automount.m   [plain text]


/*
 * Copyright (c) 1999 Apple Computer, Inc. All rights reserved.
 *
 * @APPLE_LICENSE_HEADER_START@
 * 
 * "Portions Copyright (c) 1999 Apple Computer, Inc.  All Rights
 * Reserved.  This file contains Original Code and/or Modifications of
 * Original Code as defined in and that are subject to the Apple Public
 * Source License Version 1.0 (the 'License').  You may not use this file
 * except in compliance with the License.  Please obtain a copy of the
 * License at http://www.apple.com/publicsource and read it before using
 * this file.
 * 
 * The Original Code and all software distributed under the License are
 * distributed on an 'AS IS' basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER
 * EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, AND APPLE HEREBY DISCLAIMS ALL SUCH WARRANTIES,
 * INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, ANY WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR NON-INFRINGEMENT.  Please see the
 * License for the specific language governing rights and limitations
 * under the License."
 * 
 * @APPLE_LICENSE_HEADER_END@
 */
#import <stdio.h>
#import <fcntl.h>
#import <unistd.h>
#import <stdlib.h>
#import <syslog.h>
#import <signal.h>
#import <string.h>
#import <errno.h>
#import <err.h>
#import <sys/types.h>
#import <sys/stat.h>
#import <sys/wait.h>
#import <sys/time.h>
#import <sys/resource.h>
#import "AMVnode.h"
#import "Controller.h"
#import "AMString.h"
#import "log.h"
#import "NIMap.h"
#import "AMVersion.h"
#import "systhread.h"
#import "NSLMap.h"
#import "NSLVnode.h"
#ifndef __APPLE__
#import <libc.h>
extern int getppid(void);
#endif

#define forever for(;;)

int debug_select = 0;
int debug_mount = DEBUG_SYSLOG;
int debug_proc = 0;
int debug_options = 0;
int debug;
int doing_timeout = 0;

int protocol_1 = IPPROTO_UDP;
int protocol_2 = IPPROTO_TCP;

Controller *controller;
String *dot;
String *dotdot;

unsigned int GlobalMountTimeout = 20;
unsigned int GlobalTimeToLive = 10000;

int run_select_loop = 0;
int running_select_loop = 0;

static struct timeval last_timeout;

int osType;

BOOL doServerMounts = YES;

NSLMap *GlobalTargetNSLMap;

MountProgressRecord_List gMountsInProgress = LIST_HEAD_INITIALIZER(&gMountsInProgress);

BOOL gForkedMountInProgress = NO;
BOOL gForkedMount = NO;
BOOL gBlockedMountDependency = NO;
unsigned long gBlockingMountTransactionID;
int gMountResult;

#define DefaultMountDir "/private"

static char gForkedExecutionFlag[] = "-f";
static char gAutomounterPath[] = "/usr/sbin/automount";

struct debug_fdset
{
	unsigned int i[8];
};

#ifndef __APPLE__ 
int
setsid(void)
{
	return 0;
}
#endif

#ifdef __APPLE__ 
#define PID_FILE "/var/run/automount.pid"
#else
#define PID_FILE "/etc/automount.pid"
#endif

static void
writepid(void)
{
	FILE *fp;

	fp = fopen(PID_FILE, "w");
	if (fp != NULL)
	{
		fprintf(fp, "%d\n", getpid());
		fclose(fp);
	}
}

char *
fdtoc(fd_set *f)
{
	static char str[32];
	struct debug_fdset *df;

	df = (struct debug_fdset *)f;

	sprintf(str, "[%x %x %x %x %x %x %x %x]",
		df->i[0], df->i[1], df->i[2], df->i[3],
		df->i[4], df->i[5], df->i[6], df->i[7]);
	return str;
}

int
do_select(struct timeval *tv)
{
	int n;
	fd_set x;

	x = svc_fdset;

	if (tv) {
		sys_msg(debug_select, LOG_DEBUG, "select timeout %d %d", tv->tv_sec, tv->tv_usec);
	};

	n = select(FD_SETSIZE, &x, NULL, NULL, tv);

	if (n != 0)
		sys_msg(debug_select, LOG_DEBUG, "select(%s, %d) --> %d",
			fdtoc(&x), tv->tv_sec, n);
	if (n < 0)
		sys_msg(debug_select, LOG_DEBUG, "select: %s", strerror(errno));

	if (n != 0) svc_getreqset(&x);
	
	if (gForkedMount) exit((gMountResult < 128) ? gMountResult : ECANCELED);
	
	return n;
}

void
select_loop(void *x)
{
	struct timeval tv;
	running_select_loop = 1;

	sys_msg(debug_select, LOG_DEBUG, "--> select loop");

	tv.tv_sec = 1;
	tv.tv_usec = 0;

	while (run_select_loop != 0)
	{
		do_select(&tv);
		systhread_yield();
	}

	sys_msg(debug_select, LOG_DEBUG, "<-- select loop");

	running_select_loop = 0;
	systhread_exit();
}

void
auto_run_no_timeout(void *x)
{
	forever do_select(NULL);
}

void
auto_run(struct timeval *t)
{
	int n;
	struct timeval tv, now, delta;

	gettimeofday(&last_timeout, (struct timezone *)0);

	tv.tv_usec = 0;
	tv.tv_sec = t->tv_sec;

	if (tv.tv_sec <= 0) tv.tv_sec = 86400;

	delta.tv_sec = tv.tv_sec;
	delta.tv_usec = 0;

	forever
	{
		n = do_select(&delta);

		gettimeofday(&now, (struct timezone *)0);
		if (now.tv_sec >= (last_timeout.tv_sec + tv.tv_sec))
		{
			if (t->tv_sec > 0)
			{
				doing_timeout = 1;
				[controller timeout];
				doing_timeout = 0;
			}

			last_timeout = now;
			delta.tv_sec = tv.tv_sec;
		}
		else
		{
			delta.tv_sec = tv.tv_sec - (now.tv_sec - last_timeout.tv_sec);
			if (delta.tv_sec <= 0) delta.tv_sec = 1;
		}
	}
}

void
usage(void)
{
	fprintf(stderr, "usage: automount [options]...\n");
	fprintf(stderr, "options:\n");
	fprintf(stderr, "\n");

	fprintf(stderr, "  -V            ");
	fprintf(stderr, "Print version and host information, then quit.\n");
	fprintf(stderr, "\n");

	fprintf(stderr, "  -a dir        ");
	fprintf(stderr, "Set mount directory to dir.\n");
	fprintf(stderr, "                ");
	fprintf(stderr, "Default value is \"%s\".\n", DefaultMountDir);
	fprintf(stderr, "\n");

	fprintf(stderr, "  -tm n         ");
	fprintf(stderr, "Set default mount timeout to n seconds.\n");
	fprintf(stderr, "                ");
	fprintf(stderr, "mnttimeo=n mount option overrides this default.\n");
	fprintf(stderr, "                ");
	fprintf(stderr, "Default value is %d seconds.\n", GlobalMountTimeout);
	fprintf(stderr, "\n");

	fprintf(stderr, "  -tl n         ");
	fprintf(stderr, "Set default mount time-to-live to n seconds.\n");
	fprintf(stderr, "                ");
	fprintf(stderr, "ttl=n mount option overrides this default.\n");
	fprintf(stderr, "                ");
	fprintf(stderr, "Zero value sets infinite time-to-live.\n");
	fprintf(stderr, "                ");
	fprintf(stderr, "Default value is %d seconds.\n", GlobalTimeToLive);
	fprintf(stderr, "\n");

	fprintf(stderr, "  -1            ");
	fprintf(stderr, "Modifies the \"-fstab\" map.  Mounts are done \"one at a time\",\n");
	fprintf(stderr, "                ");
	fprintf(stderr, "when an actual mount point is traversed, rather than forcing\n");
	fprintf(stderr, "                ");
	fprintf(stderr, "all mounts from a server at its top-level directory.\n");
	fprintf(stderr, "\n");

	fprintf(stderr, "  -s            ");
	fprintf(stderr, "All mounts are forced at startup, and never expire.\n");
	fprintf(stderr, "\n");

	fprintf(stderr, "  -d            ");
	fprintf(stderr, "Run in debug mode.\n");
	fprintf(stderr, "\n");

	fprintf(stderr, "  -D type       ");
	fprintf(stderr, "Log debug messages for type.\n");
	fprintf(stderr, "                ");
	fprintf(stderr, "type may be \"mount\", \"proc\", \"select\"\n");
	fprintf(stderr, "                ");
	fprintf(stderr, "\"options\", or \"all\".\n");
	fprintf(stderr, "                ");
	fprintf(stderr, "Multiple -D options may be specified.\n");
	fprintf(stderr, "\n");

	fprintf(stderr, "  -m dir map    ");
	fprintf(stderr, "Mount map on directory dir.\n");
	fprintf(stderr, "                ");
	fprintf(stderr, "map may be a file (must be an absolute path),\n");
	fprintf(stderr, "                ");
	fprintf(stderr, "a NetInfo mountmap name,\n");
	fprintf(stderr, "                ");
	fprintf(stderr, "\"-fstab\", or \"-null\".\n");
	fprintf(stderr, "\n");
}

void
parentexit(int x)
{
	_exit(0);
}

void
shutdown_server(int x)
{
	sys_msg(debug, LOG_ERR, "Shutting down.");

	[controller release];
	[dot release];
	[dotdot release];
}

void shutdown_server_sighandler(int x)
{
	shutdown_server(x);
	_exit(0);
}

void
child_exit(int x)
{
	int result;
	pid_t pid;

	while ((((pid = wait4((pid_t)-1, &result, WNOHANG, NULL)) != 0) && (pid != -1)) ||
           (errno == EINTR)) {
		if ((pid != 0) && (pid != -1)) {
			[controller completeMountInProgressBy:pid exitStatus:result];
		};
	};
}

void
reinit(int x)
{
	[controller reInit];
}

void
print_tree(int x)
{
	[controller printTree];
}

void
print_host_info(void)
{
	char banner[1024];

	sprintf(banner, "Host Info: %s", [[controller hostName] value]);
	if ([controller hostDNSDomain] != nil)
	{
		strcat(banner, ".");
		strcat(banner, [[controller hostDNSDomain] value]);
	}

	strcat(banner, " ");
	strcat(banner, [[controller hostOS] value]);
	strcat(banner, " ");
	strcat(banner, [[controller hostOSVersion] value]);
	strcat(banner, " ");
	strcat(banner, [[controller hostArchitecture] value]);
	strcat(banner, " (");
	strcat(banner, [[controller hostByteOrder] value]);
	strcat(banner, " endian)");
	sys_msg(debug, LOG_DEBUG, banner);
}

// *********************************************************************
// 			look for network and user changes
// *********************************************************************

#include <SystemConfiguration/SystemConfiguration.h>
#include <SystemConfiguration/v1Compatibility.h>

static SCDynamicStoreRef	store = NULL;
static CFRunLoopSourceRef	rls;
static CFStringRef		userChangedKey;
static CFStringRef		networkChangedKey;
static CFStringRef		netinfoChangedKey;

void
systemConfigHasChanged(SCDynamicStoreRef store, CFArrayRef changedKeys, void *info)
{
	int i, count;
	CFStringRef key, user;
	BOOL userLogOut = NO;
	BOOL networkChange = NO;
    
	count = CFArrayGetCount(changedKeys);
	for (i=0; i < count; i++) {
	    key = CFArrayGetValueAtIndex(changedKeys, i);
	    
	    if (CFStringCompare(key, userChangedKey, 0) == kCFCompareEqualTo) {
		user = SCDynamicStoreCopyConsoleUser(store, NULL, NULL);
		if (user) {
			sys_msg(debug, LOG_DEBUG, "the console user is logged in\n");
			CFRelease(user);
		} else {
			sys_msg(debug, LOG_DEBUG, "the console user has logged out\n");
			userLogOut = YES;
		}
		continue;
	    }

	    if (CFStringCompare(key, networkChangedKey, 0) == kCFCompareEqualTo) {
		sys_msg(debug, LOG_DEBUG, "the network environment has changed\n");
		networkChange = YES;
		continue;
	    }

	    if (CFStringCompare(key, netinfoChangedKey, 0) == kCFCompareEqualTo) {
		sys_msg(debug, LOG_DEBUG, "the netinfo configuration has changed\n");
		networkChange = YES;
		continue;
	    }

	    // since we don't know what matched our pattern we can not just do
	    // a simple string compare for the networkChangedPattern case, instead
	    // we just default to this after checking for the other keys above.
	    {
		sys_msg(debug, LOG_DEBUG, "a network service has changed\n");
		networkChange = YES;
		continue;
	    }
	}

	if (userLogOut) {

	    // unmount (no force)
	    [controller unmountAutomounts:0];
	}

	if (networkChange) {

	    // flush maps
	    [controller flushMaps];
	    // unmount (force?)
//	    [controller unmountAutomounts:1];
	}
}

void
watchForSystemConfigChanges()
{
	CFMutableArrayRef	keys;
	CFMutableArrayRef	patterns;
	CFStringRef		networkChangedPattern;
	SCDynamicStoreContext	context = { 0, store, NULL, NULL, NULL };

	store = SCDynamicStoreCreate(NULL,
				     CFSTR("watchForSystemConfigChanges"),
				     systemConfigHasChanged,
				     &context);
	if (!store) {
		sys_msg(debug, LOG_ERR, "could not open session with configd\n");
		sys_msg(debug, LOG_ERR, "error = %s\n", SCErrorString(SCError()));
		return;
	}

	keys     = CFArrayCreateMutable(NULL, 0, &kCFTypeArrayCallBacks);
	patterns = CFArrayCreateMutable(NULL, 0, &kCFTypeArrayCallBacks);

	/*
	 * establish and register dynamic store keys to watch
	 *   - global IPv4 configuration changes (e.g. new default route)
	 *   - netinfo configuration changes
	 *   - per-service IPv4 state changes (IP service added/removed/...)
	 *   - apple talk configuration changes
	 */
	networkChangedKey = SCDynamicStoreKeyCreateNetworkGlobalEntity(NULL,
							 kSCCacheDomainState,
							 kSCEntNetIPv4);
	CFArrayAppendValue(keys, networkChangedKey);

	netinfoChangedKey = SCDynamicStoreKeyCreateNetworkGlobalEntity(NULL,
							   kSCCacheDomainState,
							   kSCEntNetNetInfo);
	CFArrayAppendValue(keys, netinfoChangedKey);

	networkChangedPattern = SCDynamicStoreKeyCreateNetworkServiceEntity(NULL,
							  kSCCacheDomainState,
							  kSCCompAnyRegex,
							  kSCEntNetIPv4);
	CFArrayAppendValue(patterns, networkChangedPattern);
	CFRelease(networkChangedPattern);

	networkChangedPattern = SCDynamicStoreKeyCreateNetworkServiceEntity(NULL,
                                                          kSCCacheDomainState,
                                                          kSCCompAnyRegex,
                                                          kSCEntNetAppleTalk);
        CFArrayAppendValue(patterns, networkChangedPattern);
	CFRelease(networkChangedPattern);

	/*
	 * establish and register dynamic store keys to watch console user login/logouts
	 */
	userChangedKey = SCDynamicStoreKeyCreateConsoleUser(NULL);
	CFArrayAppendValue(patterns, userChangedKey);

	if (!SCDynamicStoreSetNotificationKeys(store, keys, patterns)) {
		sys_msg(debug, LOG_ERR, "could not register notification keys\n");
		sys_msg(debug, LOG_ERR, "error = %s\n", SCErrorString(SCError()));
		CFRelease(store);
		CFRelease(keys);
		CFRelease(patterns);
		return;
	}
	CFRelease(keys);
	CFRelease(patterns);

	/* add a callback */
	rls = SCDynamicStoreCreateRunLoopSource(NULL, store, 0);
	if (!rls) {
		sys_msg(debug, LOG_ERR, "could not create runloop source\n");
		sys_msg(debug, LOG_ERR, "error = %s\n", SCErrorString(SCError()));
		CFRelease(store);
		return;
	}

	CFRunLoopAddSource(CFRunLoopGetCurrent(), rls, kCFRunLoopDefaultMode);
}

static void
mainRunLoop() {

	watchForSystemConfigChanges();
	CFRunLoopRun();
}

int
main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
	int daemon_argc;
	char **daemon_argv = NULL;
	String *mapName;
	String *mapDir;
	char *mntdir;
	int pid, i, nmaps, result;
	struct timeval timeout;
	BOOL becomeDaemon, forkedExecution, printVers, staticMode;
	struct rlimit rlim;
	systhread *rpcLoop, *runLoop;
	struct stat sb;
	
	if ((argc > 1) && (strcmp(argv[1], gForkedExecutionFlag))) {
		daemon_argc = argc + 1;
		daemon_argv = malloc((daemon_argc + 1) * sizeof(char *));
		if (daemon_argv) {
			daemon_argv[0] = argv[0];
			daemon_argv[1] = gForkedExecutionFlag;
			for (i = 2; i < daemon_argc; ++i) {
				daemon_argv[i] = argv[i - 1];
			};
			daemon_argv[daemon_argc] = NULL;
		}
	};
	
	mntdir = DefaultMountDir;

	nmaps = 0;
	becomeDaemon = YES;
	forkedExecution = NO;
	printVers = NO;
	staticMode = NO;
	debug = DEBUG_SYSLOG;

	timeout.tv_sec = 0;
	timeout.tv_usec = 0;

	for (i = 1; i < argc; i++)
	{
		if (!strcmp(argv[i], "-help"))
		{
			usage();
			exit(0);
		}
		else if (!strcmp(argv[i], gForkedExecutionFlag))
		{
			forkedExecution = YES;
			becomeDaemon = NO;
		}
		else if (!strcmp(argv[i], "-d"))
		{
			becomeDaemon = NO;
			debug = DEBUG_STDERR;
		}
		else if (!strcmp(argv[i], "-V"))
		{
			printVers = YES;
		}
		else if (!strcmp(argv[i], "-1"))
		{
			doServerMounts = NO;
		}
		else if (!strcmp(argv[i], "-s"))
		{
			staticMode = YES;
		}
		else if (!strcmp(argv[i], "-tcp"))
		{
			protocol_1 = IPPROTO_TCP;
			protocol_2 = IPPROTO_UDP;
		}
		else if (!strcmp(argv[i], "-D"))
		{
			if ((argc - (i + 1)) < 1)
			{
				usage();
				exit(1);
			}
			i++;

			if ((!strcmp(argv[i], "proc")) || (!strcmp(argv[i], "all")))
				debug_proc = DEBUG_SYSLOG;
			if ((!strcmp(argv[i], "mount")) || (!strcmp(argv[i], "all")))
				debug_mount = DEBUG_SYSLOG;
			if ((!strcmp(argv[i], "select")) || (!strcmp(argv[i], "all")))
				debug_select = DEBUG_SYSLOG;
			if ((!strcmp(argv[i], "options")) || (!strcmp(argv[i], "all")))
				debug_options = DEBUG_SYSLOG;
		}
		else if (!strcmp(argv[i], "-m"))
		{
			if ((argc - (i + 1)) < 2)
			{
				usage();
				exit(1);
			}
			i += 2;
			nmaps++;
		}			
		else if (!strcmp(argv[i], "-a"))
		{
			if ((argc - (i + 1)) < 1)
			{
				usage();
				exit(1);
			}
			mntdir = argv[++i];
		}
		else if (!strcmp(argv[i], "-tl"))
		{
			if ((argc - (i + 1)) < 1)
			{
				usage();
				exit(1);
			}
			GlobalTimeToLive = atoi(argv[++i]);
		}
		else if (!strcmp(argv[i], "-tm"))
		{
			if ((argc - (i + 1)) < 1)
			{
				usage();
				exit(1);
			}
			GlobalMountTimeout = atoi(argv[++i]);
		}
	}

	if (printVers)
	{
		debug = DEBUG_STDERR;
		controller = [[Controller alloc] init:mntdir];
		sys_msg(debug, LOG_DEBUG, "automount version %s", version);
		print_host_info();
		[controller release];
		exit(0);
	}

	if (geteuid() != 0)
	{
		fprintf(stderr, "Must be root to run automount\n");
		exit(1);
	}

	if (debug == DEBUG_STDERR)
	{
		if (debug_proc != 0) debug_proc = DEBUG_STDERR;
		if (debug_mount != 0) debug_mount = DEBUG_STDERR;
		if (debug_select != 0) debug_select = DEBUG_STDERR;
		if (debug_options != 0) debug_options = DEBUG_STDERR;
	}

	timeout.tv_sec = GlobalTimeToLive;
	timeout.tv_usec = 0;

	dot = [String uniqueString:"."];
	dotdot = [String uniqueString:".."];

	if (becomeDaemon)
	{
		signal(SIGTERM, parentexit);
		signal(SIGCHLD, parentexit);

		pid = fork();
		if (pid < 0)
		{
			sys_msg(debug, LOG_ERR, "fork() failed: %s", strerror(errno));
			exit(1);
		}
		else if (pid > 0)
		{
			/* Parent waits for child's signal */
			forever pause();
		}

		/* detach from controlling tty and start a new process group */
		if (setsid() < 0)
		{
			sys_msg(debug, LOG_ERR, "setsid() failed: %s", strerror(errno));
		}

		writepid();
		
		if ((stat(daemon_argv[0], &sb) != 0) || ((sb.st_mode & S_IFMT) != S_IFREG)) {
			daemon_argv[0] = gAutomounterPath;
		};
		result = execv(daemon_argv[0], daemon_argv);
		err(1, "execv() failed");
	}

	rlim.rlim_cur = rlim.rlim_max = RLIM_INFINITY;
	setrlimit(RLIMIT_CORE, &rlim);

	sys_openlog("automount", LOG_NDELAY | LOG_PID, LOG_DAEMON);

	sys_msg(debug, LOG_ERR, "automount version %s", version);

	signal(SIGHUP, reinit);
	signal(SIGUSR2, print_tree);
	signal(SIGINT, shutdown_server_sighandler);
	signal(SIGQUIT, shutdown_server_sighandler);
	signal(SIGTERM, shutdown_server_sighandler);
	signal(SIGCHLD, child_exit);

	/*
	 * Replace stdin, which might be a TTY, with /dev/null to prevent
	 * file systems like SMB from trying to use the terminal during mount:
	 */
	fclose(stdin);
	(void)open("/dev/null", 0, 0);
	
	controller = [[Controller alloc] init:mntdir];
	if (controller == nil)
	{
		sys_msg(debug, LOG_ERR, "Initialization failed!");
		exit(1);
	}

	print_host_info();

	// kick off the "main" cf run loop on it's own thread
	runLoop = systhread_new();
	systhread_run(runLoop, mainRunLoop, NULL);
	systhread_yield();
		
	run_select_loop = 1;
	rpcLoop = systhread_new();
	systhread_run(rpcLoop, select_loop, NULL);
	systhread_yield();

	if (nmaps == 0)
	{
		if ([NIMap loadNetInfoMaps] != 0)
		{
			fprintf(stderr, "No maps to mount!\n");
			if (becomeDaemon || forkedExecution) kill(getppid(), SIGTERM);
			else usage();
			exit(0);
		}
	}

	for (i = 1; i < argc; i++)
	{
		if (!strcmp(argv[i], "-tl")) i++;
		else if (!strcmp(argv[i], "-tm")) i++;
		else if (!strcmp(argv[i], "-m"))
		{
			mapDir = [String uniqueString:argv[i+1]];
			mapName = [String uniqueString:argv[i+2]];
			[controller mountmap:mapName directory:mapDir];
			[mapName release];
			[mapDir release];
			i += 2;
		}
	}

	if (staticMode)
		[[controller rootMap] mount:[[controller rootMap] root] withUid:0];
 	
	run_select_loop = 0;

	while (running_select_loop)
	{
		usleep(1000*100);
	}

	sys_msg(debug, LOG_DEBUG, "Starting service");
	if (becomeDaemon || forkedExecution) kill(getppid(), SIGTERM);

	if (staticMode) auto_run_no_timeout(NULL);
	else auto_run(&timeout);

	shutdown_server(0);
	exit(0);
}