.\" Copyright (c) 1985, 1991 The Regents of the University of California. .\" All rights reserved. .\" .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software .\" must display the following acknowledgement: .\" This product includes software developed by the University of .\" California, Berkeley and its contributors. .\" 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors .\" may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software .\" without specific prior written permission. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND .\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE .\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE .\" ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE .\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL .\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS .\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) .\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT .\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY .\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF .\" SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" from: @(#)floor.3 6.5 (Berkeley) 4/19/91 .\" $Id: nan.3,v 1.5 2004/12/20 21:35:46 scp Exp $ .\" .Dd July 01, 2008 .Dt NAN 3 .Os .Sh NAME .Nm nan .Nd generate a quiet NaN .Sh SYNOPSIS .Fd #include <math.h> .Ft double .Fn nan "const char *tagp" .Ft long double .Fn nanl "const char *tagp" .Ft float .Fn nanf "const char *tagp" .Sh DESCRIPTION The .Fn nan functions return a quiet NaN, whose trailing fraction field contains the result of converting .Fa tagp to an unsigned integer. If .Fa tagp is too large to be contained in the trailing fraction field of the NaN, then the least significant bits of the integer represented by .Fa tagp are used. .Sh SPECIAL VALUES If .Fa tagp contains any non-numeric characters, the function returns a NaN whos trailing fraction field is zero. .Pp If .Fa tagp is empty, the function returns a NaN whos trailing fraction field is zero. .Sh STANDARDS The .Fn nan functions conform to ISO/IEC 9899:1999(E).