.\" $NetBSD: vgrind.1,v 1.6 1997/10/20 03:01:27 lukem Exp $ .\" .\" Copyright (c) 1980, 1990, 1993 .\" The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. .\" .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software .\" must display the following acknowledgement: .\" This product includes software developed by the University of .\" California, Berkeley and its contributors. .\" 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors .\" may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software .\" without specific prior written permission. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND .\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE .\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE .\" ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE .\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL .\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS .\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) .\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT .\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY .\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF .\" SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" @(#)vgrind.1 8.1 (Berkeley) 6/6/93 .\" .Dd June 6, 1993 .Dt VGRIND 1 .Os BSD 4 .Sh NAME .Nm vgrind .Nd grind nice listings of programs .Sh SYNOPSIS .Nm .Op Fl .Op Fl W .Op Fl d Ar file .Op Fl f .Op Fl h Ar header .Op Fl l Ar language .Op Fl n .Op Fl sn .Op Fl t .Op Fl x .Ar name Ar ... .Sh DESCRIPTION .Nm formats the program sources which are arguments in a nice style using .Xr troff 1 . Comments are placed in italics, keywords in bold face, and the name of the current function is listed down the margin of each page as it is encountered. .Pp .Nm runs in two basic modes, filter mode (see the .Fl f option) or regular mode. In filter mode .Nm acts as a filter in a manner similar to .Xr tbl 1 . The standard input is passed directly to the standard output except for lines bracketed by the .Em troff-like macros: .Bl -tag -width Ds .It \&.vS starts processing .It \&.vE ends processing .El .Pp These lines are formatted as described above. The output from this filter can be passed to .Xr troff for output. There need be no particular ordering with .Xr eqn 1 or .Xr tbl 1 . .Pp In regular mode .Nm accepts input files, processes them, and passes them to .Xr troff 1 for output. .Pp In both modes .Nm passes any lines beginning with a decimal point without conversion. .Pp The options are: .Bl -tag -width Ar .It Fl forces input to be taken from standard input (default if .Fl f is specified ) .It Fl d Ar file specifies an alternative language definitions file (default is .Pa /usr/share/misc/vgrindefs ) .It Fl f forces filter mode .It Fl h Ar header specifies a particular header to put on every output page (default is the file name) .It Fl l specifies the language to use. Currently known are .Tn PASCAL .Pq Fl l Ns Ar p , .Tn MODEL .Pq Fl l Ns Ar m , C .Pf ( Fl l Ns Ar c or the default), .Tn CSH .Pq Fl l Ns Ar csh , .Tn SHELL .Pq Fl l Ns Ar sh , .Tn RATFOR .Pq Fl l Ns Ar r , .Tn MODULA2 .Pq Fl l Ns Ar mod2 , .Tn YACC .Pq Fl l Ns Ar yacc , .Tn LISP .Pq Fl l Ns Ar isp , and .Tn ICON .Pq Fl l Ns Ar I . .It Fl n forces no keyword bolding .It Fl s specifies a point size to use on output (exactly the same as the argument of a .ps) .It Fl t similar to the same option in .Xr troff causing formatted text to go to the standard output .It Fl W forces output to the (wide) Versatec printer rather than the (narrow) Varian .It Fl x outputs the index file in a ``pretty'' format. The index file itself is produced whenever .Nm is run with a file called .Pa index in the current directory. The index of function definitions can then be run off by giving .Nm the .Fl x option and the file .Pa index as argument. .El .Sh FILES .Bl -tag -width /usr/share/misc/vgrindefsxx -compact .It Pa index file where source for index is created .It Pa /usr/share/tmac/tmac.vgrind macro package .It Pa /usr/libexec/vfontedpr preprocessor .It Pa /usr/share/misc/vgrindefs language descriptions .El .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr lpr 1 , .Xr troff 1 , .Xr getcap 3 , .Xr vgrindefs 5 .Sh BUGS Vfontedpr assumes that a certain programming style is followed: .Pp For .Tn C \- function names can be preceded on a line only by spaces, tabs, or an asterisk. The parenthesized arguments must also be on the same line. .Pp For .Tn PASCAL \- function names need to appear on the same line as the keywords .Em function or .Em procedure . .Pp For .Tn MODEL \- function names need to appear on the same line as the keywords .Em is beginproc . .Pp If these conventions are not followed, the indexing and marginal function name comment mechanisms will fail. .Pp More generally, arbitrary formatting styles for programs mostly look bad. The use of spaces to align source code fails miserably; if you plan to .Nm your program you should use tabs. This is somewhat inevitable since the font used by .Nm is variable width. .Pp The mechanism of .Xr ctags 1 in recognizing functions should be used here. .Pp Filter mode does not work in documents using the .Fl me or .Fl ms macros. (So what use is it anyway?) .Sh HISTORY The .Nm command appeared in .Bx 3.0 .