.\"- .\" Copyright (c) 1989, 1990, 1993, 1994 .\" The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. .\" .\" This code is derived from software contributed to Berkeley by .\" the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. .\" .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors .\" may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software .\" without specific prior written permission. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND .\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE .\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE .\" ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE .\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL .\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS .\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) .\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT .\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY .\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF .\" SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" @(#)chflags.1 8.4 (Berkeley) 5/2/95 .\" $FreeBSD: src/bin/chflags/chflags.1,v 1.25 2005/06/14 08:25:54 ru Exp $ .\" .Dd May 14, 2005 .Dt CHFLAGS 1 .Os .Sh NAME .Nm chflags .Nd change file flags .Sh SYNOPSIS .Nm .Oo .Fl R .Op Fl H | Fl L | Fl P .Oc .Ar flags .Ar .Sh DESCRIPTION The .Nm utility modifies the file flags of the listed files as specified by the .Ar flags operand. .Pp The options are as follows: .Bl -tag -width indent .It Fl H If the .Fl R option is specified, symbolic links on the command line are followed. (Symbolic links encountered in the tree traversal are not followed.) .It Fl L If the .Fl R option is specified, all symbolic links are followed. .It Fl P If the .Fl R option is specified, no symbolic links are followed. This is the default. .It Fl R Change the file flags for the file hierarchies rooted in the files instead of just the files themselves. .El .Pp The flags are specified as an octal number or a comma separated list of keywords. The following keywords are currently defined: .Pp .Bl -tag -offset indent -width ".Ar opaque" .It Ar arch , archived set the archived flag (super-user only) .It Ar opaque set the opaque flag (owner or super-user only). [Directory is opaque when viewed through a union mount] .It Ar nodump set the nodump flag (owner or super-user only) .It Ar sappnd , sappend set the system append-only flag (super-user only) .It Ar schg , schange , simmutable set the system immutable flag (super-user only) .It Ar uappnd , uappend set the user append-only flag (owner or super-user only) .It Ar uchg , uchange , uimmutable set the user immutable flag (owner or super-user only) .It Ar hidden set the hidden flag [Hide item from GUI] .El .Pp As discussed in .Xr chflags 2 , the .Ar sappnd and .Ar schg flags may only be unset when the system is in single-user mode. .Pp Putting the letters .Dq Ar no before or removing the letters .Dq Ar no from a keyword causes the flag to be cleared. For example: .Pp .Bl -tag -offset indent -width "nouchg" -compact .It Ar nouchg clear the user immutable flag (owner or super-user only) .It Ar dump clear the nodump flag (owner or super-user only) .El .Pp Unless the .Fl H or .Fl L options are given, .Nm on a symbolic link always succeeds and has no effect. The .Fl H , .Fl L and .Fl P options are ignored unless the .Fl R option is specified. In addition, these options override each other and the command's actions are determined by the last one specified. .Pp You can use "ls -lO" to see the flags of existing files. .Sh EXIT STATUS .Ex -std .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr ls 1 , .Xr chflags 2 , .Xr stat 2 , .Xr fts 3 , .Xr symlink 7 .Sh HISTORY The .Nm command first appeared in .Bx 4.4 . .Sh BUGS Only a limited number of utilities are .Nm aware. Some of these tools include .Xr ls 1 , .Xr cp 1 , .Xr find 1 , .Xr install 1 , .Xr dump 8 , and .Xr restore 8 . In particular a tool which is not currently .Nm aware is the .Xr pax 1 utility.