* BUILDING EMACS ON MAC OS Classic AND MAC OS X -*- outline -*- Copyright (C) 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc. See the end of the file for license conditions. * BUILDING EMACS ON MAC OS X You should be able to build Emacs on Mac OS X by typing the following commands at the top-level directory after the source distribution is un-tarred. ./configure --enable-carbon-app make make install The last step may fail if you do not have permissions to install. If you try to install into /usr (with ./configure --prefix=/usr), then you must install as root using the sudo command. However, it is not recommended; see the notes section below for more details. The --enable-carbon-app specifies that the Carbon GUI application should be installed into /Applications. If you want it to install in a different location, specify --enable-carbon-app=<mydir> You can type `make bootstrap' instead of `make' to rebuild everything, including byte-compiling the Lisp files. If you are compiling on Mac OS X versions before 10.2 and have not installed the GNU texinfo package on your system, the build will complain that makeinfo cannot be found. Instructions for installing the GNU texinfo package are given below. Alternatively, you can type `make -k' instead of `make' and safely ignore the error messages and use the existing info files. After Emacs is installed, you can run a text-only terminal version by typing `emacs' from a terminal (make sure your path contains /usr/local/bin) or a GUI application by double-clicking on /Applications/Emacs.app in the Finder. Even in the terminal version, some Carbon-specific functions such as `mac-set-file-creator' are still meaningful. To start Emacs as a GUI application from the terminal, the pathname to the executable in the bundle, i.e., /Applications/Emacs.app/Contents/MacOS/Emacs must be typed to the shell to enable Emacs to locate its resources correctly. You may want to create an alias to this path to quickly access both the terminal and GUI versions. You can specify some standard Emacs options when invoking Emacs in this way. Emacs on Mac OS X is not configured to use X11 unless either it is requested or the use of Carbon is disabled explicitly. So, if you are building Emacs to run on X Window System, you need to specify like: ./configure --with-x Note that the Carbon-specific functions mentioned above are not available on the X11-enabled build. To use colors in Terminal.app on Mac OS X 10.1, put the following lines in the file ~/.termcap and log in again. ----- # added ANSI color vt100|vt100-am|vt100am|dec vt100:\ :pa#64:Co#8:Sf=\E[3%dm:Sb=\E[4%dm:op=\E[m:AF=\E[3%dm:AB=\E[4%dm:\ :do=^J:co#80:li#24:cl=\E[;H\E[2J:sf=2*\ED:\ :le=^H:bs:am:cm=5\E[%i%d;%dH:nd=2\E[C:up=2\E[A:\ :ce=3\E[K:cd=50\E[J:so=2\E[7m:se=2\E[m:us=2\E[4m:ue=2\E[m:\ :md=2\E[1m:mr=2\E[7m:mb=2\E[5m:me=2\E[m:\ :rf=/usr/share/tabset/vt100:\ :rs=\E>\E[?3l\E[?4l\E[?5l\E[?7h\E[?8h\E[;r\E[0m\E(B\E)B\E[2J:\ :ks=\E[?1h\E=:ke=\E[?1l\E>:\ :ku=\EOA:kd=\EOB:kr=\EOC:kl=\EOD:kb=^H:\ :ho=\E[H:k1=\EOP:k2=\EOQ:k3=\EOR:k4=\EOS:pt:sr=2*\EM:vt#3:xn:\ :sc=\E7:rc=\E8:cs=\E[%i%d;%dr: ----- To build the `info' files in versions prior to Mac OS X 10.2, you need to install the texinfo software. To install from source, obtain texinfo-4.2.tar.gz from ftp.gnu.org or a mirror. Un-tar it, enter its directory and type ./configure make make install The last step may need to be performed as root (sudo make install). You may also like to install ispell, which will allow you to use ispell and flyspell-mode. To install ispell from source, you first need to install GNU textutils. To do so, download textutils-2.0.tar.gz from ftp.gnu.org or a mirror. Un-tar it, enter its directory, type ./configure --host=powerpc-apple-bsd make make install Again, the last step may need to be performed as root. Note that if you run `make check', the test for `pr' will fail. Get and un-tar ispell-3.2.06.tar.gz. Look for it here: http://fmg-www.cs.ucla.edu/geoff/ispell.html Go into its directory, type cp local.h.samp local.h Add a line `#define TERMLIB ""' to the end of local.h. Set the environment variable TMPDIR to an existing directory. For example since `/tmp' exists on my machine and I am using `bash', I typed export TMPDIR=/tmp Run `make' and `make install', the latter as root. * BUILDING BINARY DISTRIBUTIONS FOR MAC OS X If you are intending to build a binary distribution of Emacs, there is a script that will greatly simplify the process. It is called make-package and it is contained in this directory. It will generate a disc image containing a installer bundle. By default the installer will place the emacs common files in /usr/local/* and the Carbon application in /Applications. Typical usage would be ./make-package After running, an compressed disk image of the installer will be placed in a file called EmacsInstaller.dmg. This file can be then distributed to whomever would like a binary distribution. Here are the common options to user --with-x - Use the X11 GUI instead of the Carbon GUI. --prefix=DIR - Place the common emacs files in the given DIR. The default is /usr/local. See note below if placing in /usr --self-contained - Place the common emacs files inside the Emacs.app itself. This makes the application trivial to uninstall and copy between computers. --app-symlink - Use a symlink inside the Application to the $prefix/bin/emacs to reduce disk space. Note, this option may removed in the future. For usage of other options, use the --help option. Note: due to the problem "Installing to a directory with non-ASCII characters in the name fails" mentioned in etc/PROBLEMS, you may not move a self-contained Emacs.app application bundle to a non-ASCII directory. * BUILDING EMACS ON MAC OS Classic You can use MPW-GM (Aug. 2001) to build Emacs. MPW-GM can be downloaded free of charge from Apple. ### IMPORTANT ### You can use StuffIt Expander to decompress and untar the distribution. However, you *must* set the radio button in the Preferences->Cross Platform->Convert text files to Macintosh format to "Never". Otherwise the compiled Lisp files will be corrupted. (Optional) A subset of the fonts from the GNU intlfonts-1.2 distribution converted to NFNT format can be obtained from http://members.shaw.ca/akochoi-emacs/stories/Resources/GNU-Fonts.smi.bin To build Emacs in the MPW Shell, simply set the directory to ...:emacs:mac: and build the target Emacs of the make file makefile.MPW. I.e., execute the commands make Emacs -f makefile.MPW > Emacs.MakeScript Emacs.MakeScript The above commands create an executable that uses the Carbon API. The non-Carbon version can also be created by replacing all the occurrences of `Emacs' above with `NonCarbon'. Not that the non-Carbon version does not support some features such as file dialogs, drag-and-drop, and Unicode menus. Once built, the Emacs application (Emacs MPW) can be launched where it is created. * NOTES Emacs should build and run on a PowerMac running Mac OS 8.6 - 9.2 (but only tested on 9.2.2), and Mac OS X 10.1 - 10.4. You will need around 100 MB of disk space for the source files and intermediate files. Under Mac OS Classic, there is no support for building the LEIM directory. However, it can be built on Mac OS X or another platform and transferred to the Mac. On Mac OS X, installing the emacs files in /usr can cause issues with system software updates possibly overwriting the distribution. If this is a concern, as it should be in normal binary distributions, please use /usr/local as the prefix for installation. Emacs supports both PowerPC and Intel-based Macintoshes. However, due to the unexec process that Emacs uses to dump core, it is not possible at this time to generate a universal binary that supports both architectures. In addition, Rosetta doesn't appear to work correctly with PowerPC builds of Emacs; you will have to recompile for Intel. Therefore, builds of Emacs are architecture specific. Enjoy! This file is part of GNU Emacs. GNU Emacs is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any later version. GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details. You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with GNU Emacs; see the file COPYING. If not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.