make-temp-file.c   [plain text]

/* Utility to pick a temporary filename prefix.
   Copyright (C) 1996, 1997, 1998, 2001 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

This file is part of the libiberty library.
Libiberty is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
modify it under the terms of the GNU Library General Public
License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

Libiberty is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
Library General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU Library General Public
License along with libiberty; see the file COPYING.LIB.  If not,
write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.  */

#include "config.h"

#include <stdio.h>	/* May get P_tmpdir.  */
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/file.h>   /* May get R_OK, etc. on some systems.  */

#ifndef R_OK
#define R_OK 4
#define W_OK 2
#define X_OK 1

#include "libiberty.h"
extern int mkstemps PARAMS ((char *, int));

/* '/' works just fine on MS-DOS based systems.  */
#define DIR_SEPARATOR '/'

/* Name of temporary file.
   mktemp requires 6 trailing X's.  */
#define TEMP_FILE "ccXXXXXX"
#define TEMP_FILE_LEN (sizeof(TEMP_FILE) - 1)

/* Subroutine of choose_tmpdir.
   If BASE is non-NULL, return it.
   Otherwise it checks if DIR is a usable directory.
   If success, DIR is returned.
   Otherwise NULL is returned.  */

static inline const char *try PARAMS ((const char *, const char *));

static inline const char *
try (dir, base)
     const char *dir, *base;
  if (base != 0)
    return base;
  if (dir != 0
      && access (dir, R_OK | W_OK | X_OK) == 0)
    return dir;
  return 0;

static const char tmp[] = { DIR_SEPARATOR, 't', 'm', 'p', 0 };
static const char usrtmp[] =
{ DIR_SEPARATOR, 'u', 's', 'r', DIR_SEPARATOR, 't', 'm', 'p', 0 };
static const char vartmp[] =
{ DIR_SEPARATOR, 'v', 'a', 'r', DIR_SEPARATOR, 't', 'm', 'p', 0 };

static char *memoized_tmpdir;


@deftypefn Replacement char* choose_tmpdir ()

Returns a pointer to a directory path suitable for creating temporary
files in.

@end deftypefn


char *
choose_tmpdir ()
  const char *base = 0;
  char *tmpdir;
  unsigned int len;

  if (memoized_tmpdir)
    return memoized_tmpdir;

  base = try (getenv ("TMPDIR"), base);
  base = try (getenv ("TMP"), base);
  base = try (getenv ("TEMP"), base);

#ifdef P_tmpdir
  base = try (P_tmpdir, base);

  /* Try /var/tmp, /usr/tmp, then /tmp.  */
  base = try (vartmp, base);
  base = try (usrtmp, base);
  base = try (tmp, base);
  /* If all else fails, use the current directory!  */
  if (base == 0)
    base = ".";

  /* Append DIR_SEPARATOR to the directory we've chosen
     and return it.  */
  len = strlen (base);
  tmpdir = xmalloc (len + 2);
  strcpy (tmpdir, base);
  tmpdir[len] = DIR_SEPARATOR;
  tmpdir[len+1] = '\0';

  memoized_tmpdir = tmpdir;
  return tmpdir;


@deftypefn Replacement char* make_temp_file (const char *@var{suffix})

Return a temporary file name (as a string) or @code{NULL} if unable to
create one.  @var{suffix} is a suffix to append to the file name.  The
string is @code{malloc}ed, and the temporary file has been created.

@end deftypefn


char *
make_temp_file (suffix)
     const char *suffix;
  const char *base = choose_tmpdir ();
  char *temp_filename;
  int base_len, suffix_len;
  int fd;

  if (suffix == 0)
    suffix = "";

  base_len = strlen (base);
  suffix_len = strlen (suffix);

  temp_filename = xmalloc (base_len
			   + suffix_len + 1);
  strcpy (temp_filename, base);
  strcpy (temp_filename + base_len, TEMP_FILE);
  strcpy (temp_filename + base_len + TEMP_FILE_LEN, suffix);

  fd = mkstemps (temp_filename, suffix_len);
  /* If mkstemps failed, then something bad is happening.  Maybe we should
     issue a message about a possible security attack in progress?  */
  if (fd == -1)
    abort ();
  /* Similarly if we can not close the file.  */
  if (close (fd))
    abort ();
  return temp_filename;