.\" Copyright (c) 1993 .\" The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. .\" .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software .\" must display the following acknowledgement: .\" This product includes software developed by the University of .\" California, Berkeley and its contributors. .\" 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors .\" may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software .\" without specific prior written permission. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND .\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE .\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE .\" ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE .\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL .\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS .\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) .\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT .\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY .\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF .\" SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" @(#)devname.3 8.2 (Berkeley) 4/29/95 .\" $FreeBSD: src/lib/libc/gen/devname.3,v 1.11 2001/10/01 16:08:50 ru Exp $ .\" .Dd October 25, 2004 .Dt DEVNAME 3 .Os .Sh NAME .Nm devname , .Nm devname_r .Nd get device name .Sh LIBRARY .Lb libc .Sh SYNOPSIS .In sys/stat.h .In stdlib.h .Ft char * .Fo devname .Fa "dev_t dev" .Fa "mode_t type" .Fc .Ft char * .Fo devname_r .Fa "dev_t dev" .Fa "mode_t type" .Fa "char *buf" .Fa "int len" .Fc .Sh DESCRIPTION The .Fn devname function returns a pointer to the name of the block or character device in .Dq Pa /dev with a device number of .Fa dev , and a file type matching the one encoded in .Fa type which must be one of .Dv S_IFBLK or .Dv S_IFCHR . If no device matches the specified values, or no information is available, NULL is returned. .Pp The .Fn devname function uses a static buffer, which will be overwritten on subsequent calls. The .Fn devname_r functions takes a buffer and length as arguments to avoid this problem. .Pp The traditional display for applications when no device is found is the string .Dq ?? . .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr stat 2 , .Xr dev_mkdb 8 .Sh HISTORY The .Fn devname function call appeared in .Bx 4.4 .