.\" .\" Copyright (c) 1996 Brian Somers <firstname.lastname@example.org> .\" .\" All rights reserved. .\" .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE DEVELOPERS ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR .\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES .\" OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. .\" IN NO EVENT SHALL THE DEVELOPERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, .\" INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT .\" NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, .\" DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY .\" THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT .\" (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF .\" THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" $FreeBSD: src/lib/libutil/uucplock.3,v 1.19 2005/02/13 22:25:14 ru Exp $ .\" " .Dd March 30, 1997 .Os .Dt UUCPLOCK 3 .Sh NAME .Nm uu_lock , .Nm uu_unlock , .Nm uu_lockerr .Nd acquire and release control of a serial device .Sh LIBRARY .Lb libutil .Sh SYNOPSIS .In sys/types.h .In libutil.h .Ft int .Fn uu_lock "const char *ttyname" .Ft int .Fn uu_lock_txfr "const char *ttyname" "pid_t pid" .Ft int .Fn uu_unlock "const char *ttyname" .Ft const char * .Fn uu_lockerr "int uu_lockresult" .Sh DESCRIPTION The .Fn uu_lock function attempts to create a lock file called .Pa /var/spool/lock/LCK.. with a suffix given by the passed .Fa ttyname . If the file already exists, it is expected to contain the process id of the locking program. .Pp If the file does not already exist, or the owning process given by the process id found in the lock file is no longer running, .Fn uu_lock will write its own process id into the file and return success. .Pp .Fn uu_lock_txfr transfers lock ownership to another process. .Fn uu_lock must have previously been successful. .Pp .Fn uu_unlock removes the lockfile created by .Fn uu_lock for the given .Fa ttyname . Care should be taken that .Fn uu_lock was successful before calling .Fn uu_unlock . .Pp .Fn uu_lockerr returns an error string representing the error .Fa uu_lockresult , as returned from .Fn uu_lock . .Sh RETURN VALUES .Fn uu_unlock returns 0 on success and -1 on failure. .Pp .Fn uu_lock may return any of the following values: .Pp .Dv UU_LOCK_INUSE : The lock is in use by another process. .Pp .Dv UU_LOCK_OK : The lock was successfully created. .Pp .Dv UU_LOCK_OPEN_ERR : The lock file could not be opened via .Xr open 2 . .Pp .Dv UU_LOCK_READ_ERR : The lock file could not be read via .Xr read 2 . .Pp .Dv UU_LOCK_CREAT_ERR : Cannot create temporary lock file via .Xr creat 2 . .Pp .Dv UU_LOCK_WRITE_ERR : The current process id could not be written to the lock file via a call to .Xr write 2 . .Pp .Dv UU_LOCK_LINK_ERR : Cannot link temporary lock file via .Xr link 2 . .Pp .Dv UU_LOCK_TRY_ERR : Locking attempts are failed after 5 tries. .Pp If a value of .Dv UU_LOCK_OK is passed to .Fn uu_lockerr , an empty string is returned. Otherwise, a string specifying the reason for failure is returned. .Fn uu_lockerr uses the current value of .Va errno to determine the exact error. Care should be made not to allow .Va errno to be changed between calls to .Fn uu_lock and .Fn uu_lockerr . .Pp .Fn uu_lock_txfr may return any of the following values: .Pp .Dv UU_LOCK_OK : The transfer was successful. The specified process now holds the device lock. .Pp .Dv UU_LOCK_OWNER_ERR : The current process does not already own a lock on the specified device. .Pp .Dv UU_LOCK_WRITE_ERR : The new process id could not be written to the lock file via a call to .Xr write 2 . .Sh ERRORS If .Fn uu_lock returns one of the error values above, the global value .Va errno can be used to determine the cause. Refer to the respective manual pages for further details. .Pp .Fn uu_unlock will set the global variable .Va errno to reflect the reason that the lock file could not be removed. Refer to the description of .Xr unlink 2 for further details. .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr lseek 2 , .Xr open 2 , .Xr read 2 , .Xr write 2 .Sh BUGS It is possible that a stale lock is not recognised as such if a new processes is assigned the same processes id as the program that left the stale lock. .Pp The calling process must have write permissions to the .Pa /var/spool/lock directory. There is no mechanism in place to ensure that the permissions of this directory are the same as those of the serial devices that might be locked.