.\" Copyright (c) 1983, 1991, 1993 .\" The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. .\" .\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without .\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions .\" are met: .\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. .\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright .\" notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the .\" documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. .\" 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software .\" must display the following acknowledgement: .\" This product includes software developed by the University of .\" California, Berkeley and its contributors. .\" 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors .\" may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software .\" without specific prior written permission. .\" .\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND .\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE .\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE .\" ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE .\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL .\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS .\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) .\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT .\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY .\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF .\" SUCH DAMAGE. .\" .\" @(#)initgroups.3 8.1 (Berkeley) 6/4/93 .\" $FreeBSD: src/lib/libc/gen/initgroups.3,v 1.10 2001/10/01 16:08:51 ru Exp $ .\" .Dd June 4, 1993 .Dt INITGROUPS 3 .Os .Sh NAME .Nm initgroups .Nd initialize group access list .Sh LIBRARY .Lb libc .Sh SYNOPSIS .In unistd.h .Ft int .Fn initgroups "const char *name" "int basegid" .Sh DESCRIPTION The .Fn initgroups function uses the .Xr getgrouplist 3 function to calculate the group access list for the user specified in .Fa name . This group list is then setup for the current process using .Xr setgroups 2 . The .Fa basegid is automatically included in the groups list. Typically this value is given as the group number from the password file. .Sh RETURN VALUES The .Fn initgroups function returns \-1 if it was not invoked by the super-user. .Sh SEE ALSO .Xr setgroups 2 , .Xr getgrouplist 3 .Sh HISTORY The .Fn initgroups function appeared in .Bx 4.2 . .Sh BUGS The .Fn getgrouplist function called by .Fn initgroups uses the routines based on .Xr getgrent 3 . If the invoking program uses any of these routines, the group structure will be overwritten in the call to .Fn initgroups .