INSTALLx.txt - cross-compiling Vim on Unix Content: 1. Introduction 2. Necessary arguments for "configure" 3. Necessary environment variables for "configure" 4. Example 1. INTRODUCTION =============== This document discusses cross-compiling VIM on Unix-like systems. We assume you are already familiar with cross-compiling and have a working cross-compile environment with at least the following components: * a cross-compiler * a libc to link against * ncurses library to link against Discussing how to set up a cross-compile environment would go beyond the scope of this document. See http://www.kegel.com/crosstool/ for more information and a script that aids in setting up such an environment. The problem is that "configure" needs to compile and run small test programs to check for certain features. Running these test programs can't be done when cross-compiling so we need to pass the results these checks would produce via environment variables. See the list of variables and the examples at the end of this document. 2. NECESSARY ARGUMENTS FOR "configure" ====================================== You need to set the following "configure" command line switches: --build=... : The build system (i.e. the platform name of the system you compile on right now). For example, "i586-linux". --host=... : The system on which VIM will be run. Quite often this the name of your cross-compiler without the "-gcc". For example, "powerpc-603-linux-gnu". --target=... : Only relevant for compiling compilers. Set this to the same value as --host. --with-tlib=... : Which terminal library to use. For example, "ncurses". 3. NECESSARY ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES FOR "configure" ================================================== Additionally to the variables listed here you might want to set the CPPFLAGS environment variable to enable optimization for your target system (e.g. "CPPFLAGS=-march=arm5te"). The following variables need to be set: ac_cv_sizeof_int: The size of an "int" C type in bytes. Should be "4" on all 32bit machines. vi_cv_path_python_conf: If Python support is enabled, set this variable to the path for Python's library implementation. This is a path like "/usr/lib/pythonX.Y/config" (the directory contains a file "config.c"). vi_cv_var_python_epfx: If Python support is enabled, set this variable to the execution prefix of your Python interpreter (that is, where it thinks it is running). This is the output of the following Python script: import sys; print sys.exec_prefix vi_cv_var_python_pfx: If Python support is enabled, set this variable to the prefix of your Python interpreter (that is, where it was installed). This is the output of the following Python script: import sys; print sys.prefix vi_cv_var_python_version: If Python support is enabled, set this variable to the version of the Python interpreter that will be used. This is the output of the following Python script: import sys; print sys.version[:3] vim_cv_bcopy_handles_overlap: Whether the "memmove" C library call is able to copy overlapping memory regions. Set to "yes" if it does or "no" if it does not. You only need to set this if vim_cv_memmove_handles_overlap is set to "no". vim_cv_getcwd_broken: Whether the "getcwd" C library call is broken. Set to "yes" if you know that "getcwd" is implemented as 'system("sh -c pwd")', set to "no" otherwise. vim_cv_memcpy_handles_overlap: Whether the "memcpy" C library call is able to copy overlapping memory regions. Set to "yes" if it does or "no" if it does not. You only need to set this if both vim_cv_memmove_handles_overlap and vim_cv_bcopy_handles_overlap are set to "no". vim_cv_memmove_handles_overlap: Whether the "memmove" C library call is able to copy overlapping memory regions. Set to "yes" if it does or "no" if it does not. vim_cv_stat_ignores_slash: Whether the "stat" C library call ignores trailing slashes in the path name. Set to "yes" if it ignores them or "no" if it does not ignore them. vim_cv_tgetent: Whether the "tgetent" terminal library call returns a zero or non-zero value when it encounters an unknown terminal. Set to either the string "zero" or "non-zero", corresponding. vim_cv_terminfo: Whether the environment has terminfo support. Set to "yes" if so, otherwise set to "no". vim_cv_toupper_broken: Whether the "toupper" C library function works correctly. Set to "yes" if you know it's broken, otherwise set to "no". vim_cv_tty_group: The default group of pseudo terminals. Either set to the numeric value of your tty group or to "world" if they are world accessible. vim_cv_tty_mode: The default mode of pseudo terminals if they are not world accessible. Most probably the value "0620". 4. EXAMPLE: =========== Assuming the target system string is "armeb-xscale-linux-gnu" (a Intel XScale system) with glibc and ncurses, the call to configure would look like this: ac_cv_sizeof_int=4 \ vim_cv_getcwd_broken=no \ vim_cv_memmove_handles_overlap=yes \ vim_cv_stat_ignores_slash=yes \ vim_cv_tgetent=zero \ vim_cv_terminfo=yes \ vim_cv_toupper_broken=no \ vim_cv_tty_group=world \ ./configure \ --build=i586-linux \ --host=armeb-xscale-linux-gnu \ --target=armeb-xscale-linux-gnu \ --with-tlib=ncurses Written 2007 by Marc Haisenko <email@example.com> for the VIM project.