.\" .\" Copyright (c) 1992, 1993, 1994 .\" The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. .\" All rights reserved. .\" .\" This code is derived from software donated to Berkeley by .\" Jan-Simon Pendry. .\" .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software .\" must display the following acknowledgement: .\" This product includes software developed by the University of .\" California, Berkeley and its contributors. .\" 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors .\" may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software .\" without specific prior written permission. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND .\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE .\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE .\" ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE .\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL .\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS .\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) .\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT .\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY .\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF .\" SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" @(#)mount_kernfs.8 8.2 (Berkeley) 3/27/94 .\" .\" .Dd March 27, 1994 .Dt MOUNT_KERNFS 8 .Os BSD 4.4 .Sh NAME .Nm mount_kernfs .Nd mount the /kern file system .Sh SYNOPSIS .Nm mount_kernfs .Op Fl o Ar options .Ar /kern .Ar mount_point .Sh DESCRIPTION The .Nm mount_kern command attaches an instance of the kernel parameter namespace to the global filesystem namespace. The conventional mount point is .Pa /kern . This command is normally executed by .Xr mount 8 at boot time. .Pp The filesystem includes several regular files which can be read, some of which can also be written. The contents of the files is in a machine-independent format, either a string, or an integer in decimal ASCII. Where numbers are returned, a trailing newline character is also added. .Pp The options are as follows: .Bl -tag -width indent .It Fl o Options are specified with a .Fl o flag followed by a comma separated string of options. See the .Xr mount 8 man page for possible options and their meanings. .El .Sh FILES .Bl -tag -width copyright -compact .It Pa boottime the time at which the system was last booted (decimal ASCII). .It Pa copyright kernel copyright message. .It Pa hostname the hostname, with a trailing newline. The hostname can be changed by writing to this file. A trailing newline will be stripped from the hostname being written. .It Pa hz the frequency of the system clock (decimal ASCII). .It Pa loadavg the 1, 5 and 15 minute load average in kernel fixed-point format. The final integer is the fix-point scaling factor. All numbers are in decimal ASCII. .It Pa pagesize the machine pagesize (decimal ASCII). .It Pa physmem the number of pages of physical memory in the machine (decimal ASCII). .It Pa root the system root directory. In a chroot'ed environment, .Nm can be used to create a new .Pa /kern mount point. .Pa /kern/root will then refer to the system global root, not the current process root. .It Pa rootdev the root device. .It Pa rrootdev the raw root device. .It Pa time the second and microsecond value of the system clock. Both numbers are in decimal ASCII. .It Pa version the kernel version string. The head line for .Pa /etc/motd can be generated by running: .Dq Ic "sed 1q /kern/version" .El .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr mount 2 , .Xr unmount 2 , .Xr fstab 5 , .Xr mount 8 .Sh CAVEATS This filesystem may not be NFS-exported. .Sh HISTORY The .Nm mount_kernfs utility first appeared in 4.4BSD.