.\" $NetBSD: mknod.8,v 1.15 1998/09/11 07:20:48 mycroft Exp $ .\" .\" Copyright (c) 1980, 1991, 1993 .\" The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. .\" .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software .\" must display the following acknowledgement: .\" This product includes software developed by the University of .\" California, Berkeley and its contributors. .\" 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors .\" may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software .\" without specific prior written permission. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND .\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE .\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE .\" ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE .\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL .\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS .\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) .\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT .\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY .\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF .\" SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" @(#)mknod.8 8.2 (Berkeley) 12/11/93 .\" .Dd September 11, 1998 .Dt MKNOD 8 .Os NetBSD 1.4 .Sh NAME .Nm mknod .Nd make device special file .Sh SYNOPSIS .Nm .Op Fl F Ar format .Ar name .Op Cm c | Cm b .Ar major minor .Nm .Op Fl F Ar format .Ar name .Op Cm c | Cm b .Ar major unit subunit .Nm .Ar name .Op Cm c | Cm b .Ar number .Nm .Ar name .Ar w .Sh DESCRIPTION The .Nm command creates device special files. Normally the shell script .Pa /dev/MAKEDEV is used to create special files for commonly known devices; it executes .Nm with the appropriate arguments and can make all the files required for the device. .Pp To make nodes manually, the required arguments are: .Pp .Bl -tag -width majorx .It Ar name Device name, for example .Dq sd for a SCSI disk on an HP300 or a .Dq pty for pseudo-devices. .It Cm b | Cm c | Cm w Type of device. If the device is a block type device such as a tape or disk drive which needs both cooked and raw special files, the type is .Cm b . Whiteout nodes are type .Cm w . All other devices are character type devices, such as terminal and pseudo devices, and are type .Cm c . .It Ar major The major device number is an integer number which tells the kernel which device driver entry point to use. To learn what major device number to use for a particular device, check the file .Pa /dev/MAKEDEV to see if the device is known, or check the system dependent device configuration file: .Bd -filled -offset indent .Dq Pa /usr/src/sys/conf/device. Ns Em architecture .Ed .Pp (for example .Pa device.hp300 ) . .It Ar minor The minor device number tells the kernel which one of several similar devices the node corresponds to; for example, it may be a specific serial port or pty. .It Ar unit and subunit The unit and subunit numbers select a subset of a device; for example, the unit may specify a particular SCSI disk, and the subunit a partition on that disk. (Currently this form of specification is only supported by the .Ar bsdos format, for compatibility with the .Bsx .Xr mknod 8 .) .El .Pp Device numbers for different operating systems may be packed in a different format. To create device nodes that may be used by such an operating system (e.g. in an exported file system used for netbooting), the .Fl F option is used. The following formats are recognized: native, 386bsd, 4bsd, bsdos, freebsd, hpux, isc, linux, netbsd, osf1, sco, solaris, sunos, svr3, svr4 and ultrix. .Pp Alternatively, a single opaque device number may be specified. .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr mkfifo 1 , .Xr mkfifo 2 , .Xr mknod 2 , .Xr MAKEDEV 8 .Sh HISTORY A .Nm command appeared in .At v6 . The .Fl F option appeared in .Nx 1.4 .