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IN NO EVENT SHALL THE INSTITUTE OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE .\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL .\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS .\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) .\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT .\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY .\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF .\" SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" $Id$ .Dd August 6, 1997 .Dt KRB5_OPENLOG 3 .Os HEIMDAL .Sh NAME .Nm krb5_initlog , .Nm krb5_openlog , .Nm krb5_closelog , .Nm krb5_addlog_dest , .Nm krb5_addlog_func , .Nm krb5_log , .Nm krb5_vlog , .Nm krb5_log_msg , .Nm krb5_vlog_msg .Nd Heimdal logging functions .Sh LIBRARY Kerberos 5 Library (libkrb5, -lkrb5) .Sh SYNOPSIS .In krb5.h .Ft "typedef void" .Fn "\*(lp*krb5_log_log_func_t\*(rp" "const char *time" "const char *message" "void *data" .Ft "typedef void" .Fn "\*(lp*krb5_log_close_func_t\*(rp" "void *data" .Ft krb5_error_code .Fn krb5_addlog_dest "krb5_context context" "krb5_log_facility *facility" "const char *destination" .Ft krb5_error_code .Fn krb5_addlog_func "krb5_context context" "krb5_log_facility *facility" "int min" "int max" "krb5_log_log_func_t log" "krb5_log_close_func_t close" "void *data" .Ft krb5_error_code .Fn krb5_closelog "krb5_context context" "krb5_log_facility *facility" .Ft krb5_error_code .Fn krb5_initlog "krb5_context context" "const char *program" "krb5_log_facility **facility" .Ft krb5_error_code .Fn krb5_log "krb5_context context" "krb5_log_facility *facility" "int level" "const char *format" "..." .Ft krb5_error_code .Fn krb5_log_msg "krb5_context context" "krb5_log_facility *facility" "char **reply" "int level" "const char *format" "..." .Ft krb5_error_code .Fn krb5_openlog "krb5_context context" "const char *program" "krb5_log_facility **facility" .Ft krb5_error_code .Fn krb5_vlog "krb5_context context" "krb5_log_facility *facility" "int level" "const char *format" "va_list arglist" .Ft krb5_error_code .Fn krb5_vlog_msg "krb5_context context" "krb5_log_facility *facility" "char **reply" "int level" "const char *format" "va_list arglist" .Sh DESCRIPTION These functions logs messages to one or more destinations. .Pp The .Fn krb5_openlog function creates a logging .Fa facility , that is used to log messages. A facility consists of one or more destinations (which can be files or syslog or some other device). The .Fa program parameter should be the generic name of the program that is doing the logging. This name is used to lookup which destinations to use. This information is contained in the .Li logging section of the .Pa krb5.conf configuration file. If no entry is found for .Fa program , the entry for .Li default is used, or if that is missing too, .Li SYSLOG will be used as destination. .Pp To close a logging facility, use the .Fn krb5_closelog function. .Pp To log a message to a facility use one of the functions .Fn krb5_log , .Fn krb5_log_msg , .Fn krb5_vlog , or .Fn krb5_vlog_msg . The functions ending in .Li _msg return in .Fa reply a pointer to the message that just got logged. This string is allocated, and should be freed with .Fn free . The .Fa format is a standard .Fn printf style format string (but see the BUGS section). .Pp If you want better control of where things gets logged, you can instead of using .Fn krb5_openlog call .Fn krb5_initlog , which just initializes a facility, but doesn't define any actual logging destinations. You can then add destinations with the .Fn krb5_addlog_dest and .Fn krb5_addlog_func functions. The first of these takes a string specifying a logging destination, and adds this to the facility. If you want to do some non-standard logging you can use the .Fn krb5_addlog_func function, which takes a function to use when logging. The .Fa log function is called for each message with .Fa time being a string specifying the current time, and .Fa message the message to log. .Fa close is called when the facility is closed. You can pass application specific data in the .Fa data parameter. The .Fa min and .Fa max parameter are the same as in a destination (defined below). To specify a max of infinity, pass -1. .Pp .Fn krb5_openlog calls .Fn krb5_initlog and then calls .Fn krb5_addlog_dest for each destination found. .Ss Destinations The defined destinations (as specified in .Pa krb5.conf ) follows: .Bl -tag -width "xxx" -offset indent .It Li STDERR This logs to the program's stderr. .It Li FILE: Ns Pa /file .It Li FILE= Ns Pa /file Log to the specified file. The form using a colon appends to the file, the form with an equal truncates the file. The truncating form keeps the file open, while the appending form closes it after each log message (which makes it possible to rotate logs). The truncating form is mainly for compatibility with the MIT libkrb5. .It Li DEVICE= Ns Pa /device This logs to the specified device, at present this is the same as .Li FILE:/device . .It Li CONSOLE Log to the console, this is the same as .Li DEVICE=/dev/console . .It Li SYSLOG Ns Op :priority Ns Op :facility Send messages to the syslog system, using priority, and facility. To get the name for one of these, you take the name of the macro passed to .Xr syslog 3 , and remove the leading .Li LOG_ .No ( Li LOG_NOTICE becomes .Li NOTICE ) . The default values (as well as the values used for unrecognised values), are .Li ERR , and .Li AUTH , respectively. See .Xr syslog 3 for a list of priorities and facilities. .El .Pp Each destination may optionally be prepended with a range of logging levels, specified as .Li min-max/ . If the .Fa level parameter to .Fn krb5_log is within this range (inclusive) the message gets logged to this destination, otherwise not. Either of the min and max valued may be omitted, in this case min is assumed to be zero, and max is assumed to be infinity. If you don't include a dash, both min and max gets set to the specified value. If no range is specified, all messages gets logged. .Sh EXAMPLES .Bd -literal -offset indent [logging] kdc = 0/FILE:/var/log/kdc.log kdc = 1-/SYSLOG:INFO:USER default = STDERR .Ed .Pp This will log all messages from the .Nm kdc program with level 0 to .Pa /var/log/kdc.log , other messages will be logged to syslog with priority .Li LOG_INFO , and facility .Li LOG_USER . All other programs will log all messages to their stderr. .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr syslog 3 , .Xr krb5.conf 5 .Sh BUGS These functions use .Fn asprintf to format the message. If your operating system does not have a working .Fn asprintf , a replacement will be used. At present this replacement does not handle some correct conversion specifications (like floating point numbers). Until this is fixed, the use of these conversions should be avoided. .Pp If logging is done to the syslog facility, these functions might not be thread-safe, depending on the implementation of .Fn openlog , and .Fn syslog .