handleInfo.c   [plain text]


/*
 * Copyright (c) 2001-2007 Apple Inc. All Rights Reserved.
 *
 * @APPLE_LICENSE_HEADER_START@
 * 
 * This file contains Original Code and/or Modifications of Original Code
 * as defined in and that are subject to the Apple Public Source License
 * Version 2.0 (the 'License'). You may not use this file except in
 * compliance with the License. Please obtain a copy of the License at
 * http://www.opensource.apple.com/apsl/ and read it before using this
 * file.
 * 
 * The Original Code and all software distributed under the License are
 * distributed on an 'AS IS' basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER
 * EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, AND APPLE HEREBY DISCLAIMS ALL SUCH WARRANTIES,
 * INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, ANY WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, QUIET ENJOYMENT OR NON-INFRINGEMENT.
 * Please see the License for the specific language governing rights and
 * limitations under the License.
 * 
 * @APPLE_LICENSE_HEADER_END@
 */
/*
 *  handleInfo.c
 *  bless
 *
 *  Created by Shantonu Sen <ssen@apple.com> on Thu Dec 6 2001.
 *  Copyright (c) 2001-2007 Apple Inc. All Rights Reserved.
 *
 *  $Id: handleInfo.c,v 1.45 2006/06/24 00:46:37 ssen Exp $
 *
 *
 */

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <string.h>

#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/mount.h>
#include <sys/param.h>

#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <net/if.h>
#include <arpa/nameser.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>

#include "enums.h"
#include "structs.h"

#include "bless.h"
#include "bless_private.h"
#include "protos.h"

#include <IOKit/storage/IOMedia.h>
#include <IOKit/IOBSD.h>
#include <CoreFoundation/CoreFoundation.h>

static int interpretEFIString(BLContextPtr context, CFStringRef efiString, 
                              char *bootdevice);
static int interpretOFString(BLContextPtr context, CFStringRef ofString, 
                              char *bootdevice);

static void addElements(const void *key, const void *value, void *context);

static int findBootRootAggregate(BLContextPtr context, char *memberPartition, char *bootRootDevice);



/* 8 words of "finder info" in volume
 * 0 & 1 often set to blessed system folder
 * boot blocks contain name of system file, name of shell app, and startup app
 * starting w/sys8 added file OpenFolderListDF ... which wins open at mount
 * there are per-file/folder "finder info" fields such as invis, location, etc
 * "next-folder in "open folder list" chain ... first item came from word 2
 * 3 & 5 co-opted in the X timeframe to store dirID's of dual-install sysF's 
 * 6 & 7 is the vsdb stuff (64 bits) to see if sysA has seen diskB
 *
 * 0 is blessed system folder
 * 1 is blessed system file for EFI systems
 * 2 is first link in linked list of folders to open at mount (deprecated)
 *   (9 and X are supposed to honor this if set and ignore OpenFolderListDF)
 * 3 OS 9 blessed system folder (maybe OS X?)
 * 4 thought to be unused (reserved for Finder, once was PowerTalk Inbox)
 * 5 OS X blessed system folder (maybe OS 9?)
 * 6 & 7 are 64 bit volume identifier (high 32 bits in 6; low in 7)
 */

#define MISSINGMSG "<missing>"
static const char *messages[7][2] = {
    
    { "No Blessed System Folder", "Blessed System Folder is " },    /* 0 */
    { "No Blessed System File", "Blessed System File is " },
    { "Open-folder linked list empty", "1st dir in open-folder list is " },
    { "No OS 9 + X blessed 9 folder", "OS 9 blessed folder is " },  /* 3 */
    { "Unused field unset", "Thought-to-be-unused field points to " },
    { "No OS 9 + X blessed X folder", "OS X blessed folder is " },  /* 5 */
    { "64-bit VSDB volume id not present", "64-bit VSDB volume id: " }
    
};

int modeInfo(BLContextPtr context, struct clarg actargs[klast]) {
    int                 ret;
    CFDictionaryRef     dict;
    struct statfs       sb;
    CFMutableDictionaryRef  allInfo = NULL;
	int					isHFS = 0;
	
    if(!actargs[kinfo].hasArg || actargs[kgetboot].present) {
        char currentString[1024];
        char currentDev[1024]; // may contain URLs like bsdp://foo
        BLPreBootEnvType	preboot;
        
        ret = BLGetPreBootEnvironmentType(context, &preboot);
        if(ret)
            return 1;
        
        if(preboot == kBLPreBootEnvType_OpenFirmware) {
            
            CFStringRef     ofbootdev = NULL;
            
            ret = BLCopyOpenFirmwareNVRAMVariableAsString(context,
                                                 CFSTR("boot-device"),
                                                 &ofbootdev);
            
            if(ret || ofbootdev == NULL) {
                blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelError,
                                   "Can't access \"boot-device\" NVRAM variable\n");
                return 1;
            }
            
            blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelVerbose,  "Current OpenFirmware boot device string is: '%s'\n",
                               BLGetCStringDescription(ofbootdev));                    

            
            ret = interpretOFString(context, ofbootdev, currentDev);
            if(ret) {
                blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelError,
                                   "Can't interpet OpenFirmware boot device\n");
                return 2;                    
            }
            
        } else if(preboot == kBLPreBootEnvType_EFI) {
            CFStringRef     efibootdev = NULL;
            
            ret = BLCopyEFINVRAMVariableAsString(context,
                                                 CFSTR("efi-boot-device"),
                                                 &efibootdev);
            
            if(ret || efibootdev == NULL) {
                blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelError,
                                   "Can't access \"efi-boot-device\" NVRAM variable\n");
                return 1;
            }

            blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelVerbose,  "Current EFI boot device string is: '%s'\n",
                               BLGetCStringDescription(efibootdev));                    

            ret = BLValidateXMLBootOption(context,
                                          CFSTR("efi-boot-device"),
                                          CFSTR("efi-boot-device-data"));
            if(ret) {
                CFRelease(efibootdev);
                blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelError,
                                   "XML representation doesn't match true boot preference\n");
                return 2;                    					
            }
            
            ret = interpretEFIString(context, efibootdev, currentDev);
            if(ret) {
                CFRelease(efibootdev);
                blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelError,
                                   "Can't interpet EFI boot device\n");
                return 2;                    
            }
            
            CFRelease(efibootdev);
        } else {
            blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelError,  "Unknown preboot environment\n");
            return 1;
        }
        
        // Check for Boot!=Root for physical disk boot paths
        if (0 == strncmp(currentDev, "/dev/", 5)) {
            char parentDev[MNAMELEN];
            uint32_t partNum;
            BLPartitionType mapType;
            io_service_t service = IO_OBJECT_NULL;
            CFStringRef contentHint;
            
            ret = BLGetIOServiceForDeviceName(context, currentDev + 5, &service);
            if (ret) {
                blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelError,
                                   "Can't get IOService for %s\n", currentDev);
                return 3;
            }
            
            contentHint = IORegistryEntryCreateCFProperty(service, CFSTR(kIOMediaContentKey), kCFAllocatorDefault, 0);
            
            if (contentHint && CFGetTypeID(contentHint) == CFStringGetTypeID()) {
                bool doSearch = false;
                char booterPart[MNAMELEN];
                
                ret = BLGetParentDeviceAndPartitionType(context, currentDev,
                                                        parentDev,
                                                        &partNum,
                                                        &mapType);
                if (ret) {
                    blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelError,
                                       "Can't determine parent media for %s\n", currentDev);
                    return 3;
                }
                
                switch(mapType) {
                    case kBLPartitionType_APM:
                        if (CFEqual(contentHint, CFSTR("Apple_Boot"))) {
                            doSearch = true;
                            snprintf(booterPart, sizeof(booterPart), "%ss%u", parentDev, partNum+1);
                        }
                        break;
                    case kBLPartitionType_GPT:
                        if (CFEqual(contentHint, CFSTR("426F6F74-0000-11AA-AA11-00306543ECAC"))) {
                            doSearch = true;
                            snprintf(booterPart, sizeof(booterPart), "%ss%u", parentDev, partNum-1);
                        }
                        break;
                    default:
                        blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelVerbose,
                                           "Partition map type does not support Boot!=Root\n");
                        break;
                }
                
                if (doSearch) {
                    ret = findBootRootAggregate(context, booterPart, currentDev);
                    if (ret) {
                        blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelError,
                                           "Failed to find Boot!=Root aggregate media for %s\n", currentDev);
                        return 3;
                    }
                }
            }            
            

            if (contentHint) CFRelease(contentHint);
            IOObjectRelease(service);
            
        }
            
	    if( actargs[kgetboot].present) {
            if(actargs[kplist].present) {
                CFStringRef vol = CFStringCreateWithCString(kCFAllocatorDefault,
                                                            currentDev,
                                                            kCFStringEncodingUTF8);
                CFMutableDictionaryRef dict = NULL;
                CFDataRef		tempData = NULL;
                
                dict = CFDictionaryCreateMutable(kCFAllocatorDefault, 0,
                                                 &kCFTypeDictionaryKeyCallBacks,
                                                 &kCFTypeDictionaryValueCallBacks);
                CFDictionaryAddValue(dict, CFSTR("Boot Volume"), vol);
                CFRelease(vol);
                
                tempData = CFPropertyListCreateXMLData(kCFAllocatorDefault, dict);
                
                write(fileno(stdout), CFDataGetBytePtr(tempData), CFDataGetLength(tempData));
                
                CFRelease(tempData);
                CFRelease(dict);
                
            } else {
                blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelNormal, "%s\n", currentDev);
            }
            return 0;
	    }
	    
        // only look at mountpoints if it looks like a dev node
        if (0 == strncmp(currentDev, "/dev/", 5)) {
            struct statfs *mnts;
            int vols;

            vols = getmntinfo(&mnts, MNT_NOWAIT);
            if(vols == -1) {
                blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelError,  "Error gettings mounts\n" );
                return 1;
            }
            
            while(--vols >= 0) {
                struct statfs sb;
                
                // somewhat redundant, but blsustatfs will canonicalize the mount device
                if(0 != blsustatfs(mnts[vols].f_mntonname, &sb)) {
                    continue;
                }
                
                if(strncmp(sb.f_mntfromname, currentDev, strlen(currentDev)+1) == 0) {
                    blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelVerbose,  "mount: %s\n", mnts[vols].f_mntonname );
                    strcpy(actargs[kinfo].argument, mnts[vols].f_mntonname);
                    actargs[kinfo].hasArg = 1;
                    break;
                }
                
            }
        }
        
	    if(!actargs[kinfo].hasArg) {
            blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelError,
                               "Volume for path %s is not available\n",
                               currentString);
            return 2;
	    }
    }
    
    
    ret = BLGetCommonMountPoint(context, actargs[kinfo].argument, "", actargs[kmount].argument);
    if(ret) {
        blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelError,  "Can't get mount point for %s\n", actargs[kinfo].argument );
        return 1;
    }
    
    ret = blsustatfs(actargs[kmount].argument, &sb);
    if(ret) {
        blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelError,  "Can't get device for %s\n", actargs[kmount].argument );
        return 1;        
        
    }
    
	ret = BLIsMountHFS(context, actargs[kmount].argument, &isHFS);
    if(ret) {
		blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelError,  "Could not determine filesystem of %s\n", actargs[kmount].argument );
		return 1;
    }
	
	if(isHFS) {
		ret = BLCreateVolumeInformationDictionary(context, actargs[kmount].argument,
												  &dict);
		if(ret) {
			blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelError,  "Can't print Finder information\n" );
			return 1;
		}
        
		allInfo = CFDictionaryCreateMutableCopy(kCFAllocatorDefault, 0, dict);
		CFRelease(dict);
		dict = NULL;
	} else {
		allInfo = CFDictionaryCreateMutable(kCFAllocatorDefault, 0, &kCFTypeDictionaryKeyCallBacks, &kCFTypeDictionaryValueCallBacks);
	}
    
    
    ret = BLCreateBooterInformationDictionary(context, sb.f_mntfromname + 5, &dict);
    if(ret) {
        blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelError,  "Can't get booter information\n" );
		return 3;
    }
    
    CFDictionaryApplyFunction(dict, addElements, (void *)allInfo);    
    CFRelease(dict);
    
    dict = (CFDictionaryRef)allInfo;
    
    if(actargs[kplist].present) {
        CFDataRef		tempData = NULL;
        
        tempData = CFPropertyListCreateXMLData(kCFAllocatorDefault, dict);
        
        write(fileno(stdout), CFDataGetBytePtr(tempData), CFDataGetLength(tempData));
        
        CFRelease(tempData);
        
    } else if(isHFS) {
        CFArrayRef finfo = CFDictionaryGetValue(dict, CFSTR("Finder Info"));
        int j;
        CFNumberRef vsdbref;
        uint64_t vsdb;
        
        for(j = 0; j < (8-2); j++) {
            CFDictionaryRef word = CFArrayGetValueAtIndex(finfo, j);
            CFNumberRef dirID = CFDictionaryGetValue(word, CFSTR("Directory ID"));
            CFStringRef path = CFDictionaryGetValue(word, CFSTR("Path"));
            uint32_t dirint;
            char cpath[MAXPATHLEN];
            
            if(!CFNumberGetValue(dirID, kCFNumberSInt32Type, &dirint)) {
                continue;
            }
            
            if(dirint > 0 && CFStringGetLength(path) == 0) {
                strcpy(cpath, MISSINGMSG);
            } else {
                if(!CFStringGetCString(path, cpath, MAXPATHLEN, kCFStringEncodingUTF8)) {
                    continue;
                }
            }
            
            blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelNormal,
                               "finderinfo[%i]: %6u => %s%s\n", j, dirint,
                               messages[j][dirint > 0], cpath);
            
        }
        
        
        vsdbref = CFDictionaryGetValue(dict, CFSTR("VSDB ID"));
        CFNumberGetValue(vsdbref, kCFNumberSInt64Type, &vsdb);
        
        
    	blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelNormal, "%s 0x%016llX\n", messages[6][1],
                           vsdb);
        
    }
    
	CFRelease(dict);
    
    return 0;
}

static int interpretOFString(BLContextPtr context, CFStringRef ofString, 
                              char *bootdevice)
{
    int                 ret;
    char currentString[1024];
    
    if(!CFStringGetCString(ofString, currentString, sizeof(currentString), kCFStringEncodingUTF8)) {
        return 1;
    }
    
    // since there are no new OpenFirmware-based machines, just support
    // enet: and enet1:
    
    if(strncmp(currentString, "enet:", strlen("enet:")) == 0
        || strncmp(currentString, "enet1:", strlen("enet1:")) == 0) {
         blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelVerbose,  "Synthesizing BSDP boot device\n" );
         strcpy(bootdevice, "bsdp://en0@255.255.255.255");
        return 0;
     } else {
         ret = BLGetDeviceForOpenFirmwarePath(context, currentString, bootdevice);
         if(ret) {
             blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelError,  "Can't get device for %s: %d\n", currentString, ret );
             return 1;
         }
         return 0;
     }

    blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelError,  "Could not interpret boot device as either network or disk\n" );
    
    return 1;
}

static int interpretEFIString(BLContextPtr context, CFStringRef efiString, 
                              char *bootdevice)
{
    char                interface[IF_NAMESIZE];
    char                host[NS_MAXDNAME];
    char                path[1024];
    int                 ret;
    
    ret = BLInterpretEFIXMLRepresentationAsDevice(context,
                                                  efiString,
                                                  path);
    if(ret == 0) {
        blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelVerbose,  "Disk boot device detected\n" );
        
        sprintf(bootdevice, "/dev/%s", path);
        
        return 0;
    } else {
		BLNetBootProtocolType protocol;
		
        ret = BLInterpretEFIXMLRepresentationAsNetworkPath(context,
                                                           efiString,
														   &protocol,
                                                           interface,
                                                           host,
                                                           path);
        
        if(ret == 0) {
            blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelVerbose,  "Network boot device detected\n" );
            
            if(strlen(path) > 0) {
                sprintf(bootdevice, "tftp://%s@%s/%s", interface, host, path);
            } else {
                sprintf(bootdevice, "%s://%s@%s",
                                        (protocol == kBLNetBootProtocol_PXE ? "pxe" : "bsdp"),
                                        interface, host);            
            }
            
            return 0;
        } else {
			ret = BLInterpretEFIXMLRepresentationAsLegacyDevice(context,
                                                                efiString,
                                                                path);
			if(ret == 0) {
				blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelVerbose,  "Legacy boot device detected\n" );
				
				sprintf(bootdevice, "/dev/%s", path);
				
				return 0;
			}				
		}
    }
    
    blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelError,  "Could not interpret boot device as either network or disk\n" );
    
    return 1;
}

// stolen from BLGetDeviceForOFPath
static int isBootRootPath(BLContextPtr context, mach_port_t iokitPort, io_service_t member,
					  CFDictionaryRef raidEntry)
{
	CFStringRef path;
	io_string_t	cpath;
	io_service_t	service;
	
	path = CFDictionaryGetValue(raidEntry, CFSTR(kIOBootDevicePathKey));
	if(path == NULL) return 0;
    
	if(!CFStringGetCString(path,cpath,sizeof(cpath),kCFStringEncodingUTF8))
		return 0;
    
	contextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelVerbose,  "Comparing member to %s", cpath);
	
	service = IORegistryEntryFromPath(iokitPort, cpath);
	if(service == 0) {
		contextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelVerbose,  "\nCould not find service\n");
		return 0;
	}
	
	if(IOObjectIsEqualTo(service, member)) {
		contextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelVerbose,  "\tEQUAL\n");
		IOObjectRelease(service);
		return 1;
	} else {
		contextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelVerbose,  "\tNOT EQUAL\n");		
	}
	
	IOObjectRelease(service);	
	
	return 0;
}



static int findBootRootAggregate(BLContextPtr context, char *memberPartition, char *bootRootDevice)
{
    io_service_t member = IO_OBJECT_NULL, testmedia = IO_OBJECT_NULL;
    io_iterator_t iter;
    kern_return_t kret;
    int ret;
    bool                foundBootRoot = false;
    CFStringRef         memberContent = NULL;
    
    ret = BLGetIOServiceForDeviceName(context, memberPartition + 5, &member);
    if (ret) {
        blesscontextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelError,
                           "Can't get IOService for %s\n", memberPartition);
        return 3;
    }
    
    kret = IOServiceGetMatchingServices(kIOMasterPortDefault, IOServiceMatching(kIOMediaClass), &iter);
	if(kret != KERN_SUCCESS) {
        IOObjectRelease(member);
		contextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelVerbose,  "Could not find any media devices on the system\n");
		return 2;
	}
    
    while((testmedia = IOIteratorNext(iter))) {
		CFTypeRef			data = NULL;
        io_string_t         iopath;
        
        if(0 == IORegistryEntryGetPath(testmedia, kIOServicePlane, iopath)) {
            contextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelVerbose,  "Checking %s\n", iopath);
        }
        
        data = IORegistryEntrySearchCFProperty( testmedia,
                                               kIOServicePlane,
                                               CFSTR(kIOBootDeviceKey),
                                               kCFAllocatorDefault,
                                               kIORegistryIterateRecursively|
                                               kIORegistryIterateParents);
        
        if(data) {
            if (CFGetTypeID(data) == CFArrayGetTypeID()) {
                CFIndex i, count = CFArrayGetCount(data);
                for(i=0; i < count; i++) {
                    CFDictionaryRef ent = CFArrayGetValueAtIndex((CFArrayRef)data,i);
                    if(isBootRootPath(context, kIOMasterPortDefault, member, ent)) {
                        foundBootRoot = true;
                        break;
                    }
                }
                
            } else if(CFGetTypeID(data) == CFDictionaryGetTypeID()) {
                if(isBootRootPath(context, kIOMasterPortDefault, member, (CFDictionaryRef)data)) {
                    foundBootRoot = true;
                }
            }
            CFRelease(data);
		}
        
        if (foundBootRoot) {
            CFStringRef bsdName;
            
            bsdName = IORegistryEntryCreateCFProperty(testmedia, CFSTR(kIOBSDNameKey), kCFAllocatorDefault, 0);
            
            contextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelVerbose,  "Found Boot!=Root aggregate media %s\n", BLGetCStringDescription(bsdName));
            
            strcpy(bootRootDevice, "/dev/");
            CFStringGetCString(bsdName, bootRootDevice+5, 1024-5, kCFStringEncodingUTF8);
            
            CFRelease(bsdName);
            
        }
        
        IOObjectRelease(testmedia);
        
        if (foundBootRoot) break;
    }
    IOObjectRelease(iter);
    
    memberContent = IORegistryEntryCreateCFProperty(member, CFSTR(kIOMediaContentKey), kCFAllocatorDefault, 0);
    IOObjectRelease(member);
    

    // not boot root. It might still be something like UFS
    if (!foundBootRoot) {
        if (memberContent && (!CFEqual(memberContent, CFSTR("Apple_Boot")) && !CFEqual(memberContent, CFSTR("Apple_HFS")))) {
            foundBootRoot = true;
            contextprintf(context, kBLLogLevelVerbose,  "Found legacy Apple_Boot media %s\n", BLGetCStringDescription(memberContent));
            
            strcpy(bootRootDevice, memberPartition);
        }
    }
    
    if (memberContent) CFRelease(memberContent);
    
    if (foundBootRoot) {
        return 0;
    } else {
        return 1;
    }
}
    
static void addElements(const void *key, const void *value, void *context)
{
    CFMutableDictionaryRef dict = (CFMutableDictionaryRef)context;
    
    CFDictionaryAddValue(dict, key, value);
}