spamc.pod   [plain text]


Copyright 2004 Apache Software Foundation

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.

=head1 NAME

spamc - client for spamd



=item spamc [options] < message



Spamc is the client half of the spamc/spamd pair.  It should be used in place
of C<spamassassin> in scripts to process mail.  It will read the mail from
STDIN, and spool it to its connection to spamd, then read the result back and
print it to STDOUT.  Spamc has extremely low overhead in loading, so it should
be much faster to load than the whole spamassassin program.

See the F<README> file in the F<spamd> directory of the SpamAssassin
distribution for more details.

=head1 OPTIONS

All options detailed below can be passed as command line arguments, or be
contained in a configuration file, as described in the B<CONFIGURATION FILE>
section below.

Note that the long options, a la C<--long-options>, are new as of
SpamAssassin 3.2.0, and were not available in earlier versions.


=item B<-B>, B<--bsmtp>

Assume input is a single BSMTP-formatted message. In other words, spamc will
pull out everything between the DATA line and the lone-dot line to feed to
spamd, and will place the spamd output back in the same envelope (thus, any
SIZE extension in your BSMTP file will cause many problems).

=item B<-c>, B<--check>

Just check if the message is spam or not.  Set process exitcode to 1 if
message is spam, 0 if not spam or processing failure occurs.  Will print
score/threshold to stdout (as ints) or 0/0 if there was an error.
Combining B<-c> and B<-E> is a no-op, since B<-c> implies the behaviour
of B<-E>.

=item B<-d> I<host[,host2]>, B<--dest>=I<host[,host2]>

In TCP/IP mode, connect to spamd server on given host (default: localhost).
Several hosts can be specified if separated by commas.

If I<host> resolves to multiple addresses, then spamc will fail-over to the 
other addresses, if the first one cannot be connected to.  It will first try
all addresses of one host before it tries the next one in the list.
Note that this fail-over behaviour is incompatible with B<-x>; if that
switch is used, fail-over will not occur.

=item B<-e> I<command> I<[args]>, B<--pipe-to> I<command> I<[args]>

Instead of writing to stdout, pipe the output to I<command>'s standard input.
Note that there is a very slight chance mail will be lost here, because if the
fork-and-exec fails there's no place to put the mail message.

Note that this must be the LAST command line option, as everything after the
B<-e> is taken as arguments to the command (it's like I<rxvt> or I<xterm>).

This option is not supported on Win32 platforms.

=item B<-E>, B<--exitcode>

Filter according to the other options, but set the process exitcode to 1 if
message is spam, 0 if not spam or processing failure occurs.

=item B<-F> I</path/to/file>, B<--config>=I<path>

Specify a configuration file to read additional command-line flags from.

=item B<-h>, B<--help>

Print this help message and terminate without action.

=item B<-H>, B<--randomize>

For TCP/IP sockets, randomize the IP addresses returned for the hosts given
by the B<-d> switch. This provides for a simple kind of load balancing.  It
will try only three times though.

=item B<-l>, B<--log-to-stderr>

Send log messages to stderr, instead of to the syslog.

=item B<-L> I<learn type>, B<--learntype>=I<type>

Send message to spamd for learning.  The C<learn type> can be either spam,
ham or forget.  The exitcode for spamc will be set to 5 if the message
was learned, or 6 if it was already learned.

Note that the C<spamd> must run with the C<--allow-tell> option for
this to work.

=item B<-C> I<report type>, B<--reporttype>=I<type>

Report or revoke a message to one of the configured collaborative filtering
databases.  The C<report type> can be either report or revoke.

Note that the C<spamd> must run with the C<--allow-tell> option for
this to work.

=item B<-p> I<port>, B<--port>=I<port>

In TCP/IP mode, connect to spamd server listening on given port 
(default: 783).

=item B<-r>, B<--full-spam>

Just output the SpamAssassin report text to stdout, if the message is
spam.  If the message is ham (non-spam), nothing will be printed.  The
first line of the output is the message score and the threshold, in
this format:


=item B<-R>, B<--full>

Just output the SpamAssassin report text to stdout, for all messages.
See B<-r> for details of the output format used.

=item B<-s> I<max_size>, B<--max-size>=I<max_size>

Set the maximum message size which will be sent to spamd -- any bigger than
this threshold and the message will be returned unprocessed (default: 500 KB).
If spamc gets handed a message bigger than this, it won't be passed to spamd.
The maximum message size is 256 MB.

The size is specified in bytes, as a positive integer greater than 0.
For example, B<-s 500000>. 

=item B<--connect-retries>=I<retries>

Retry connecting to spamd I<retries> times.  The default is 3 times.

=item B<--retry-sleep>=I<sleep>

Sleep for I<sleep> seconds between attempts to connect to spamd.
The default is 1 second.

=item B<-S>, B<--ssl>, B<--ssl>=I<sslversion>

If spamc was built with support for SSL, encrypt data to and from the
spamd process with SSL; spamd must support SSL as well.
I<sslversion> specifies the SSL protocol version to use, one of
C<sslv2>, C<sslv3>, C<tlsv1>, or C<sslv23>. The default, C<sslv23>, causes
spamc to use a SSLv2 hello handshake then negotiate use of SSLv3 or TLSv1
protocol if the spamd server can accept it.

=item B<-t> I<timeout>, B<--timeout>=I<timeout>

Set the timeout for spamc-to-spamd communications (default: 600, 0 disables).
If spamd takes longer than this many seconds to reply to a message, spamc 
will abort the connection and treat this as a failure to connect; in other 
words the message will be returned unprocessed.  

=item B<-u> I<username>, B<--username>=I<username>

To have spamd use per-user-config files, run spamc as the user whose config
files spamd should load; by default the effective user-ID is sent to spamd.  If
you're running spamc as some other user, though, (eg. root, mail, nobody,
cyrus, etc.) then you may use this flag to override the default.

=item B<-U> I<socketpath>, B<--socket>=I<path>

Connect to C<spamd> via UNIX domain socket I<socketpath> instead of a
TCP/IP connection.

This option is not supported on Win32 platforms.

=item B<-V>, B<--version>

Report the version of this C<spamc> client.  If built with SSL support,
an additional line will be included noting this, like so:

  SpamAssassin Client version 3.0.0-rc4
    compiled with SSL support (OpenSSL 0.9.7d 17 Mar 2004)

=item B<-x>, B<--no-safe-fallback>

Disables the 'safe fallback' error-recovery method, which passes through the
unaltered message if an error occurs.  Instead, exit with an error code, and
let the MTA queue up the mails for a retry later.  See also L<"EXIT CODES">.

This also disables the TCP fail-over behaviour from B<-d>.

=item B<-y>, B<--tests>

Just output the names of the tests hit to stdout, on one line, separated
by commas.

=item B<-K>

Perform a keep-alive check of spamd, instead of a full message check.

=item B<-z>

Use gzip compression to compress the mail message sent to C<spamd>. This is
useful for long-distance use of spamc over the internet. Note that this relies
on C<zlib> being installed on the C<spamc> client side, and the
C<Compress::Zlib> perl module on the server side; an error will be returned

=item B<--headers>

Perform a scan, but instead of allowing any part of the message (header and
body) to be rewritten, limit rewriting to only the message headers. This is
much more efficient in bandwidth usage, since the response message transmitted
back from the spamd server will not include the body.

Note that this only makes sense if you are using C<report_safe 0> in the
scanning configuration on the remote end; with C<report_safe 1>, it is
likely to result in corrupt messages.



The above command-line switches can also be loaded from a configuration

The format of the file is similar to the SpamAssassin rules files; blank lines
and lines beginning with C<#> are ignored.  Any space-separated words are
considered additions to the command line, and are prepended. Newlines are
treated as equivalent to spaces. Existing command line switches will override
any settings in the configuration file.

If the B<-F> switch is specified, that file will be used.  Otherwise,
C<spamc> will attempt to load spamc.conf in C<SYSCONFDIR> (default:
/etc/mail/spamassassin). If that file doesn't exist, and the B<-F>
switch is not specified, no configuration file will be read.


    # spamc global configuration file 
    # connect to "", port 783
    -p 783

    # max message size for scanning = 350k
    -s 350000


By default, spamc will use the 'safe fallback' error recovery method.  That 
means, it will always exit with an exit code if C<0>, even if an error was 
encountered.  If any error occurrs, it will simply pass through the unaltered 

The B<-c> and B<-E> options modify this; instead, spamc will use an exit code
of C<1> if the message is determined to be spam.

If the C<-x> option is specified, 'safe fallback' will be disabled, and certain
error conditions related to communication between spamc and spamd will result 
in an error code.  The exit codes used are as follows:

    EX_USAGE        64  command line usage error
    EX_DATAERR      65  data format error       
    EX_NOINPUT      66  cannot open input
    EX_NOUSER       67  addressee unknown
    EX_NOHOST       68  host name unknown
    EX_UNAVAILABLE  69  service unavailable
    EX_SOFTWARE     70  internal software error
    EX_OSERR        71  system error (e.g., can't fork)
    EX_OSFILE       72  critical OS file missing
    EX_CANTCREAT    73  can't create (user) output file
    EX_IOERR        74  input/output error
    EX_TEMPFAIL     75  temp failure; user is invited to retry
    EX_PROTOCOL     76  remote error in protocol
    EX_NOPERM       77  permission denied
    EX_CONFIG       78  configuration error

=head1 SEE ALSO




=head1 AUTHORS

The SpamAssassin(tm) Project <>


SpamAssassin is distributed under the Apache License, Version 2.0, as
described in the file C<LICENSE> included with the distribution.