README   [plain text]


  This package provides the source code for a generic USB CCID
(Chip/Smart Card Interface Devices) driver. See [1] for the USB CCID
specifications from the USB working group.


- Ludovic Rousseau <>
- Carlos Prados for the PPS and ATR parsing code (taken from his
  towitoto driver) in towitoko/ directory.
- Olaf Kirch for the T=1 TPDU code (from the OpenCT package) in openct/
  directory. I (Ludovic Rousseau) greatly improved this code.

Supported CCID readers:

(in alphabetical order)
- ActivCard USB reader 3.0
- ActivCard Activkey Sim [66]
- Advanced Card Systems ACR 38U-CCID [16]
  old versions of this reader have a bug: the reader do timeout when a
  special USB frame is sent from the reader. If the frame size if a
  multiple of wMaxPacketSize the communication is stopped.
- Alcor Micro AU9520 [46]
  Firmware 1.01 is bogus. The time request sent by the card is not
  forwarded by the reader to the host.
- Athena ASE IIIe USB V2 [29]
- Athena ASE IIIe KB USB [42]
- Blutronics Bludrive II CCID
- C3PO LTC31 (new model, USB product id 0x0006) [8]
- Cherry XX33 keyboard [?]
- Cherry XX44 keyboard (SmartBoard G83-6744) [18] 
- Cherry SmartTerminal ST2000U [35]
- Cherry ST-1044U [27]
- Covadis Alya [63]
- Dell keyboard SK-3106 [?]
- Dell smart card reader keyboard [?]
- Eutron CryptoIdentity [26]
- Eutron Digipass 860 [59]
- Eutron SIM Pocket Combo [25]
- Eutron Smart Pocket [58]
- Gemalto GemPC 433 SL [2] (old name: GemPC 433 SL)
- Gemalto GemPC Card [41]
- Gemalto GemPC PinPad [67]
- Gemalto GemPC Twin [4]
- Gemalto GemCore POS Pro
- Gemalto GemCore SIM Pro
- Gemalto USB Shell Token V2 [3] (old name GemPC Key)
- Kobil KAAN Base [19]
- Kobil KAAN Advanced [20]
- Kobil KAAN SIM III [21]
- Kobil EMV TriCAP Reader [68]
- Kobil KAAN TriB@nk [69]
- Kobil SecOVID Reader III [70]
- Lexar Smart Enterprise Guardian [71]
- OmniKey CardMan 3121 [5]
- RSA SecureID SID800 [50]
- SCM Micro SCR 331 [6]
  You shall upgrade the firmware [17] using version 5.18 or later.
- SCM Micro SCR 331-DI [11]
  You shall upgrade the firmware [17] using version 6.22 or later.
- SCM Micro SCR 3310 [30]
- SCM Micro SCR 3311 [31]
- SCM Micro SCR 335 [7]
  The firmware of this reader can't be upgraded so be sure to buy a
  recent model with firmware 5.14 or later
- SCM Micro SCR 355
- SCM Micro SPR 532 [9]
  You shall contact Torsten Maykranz <> to get a
  firmware upgrade.
- SmartEpad (v 2.0) [32]
  The firmware gives a very strange description of the reader (like a
  dwDefaultClock: 1024.000 MHz). So do not expect a perfect behavior.
- Verisign Secure Storage Token [24]
- Verisign Secure Token [?]
- Xiring Teo [52]
- Xiring Xi Sign PKI [76]

Should work but untested by me:

I would like to get these readers to perform test and validation and
move them in the supported list above. If you are one of the
manufacturers, please, contact me.

- Advanced Card Systems ACR122 [62]
- Advanced Card Systems ACR122U PICC Interface
- Aktiv Rutoken Magistra
- Aladdin eToken PRO USB 72K Java [73]
- Axalto Reflex USB v3 [38]
- Atmel AT91SO [74]
- Atmel AT98SC032CT [77]
- C3PO LTC32 [13]
- C3PO KBR36
- Charismathics token
- Cherry SmartBoard, G83-6610 [61]
- Cherry SmartTerminal ST-1200USB
- Covadis Véga [64]
- Gemalto GemPC Express
- Gemalto Gem e-Seal Pro
- Fujitsu Siemens Computers SmartCard USB 2A [53]
- Fujitsu Siemens Computers SmartCard Keyboard USB 2A [54]
- Gemalto PDT
- Giesecke & Devrient StarSign Card Token 350 (ICCD) [57]
- Giesecke & Devrient StarSign Card Token 550 (ICCD)
- HP USB Smart Card Keyboard [44]
- HP USB Smartcard Reader
- HP MFP Smart Card Reader
- id3 Semiconductors CL1356D [45] (tested by me but I don't have the
  reader anymore)
- id3 Semiconductors CL1356T [48] (it should be the same firmware as the
- id3 Semiconductors CL1356A HID
- iMONO 43 in 1 + Sim + Smart Card Reader 
- KONA USB SmartCard
- Lenovo Integrated Smart Card Reader
- Lexar/Gemalto Smart Enterprise Guardian [60]
- MSI StarReader SMART [75]
- O2Micro Oz776 (0x7762 and 0x7772 versions)
- Oberthur ID-One Cosmo Card
- OmniKey CardMan 1021
- OmniKey CardMan 3021 [49]
- OmniKey CardMan 3621 [43]
- OmniKey CardMan 3821 [37]
- OmniKey CardMan 4321 [55]
- OmniKey CardMan 5121 [33]
- OmniKey CardMan 5125 [51]
- OmniKey CardMan 5321 [56]
- OmniKey CardMan 6121 [36]
- Philips JCOP41V221
- Philips SmartMX (Rainbow/SafeNet Key 4000?)
- Precise Biometrics 200 MC
- Precise Biometrics 250 MC
- SchlumbergerSema Cyberflex Access e-gate ICCD
- SCM Micro SCR 331-DI NTTCom [23]
- SCM Micro SCR 3310-NTTCOM [28]
- SCM Micro SCR 3320 [31b]
- SCM Micro SCR 333 [15]
- SCM Micro SCR 3340 ExpressCard54 [34]
- SCM Micro SDI 010 [39]
- Silitek SK-3105 keyboard [12] or C3PO TLTC2USB [14]
- Sitecom USB simcard reader MD-010
- SpringCard CrazyWriter
- SpringCard CSB6 Basic
- SpringCard CSB6 Secure
- SpringCard CSB6 Ultimate [72]
- SpringCard EasyFinger Standard
- SpringCard EasyFinger Ultimate
- SpringCard Prox'N'Roll
- TianYu CCID SmartKey
- Validy USB Token [65]
- Vasco DP905
- VMware Virtual USB CCID
- Winbond Electronics (for OEM only) [40]

Unsupported or partly supported CCID readers:

- ActivCard USB reader 2.0 [10]
    The reader do timeout when a special USB frame is sent from the
    reader. If the frame size if a multiple of wMaxPacketSize the
    communication is stopped.
- Broadcom Corp 5880 (found in Dell E6500 laptop)
    No communication to the device ("Resource temporarily unavailable"
- C3PO LTC31 (old model, USB product id 0x0003) [8]
    The reader works fine with Linux kernel 2.4 but does not with Linux
    kernel 2.6. The ioctl() syscall returns EINVAL (Invalid argument)
- iDream (THRC2002-2) [47]
    PPS fails with a Cryptoflex card
    powerup fails with a Setcos card
    does work with the belgium eID (the reader is sold for this
- jNet Technology jToken s1
    Reader does not respond at all
- Kobil mIDentity [22]
    Time requests are not managed correctly and make the firmware fails.
    This is not a problem unless you use a time-consuming APDU like RSA
    key generation.
    A new firmware will correct the bug.
- Reiner-SCT cyberJack pinpad(a)
    Time requests are not managed and the driver may time out without
    any response from the reader.  This is not a problem unless you use
    a time-consuming APDU like RSA key generation.

Supported operating systems:

- GNU/Linux (libusb 0.1.7)
- MacOS X/Darwin (libusb 0.1.8beta, CVS snapshot. See "Known problems")
  to libusb)

Debug informations:

The driver uses the debug function provided by pcscd. So if pcscd sends
its debug to stderr (pcscd --foreground) then the CCID will also send
its debug to stderr. If pcscd sends its debug to syslog (by default)
then the CCID will also send its debug to syslog.

You can change the debug level using the Info.plist configuration file.
The Info.plist is installed, by default, in

The debug level is set in the ifdLogLevel field. It is a binary OR
combinaison of 4 different levels.
- 1: critical: important error messages
- 2: info:     informative messages like what reader was detected
- 4: comm:     a dump of all the bytes exchanged between the host and the
- 8: periodic: periodic info when pcscd test if a card is present (every
               1/10 of a second)

By default the debug level is set to 3 (1 + 2) and correspond to the
critical and info levels.

You have to restart the driver so it read the configuration file again
and use the new debug level value.  To restart the driver you just need
to unplug all your CCID readers so the the driver is unloaded and then
replug your readers. You can also restart pcscd.

Voltage selection

You can change the voltage level using the Info.plist configuration file.  The
Info.plist is installed, by default, in

The voltage level is set in the ifdDriverOptions field. It is a binary OR
combinaison of 4 different levels.

-  0: power on the card at 5V (default value)
- 16: power on the card at 3V and then, if 3V fails then use 5V
- 32: power on the card at 1.8V, then 3V and then 5V
- 48: let the reader decide

By default the voltage level is set to 0  and correspond to 5V.

You have to restart the driver so it read the configuration file again
and use the new debug level value.  To restart the driver you just need
to unplug all your CCID readers so the the driver is unloaded and then
replug your readers.  You can also restart pcscd.

Known problems:

MacOSX libusb
    There is a bug in libusb that crash the libusb library when you
    unplug a reader and replug it in another USB socket.  So if you
    unplug a reader replug it in the same USB socket.



  This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or (at
your option) any later version.

  This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
General Public License for more details.

  You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.


1.3.11 - 28 July 2009, Ludovic Rousseau
    - add support of Raritan D2CIM-DVUSB VM/CCID, Feitian SCR301,
      Softforum XecureHSM, 2 Neowave Weneo tokens, Synnix STD200, Aktiv
      Rutoken ECP, Alcor Micro SCR001, ATMEL AT91SC192192CT-USB,
      Panasonic USB Smart Card Reader 7A-Smart, Gemalto GemProx DU and SU
    - remove support of Reiner-SCT cyberJack pinpad(a) on request of
      Reiner-SCT.  You should user the Reiner-SCT driver instead
    - define CFBundleName to CCIDCLASSDRIVER so that non class drivers
      have a higher priority. Used by pcsc-lite 1.5.5 and up.
      Add a --disable-class configure option so that the Info.plist does
      not define a Class driver. Default is class driver.
    - do not power up a card with a voltage not supported by the reader
    - add support of PIN_PROPERTIES_STRUCTURE structure and
    - adds support of FEATURE_MCT_READERDIRECT. Only the Kobil TriB@nk
      reader supports this feature for now. This is used for the Secoder
      functionality in connected mode.
    - add support of a composite device. No change needed with libhal.
      use --enable-composite-as-multislot on Mac OS X since libhal is
      not available on Mac OS X or with libusb on Linux
    - some minor bugs removed

1.3.10 - 7 March 2009, Ludovic Rousseau
    - add support for MSI StarReader SMART, Noname reader (from
      Omnikey), Xiring Xi Sign PKI, Realtek 43 in 1 + Sim + Smart Card
      Reader, Atmel AT98SC032CT, Aktiv Rutoken Magistra, TianYu CCID
      SmartKey, Precise Biometrics 200 MC and 250 MC
    - add a patch to support the bogus OpenPGP card (on board key
      generation sometimes timed out)
    - disable support of the contactless part of SDI010 and SCR331DI
      (this code was reverse engineered and hard to maintain)
    - some minor bugs removed

1.3.9 - 18 November 2008, Ludovic Rousseau
    - add support for Aladdin eToken PRO USB 72K Java, Cherry
      SmartTerminal ST-1200USB, Atmel AT91SO, SpringCard Prox'N'Roll,
      CSB6 Basic, EasyFinger Ultimate, CSB6 Ultimate, EasyFinger
      Standard, CrazyWriter, CSB6 Secure, KONA USB SmartCard, HP MFP
      Smart Card Reader, ACS ACR122U PICC, Gemalto PDT, VMware Virtual
      USB CCID
    - MacOSX/configure: do not overwrite PCSC_CFLAGS, PCSC_LIBS,
      LIBUSB_CFLAGS and LIBUSB_LIBS if already defined by the user
    - by default, link statically against libusb on Mac OS X
    - IFDHPowerICC(): use a very long timeout for PowerUp since the card
      can be very slow to send the full ATR (up to 30 seconds at 4 MHz)
    - SecurePINVerify(): correct a bug when using a Case 1 APDU and a
      SCM SPR532 reader
    - log the reader name instead of just the pcscd Lun
    - some minor bugs removed

1.3.8 - 27 June 2008, Ludovic Rousseau
    - add support for Oberthur ID-One Cosmo Card
    - do not include the release number in the Info.plist to avoid a
      diff of a configuration file when upgrading the package.
    - do not fail compilation if libusb is not available
    - do not crash if the reader firmware is bogus and does not support
      chaining for extended APDU.  This is the case for Kobil readers
    - some minor bugs removed

1.3.7 - 8 June 2008, Ludovic Rousseau
    - add support for ActivCard Activkey Sim, Pro-Active CSB6 Ultimate,
      id3 Semiconductors CL1356A HID
    - src/parse: do not try to parse devices with bInterfaceClass=0xFF
      by default (use command line argument -p for proprietary class)
    - check if libusb-0.1 is emulated by libusb-compat +
      libusb-1.0 to use or not the USB interrupt feature
    - correct a bug in the serial communication (GemPC twin serial
    - correct a pthread problem under Solaris
    - some minor bugs removed

1.3.6 - 30 April 2008, Ludovic Rousseau
    - add support for Covadis Alya, Covadis Véga, Precise Biometrics 250
      MC, Vasco DP905, Validy TokenA sl vt
    - better support for the O2Micro OZ776, GemCore SIM Pro
    - the environment variable LIBCCID_ifdLogLevel overwrite the value
      of ifdLogLevel read from the Info.plist file
    - add support for DragonFly BSD
    - some minor bugs removed

1.3.5 - 22 February 2008, Ludovic Rousseau
    - add support for Gemplus Gem e-Seal Pro, Cherry SmartBoard,
    - use usb_interrupt_read() only if libusb > 0.1.12 or
      --enable-usb-interrupt is used. libusb <= 0.1.12 is bogus and will
      consume more CPU than needed.
    - contrib/Kobil_mIDentity_switch/Kobil_mIDentity_switch was broken
      on Linux since release 1.3.1
    - some minor bugs removed

1.3.4 - 8 February 2008, Ludovic Rousseau
    - the serial driver could not be loaded because of the missing
      symbol InterruptRead
    - remove WAIT_FOR_SYSFS="bInterfaceProtocol" to do not delay udev

1.3.3 - 6 February 2008, Ludovic Rousseau
    - add support for Lexar Smart Enterprise Guardian and Blutronics
      Bludrive II CCID
    - add support of TAG_IFD_POLLING_THREAD using IFDHPolling() to
      detect asynchronous card movements. With this feature pcscd will
      not poll the reader every 0.4 second for a card movement but will
      wait until the reader sends a USB interrupt signal
    - correct a bug with an ICCD-B device and a receive buffer smaller
      than 4 bytes
    - remove the sleep in the udev rule. It slows down the detection of
      any USB device
    - some minor bugs removed

1.3.2 - 22 January 2008, Ludovic Rousseau
    - add support of Apple Mac OS X Leopard (10.5.1)
    - solve a hotplug problem on Ubuntu 7.10 (reader was not detected)
    - create a symlink from to so
      that the /etc/reader.conf configuration file do not need to edited
      for each new driver version
    - make driver for the GemPC Serial compile again
    - some minor bugs removed

1.3.1 - 16 November 2007, Ludovic Rousseau
    - add support for "Philips Semiconductors JCOP41V221" ICCD card,
      O2Micro oz776 (ProductID 0x7772), CardMan5321, Giesecke & Devrient
      StarSign Card Token 350 and 550, SafeNet IKey4000, Eutron
      CryptoIdentity, Eutron Smart Pocket, Eutron Digipass 860, Lenovo
      Integrated Smart Card Reader, "Kobil EMV CAP - SecOVID Reader III,
      Charismathics token, Reiner-SCT cyberJack pinpad(a)
    - improve support of Mac OS X and *BSD
    - some minor bugs removed

1.3.0 - 10 May 2007, Ludovic Rousseau
    - add support of ICCD version A and B
    - add support for (new) KOBIL mIDentity, SchlumbergerSema Cyberflex
      Access e-gate ICCD, Fujitsu Siemens Computers SmartCard USB 2A and
      SmartCard Keyboard USB 2A readers, OmniKey CardMan 4321
    - contrib/RSA_SecurID/RSA_SecurID_getpasswd: tool to get the on time
      password also displayed on the token screen
    - contrib/Kobil_mIDentity_switch: tool to activate the CCID reader
      of the Kobil mIDentity. The tool should be started automatically
      by the udev rule on Linux
    - GemPC pinpad: localisation of the string "PIN blocked", add
      Portuguese(pt), Dutch(nl) and Turkish(tr) localisations
    - some minor bugs removed

1.2.1 - 27 January 2007, Ludovic Rousseau
    - pcscd_ccid.rules: add non CCID generic (InterfaceClass: 0xFF)
    - INSTALL: document how to use --enable-udev on FreeBSD
    - move the O2Micro Oz7762 from the unsupported to the supported list
      since patches to support it are applied by default

1.2.0 - 19 January 2007, Ludovic Rousseau
    - add support for SCARD_ATTR_VENDOR_IFD_VERSION,
      SCardGetAttrib(). Read SCARDGETATTRIB.txt for more documentation
    - add support for OmniKey CardMan 5125, CardMan 1021, C3PO LTC32,
      Teo by Xiring, HP USB Smartcard Reader
    - use --enable-twinserial to build the serial reader driver
    - use --enable-udev to configure for a use with Linux udev hotplug
      mechanism. This will allow pcscd to avoid polling the USB bus
      every 1 second
    - some minor bugs removed

1.1.0 - 11 August 2006, Ludovic Rousseau
    - support Extended APDU (up to 64KB) for readers in TPDU mode (many
      readers) or Extended APDU mode (very rare). This only works for
      T=1 cards.
    - add support for C3PO LTC31 (new version), OmniKey CardMan 3021, HP
      USB Smart Card Keyboard, Actividentity (ActiveCard) Activkey Sim,
      id3 Semiconductors CL1356D and CL1356T, Alcor Micro AU9520
    - support the contactless interface of the SCR331-DI-NTTCOM
    - add support of FreeBSD
    - increase the USB timeout used for PIN verify/modify to not timeout
      before the reader
    - the 4-bytes value returned by CM_IOCTL_GET_FEATURE_REQUEST shall
      be encoded in big endian as documented in PCSC v2 part 10 ch 2.2
      page 2. The applications using this feature shall be updated (to
      respect the PCSC specification).
    - use ./configure --enable-twinserial to compile and install the the
      driver for the GemPC Twin serial
    - some minor bugs removed

1.0.1 - 22 April 2006, Ludovic Rousseau
    - add support for Axalto Reflex USB v3, SCM Micro SDI 010, Winbond
      Electronics W81E381 chipset, Gemplus GemPC Card, Athena ASE IIIe
      KB USB, OmniKey CardMan 3621
    - support Solaris (Solaris uses a different libusb)
    - better documentation for ./configure arguments
    - improve support of Cherry XX44 keyboard for PIN verify and change
      (circumvent firmware bugs)
    - do not use LTPBundleFindValueWithKey() from pcscd since this
      function has been removed from pcscd API
    - use -fvisibility=hidden is available to limit the number of
      exported symbols

1.0.0 - 3 March 2006, Ludovic Rousseau
    - add support for ActivCard USB Reader 3.0, Athena ASE IIIe USB V2,
      SCM Micro SCR 355, SCR 3311, SCR 3320, SCR 3340 ExpressCard54,
      Gemplus GemCore SIM Pro, GemCore POS Pro (serial and USB), GemPC
      Express (ExpressCard/54 interface), SmartEpad (v 2.0), OmniKey
      CardMan 5121 
    - greatly improve support of PIN PAD readers. We now support TPDU
      readers with T=1 cards
    - use l10n strings for the Gemplus GemPC PIN PAD (it has a screen).
      Supported languages are: de, en, es, fr, it
    - rename ACS ACR 38 in ACR 38U-CCID since the ACR 38 is a different
      reader and is not CCID compatible
    - allow to select the Power On voltage using Info.plist instead of
      recompiling the source code
    - correct bugs in the support of multi-slots readers
    - if the card is faster than the reader (TA1=97 for example) we try
      to use a not-so-bad speed (corresponding to TA1=96, 95 or 94)
      instead of the default speed of TA1=11
    - the src/parse tool do not use the driver anymore. No need to
      update the Info.plist file first.
    - some minor bugs removed

0.9.4 - 27 November 2005, Ludovic Rousseau
    - add support for Eutron SIM Pocket Combo, Eutron CryptoIdentity,
      Verisign Secure Token and VeriSign Secure Storage Token, GemPC
      Card (PCMCIA), SCM SCR331-DI NTTCom, SCM Micro SCR 3310-NTTCom,
      Cherry ST-1044U, Cherry SmartTerminal ST-2XXX
    - add support of PC/SC v2 part 10 CM_IOCTL_GET_FEATURE_REQUEST add
      remove support of IOCTL_SMARTCARD_VENDOR_VERIFY_PIN (now
      obsoleted). A sample code is available in examples/scardcontrol.c
    - we need pcsc-lite 1.2.9-beta9 since some structures used for PIN
      pad readers are defined by pcsc-lite
    - some (bogus) cards require an extra EGT but the ATR does not say
      so. We try to detect the bogus cards and set TC1=2
    - IFDHSetProtocolParameters(): only use a data rate supported by the
      reader in the PPS negociation, otherwise we stay at the default
    - calculate and store the read timeout according to the card ATR
      instead of using a fixed value of 60 seconds
    - increase the read timeout if the card sends and WTX request
    - improve support of GemPC Twin and GemPC Card (serial protocol)
    - reset the device on close only if DRIVER_OPTION_RESET_ON_CLOSE is
      set. The problem was that a device reset also disconnects the
      keyboard on a keyboard + reader device.
    - use color logs
    - some minor bugs removed

0.9.3 - 14 March 2005, Ludovic Rousseau
    - change the licence from GNU GPL to GNU Lesser GPL (LGPL)
    - add support for ACS ACR 38, Kobil KAAN Base, Kobil KAAN Advanced,
      Kobil KAAN SIM III, Kobil KAAN mIDentity, SCM Micro SCR 331,
      SCM Micro SCR 331-DI, SCM Micro SCR 335, SCM Micro SCR 3310,
      SCM Micro SCR 532, Cherry XX44 readers
    - improve communication speed with readers featuring "Automatic PPS
      made by the CCID"
    - switch the Cherry xx33 reader in ISO mode if power up in EMV mode
    - add support of character level readers. Thanks to O2Micro for the
    - add support for the O2Micro OZ776S reader but the reader firmware
      is still bogus
    - check firmware version to avoid firmwares with bugs. You can still
      use a bogus firmware by setting DRIVER_OPTION_USE_BOGUS_FIRMWARE
      in Info.plist
    - some minor bugs removed

0.9.2 - 15 August 2004, Ludovic Rousseau
    - T=1 TPDU code:
      . the work on T=1 TPDU code was possible thanks to Gemplus
        validation team who helped me test, debug and bring the code to
        an EMV validation level. Thanks to Jérôme, Jean-Yves, Xavier and
        the Gemplus readers department
      . error code was not checked correctly
      . avoid a (nearly) infinite loop when resynch are needed.
      . correctly initialise an internal value to allow more than one
        reader to work
    - multi-slots readers
      . add support for multi-slots readers. The only one I have is a
        SCM Micro SCR 331-DI with a contact and a contactless interface.
        The contactless interface may or may not work for you since the
        reader uses proprietary (undocumented) commands.
    - GemPC Twin serial reader
      . perform a command (get the reader firmware) to be sure a GemPC
        Twin (serial or pcmcia) reader is connected
      . use a dynamic timeout when reading the serial port.
        The first timeout used when detecting the reader is 2 seconds to
        not wait too long if no reader is connected. Later timeouts are
        set to 1 minute to allow long time APDU.
    - use `pkg-config libpcsclite --cflags` to locate the pcsc-lite
      header files
    - use `pkg-config --print-errors --atleast-version=1.2.9-beta5 libpcsclite`
      to test the pcsc-lite version
    - code improvements thanks to the splint tool (

0.9.1 - 1 July 2004, Ludovic Rousseau
    - I forgot to define IFD_PARITY_ERROR in a .h file

0.9.0 - 1 July 2004, Ludovic Rousseau
    - The T=1 TPDU automata from Carlos Prados' Towitoko driver is very
      limited and do not support error management mechanisms.
      I then used the T=1 TPDU automata from OpenCT (OpenSC project).
      This automata is much more powerful but still lacks a lot of error
      management code.
      I then added all the needed code to reach the quality level
      requested by the EMV standard.
    - add support for new readers:
      . Advanced Card Systems ACR 38
      . Cherry XX33
      . Dell keyboard SK-3106
      . Dell smart card reader keyboard
      . SCR 333
    - add support of multi procotol cards (T=0 and T=1)
    - the debug level is now dynamic and set in the Info.plist file (no
      need to recompile the driver any more)
    - add support for the libusb naming scheme: usb:%04x/%04x:libusb:%s
    - INSTALL: add a "configuring the driver for the serial reader
      (GemPC Twin)" part
    - use `pkg-config libpcsclite --variable=usbdropdir` so you do not
      have to use --enable-usbdropdir=DIR or --enable-ccidtwindir=DIR
      even if pcscd does not use the default /usr/local/pcsc/drivers
    - read ifdDriverOptions from Info.plist to limit the use of
      IOCTL_SMARTCARD_VENDOR_IFD_EXCHANGE (idea from Peter Williams)
    - provide an example of use of SCardControl()
    - add a --enable-pcsclite option (default to yes) so that the driver
      can be compiled for a different framework (one needing
      tokenparser.l like Solaris)
    - Reset action is power off and power on, not just power on
    - use the include files from pcsc-lite
    - add a mechanism to allow power on at 1.8V, 3V and then 5V as
      specified by ISO 7816. We still use 5V for now to avoid problems
      with non ISO compliant cards

0.4.1 - 14 February 2004, Ludovic Rousseau
    - distribute missing files readers/supported_readers.txt and
      'make install' failed because of this.

0.4.0 - 13 February 2004, Ludovic Rousseau
    - support of T=1 with TPDU readers. A lot of the T=1 code comes from
      Carlos Prados towitoko driver.
      My code is GNU GPL, his code is GNU LGPL so the global driver is
      GNU GPL
    - PPS negotiation if the reader does not do it automatically
    - add support for the Silitek SK-3105 keyboard. It's a USB device
      with multiple interfaces
    - use the script to generate the installed
      Info.plist from an Info.plist template and a list of supported
      readers. The Info.plist was too "complex" to maintain by hand
      since it now contains 11 entries
    - add support of IFDHCreateChannelByName to avoid wrong reader
      enumeration. This is not complete if you have multiple _identical_
      readers. You need to use a > 1.2.0 pcsc-lite version (not yet
      released at that time)
    - build but do not install the serial ccidtwin driver by default
      since it is useless on computers without a serial port or without
      this reader for example.
    - read and write timeouts are not symmetric. write timout can be
      shorter since the reader and card is not supposed to do anything
      before receiving (write) a command
    - do not try to find usb.h and other libusb files if
      --disable-libusb is used. Needed if you only want to build the
      serial driver.  Thanks to Niki Waibel for the patch
    - add a --enable-ccidtwindir argument to ./configure to specify the
      serial GemPC Twin installation directory
    - debug and code improvements and simplifications

0.3.2 - 4 November 2003, Ludovic Rousseau
    - src/commands.c: correct a stupid bug that occurs with an APDU with
      2 bytes response.
    - Info.plist: add SPR 532 in list of supported readers
    - parse.c: do not exit if the InterfaceClass is 0xFF (proprietary).
      It is the case with old readers manufactured before the final
      release of the CCID specs.
    - move LTC31 reader from unsupported to supported reader list. It
      was my f ault since in used odd INS byte in my test applet and odd
      INS bytes are forbidden by ISO 7816-4 ch. 5.4.2 Instruction byte.
      Thanks to Josep Moné s Teixidor for pointing the problem.
    - src/commands.c: comment out the automatic GET RESPONSE part. I
      don't think it should be in the driver. Maybe in pcscd instead?

0.3.1 - 23 September 2003, Ludovic Rouseau
    - add --enable-multi-thread (enabled by default) for thread safe
      support an APDU multiplexing. You will need pcsc-lite-1.2.0-rc3 or
      above to use this feature.
    - add --enable-libusb=PATH option is your libusb is not installed in
      /usr or /usr/local
    - honor DESTDIR in install rules (closes [ #300110 ]). Thanks to
      Ville Skyttä for the patch.
    - src/ccid.c: do not switch the GemPC Key and GemPC Twin in APDU
      mode since it also swicth in EMV mode and may not work with non
      EMV cards
    - src/ccid_serial.c: complete reimplementation of the Twin serial
      protocol using a finite state automata (code much simpler)

0.3.0 - 10 September 2003, Ludovic Rousseau
    - support of GemPC Twin connected to a serial port. Thanks to Niki
      W. Waibel for a working prototype.
    - support of auto voltage at power up if the reader support it
      instead of forcing a 5V in all cases.
    - support of APDU mode instead of just TPDU if the reader support
      it. Thanks to Jean-Luc Giraud for the idea and inspiration I got
      from his "concurrent" driver.
    - support of "time request" from the card.
    - parse: new indentation for more readability of supported features.
    - switch the GemPC Key and GemPC Twin in APDU mode since they
      support it but do not announce it in the dwFeatures.
    - new build process using autoconf/automake.

0.2.0 - 26 August 2003, Ludovic Rousseau
    - Works under MacOS X
    - Info.plist: use an <array></array> for the alias enumeration
    - Makefile rework for *BSD and MacOS X

0.1.0 - 13 August 2003, Ludovic Rousseau
    - First public release



$Id: README 4347 2009-07-28 20:52:50Z rousseau $