NOTES   [plain text]

Platform-Specific Configuration and Operation Notes

1.  configure --without-gnu-malloc on:

	alpha running OSF/1, Linux, or NetBSD (malloc needs 8-byte alignment;
	bash malloc has 8-byte alignment now, but I have no alphas to test on)

	next running NeXT/OS

	all machines running SunOS YP code: SunOS4, SunOS5, HP/UX, if you
	have problems with username completion or tilde expansion for
	usernames found via YP/NIS

	linux (optional, but don't do it if you're using Doug Lea's malloc)

	QNX 4.2
	other OSF/1 machines (KSR/1, HP, IBM AIX/ESA)
	sparc SVR4, SVR4.2 (ICL reference port)

	NetBSD/sparc (malloc needs 8-byte alignment; bash malloc has 8-byte
	alignment now, but I have no NetBSD machines to test on)

	BSD/OS 2.1, 3.x if you want to use loadable builtins

	Motorola m68k machines running System V.3.  There is a file descriptor
	leak caused by using the bash malloc because closedir(3) needs to read
	freed memory to find the file descriptor to close

2.  Configure using shlicc2 on BSD/OS 2.1 and BSD/OS 3.x to use loadable

3.  Bash cannot be built in a directory separate from the source directory
    using configure --srcdir=... unless the version of `make' you're using
    does $VPATH handling right.  The script support/mkclone can be used to
    create a `build tree' using symlinks to get around this.

4.  I've had reports that username completion (as well as tilde expansion
    and \u prompt expansion) does not work on IRIX 5.3 when linking with
    -lnsl.  This is only a problem when you're running NIS, since
    apparently -lnsl supports only /etc/passwd and not the NIS functions
    for retrieving usernames and passwords.  Editing the Makefile after
    configure runs and removing the `-lnsl' from the assignment to `LIBS'
    fixes the problem.

5.  There is a problem with the `makewhatis' script in older (pre-7.0)
    versions of Red Hat Linux.  Running `makewhatis' with bash-2.0 or
    later versions results in error messages like this:

    /usr/sbin/makewhatis: cd: manpath: No such file or directory
    /usr/sbin/makewhatis: manpath/whatis: No such file or directory
    chmod: manpath/whatis: No such file or directory
    /usr/sbin/makewhatis: cd: catpath: No such file or directory
    /usr/sbin/makewhatis: catpath/whatis: No such file or directory
    chmod: catpath/whatis: No such file or directory

    The problem is with `makewhatis'.  Red Hat (and possibly other
    Linux distributors) uses a construct like this in the code:

        eval path=$"$pages"path

    to do indirect variable expansion.  This `happened to work' in
    bash-1.14 and previous versions, but that was more an accident
    of implementation than anything else -- it was never supported
    and certainly is not portable.

    Bash-2.0 has a new feature that gives a new meaning to $"...".
    This is explained more completely in item 1 in the COMPAT file.

    The three lines in the `makewhatis' script that need to be changed
    look like this:

             eval $topath=$"$topath":$name
       eval path=$"$pages"path
    eval path=$"$pages"path

    The portable way to write this code is

             eval $topath="\$$topath":$name
       eval path="\$$pages"path
    eval path="\$$pages"path

    You could also experiment with another new bash feature: ${!var}.
    This does indirect variable expansion, making the use of eval

6.  There is a problem with syslogd on many Linux distributions (Red Hat
    and Slackware are two that I have received reports about).  syslogd
    sends a SIGINT to its parent process, which is waiting for the daemon
    to finish its initialization.  The parent process then dies due to
    the SIGINT, and bash reports it, causing unexpected console output
    while the system is booting that looks something like

	starting daemons: syslogd/etc/rc.d/rc.M: line 29: 38 Interrupt ${NET}/syslogd

    Bash-2.0 reports events such as processes dying in scripts due to
    signals when the standard output is a tty.  Bash-1.14.x and previous
    versions did not report such events.

    This should probably be reported as a bug to whatever Linux distributor
    people see the problem on.  In my opinion, syslogd should be changed to
    use some other method of communication, or the wrapper function (which
    appeared to be `daemon' when I looked at it some time ago) or script
    (which appeared to be `syslog') should catch SIGINT, since it's an
    expected event, and exit cleanly.

7.  Several people have reported that `dip' (a program for SLIP/PPP
    on Linux) does not work with bash-2.0 installed as /bin/sh.

    I don't run any Linux boxes myself, and do not have the dip
    code handy to look at, but the `problem' with bash-2.0, as
    it has been related to me, is that bash requires the `-p'
    option to be supplied at invocation if it is to run setuid
    or setgid. 

    This means, among other things, that setuid or setgid programs
    which call system(3) (a horrendously bad practice in any case)
    relinquish their setuid/setgid status in the child that's forked
    to execute /bin/sh. 

    The following is an *unofficial* patch to bash-2.0 that causes it
    to not require `-p' to run setuid or setgid if invoked as `sh'.
    It has been reported to work on Linux.  It will make your system
    vulnerable to bogus system(3) calls in setuid executables.

--- ../bash-2.0.orig/shell.c    Wed Dec 18 14:16:30 1996
+++ shell.c     Fri Mar  7 13:12:03 1997
@@ -347,7 +347,7 @@
   if (posixly_correct)
     posix_initialize (posixly_correct);

-  if (running_setuid && privileged_mode == 0)
+  if (running_setuid && privileged_mode == 0 && act_like_sh == 0)
     disable_priv_mode ();

   /* Need to get the argument to a -c option processed in the

8.  Some people have asked about binding all of the keys in a PC-keyboard-
    style numeric keypad to readline functions.  Here's something I
    received from the gnu-win32 list that may help.  Insert the following
    lines into ~/.inputrc:

# home key
# insert key
# del key
# end key
# pgup key
# pgdn key

9.  Hints for building under Minix 2.0 (Contributed by Terry R. McConnell,

   The version of /bin/sh distributed with Minix is not up to the job of
   running the configure script. The easiest solution is to swap /bin/sh
   with /usr/bin/ash. Then use chmem(1) to increase the memory allocated
   to /bin/sh. The following settings are known to work:

   text         data     bss   stack  memory
   63552  9440          3304   65536  141832  /bin/sh

   If you have problems with make or yacc it may be worthwhile first to
   install the GNU versions of these utilities before attempting to build
   bash. (As of this writing, all of these utilities are available for the
   i386 as pre-built binaries via anonymous ftp at in the
   pub/mcconnell/minix directory. Note that the GNU version of yacc is called

   Unless you want to see lots of warnings about old-style declarations,
   do LOCAL_CFLAGS=-wo; export LOCAL_CFLAGS before running configure.
   (These warnings are harmless, but annoying.)

   configure will insist that you supply a host type. For example, do
   ./configure --host=i386-pc-minix.

   Minix does not support the system calls required for a proper 
   implementation of ulimit().  The `ulimit' builtin will not be available.

   Configure will fail to notice that many things like uid_t are indeed
   typedef'd in <sys/types.h>, because it uses egrep for this purpose
   and minix has no egrep. You could try making a link /usr/bin/egrep -->
   /usr/bin/grep. Better is to install the GNU version of grep in
   /usr/local/bin and make the link /usr/local/bin/egrep -->/usr/local/bin/grep.
   (These must be hard links, of course, since Minix does not support
   symbolic links.)

   You will see many warnings of the form:
   warning: unknown s_type: 98
   I have no idea what this means, but it doesn't seem to matter.

10. If you do not have /usr/ccs/bin in your PATH when building on SunOS 5.x
    (Solaris 2), the configure script will be unable to find `ar' and
    `ranlib' (of course, ranlib is unnecessary).  Make sure your $PATH
    includes /usr/ccs/bin on SunOS 5.x.  This generally manifests itself
    with libraries not being built and make reporting errors like
    `cr: not found' when library construction is attempted.

11. Building a statically-linked bash on Solaris 2.5.x, 2.6, 7, or 8 is

    It's not possible to build a completely statically-linked binary, since
    part of the C library depends on dynamic linking.  The following recipe
    assumes that you're using gcc and the Solaris ld (/usr/ccs/bin/ld) on
    Solaris 2.5.x or 2.6:

	configure --enable-static-link
	make STATIC_LD= LOCAL_LIBS='-Wl,-B,dynamic -ldl -Wl,-B,static'

    This should result in a bash binary that depends only on

	thor(2)$ ldd bash =>    /usr/lib/

    If you're using the Sun C Compiler (Sun WorkShop C Compiler version
    4.2 was what I used), you should be able to get away with using

	configure --enable-static-link
	make STATIC_LD=  LOCAL_LIBS='-B dynamic -ldl -B static'

    If you want to completely remove any dependence on /usr, perhaps
    to put a copy of bash in /sbin and have it available when /usr is
    not mounted, force the build process to use the shared library
    in /etc/lib.

    For gcc, this would be something like

	configure --enable-static-link
	make STATIC_LD= LOCAL_LIBS='-Wl,-B,dynamic -Wl,-R/etc/lib -ldl -Wl,-B,static'

    For Sun's WS4.2 cc

	configure --enable-static-link
	make STATIC_LD=  LOCAL_LIBS='-B dynamic -R/etc/lib -ldl -B static'

    seems to work, at least on Solaris 2.5.1:

	thor(2)$ ldd bash =>    /etc/lib/

    On Solaris 7 (Solaris 8, using the version of gcc on the free software
    CD-ROM), the following recipe appears to work for gcc:

	configure --enable-static-link
	make STATIC_LD='-Wl,-Bstatic' LOCAL_LIBS='-Wl,-Bdynamic -Wl,-R/etc/lib -ldl -Wl,-Bstatic'$ ldd bash =>    /etc/lib/

    Make the analogous changes if you are running Sun's C Compiler.

    I have received word that adding -L/etc/lib (or the equivalent
    -Wl,-L/etc/lib) might also be necessary, in addition to the -R/etc/lib.

    On later versions of Solaris, it may be necessary to add -lnsl before
    -ldl; statically-linked versions of bash using libnsl are not guaranteed
    to work correctly on future versions of Solaris.

12. Configuring bash to build it in a cross environment.  Currently only
    two native versions can be compiled this way, cygwin32 and x86 BeOS.
    For BeOS, you would configure it like this:

	export RANLIB=i586-beos-ranlib
	export AR=i586-beos-ar
	export CC=i586-beos-gcc
	configure i586-beos

    Similarly for cygwin32.

13. Bash-2.05 has reverted to the bash-2.03 behavior of honoring the current
    locale setting when processing ranges within pattern matching bracket
    expressions ([A-Z]).  This is what POSIX.2 and SUSv2 specify.

    The behavior of the matcher in bash-2.05 depends on the current LC_COLLATE
    setting.  Setting this variable to `C' or `POSIX' will result in the
    traditional behavior ([A-Z] matches all uppercase ASCII characters).
    Many other locales, including the en_US locale (the default on many US
    versions of Linux) collate the upper and lower case letters like this:


    which means that [A-Z] matches every letter except `z'.

    The portable way to specify upper case letters is [:upper:] instead of
    A-Z; lower case may be specified as [:lower:] instead of a-z.

    Look at the manual pages for setlocale(3), strcoll(3), and, if it is
    present, locale(1).  If you have locale(1), you can use it to find
    your current locale information even if you do not have any of the
    LC_ variables set.

    My advice is to put

        export LC_COLLATE=C

    into /etc/profile and inspect any shell scripts run from cron for
    constructs like [A-Z].  This will prevent things like

	rm [A-Z]*

    from removing every file in the current directory except those beginning
    with `z' and still allow individual users to change the collation order.
    Users may put the above command into their own profiles as well, of course.

14. Building on Interix (nee OpenNT), which Microsoft bought from Softway
    Systems and has seemingly abandoned (thanks to Kevin Moore for this item).

	1.  cp cross-build/opennt.cache config.cache

	2.  If desired, edit pathnames.h to set the values of SYS_PROFILE and
	    DEFAULT_HOSTS_FILE appropriately.

	3.  export CONFIG_SHELL=$INTERIX_ROOT/bin/sh

	4.  ./configure --prefix=$INTERIX_ROOT/usr/local (or wherever you
	    want it).

	5. make; make install; enjoy

15.  Configure with `CC=xlc' if you don't have gcc on AIX 4.2 and later
     versions.  `xlc' running in `cc' mode has trouble compiling error.c.

16.  Configure --disable-multibyte on NetBSD versions (1.4 through at least
     1.6.1) that include wctype.h but do not define wctype_t.

17.  Do NOT use bison-1.75.  It builds a non-working parser.  The most
     obvious effect is that constructs like "for i; do echo $i; done" don't
     loop over the positional parameters.