTF-8 mode */
        if (utf8)
          {
          register unsigned int d;
          for (fi = min;; fi++)
            {
            RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM32);
            if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
            if (fi >= max || eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            GETCHARINC(d, eptr);
            if (fc == d) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            }
          }
        else
#endif
        /* Not UTF-8 mode */
          {
          for (fi = min;; fi++)
            {
            RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM33);
            if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
            if (fi >= max || eptr >= md->end_subject || fc == *eptr++)
              RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            }
          }
        /* Control never gets here */
        }

      /* Maximize case */

      else
        {
        pp = eptr;

#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
        /* UTF-8 mode */
        if (utf8)
          {
          register unsigned int d;
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            int len = 1;
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject) break;
            GETCHARLEN(d, eptr, len);
            if (fc == d) break;
            eptr += len;
            }
          if (possessive) continue;
          for(;;)
            {
            RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM34);
            if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
            if (eptr-- == pp) break;        /* Stop if tried at original pos */
            BACKCHAR(eptr);
            }
          }
        else
#endif
        /* Not UTF-8 mode */
          {
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject || fc == *eptr) break;
            eptr++;
            }
          if (possessive) continue;
          while (eptr >= pp)
            {
            RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM35);
            if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
            eptr--;
            }
          }

        RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
        }
      }
    /* Control never gets here */

    /* Match a single character type repeatedly; several different opcodes
    share code. This is very similar to the code for single characters, but we
    repeat it in the interests of efficiency. */

    case OP_TYPEEXACT:
    min = max = GET2(ecode, 1);
    minimize = TRUE;
    ecode += 3;
    goto REPEATTYPE;

    case OP_TYPEUPTO:
    case OP_TYPEMINUPTO:
    min = 0;
    max = GET2(ecode, 1);
    minimize = *ecode == OP_TYPEMINUPTO;
    ecode += 3;
    goto REPEATTYPE;

    case OP_TYPEPOSSTAR:
    possessive = TRUE;
    min = 0;
    max = INT_MAX;
    ecode++;
    goto REPEATTYPE;

    case OP_TYPEPOSPLUS:
    possessive = TRUE;
    min = 1;
    max = INT_MAX;
    ecode++;
    goto REPEATTYPE;

    case OP_TYPEPOSQUERY:
    possessive = TRUE;
    min = 0;
    max = 1;
    ecode++;
    goto REPEATTYPE;

    case OP_TYPEPOSUPTO:
    possessive = TRUE;
    min = 0;
    max = GET2(ecode, 1);
    ecode += 3;
    goto REPEATTYPE;

    case OP_TYPESTAR:
    case OP_TYPEMINSTAR:
    case OP_TYPEPLUS:
    case OP_TYPEMINPLUS:
    case OP_TYPEQUERY:
    case OP_TYPEMINQUERY:
    c = *ecode++ - OP_TYPESTAR;
    minimize = (c & 1) != 0;
    min = rep_min[c];                 /* Pick up values from tables; */
    max = rep_max[c];                 /* zero for max => infinity */
    if (max == 0) max = INT_MAX;

    /* Common code for all repeated single character type matches. Note that
    in UTF-8 mode, '.' matches a character of any length, but for the other
    character types, the valid characters are all one-byte long. */

    REPEATTYPE:
    ctype = *ecode++;      /* Code for the character type */

#ifdef SUPPORT_UCP
    if (ctype == OP_PROP || ctype == OP_NOTPROP)
      {
      prop_fail_result = ctype == OP_NOTPROP;
      prop_type = *ecode++;
      prop_value = *ecode++;
      }
    else prop_type = -1;
#endif

    /* First, ensure the minimum number of matches are present. Use inline
    code for maximizing the speed, and do the type test once at the start
    (i.e. keep it out of the loop). Also we can test that there are at least
    the minimum number of bytes before we start. This isn't as effective in
    UTF-8 mode, but it does no harm. Separate the UTF-8 code completely as that
    is tidier. Also separate the UCP code, which can be the same for both UTF-8
    and single-bytes. */

    if (min > md->end_subject - eptr) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
    if (min > 0)
      {
#ifdef SUPPORT_UCP
      if (prop_type >= 0)
        {
        switch(prop_type)
          {
          case PT_ANY:
          if (prop_fail_result) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
            {
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            GETCHARINCTEST(c, eptr);
            }
          break;

          case PT_LAMP:
          for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
            {
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            GETCHARINCTEST(c, eptr);
            prop_chartype = UCD_CHARTYPE(c);
            if ((prop_chartype == ucp_Lu ||
                 prop_chartype == ucp_Ll ||
                 prop_chartype == ucp_Lt) == prop_fail_result)
              RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            }
          break;

          case PT_GC:
          for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
            {
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            GETCHARINCTEST(c, eptr);
            prop_category = UCD_CATEGORY(c);
            if ((prop_category == prop_value) == prop_fail_result)
              RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            }
          break;

          case PT_PC:
          for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
            {
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            GETCHARINCTEST(c, eptr);
            prop_chartype = UCD_CHARTYPE(c);
            if ((prop_chartype == prop_value) == prop_fail_result)
              RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            }
          break;

          case PT_SC:
          for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
            {
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            GETCHARINCTEST(c, eptr);
            prop_script = UCD_SCRIPT(c);
            if ((prop_script == prop_value) == prop_fail_result)
              RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            }
          break;

          default:
          RRETURN(PCRE_ERROR_INTERNAL);
          }
        }

      /* Match extended Unicode sequences. We will get here only if the
      support is in the binary; otherwise a compile-time error occurs. */

      else if (ctype == OP_EXTUNI)
        {
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          {
          GETCHARINCTEST(c, eptr);
          prop_category = UCD_CATEGORY(c);
          if (prop_category == ucp_M) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          while (eptr < md->end_subject)
            {
            int len = 1;
            if (!utf8) c = *eptr; else
              {
              GETCHARLEN(c, eptr, len);
              }
            prop_category = UCD_CATEGORY(c);
            if (prop_category != ucp_M) break;
            eptr += len;
            }
          }
        }

      else
#endif     /* SUPPORT_UCP */

/* Handle all other cases when the coding is UTF-8 */

#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
      if (utf8) switch(ctype)
        {
        case OP_ANY:
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          {
          if (eptr >= md->end_subject || IS_NEWLINE(eptr))
            RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          eptr++;
          while (eptr < md->end_subject && (*eptr & 0xc0) == 0x80) eptr++;
          }
        break;

        case OP_ALLANY:
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          {
          if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          eptr++;
          while (eptr < md->end_subject && (*eptr & 0xc0) == 0x80) eptr++;
          }
        break;

        case OP_ANYBYTE:
        eptr += min;
        break;

        case OP_ANYNL:
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          {
          if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          GETCHARINC(c, eptr);
          switch(c)
            {
            default: RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            case 0x000d:
            if (eptr < md->end_subject && *eptr == 0x0a) eptr++;
            break;

            case 0x000a:
            break;

            case 0x000b:
            case 0x000c:
            case 0x0085:
            case 0x2028:
            case 0x2029:
            if (md->bsr_anycrlf) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            break;
            }
          }
        break;

        case OP_NOT_HSPACE:
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          {
          if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          GETCHARINC(c, eptr);
          switch(c)
            {
            default: break;
            case 0x09:      /* HT */
            case 0x20:      /* SPACE */
            case 0xa0:      /* NBSP */
            case 0x1680:    /* OGHAM SPACE MARK */
            case 0x180e:    /* MONGOLIAN VOWEL SEPARATOR */
            case 0x2000:    /* EN QUAD */
            case 0x2001:    /* EM QUAD */
            case 0x2002:    /* EN SPACE */
            case 0x2003:    /* EM SPACE */
            case 0x2004:    /* THREE-PER-EM SPACE */
            case 0x2005:    /* FOUR-PER-EM SPACE */
            case 0x2006:    /* SIX-PER-EM SPACE */
            case 0x2007:    /* FIGURE SPACE */
            case 0x2008:    /* PUNCTUATION SPACE */
            case 0x2009:    /* THIN SPACE */
            case 0x200A:    /* HAIR SPACE */
            case 0x202f:    /* NARROW NO-BREAK SPACE */
            case 0x205f:    /* MEDIUM MATHEMATICAL SPACE */
            case 0x3000:    /* IDEOGRAPHIC SPACE */
            RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            }
          }
        break;

        case OP_HSPACE:
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          {
          if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          GETCHARINC(c, eptr);
          switch(c)
            {
            default: RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            case 0x09:      /* HT */
            case 0x20:      /* SPACE */
            case 0xa0:      /* NBSP */
            case 0x1680:    /* OGHAM SPACE MARK */
            case 0x180e:    /* MONGOLIAN VOWEL SEPARATOR */
            case 0x2000:    /* EN QUAD */
            case 0x2001:    /* EM QUAD */
            case 0x2002:    /* EN SPACE */
            case 0x2003:    /* EM SPACE */
            case 0x2004:    /* THREE-PER-EM SPACE */
            case 0x2005:    /* FOUR-PER-EM SPACE */
            case 0x2006:    /* SIX-PER-EM SPACE */
            case 0x2007:    /* FIGURE SPACE */
            case 0x2008:    /* PUNCTUATION SPACE */
            case 0x2009:    /* THIN SPACE */
            case 0x200A:    /* HAIR SPACE */
            case 0x202f:    /* NARROW NO-BREAK SPACE */
            case 0x205f:    /* MEDIUM MATHEMATICAL SPACE */
            case 0x3000:    /* IDEOGRAPHIC SPACE */
            break;
            }
          }
        break;

        case OP_NOT_VSPACE:
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          {
          if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          GETCHARINC(c, eptr);
          switch(c)
            {
            default: break;
            case 0x0a:      /* LF */
            case 0x0b:      /* VT */
            case 0x0c:      /* FF */
            case 0x0d:      /* CR */
            case 0x85:      /* NEL */
            case 0x2028:    /* LINE SEPARATOR */
            case 0x2029:    /* PARAGRAPH SEPARATOR */
            RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            }
          }
        break;

        case OP_VSPACE:
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          {
          if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          GETCHARINC(c, eptr);
          switch(c)
            {
            default: RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            case 0x0a:      /* LF */
            case 0x0b:      /* VT */
            case 0x0c:      /* FF */
            case 0x0d:      /* CR */
            case 0x85:      /* NEL */
            case 0x2028:    /* LINE SEPARATOR */
            case 0x2029:    /* PARAGRAPH SEPARATOR */
            break;
            }
          }
        break;

        case OP_NOT_DIGIT:
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          {
          if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          GETCHARINC(c, eptr);
          if (c < 128 && (md->ctypes[c] & ctype_digit) != 0)
            RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          }
        break;

        case OP_DIGIT:
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          {
          if (eptr >= md->end_subject ||
             *eptr >= 128 || (md->ctypes[*eptr++] & ctype_digit) == 0)
            RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          /* No need to skip more bytes - we know it's a 1-byte character */
          }
        break;

        case OP_NOT_WHITESPACE:
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          {
          if (eptr >= md->end_subject ||
             (*eptr < 128 && (md->ctypes[*eptr] & ctype_space) != 0))
            RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          while (++eptr < md->end_subject && (*eptr & 0xc0) == 0x80);
          }
        break;

        case OP_WHITESPACE:
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          {
          if (eptr >= md->end_subject ||
             *eptr >= 128 || (md->ctypes[*eptr++] & ctype_space) == 0)
            RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          /* No need to skip more bytes - we know it's a 1-byte character */
          }
        break;

        case OP_NOT_WORDCHAR:
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          {
          if (eptr >= md->end_subject ||
             (*eptr < 128 && (md->ctypes[*eptr] & ctype_word) != 0))
            RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          while (++eptr < md->end_subject && (*eptr & 0xc0) == 0x80);
          }
        break;

        case OP_WORDCHAR:
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          {
          if (eptr >= md->end_subject ||
             *eptr >= 128 || (md->ctypes[*eptr++] & ctype_word) == 0)
            RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          /* No need to skip more bytes - we know it's a 1-byte character */
          }
        break;

        default:
        RRETURN(PCRE_ERROR_INTERNAL);
        }  /* End switch(ctype) */

      else
#endif     /* SUPPORT_UTF8 */

      /* Code for the non-UTF-8 case for minimum matching of operators other
      than OP_PROP and OP_NOTPROP. We can assume that there are the minimum
      number of bytes present, as this was tested above. */

      switch(ctype)
        {
        case OP_ANY:
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          {
          if (IS_NEWLINE(eptr)) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          eptr++;
          }
        break;

        case OP_ALLANY:
        eptr += min;
        break;

        case OP_ANYBYTE:
        eptr += min;
        break;

        /* Because of the CRLF case, we can't assume the minimum number of
        bytes are present in this case. */

        case OP_ANYNL:
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          {
          if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          switch(*eptr++)
            {
            default: RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            case 0x000d:
            if (eptr < md->end_subject && *eptr == 0x0a) eptr++;
            break;
            case 0x000a:
            break;

            case 0x000b:
            case 0x000c:
            case 0x0085:
            if (md->bsr_anycrlf) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            break;
            }
          }
        break;

        case OP_NOT_HSPACE:
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          {
          if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          switch(*eptr++)
            {
            default: break;
            case 0x09:      /* HT */
            case 0x20:      /* SPACE */
            case 0xa0:      /* NBSP */
            RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            }
          }
        break;

        case OP_HSPACE:
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          {
          if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          switch(*eptr++)
            {
            default: RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            case 0x09:      /* HT */
            case 0x20:      /* SPACE */
            case 0xa0:      /* NBSP */
            break;
            }
          }
        break;

        case OP_NOT_VSPACE:
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          {
          if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          switch(*eptr++)
            {
            default: break;
            case 0x0a:      /* LF */
            case 0x0b:      /* VT */
            case 0x0c:      /* FF */
            case 0x0d:      /* CR */
            case 0x85:      /* NEL */
            RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            }
          }
        break;

        case OP_VSPACE:
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          {
          if (eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          switch(*eptr++)
            {
            default: RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            case 0x0a:      /* LF */
            case 0x0b:      /* VT */
            case 0x0c:      /* FF */
            case 0x0d:      /* CR */
            case 0x85:      /* NEL */
            break;
            }
          }
        break;

        case OP_NOT_DIGIT:
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          if ((md->ctypes[*eptr++] & ctype_digit) != 0) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
        break;

        case OP_DIGIT:
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          if ((md->ctypes[*eptr++] & ctype_digit) == 0) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
        break;

        case OP_NOT_WHITESPACE:
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          if ((md->ctypes[*eptr++] & ctype_space) != 0) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
        break;

        case OP_WHITESPACE:
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          if ((md->ctypes[*eptr++] & ctype_space) == 0) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
        break;

        case OP_NOT_WORDCHAR:
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          if ((md->ctypes[*eptr++] & ctype_word) != 0)
            RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
        break;

        case OP_WORDCHAR:
        for (i = 1; i <= min; i++)
          if ((md->ctypes[*eptr++] & ctype_word) == 0)
            RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
        break;

        default:
        RRETURN(PCRE_ERROR_INTERNAL);
        }
      }

    /* If min = max, continue at the same level without recursing */

    if (min == max) continue;

    /* If minimizing, we have to test the rest of the pattern before each
    subsequent match. Again, separate the UTF-8 case for speed, and also
    separate the UCP cases. */

    if (minimize)
      {
#ifdef SUPPORT_UCP
      if (prop_type >= 0)
        {
        switch(prop_type)
          {
          case PT_ANY:
          for (fi = min;; fi++)
            {
            RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM36);
            if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
            if (fi >= max || eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            GETCHARINC(c, eptr);
            if (prop_fail_result) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            }
          /* Control never gets here */

          case PT_LAMP:
          for (fi = min;; fi++)
            {
            RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM37);
            if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
            if (fi >= max || eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            GETCHARINC(c, eptr);
            prop_chartype = UCD_CHARTYPE(c);
            if ((prop_chartype == ucp_Lu ||
                 prop_chartype == ucp_Ll ||
                 prop_chartype == ucp_Lt) == prop_fail_result)
              RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            }
          /* Control never gets here */

          case PT_GC:
          for (fi = min;; fi++)
            {
            RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM38);
            if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
            if (fi >= max || eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            GETCHARINC(c, eptr);
            prop_category = UCD_CATEGORY(c);
            if ((prop_category == prop_value) == prop_fail_result)
              RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            }
          /* Control never gets here */

          case PT_PC:
          for (fi = min;; fi++)
            {
            RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM39);
            if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
            if (fi >= max || eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            GETCHARINC(c, eptr);
            prop_chartype = UCD_CHARTYPE(c);
            if ((prop_chartype == prop_value) == prop_fail_result)
              RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            }
          /* Control never gets here */

          case PT_SC:
          for (fi = min;; fi++)
            {
            RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM40);
            if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
            if (fi >= max || eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            GETCHARINC(c, eptr);
            prop_script = UCD_SCRIPT(c);
            if ((prop_script == prop_value) == prop_fail_result)
              RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            }
          /* Control never gets here */

          default:
          RRETURN(PCRE_ERROR_INTERNAL);
          }
        }

      /* Match extended Unicode sequences. We will get here only if the
      support is in the binary; otherwise a compile-time error occurs. */

      else if (ctype == OP_EXTUNI)
        {
        for (fi = min;; fi++)
          {
          RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM41);
          if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
          if (fi >= max || eptr >= md->end_subject) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          GETCHARINCTEST(c, eptr);
          prop_category = UCD_CATEGORY(c);
          if (prop_category == ucp_M) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
          while (eptr < md->end_subject)
            {
            int len = 1;
            if (!utf8) c = *eptr; else
              {
              GETCHARLEN(c, eptr, len);
              }
            prop_category = UCD_CATEGORY(c);
            if (prop_category != ucp_M) break;
            eptr += len;
            }
          }
        }

      else
#endif     /* SUPPORT_UCP */

#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
      /* UTF-8 mode */
      if (utf8)
        {
        for (fi = min;; fi++)
          {
          RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM42);
          if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
          if (fi >= max || eptr >= md->end_subject ||
               (ctype == OP_ANY && IS_NEWLINE(eptr)))
            RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);

          GETCHARINC(c, eptr);
          switch(ctype)
            {
            case OP_ANY:        /* This is the non-NL case */
            case OP_ALLANY:
            case OP_ANYBYTE:
            break;

            case OP_ANYNL:
            switch(c)
              {
              default: RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
              case 0x000d:
              if (eptr < md->end_subject && *eptr == 0x0a) eptr++;
              break;
              case 0x000a:
              break;

              case 0x000b:
              case 0x000c:
              case 0x0085:
              case 0x2028:
              case 0x2029:
              if (md->bsr_anycrlf) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
              break;
              }
            break;

            case OP_NOT_HSPACE:
            switch(c)
              {
              default: break;
              case 0x09:      /* HT */
              case 0x20:      /* SPACE */
              case 0xa0:      /* NBSP */
              case 0x1680:    /* OGHAM SPACE MARK */
              case 0x180e:    /* MONGOLIAN VOWEL SEPARATOR */
              case 0x2000:    /* EN QUAD */
              case 0x2001:    /* EM QUAD */
              case 0x2002:    /* EN SPACE */
              case 0x2003:    /* EM SPACE */
              case 0x2004:    /* THREE-PER-EM SPACE */
              case 0x2005:    /* FOUR-PER-EM SPACE */
              case 0x2006:    /* SIX-PER-EM SPACE */
              case 0x2007:    /* FIGURE SPACE */
              case 0x2008:    /* PUNCTUATION SPACE */
              case 0x2009:    /* THIN SPACE */
              case 0x200A:    /* HAIR SPACE */
              case 0x202f:    /* NARROW NO-BREAK SPACE */
              case 0x205f:    /* MEDIUM MATHEMATICAL SPACE */
              case 0x3000:    /* IDEOGRAPHIC SPACE */
              RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
              }
            break;

            case OP_HSPACE:
            switch(c)
              {
              default: RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
              case 0x09:      /* HT */
              case 0x20:      /* SPACE */
              case 0xa0:      /* NBSP */
              case 0x1680:    /* OGHAM SPACE MARK */
              case 0x180e:    /* MONGOLIAN VOWEL SEPARATOR */
              case 0x2000:    /* EN QUAD */
              case 0x2001:    /* EM QUAD */
              case 0x2002:    /* EN SPACE */
              case 0x2003:    /* EM SPACE */
              case 0x2004:    /* THREE-PER-EM SPACE */
              case 0x2005:    /* FOUR-PER-EM SPACE */
              case 0x2006:    /* SIX-PER-EM SPACE */
              case 0x2007:    /* FIGURE SPACE */
              case 0x2008:    /* PUNCTUATION SPACE */
              case 0x2009:    /* THIN SPACE */
              case 0x200A:    /* HAIR SPACE */
              case 0x202f:    /* NARROW NO-BREAK SPACE */
              case 0x205f:    /* MEDIUM MATHEMATICAL SPACE */
              case 0x3000:    /* IDEOGRAPHIC SPACE */
              break;
              }
            break;

            case OP_NOT_VSPACE:
            switch(c)
              {
              default: break;
              case 0x0a:      /* LF */
              case 0x0b:      /* VT */
              case 0x0c:      /* FF */
              case 0x0d:      /* CR */
              case 0x85:      /* NEL */
              case 0x2028:    /* LINE SEPARATOR */
              case 0x2029:    /* PARAGRAPH SEPARATOR */
              RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
              }
            break;

            case OP_VSPACE:
            switch(c)
              {
              default: RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
              case 0x0a:      /* LF */
              case 0x0b:      /* VT */
              case 0x0c:      /* FF */
              case 0x0d:      /* CR */
              case 0x85:      /* NEL */
              case 0x2028:    /* LINE SEPARATOR */
              case 0x2029:    /* PARAGRAPH SEPARATOR */
              break;
              }
            break;

            case OP_NOT_DIGIT:
            if (c < 256 && (md->ctypes[c] & ctype_digit) != 0)
              RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            break;

            case OP_DIGIT:
            if (c >= 256 || (md->ctypes[c] & ctype_digit) == 0)
              RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            break;

            case OP_NOT_WHITESPACE:
            if (c < 256 && (md->ctypes[c] & ctype_space) != 0)
              RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            break;

            case OP_WHITESPACE:
            if  (c >= 256 || (md->ctypes[c] & ctype_space) == 0)
              RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            break;

            case OP_NOT_WORDCHAR:
            if (c < 256 && (md->ctypes[c] & ctype_word) != 0)
              RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            break;

            case OP_WORDCHAR:
            if (c >= 256 || (md->ctypes[c] & ctype_word) == 0)
              RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            break;

            default:
            RRETURN(PCRE_ERROR_INTERNAL);
            }
          }
        }
      else
#endif
      /* Not UTF-8 mode */
        {
        for (fi = min;; fi++)
          {
          RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM43);
          if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
          if (fi >= max || eptr >= md->end_subject ||
               (ctype == OP_ANY && IS_NEWLINE(eptr)))
            RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);

          c = *eptr++;
          switch(ctype)
            {
            case OP_ANY:     /* This is the non-NL case */
            case OP_ALLANY:
            case OP_ANYBYTE:
            break;

            case OP_ANYNL:
            switch(c)
              {
              default: RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
              case 0x000d:
              if (eptr < md->end_subject && *eptr == 0x0a) eptr++;
              break;

              case 0x000a:
              break;

              case 0x000b:
              case 0x000c:
              case 0x0085:
              if (md->bsr_anycrlf) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
              break;
              }
            break;

            case OP_NOT_HSPACE:
            switch(c)
              {
              default: break;
              case 0x09:      /* HT */
              case 0x20:      /* SPACE */
              case 0xa0:      /* NBSP */
              RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
              }
            break;

            case OP_HSPACE:
            switch(c)
              {
              default: RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
              case 0x09:      /* HT */
              case 0x20:      /* SPACE */
              case 0xa0:      /* NBSP */
              break;
              }
            break;

            case OP_NOT_VSPACE:
            switch(c)
              {
              default: break;
              case 0x0a:      /* LF */
              case 0x0b:      /* VT */
              case 0x0c:      /* FF */
              case 0x0d:      /* CR */
              case 0x85:      /* NEL */
              RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
              }
            break;

            case OP_VSPACE:
            switch(c)
              {
              default: RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
              case 0x0a:      /* LF */
              case 0x0b:      /* VT */
              case 0x0c:      /* FF */
              case 0x0d:      /* CR */
              case 0x85:      /* NEL */
              break;
              }
            break;

            case OP_NOT_DIGIT:
            if ((md->ctypes[c] & ctype_digit) != 0) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            break;

            case OP_DIGIT:
            if ((md->ctypes[c] & ctype_digit) == 0) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            break;

            case OP_NOT_WHITESPACE:
            if ((md->ctypes[c] & ctype_space) != 0) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            break;

            case OP_WHITESPACE:
            if  ((md->ctypes[c] & ctype_space) == 0) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            break;

            case OP_NOT_WORDCHAR:
            if ((md->ctypes[c] & ctype_word) != 0) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            break;

            case OP_WORDCHAR:
            if ((md->ctypes[c] & ctype_word) == 0) RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
            break;

            default:
            RRETURN(PCRE_ERROR_INTERNAL);
            }
          }
        }
      /* Control never gets here */
      }

    /* If maximizing, it is worth using inline code for speed, doing the type
    test once at the start (i.e. keep it out of the loop). Again, keep the
    UTF-8 and UCP stuff separate. */

    else
      {
      pp = eptr;  /* Remember where we started */

#ifdef SUPPORT_UCP
      if (prop_type >= 0)
        {
        switch(prop_type)
          {
          case PT_ANY:
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            int len = 1;
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject) break;
            GETCHARLEN(c, eptr, len);
            if (prop_fail_result) break;
            eptr+= len;
            }
          break;

          case PT_LAMP:
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            int len = 1;
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject) break;
            GETCHARLEN(c, eptr, len);
            prop_chartype = UCD_CHARTYPE(c);
            if ((prop_chartype == ucp_Lu ||
                 prop_chartype == ucp_Ll ||
                 prop_chartype == ucp_Lt) == prop_fail_result)
              break;
            eptr+= len;
            }
          break;

          case PT_GC:
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            int len = 1;
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject) break;
            GETCHARLEN(c, eptr, len);
            prop_category = UCD_CATEGORY(c);
            if ((prop_category == prop_value) == prop_fail_result)
              break;
            eptr+= len;
            }
          break;

          case PT_PC:
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            int len = 1;
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject) break;
            GETCHARLEN(c, eptr, len);
            prop_chartype = UCD_CHARTYPE(c);
            if ((prop_chartype == prop_value) == prop_fail_result)
              break;
            eptr+= len;
            }
          break;

          case PT_SC:
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            int len = 1;
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject) break;
            GETCHARLEN(c, eptr, len);
            prop_script = UCD_SCRIPT(c);
            if ((prop_script == prop_value) == prop_fail_result)
              break;
            eptr+= len;
            }
          break;
          }

        /* eptr is now past the end of the maximum run */

        if (possessive) continue;
        for(;;)
          {
          RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM44);
          if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
          if (eptr-- == pp) break;        /* Stop if tried at original pos */
          if (utf8) BACKCHAR(eptr);
          }
        }

      /* Match extended Unicode sequences. We will get here only if the
      support is in the binary; otherwise a compile-time error occurs. */

      else if (ctype == OP_EXTUNI)
        {
        for (i = min; i < max; i++)
          {
          if (eptr >= md->end_subject) break;
          GETCHARINCTEST(c, eptr);
          prop_category = UCD_CATEGORY(c);
          if (prop_category == ucp_M) break;
          while (eptr < md->end_subject)
            {
            int len = 1;
            if (!utf8) c = *eptr; else
              {
              GETCHARLEN(c, eptr, len);
              }
            prop_category = UCD_CATEGORY(c);
            if (prop_category != ucp_M) break;
            eptr += len;
            }
          }

        /* eptr is now past the end of the maximum run */

        if (possessive) continue;
        for(;;)
          {
          RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM45);
          if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
          if (eptr-- == pp) break;        /* Stop if tried at original pos */
          for (;;)                        /* Move back over one extended */
            {
            int len = 1;
            if (!utf8) c = *eptr; else
              {
              BACKCHAR(eptr);
              GETCHARLEN(c, eptr, len);
              }
            prop_category = UCD_CATEGORY(c);
            if (prop_category != ucp_M) break;
            eptr--;
            }
          }
        }

      else
#endif   /* SUPPORT_UCP */

#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
      /* UTF-8 mode */

      if (utf8)
        {
        switch(ctype)
          {
          case OP_ANY:
          if (max < INT_MAX)
            {
            for (i = min; i < max; i++)
              {
              if (eptr >= md->end_subject || IS_NEWLINE(eptr)) break;
              eptr++;
              while (eptr < md->end_subject && (*eptr & 0xc0) == 0x80) eptr++;
              }
            }

          /* Handle unlimited UTF-8 repeat */

          else
            {
            for (i = min; i < max; i++)
              {
              if (eptr >= md->end_subject || IS_NEWLINE(eptr)) break;
              eptr++;
              while (eptr < md->end_subject && (*eptr & 0xc0) == 0x80) eptr++;
              }
            }
          break;

          case OP_ALLANY:
          if (max < INT_MAX)
            {
            for (i = min; i < max; i++)
              {
              if (eptr >= md->end_subject) break;
              eptr++;
              while (eptr < md->end_subject && (*eptr & 0xc0) == 0x80) eptr++;
              }
            }
          else eptr = md->end_subject;   /* Unlimited UTF-8 repeat */
          break;

          /* The byte case is the same as non-UTF8 */

          case OP_ANYBYTE:
          c = max - min;
          if (c > (unsigned int)(md->end_subject - eptr))
            c = md->end_subject - eptr;
          eptr += c;
          break;

          case OP_ANYNL:
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            int len = 1;
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject) break;
            GETCHARLEN(c, eptr, len);
            if (c == 0x000d)
              {
              if (++eptr >= md->end_subject) break;
              if (*eptr == 0x000a) eptr++;
              }
            else
              {
              if (c != 0x000a &&
                  (md->bsr_anycrlf ||
                   (c != 0x000b && c != 0x000c &&
                    c != 0x0085 && c != 0x2028 && c != 0x2029)))
                break;
              eptr += len;
              }
            }
          break;

          case OP_NOT_HSPACE:
          case OP_HSPACE:
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            BOOL gotspace;
            int len = 1;
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject) break;
            GETCHARLEN(c, eptr, len);
            switch(c)
              {
              default: gotspace = FALSE; break;
              case 0x09:      /* HT */
              case 0x20:      /* SPACE */
              case 0xa0:      /* NBSP */
              case 0x1680:    /* OGHAM SPACE MARK */
              case 0x180e:    /* MONGOLIAN VOWEL SEPARATOR */
              case 0x2000:    /* EN QUAD */
              case 0x2001:    /* EM QUAD */
              case 0x2002:    /* EN SPACE */
              case 0x2003:    /* EM SPACE */
              case 0x2004:    /* THREE-PER-EM SPACE */
              case 0x2005:    /* FOUR-PER-EM SPACE */
              case 0x2006:    /* SIX-PER-EM SPACE */
              case 0x2007:    /* FIGURE SPACE */
              case 0x2008:    /* PUNCTUATION SPACE */
              case 0x2009:    /* THIN SPACE */
              case 0x200A:    /* HAIR SPACE */
              case 0x202f:    /* NARROW NO-BREAK SPACE */
              case 0x205f:    /* MEDIUM MATHEMATICAL SPACE */
              case 0x3000:    /* IDEOGRAPHIC SPACE */
              gotspace = TRUE;
              break;
              }
            if (gotspace == (ctype == OP_NOT_HSPACE)) break;
            eptr += len;
            }
          break;

          case OP_NOT_VSPACE:
          case OP_VSPACE:
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            BOOL gotspace;
            int len = 1;
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject) break;
            GETCHARLEN(c, eptr, len);
            switch(c)
              {
              default: gotspace = FALSE; break;
              case 0x0a:      /* LF */
              case 0x0b:      /* VT */
              case 0x0c:      /* FF */
              case 0x0d:      /* CR */
              case 0x85:      /* NEL */
              case 0x2028:    /* LINE SEPARATOR */
              case 0x2029:    /* PARAGRAPH SEPARATOR */
              gotspace = TRUE;
              break;
              }
            if (gotspace == (ctype == OP_NOT_VSPACE)) break;
            eptr += len;
            }
          break;

          case OP_NOT_DIGIT:
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            int len = 1;
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject) break;
            GETCHARLEN(c, eptr, len);
            if (c < 256 && (md->ctypes[c] & ctype_digit) != 0) break;
            eptr+= len;
            }
          break;

          case OP_DIGIT:
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            int len = 1;
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject) break;
            GETCHARLEN(c, eptr, len);
            if (c >= 256 ||(md->ctypes[c] & ctype_digit) == 0) break;
            eptr+= len;
            }
          break;

          case OP_NOT_WHITESPACE:
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            int len = 1;
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject) break;
            GETCHARLEN(c, eptr, len);
            if (c < 256 && (md->ctypes[c] & ctype_space) != 0) break;
            eptr+= len;
            }
          break;

          case OP_WHITESPACE:
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            int len = 1;
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject) break;
            GETCHARLEN(c, eptr, len);
            if (c >= 256 ||(md->ctypes[c] & ctype_space) == 0) break;
            eptr+= len;
            }
          break;

          case OP_NOT_WORDCHAR:
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            int len = 1;
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject) break;
            GETCHARLEN(c, eptr, len);
            if (c < 256 && (md->ctypes[c] & ctype_word) != 0) break;
            eptr+= len;
            }
          break;

          case OP_WORDCHAR:
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            int len = 1;
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject) break;
            GETCHARLEN(c, eptr, len);
            if (c >= 256 || (md->ctypes[c] & ctype_word) == 0) break;
            eptr+= len;
            }
          break;

          default:
          RRETURN(PCRE_ERROR_INTERNAL);
          }

        /* eptr is now past the end of the maximum run */

        if (possessive) continue;
        for(;;)
          {
          RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM46);
          if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
          if (eptr-- == pp) break;        /* Stop if tried at original pos */
          BACKCHAR(eptr);
          }
        }
      else
#endif  /* SUPPORT_UTF8 */

      /* Not UTF-8 mode */
        {
        switch(ctype)
          {
          case OP_ANY:
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject || IS_NEWLINE(eptr)) break;
            eptr++;
            }
          break;

          case OP_ALLANY:
          case OP_ANYBYTE:
          c = max - min;
          if (c > (unsigned int)(md->end_subject - eptr))
            c = md->end_subject - eptr;
          eptr += c;
          break;

          case OP_ANYNL:
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject) break;
            c = *eptr;
            if (c == 0x000d)
              {
              if (++eptr >= md->end_subject) break;
              if (*eptr == 0x000a) eptr++;
              }
            else
              {
              if (c != 0x000a &&
                  (md->bsr_anycrlf ||
                    (c != 0x000b && c != 0x000c && c != 0x0085)))
                break;
              eptr++;
              }
            }
          break;

          case OP_NOT_HSPACE:
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject) break;
            c = *eptr;
            if (c == 0x09 || c == 0x20 || c == 0xa0) break;
            eptr++;
            }
          break;

          case OP_HSPACE:
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject) break;
            c = *eptr;
            if (c != 0x09 && c != 0x20 && c != 0xa0) break;
            eptr++;
            }
          break;

          case OP_NOT_VSPACE:
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject) break;
            c = *eptr;
            if (c == 0x0a || c == 0x0b || c == 0x0c || c == 0x0d || c == 0x85)
              break;
            eptr++;
            }
          break;

          case OP_VSPACE:
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject) break;
            c = *eptr;
            if (c != 0x0a && c != 0x0b && c != 0x0c && c != 0x0d && c != 0x85)
              break;
            eptr++;
            }
          break;

          case OP_NOT_DIGIT:
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject || (md->ctypes[*eptr] & ctype_digit) != 0)
              break;
            eptr++;
            }
          break;

          case OP_DIGIT:
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject || (md->ctypes[*eptr] & ctype_digit) == 0)
              break;
            eptr++;
            }
          break;

          case OP_NOT_WHITESPACE:
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject || (md->ctypes[*eptr] & ctype_space) != 0)
              break;
            eptr++;
            }
          break;

          case OP_WHITESPACE:
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject || (md->ctypes[*eptr] & ctype_space) == 0)
              break;
            eptr++;
            }
          break;

          case OP_NOT_WORDCHAR:
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject || (md->ctypes[*eptr] & ctype_word) != 0)
              break;
            eptr++;
            }
          break;

          case OP_WORDCHAR:
          for (i = min; i < max; i++)
            {
            if (eptr >= md->end_subject || (md->ctypes[*eptr] & ctype_word) == 0)
              break;
            eptr++;
            }
          break;

          default:
          RRETURN(PCRE_ERROR_INTERNAL);
          }

        /* eptr is now past the end of the maximum run */

        if (possessive) continue;
        while (eptr >= pp)
          {
          RMATCH(eptr, ecode, offset_top, md, ims, eptrb, 0, RM47);
          eptr--;
          if (rrc != MATCH_NOMATCH) RRETURN(rrc);
          }
        }

      /* Get here if we can't make it match with any permitted repetitions */

      RRETURN(MATCH_NOMATCH);
      }
    /* Control never gets here */

    /* There's been some horrible disaster. Arrival here can only mean there is
    something seriously wrong in the code above or the OP_xxx definitions. */

    default:
    DPRINTF(("Unknown opcode %d\n", *ecode));
    RRETURN(PCRE_ERROR_UNKNOWN_OPCODE);
    }

  /* Do not stick any code in here without much thought; it is assumed
  that "continue" in the code above comes out to here to repeat the main
  loop. */

  }             /* End of main loop */
/* Control never reaches here */


/* When compiling to use the heap rather than the stack for recursive calls to
match(), the RRETURN() macro jumps here. The number that is saved in
frame->Xwhere indicates which label we actually want to return to. */

#ifdef NO_RECURSE
#define LBL(val) case val: goto L_RM##val;
HEAP_RETURN:
switch (frame->Xwhere)
  {
  LBL( 1) LBL( 2) LBL( 3) LBL( 4) LBL( 5) LBL( 6) LBL( 7) LBL( 8)
  LBL( 9) LBL(10) LBL(11) LBL(12) LBL(13) LBL(14) LBL(15) LBL(17)
  LBL(19) LBL(24) LBL(25) LBL(26) LBL(27) LBL(29) LBL(31) LBL(33)
  LBL(35) LBL(43) LBL(47) LBL(48) LBL(49) LBL(50) LBL(51) LBL(52)
  LBL(53) LBL(54)
#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
  LBL(16) LBL(18) LBL(20) LBL(21) LBL(22) LBL(23) LBL(28) LBL(30)
  LBL(32) LBL(34) LBL(42) LBL(46)
#ifdef SUPPORT_UCP
  LBL(36) LBL(37) LBL(38) LBL(39) LBL(40) LBL(41) LBL(44) LBL(45)
#endif  /* SUPPORT_UCP */
#endif  /* SUPPORT_UTF8 */
  default:
  DPRINTF(("jump error in pcre match: label %d non-existent\n", frame->Xwhere));
  return PCRE_ERROR_INTERNAL;
  }
#undef LBL
#endif  /* NO_RECURSE */
}


/***************************************************************************
****************************************************************************
                   RECURSION IN THE match() FUNCTION

Undefine all the macros that were defined above to handle this. */

#ifdef NO_RECURSE
#undef eptr
#undef ecode
#undef mstart
#undef offset_top
#undef ims
#undef eptrb
#undef flags

#undef callpat
#undef charptr
#undef data
#undef next
#undef pp
#undef prev
#undef saved_eptr

#undef new_recursive

#undef cur_is_word
#undef condition
#undef prev_is_word

#undef original_ims

#undef ctype
#undef length
#undef max
#undef min
#undef number
#undef offset
#undef op
#undef save_capture_last
#undef save_offset1
#undef save_offset2
#undef save_offset3
#undef stacksave

#undef newptrb

#endif

/* These two are defined as macros in both cases */

#undef fc
#undef fi

/***************************************************************************
***************************************************************************/



/*************************************************
*         Execute a Regular Expression           *
*************************************************/

/* This function applies a compiled re to a subject string and picks out
portions of the string if it matches. Two elements in the vector are set for
each substring: the offsets to the start and end of the substring.

Arguments:
  argument_re     points to the compiled expression
  extra_data      points to extra data or is NULL
  subject         points to the subject string
  length          length of subject string (may contain binary zeros)
  start_offset    where to start in the subject string
  options         option bits
  offsets         points to a vector of ints to be filled in with offsets
  offsetcount     the number of elements in the vector

Returns:          > 0 => success; value is the number of elements filled in
                  = 0 => success, but offsets is not big enough
                   -1 => failed to match
                 < -1 => some kind of unexpected problem
*/

PCRE_EXP_DEFN int PCRE_CALL_CONVENTION
pcre_exec(const pcre *argument_re, const pcre_extra *extra_data,
  PCRE_SPTR subject, int length, int start_offset, int options, int *offsets,
  int offsetcount)
{
int rc, resetcount, ocount;
int first_byte = -1;
int req_byte = -1;
int req_byte2 = -1;
int newline;
unsigned long int ims;
BOOL using_temporary_offsets = FALSE;
BOOL anchored;
BOOL startline;
BOOL firstline;
BOOL first_byte_caseless = FALSE;
BOOL req_byte_caseless = FALSE;
BOOL utf8;
match_data match_block;
match_data *md = &match_block;
const uschar *tables;
const uschar *start_bits = NULL;
USPTR start_match = (USPTR)subject + start_offset;
USPTR end_subject;
USPTR req_byte_ptr = start_match - 1;

pcre_study_data internal_study;
const pcre_study_data *study;

real_pcre internal_re;
const real_pcre *external_re = (const real_pcre *)argument_re;
const real_pcre *re = external_re;

/* Plausibility checks */

if ((options & ~PUBLIC_EXEC_OPTIONS) != 0) return PCRE_ERROR_BADOPTION;
if (re == NULL || subject == NULL ||
   (offsets == NULL && offsetcount > 0)) return PCRE_ERROR_NULL;
if (offsetcount < 0) return PCRE_ERROR_BADCOUNT;

/* Fish out the optional data from the extra_data structure, first setting
the default values. */

study = NULL;
md->match_limit = MATCH_LIMIT;
md->match_limit_recursion = MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION;
md->callout_data = NULL;

/* The table pointer is always in native byte order. */

tables = external_re->tables;

if (extra_data != NULL)
  {
  register unsigned int flags = extra_data->flags;
  if ((flags & PCRE_EXTRA_STUDY_DATA) != 0)
    study = (const pcre_study_data *)extra_data->study_data;
  if ((flags & PCRE_EXTRA_MATCH_LIMIT) != 0)
    md->match_limit = extra_data->match_limit;
  if ((flags & PCRE_EXTRA_MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION) != 0)
    md->match_limit_recursion = extra_data->match_limit_recursion;
  if ((flags & PCRE_EXTRA_CALLOUT_DATA) != 0)
    md->callout_data = extra_data->callout_data;
  if ((flags & PCRE_EXTRA_TABLES) != 0) tables = extra_data->tables;
  }

/* If the exec call supplied NULL for tables, use the inbuilt ones. This
is a feature that makes it possible to save compiled regex and re-use them
in other programs later. */

if (tables == NULL) tables = _pcre_default_tables;

/* Check that the first field in the block is the magic number. If it is not,
test for a regex that was compiled on a host of opposite endianness. If this is
the case, flipped values are put in internal_re and internal_study if there was
study data too. */

if (re->magic_number != MAGIC_NUMBER)
  {
  re = _pcre_try_flipped(re, &internal_re, study, &internal_study);
  if (re == NULL) return PCRE_ERROR_BADMAGIC;
  if (study != NULL) study = &internal_study;
  }

/* Set up other data */

anchored = ((re->options | options) & PCRE_ANCHORED) != 0;
startline = (re->flags & PCRE_STARTLINE) != 0;
firstline = (re->options & PCRE_FIRSTLINE) != 0;

/* The code starts after the real_pcre block and the capture name table. */

md->start_code = (const uschar *)external_re + re->name_table_offset +
  re->name_count * re->name_entry_size;

md->start_subject = (USPTR)subject;
md->start_offset = start_offset;
md->end_subject = md->start_subject + length;
end_subject = md->end_subject;

md->endonly = (re->options & PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY) != 0;
utf8 = md->utf8 = (re->options & PCRE_UTF8) != 0;
md->jscript_compat = (re->options & PCRE_JAVASCRIPT_COMPAT) != 0;

md->notbol = (options & PCRE_NOTBOL) != 0;
md->noteol = (options & PCRE_NOTEOL) != 0;
md->notempty = (options & PCRE_NOTEMPTY) != 0;
md->partial = (options & PCRE_PARTIAL) != 0;
md->hitend = FALSE;

md->recursive = NULL;                   /* No recursion at top level */

md->lcc = tables + lcc_offset;
md->ctypes = tables + ctypes_offset;

/* Handle different \R options. */

switch (options & (PCRE_BSR_ANYCRLF|PCRE_BSR_UNICODE))
  {
  case 0:
  if ((re->options & (PCRE_BSR_ANYCRLF|PCRE_BSR_UNICODE)) != 0)
    md->bsr_anycrlf = (re->options & PCRE_BSR_ANYCRLF) != 0;
  else
#ifdef BSR_ANYCRLF
  md->bsr_anycrlf = TRUE;
#else
  md->bsr_anycrlf = FALSE;
#endif
  break;

  case PCRE_BSR_ANYCRLF:
  md->bsr_anycrlf = TRUE;
  break;

  case PCRE_BSR_UNICODE:
  md->bsr_anycrlf = FALSE;
  break;

  default: return PCRE_ERROR_BADNEWLINE;
  }

/* Handle different types of newline. The three bits give eight cases. If
nothing is set at run time, whatever was used at compile time applies. */

switch ((((options & PCRE_NEWLINE_BITS) == 0)? re->options :
        (pcre_uint32)options) & PCRE_NEWLINE_BITS)
  {
  case 0: newline = NEWLINE; break;   /* Compile-time default */
  case PCRE_NEWLINE_CR: newline = CHAR_CR; break;
  case PCRE_NEWLINE_LF: newline = CHAR_NL; break;
  case PCRE_NEWLINE_CR+
       PCRE_NEWLINE_LF: newline = (CHAR_CR << 8) | CHAR_NL; break;
  case PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY: newline = -1; break;
  case PCRE_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF: newline = -2; break;
  default: return PCRE_ERROR_BADNEWLINE;
  }

if (newline == -2)
  {
  md->nltype = NLTYPE_ANYCRLF;
  }
else if (newline < 0)
  {
  md->nltype = NLTYPE_ANY;
  }
else
  {
  md->nltype = NLTYPE_FIXED;
  if (newline > 255)
    {
    md->nllen = 2;
    md->nl[0] = (newline >> 8) & 255;
    md->nl[1] = newline & 255;
    }
  else
    {
    md->nllen = 1;
    md->nl[0] = newline;
    }
  }

/* Partial matching is supported only for a restricted set of regexes at the
moment. */

if (md->partial && (re->flags & PCRE_NOPARTIAL) != 0)
  return PCRE_ERROR_BADPARTIAL;

/* Check a UTF-8 string if required. Unfortunately there's no way of passing
back the character offset. */

#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
if (utf8 && (options & PCRE_NO_UTF8_CHECK) == 0)
  {
  if (_pcre_valid_utf8((USPTR)subject, length) >= 0)
    return PCRE_ERROR_BADUTF8;
  if (start_offset > 0 && start_offset < length)
    {
    int tb = ((USPTR)subject)[start_offset];
    if (tb > 127)
      {
      tb &= 0xc0;
      if (tb != 0 && tb != 0xc0) return PCRE_ERROR_BADUTF8_OFFSET;
      }
    }
  }
#endif

/* The ims options can vary during the matching as a result of the presence
of (?ims) items in the pattern. They are kept in a local variable so that
restoring at the exit of a group is easy. */

ims = re->options & (PCRE_CASELESS|PCRE_MULTILINE|PCRE_DOTALL);

/* If the expression has got more back references than the offsets supplied can
hold, we get a temporary chunk of working store to use during the matching.
Otherwise, we can use the vector supplied, rounding down its size to a multiple
of 3. */

ocount = offsetcount - (offsetcount % 3);

if (re->top_backref > 0 && re->top_backref >= ocount/3)
  {
  ocount = re->top_backref * 3 + 3;
  md->offset_vector = (int *)(pcre_malloc)(ocount * sizeof(int));
  if (md->offset_vector == NULL) return PCRE_ERROR_NOMEMORY;
  using_temporary_offsets = TRUE;
  DPRINTF(("Got memory to hold back references\n"));
  }
else md->offset_vector = offsets;

md->offset_end = ocount;
md->offset_max = (2*ocount)/3;
md->offset_overflow = FALSE;
md->capture_last = -1;

/* Compute the minimum number of offsets that we need to reset each time. Doing
this makes a huge difference to execution time when there aren't many brackets
in the pattern. */

resetcount = 2 + re->top_bracket * 2;
if (resetcount > offsetcount) resetcount = ocount;

/* Reset the working variable associated with each extraction. These should
never be used unless previously set, but they get saved and restored, and so we
initialize them to avoid reading uninitialized locations. */

if (md->offset_vector != NULL)
  {
  register int *iptr = md->offset_vector + ocount;
  register int *iend = iptr - resetcount/2 + 1;
  while (--iptr >= iend) *iptr = -1;
  }

/* Set up the first character to match, if available. The first_byte value is
never set for an anchored regular expression, but the anchoring may be forced
at run time, so we have to test for anchoring. The first char may be unset for
an unanchored pattern, of course. If there's no first char and the pattern was
studied, there may be a bitmap of possible first characters. */

if (!anchored)
  {
  if ((re->flags & PCRE_FIRSTSET) != 0)
    {
    first_byte = re->first_byte & 255;
    if ((first_byte_caseless = ((re->first_byte & REQ_CASELESS) != 0)) == TRUE)
      first_byte = md->lcc[first_byte];
    }
  else
    if (!startline && study != NULL &&
      (study->options & PCRE_STUDY_MAPPED) != 0)
        start_bits = study->start_bits;
  }

/* For anchored or unanchored matches, there may be a "last known required
character" set. */

if ((re->flags & PCRE_REQCHSET) != 0)
  {
  req_byte = re->req_byte & 255;
  req_byte_caseless = (re->req_byte & REQ_CASELESS) != 0;
  req_byte2 = (tables + fcc_offset)[req_byte];  /* case flipped */
  }


/* ==========================================================================*/

/* Loop for handling unanchored repeated matching attempts; for anchored regexs
the loop runs just once. */

for(;;)
  {
  USPTR save_end_subject = end_subject;
  USPTR new_start_match;

  /* Reset the maximum number of extractions we might see. */

  if (md->offset_vector != NULL)
    {
    register int *iptr = md->offset_vector;
    register int *iend = iptr + resetcount;
    while (iptr < iend) *iptr++ = -1;
    }

  /* If firstline is TRUE, the start of the match is constrained to the first
  line of a multiline string. That is, the match must be before or at the first
  newline. Implement this by temporarily adjusting end_subject so that we stop
  scanning at a newline. If the match fails at the newline, later code breaks
  this loop. */

  if (firstline)
    {
    USPTR t = start_match;
#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
    if (utf8)
      {
      while (t < md->end_subject && !IS_NEWLINE(t))
        {
        t++;
        while (t < end_subject && (*t & 0xc0) == 0x80) t++;
        }
      }
    else
#endif
    while (t < md->end_subject && !IS_NEWLINE(t)) t++;
    end_subject = t;
    }

  /* There are some optimizations that avoid running the match if a known
  starting point is not found, or if a known later character is not present.
  However, there is an option that disables these, for testing and for ensuring
  that all callouts do actually occur. */

  if ((options & PCRE_NO_START_OPTIMIZE) == 0)
    {
    /* Advance to a unique first byte if there is one. */

    if (first_byte >= 0)
      {
      if (first_byte_caseless)
        while (start_match < end_subject && md->lcc[*start_match] != first_byte)
          start_match++;
      else
        while (start_match < end_subject && *start_match != first_byte)
          start_match++;
      }

    /* Or to just after a linebreak for a multiline match */

    else if (startline)
      {
      if (start_match > md->start_subject + start_offset)
        {
#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
        if (utf8)
          {
          while (start_match < end_subject && !WAS_NEWLINE(start_match))
            {
            start_match++;
            while(start_match < end_subject && (*start_match & 0xc0) == 0x80)
              start_match++;
            }
          }
        else
#endif
        while (start_match < end_subject && !WAS_NEWLINE(start_match))
          start_match++;

        /* If we have just passed a CR and the newline option is ANY or ANYCRLF,
        and we are now at a LF, advance the match position by one more character.
        */

        if (start_match[-1] == CHAR_CR &&
             (md->nltype == NLTYPE_ANY || md->nltype == NLTYPE_ANYCRLF) &&
             start_match < end_subject &&
             *start_match == CHAR_NL)
          start_match++;
        }
      }

    /* Or to a non-unique first byte after study */

    else if (start_bits != NULL)
      {
      while (start_match < end_subject)
        {
        register unsigned int c = *start_match;
        if ((start_bits[c/8] & (1 << (c&7))) == 0) start_match++;
          else break;
        }
      }
    }   /* Starting optimizations */

  /* Restore fudged end_subject */

  end_subject = save_end_subject;

#ifdef DEBUG  /* Sigh. Some compilers never learn. */
  printf(">>>> Match against: ");
  pchars(start_match, end_subject - start_match, TRUE, md);
  printf("\n");
#endif

  /* If req_byte is set, we know that that character must appear in the
  subject for the match to succeed. If the first character is set, req_byte
  must be later in the subject; otherwise the test starts at the match point.
  This optimization can save a huge amount of backtracking in patterns with
  nested unlimited repeats that aren't going to match. Writing separate code
  for cased/caseless versions makes it go faster, as does using an
  autoincrement and backing off on a match.

  HOWEVER: when the subject string is very, very long, searching to its end
  can take a long time, and give bad performance on quite ordinary patterns.
  This showed up when somebody was matching something like /^\d+C/ on a
  32-megabyte string... so we don't do this when the string is sufficiently
  long.

  ALSO: this processing is disabled when partial matching is requested, or if
  disabling is explicitly requested. */

  if ((options & PCRE_NO_START_OPTIMIZE) == 0 &&
      req_byte >= 0 &&
      end_subject - start_match < REQ_BYTE_MAX &&
      !md->partial)
    {
    register USPTR p = start_match + ((first_byte >= 0)? 1 : 0);

    /* We don't need to repeat the search if we haven't yet reached the
    place we found it at last time. */

    if (p > req_byte_ptr)
      {
      if (req_byte_caseless)
        {
        while (p < end_subject)
          {
          register int pp = *p++;
          if (pp == req_byte || pp == req_byte2) { p--; break; }
          }
        }
      else
        {
        while (p < end_subject)
          {
          if (*p++ == req_byte) { p--; break; }
          }
        }

      /* If we can't find the required character, break the matching loop,
      forcing a match failure. */

      if (p >= end_subject)
        {
        rc = MATCH_NOMATCH;
        break;
        }

      /* If we have found the required character, save the point where we
      found it, so that we don't search again next time round the loop if
      the start hasn't passed this character yet. */

      req_byte_ptr = p;
      }
    }

  /* OK, we can now run the match. */

  md->start_match_ptr = start_match;
  md->match_call_count = 0;
  rc = match(start_match, md->start_code, start_match, 2, md, ims, NULL, 0, 0);

  switch(rc)
    {
    /* NOMATCH and PRUNE advance by one character. THEN at this level acts
    exactly like PRUNE. */

    case MATCH_NOMATCH:
    case MATCH_PRUNE:
    case MATCH_THEN:
    new_start_match = start_match + 1;
#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8
    if (utf8)
      while(new_start_match < end_subject && (*new_start_match & 0xc0) == 0x80)
        new_start_match++;
#endif
    break;

    /* SKIP passes back the next starting point explicitly. */

    case MATCH_SKIP:
    new_start_match = md->start_match_ptr;
    break;

    /* COMMIT disables the bumpalong, but otherwise behaves as NOMATCH. */

    case MATCH_COMMIT:
    rc = MATCH_NOMATCH;
    goto ENDLOOP;

    /* Any other return is some kind of error. */

    default:
    goto ENDLOOP;
    }

  /* Control reaches here for the various types of "no match at this point"
  result. Reset the code to MATCH_NOMATCH for subsequent checking. */

  rc = MATCH_NOMATCH;

  /* If PCRE_FIRSTLINE is set, the match must happen before or at the first
  newline in the subject (though it may continue over the newline). Therefore,
  if we have just failed to match, starting at a newline, do not continue. */

  if (firstline && IS_NEWLINE(start_match)) break;

  /* Advance to new matching position */

  start_match = new_start_match;

  /* Break the loop if the pattern is anchored or if we have passed the end of
  the subject. */

  if (anchored || start_match > end_subject) break;

  /* If we have just passed a CR and we are now at a LF, and the pattern does
  not contain any explicit matches for \r or \n, and the newline option is CRLF
  or ANY or ANYCRLF, advance the match position by one more character. */

  if (start_match[-1] == CHAR_CR &&
      start_match < end_subject &&
      *start_match == CHAR_NL &&
      (re->flags & PCRE_HASCRORLF) == 0 &&
        (md->nltype == NLTYPE_ANY ||
         md->nltype == NLTYPE_ANYCRLF ||
         md->nllen == 2))
    start_match++;

  }   /* End of for(;;) "bumpalong" loop */

/* ==========================================================================*/

/* We reach here when rc is not MATCH_NOMATCH, or if one of the stopping
conditions is true:

(1) The pattern is anchored or the match was failed by (*COMMIT);

(2) We are past the end of the subject;

(3) PCRE_FIRSTLINE is set and we have failed to match at a newline, because
    this option requests that a match occur at or before the first newline in
    the subject.

When we have a match and the offset vector is big enough to deal with any
backreferences, captured substring offsets will already be set up. In the case
where we had to get some local store to hold offsets for backreference
processing, copy those that we can. In this case there need not be overflow if
certain parts of the pattern were not used, even though there are more
capturing parentheses than vector slots. */

ENDLOOP:

if (rc == MATCH_MATCH)
  {
  if (using_temporary_offsets)
    {
    if (offsetcount >= 4)
      {
      memcpy(offsets + 2, md->offset_vector + 2,
        (offsetcount - 2) * sizeof(int));
      DPRINTF(("Copied offsets from temporary memory\n"));
      }
    if (md->end_offset_top > offsetcount) md->offset_overflow = TRUE;
    DPRINTF(("Freeing temporary memory\n"));
    (pcre_free)(md->offset_vector);
    }

  /* Set the return code to the number of captured strings, or 0 if there are
  too many to fit into the vector. */

  rc = md->offset_overflow? 0 : md->end_offset_top/2;

  /* If there is space, set up the whole thing as substring 0. The value of
  md->start_match_ptr might be modified if \K was encountered on the success
  matching path. */

  if (offsetcount < 2) rc = 0; else
    {
    offsets[0] = md->start_match_ptr - md->start_subject;
    offsets[1] = md->end_match_ptr - md->start_subject;
    }

  DPRINTF((">>>> returning %d\n", rc));
  return rc;
  }

/* Control gets here if there has been an error, or if the overall match
attempt has failed at all permitted starting positions. */

if (using_temporary_offsets)
  {
  DPRINTF(("Freeing temporary memory\n"));
  (pcre_free)(md->offset_vector);
  }

if (rc != MATCH_NOMATCH)
  {
  DPRINTF((">>>> error: returning %d\n", rc));
  return rc;
  }
else if (md->partial && md->hitend)
  {
  DPRINTF((">>>> returning PCRE_ERROR_PARTIAL\n"));
  return PCRE_ERROR_PARTIAL;
  }
else
  {
  DPRINTF((">>>> returning PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH\n"));
  return PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH;
  }
}

/* End of pcre_exec.c */