.\" Copyright (c) 1990, 1991, 1993 .\" The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. .\" .\" This code is derived from software contributed to Berkeley by .\" Chris Torek and the American National Standards Committee X3, .\" on Information Processing Systems. .\" .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software .\" must display the following acknowledgement: .\" This product includes software developed by the University of .\" California, Berkeley and its contributors. .\" 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors .\" may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software .\" without specific prior written permission. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND .\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE .\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE .\" ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE .\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL .\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS .\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) .\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT .\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY .\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF .\" SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" @(#)fgets.3 8.1 (Berkeley) 6/4/93 .\" FreeBSD: src/lib/libc/stdio/fgets.3,v 1.16 2002/05/31 05:01:17 archie Exp .\" $FreeBSD: src/lib/libc/stdio/fgetws.3,v 1.3 2003/03/09 02:56:54 tjr Exp $ .\" .Dd August 6, 2002 .Dt FGETWS 3 .Os .Sh NAME .Nm fgetws , .Nm fgetws_l .Nd get a line of wide characters from a stream .Sh LIBRARY .Lb libc .Sh SYNOPSIS .In stdio.h .In wchar.h .Ft "wchar_t *" .Fo fgetws .Fa "wchar_t *restrict ws" .Fa "int n" .Fa "FILE *restrict stream" .Fc .In stdio.h .In wchar.h .In xlocale.h .Ft "wchar_t *" .Fo fgetws_l .Fa "wchar_t *restrict ws" .Fa "int n" .Fa "FILE *restrict stream" .Fa "locale_t loc" .Fc .Sh DESCRIPTION The .Fn fgetws function reads at most one less than the number of characters specified by .Fa n from the given .Fa stream and stores them in the wide character string .Fa ws . Reading stops when a newline character is found, at end-of-file or error. The newline, if any, is retained. If any characters are read and there is no error, a .Ql \e0 character is appended to end the string. .Pp While the .Fn fgetws function uses the current locale, the .Fn fgetws_l function may be passed a locale directly. See .Xr xlocale 3 for more information. .Sh RETURN VALUES Upon successful completion, .Fn fgetws returns .Fa ws . If end-of-file occurs before any characters are read, .Fn fgetws returns .Dv NULL and the buffer contents remain unchanged. If an error occurs, .Fn fgetws returns .Dv NULL and the buffer contents are indeterminate. The .Fn fgetws function does not distinguish between end-of-file and error; callers must use .Xr feof 3 and .Xr ferror 3 to determine which occurred. .Sh ERRORS The .Fn fgetws function will fail if: .Bl -tag -width Er .It Bq Er EBADF The given .Fa stream argument is not a readable stream. .It Bq Er EILSEQ The data obtained from the input stream does not form a valid multibyte character. .El .Pp The function .Fn fgetws may also fail and set .Va errno for any of the errors specified for the routines .Xr fflush 3 , .Xr fstat 2 , .Xr read 2 , or .Xr malloc 3 . .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr feof 3 , .Xr ferror 3 , .Xr fgets 3 , .Xr xlocale 3 .Sh STANDARDS The .Fn fgetws function conforms to .St -p1003.1-2001 .