reg_help.h   [plain text]


/*
 * Copyright (c) 1999 Apple Computer, Inc. All rights reserved.
 *
 * @APPLE_LICENSE_HEADER_START@
 * 
 * This file contains Original Code and/or Modifications of Original Code
 * as defined in and that are subject to the Apple Public Source License
 * Version 2.0 (the 'License'). You may not use this file except in
 * compliance with the License. Please obtain a copy of the License at
 * http://www.opensource.apple.com/apsl/ and read it before using this
 * file.
 * 
 * The Original Code and all software distributed under the License are
 * distributed on an 'AS IS' basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER
 * EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, AND APPLE HEREBY DISCLAIMS ALL SUCH WARRANTIES,
 * INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, ANY WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
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/* Copyright (c) 1991 NeXT Computer, Inc.  All rights reserved.
 *
 *	File:	architecture/i386/reg_help.h
 *	Author:	Mike DeMoney, NeXT Computer, Inc.
 *      Modified for i386 by: Bruce Martin, NeXT Computer, Inc.
 *
 *	This header file defines cpp macros useful for defining
 *	machine register and doing machine-level operations.
 *
 * HISTORY
 * 10-Mar-92  Bruce Martin (bmartin@next.com)
 *	Adapted to i386
 * 23-Jan-91  Mike DeMoney (mike@next.com)
 *	Created.
 */

#ifndef	_ARCH_I386_REG_HELP_H_
#define	_ARCH_I386_REG_HELP_H_

/* Bitfield definition aid */
#define	BITS_WIDTH(msb, lsb)	((msb)-(lsb)+1)
#define	BIT_WIDTH(pos)		(1)	/* mostly to record the position */

/* Mask creation */
#define	MKMASK(width, offset)	(((unsigned)-1)>>(32-(width))<<(offset))
#define	BITSMASK(msb, lsb)	MKMASK(BITS_WIDTH(msb, lsb), lsb & 0x1f)
#define	BITMASK(pos)		MKMASK(BIT_WIDTH(pos), pos & 0x1f)

/* Register addresses */
#if	__ASSEMBLER__
# define	REG_ADDR(type, addr)	(addr)
#else	/* __ASSEMBLER__ */
# define	REG_ADDR(type, addr)	(*(volatile type *)(addr))
#endif	/* __ASSEMBLER__ */

/* Cast a register to be an unsigned */
#define	CONTENTS(foo)	(*(unsigned *) &(foo))

/* Stack pointer must always be a multiple of 4 */
#define	STACK_INCR	4
#define	ROUND_FRAME(x)	((((unsigned)(x)) + STACK_INCR - 1) & ~(STACK_INCR-1))

/* STRINGIFY -- perform all possible substitutions, then stringify */
#define	__STR(x)	#x		/* just a helper macro */
#define	STRINGIFY(x)	__STR(x)

/*
 * REG_PAIR_DEF -- define a register pair
 * Register pairs are appropriately aligned to allow access via
 * ld.d and st.d.
 *
 * Usage:
 *	struct foo {
 *		REG_PAIR_DEF(
 *			bar_t *,	barp,
 *			afu_t,		afu
 *		);
 *	};
 *
 * Access to individual entries of the pair is via the REG_PAIR
 * macro (below).
 */
#define	REG_PAIR_DEF(type0, name0, type1, name1)		\
	struct {						\
		type0	name0 __attribute__(( aligned(8) ));	\
		type1	name1;					\
	} name0##_##name1

/*
 * REG_PAIR -- Macro to define names for accessing individual registers
 * of register pairs.
 *
 * Usage:
 *	arg0 is first element of pair
 *	arg1 is second element of pair
 *	arg2 is desired element of pair
 * eg:
 *	#define	foo_barp	REG_PAIR(barp, afu, afu)
 */
#define	REG_PAIR(name0, name1, the_name)			\
	name0##_##name1.the_name

#endif	/* _ARCH_I386_REG_HELP_H_ */