.\" $NetBSD: mount_msdos.8,v 1.13 1998/02/06 05:57:00 perry Exp $ .\" .\" Copyright (c) 1993,1994 Christopher G. Demetriou .\" All rights reserved. .\" .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software .\" must display the following acknowledgment: .\" This product includes software developed by Christopher G. Demetriou. .\" 3. The name of the author may not be used to endorse or promote products .\" derived from this software without specific prior written permission .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR .\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES .\" OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. .\" IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, .\" INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT .\" NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, .\" DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY .\" THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT .\" (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF .\" THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" $FreeBSD: src/sbin/mount_msdos/mount_msdos.8,v 1.19 2000/03/01 11:27:14 sheldonh Exp $ .\" .Dd April 7, 1994 .Dt MOUNT_MSDOS 8 .Os .Sh NAME .Nm mount_msdos .Nd mount an MS-DOS file system .Sh SYNOPSIS .Nm mount_msdos .Op Fl o Ar options .Op Fl u Ar uid .Op Fl g Ar gid .Op Fl m Ar mask .Op Fl s .Op Fl l .Op Fl 9 .\".Op Fl G .Op Fl L Ar locale .Op Fl W Ar table .Pa special .Pa node .Sh DESCRIPTION The .Nm command attaches the MS-DOS filesystem residing on the device .Pa special to the global filesystem namespace at the location indicated by .Pa node . This command is normally executed by .Xr mount 8 at boot time, but can be used by any user to mount an MS-DOS file system on any directory that they own (provided, of course, that they have appropriate access to the device that contains the file system). .Pp The options are as follows: .Bl -tag -width Ds .It Fl o Ar options Use the specified mount .Ar options , as described in .Xr mount 8 , or one of the MSDOS filesystem-specific options .Ar shortnames , .Ar longnames or .Ar nowin95 , all of which can be used to affect Windows name translation in the underlying filesystem. .It Fl u Ar uid Set the owner of the files in the file system to .Ar uid . The default owner is the owner of the directory on which the file system is being mounted. .It Fl g Ar gid Set the group of the files in the file system to .Ar gid . The default group is the group of the directory on which the file system is being mounted. .It Fl m Ar mask Specify the maximum file permissions for files in the file system. (For example, a .Ar mask of .Li 755 specifies that, by default, the owner should have read, write, and execute permissions for files, but others should only have read and execute permissions. See .Xr chmod 1 for more information about octal file modes.) Only the nine low-order bits of .Ar mask are used. The default .Ar mask is taken from the directory on which the file system is being mounted. .It Fl s Force behaviour to ignore and not generate Win'95 long filenames. .It Fl l Force listing and generation of Win'95 long filenames and separate creation/modification/access dates. .Pp If neither .Fl s nor .Fl l are given, .Nm searches the root directory of the filesystem to be mounted for any existing Win'95 long filenames. If no such entries are found, but short DOS filenames are found, .Fl s is the default. Otherwise .Fl l is assumed. .It Fl 9 Ignore the special Win'95 directory entries even if deleting or renaming a file. This forces .Fl s . .\".It Fl G .\"This option causes the filesystem to be interpreted as an Atari-Gemdos .\"filesystem. The differences to the MS-DOS filesystem are minimal and .\"limited to the boot block. This option enforces .\".Fl s . .It Fl L Ar locale Specify locale name used for internal uppercase and lowercase conversions for DOS and Win'95 names. By default ISO 8859-1 assumed as local character set. .It Fl W Ar table Specify text file with 3 conversion tables: .Bl -enum .It Local character set to Unicode conversion table (upper half) for Win'95 long names, 128 Unicode codes separated by 8 per row. If some code not present in Unicode, use 0x003F code ('?') as replacement. .It DOS to local character set conversion table (upper half) for DOS names, 128 character codes separated by 8 per row. Code 0x3F ('?') used for impossible translations. .It Local character set to DOS conversion table (upper half) for DOS names, 128 character codes separated by 8 per row. Some codes have special meaning: .Bl -hang .It 0x00 character disallowed in DOS file name; .It 0x01 character should be replaced by '_' in DOS file name; .It 0x02 character should be skipped in DOS file name; .El .El .Pp By default ISO 8859-1 assumed as local character set. If file path isn't absolute, .Pa /usr/libdata/msdosfs/ prefix prepended. .El .Sh FILES .Bl -tag -width /usr/libdata/msdosfs -compact .It Pa /usr/libdata/msdosfs default place for character sets conversion tables .El .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr mount 2 , .Xr unmount 2 , .Xr fstab 5 , .Xr mount 8 .Sh CAVEATS The use of the .Fl 9 flag could result in damaged filesystems, albeit the damage is in part taken care of by procedures similar to the ones used in Win'95. .Pp .Fx 2.1 and earlier versions could not handle cluster sizes larger than 16K. Just mounting an MS-DOS file system could cause corruption to any mounted file system. Cluster sizes larger than 16K are unavoidable for file system sizes larger than 1G, and also occur when filesystems larger than 1G are shrunk to smaller than 1G using FIPS. .Sh HISTORY The .Nm utility first appeared in .Fx 2.0 . Its predecessor, the .Nm mount_pcfs utility appeared in .Fx 1.0 , and was abandoned in favor of the more aptly-named .Nm Ns .